Thyroid darmer: planting and care, photo, breeding, cultivation in open field and a combination of landscape design


Thyroid pelmophyllum, or Darmer, was found in our country relatively recently. The overseas plant immediately managed to appreciate landscape designers, as the thyroid Darmer is distinguished by unpretentiousness, tolerates winter frosts well. In addition, peltifillum is not only flowering, but also an ornamental deciduous plant. What is the thyroid darmer (photos of leaves and flowers are presented below in the article)? How to grow this unusual plant on your site?

The peculiarity of peltifillum is that during the spring and summer its appearance changes noticeably. A flower appears first: the darmer of the thyroid blooms rather early, around the end of April or the beginning of May. On the high peduncles of a reddish-brown shade, lush spherical inflorescences consisting of small pinkish flowers bloom. Plants in this period reach a height of 50 cm to a meter. At the same time, the leaves are practically invisible - they grow after the thyroid darmer begins to bloom.

The leaves of the plant are rounded, with large finger-like veins, and under favorable conditions they grow in high lush shrubs. At the same time, the diameter of each leaf can reach from 50 to 90 cm. The exception is the miniature variety Nanum, whose leaves do not grow more than 45 cm.

The color of the “summer” peltifillum is saturated green in shaded areas or pale green if the darmer grows under the open sun. In the fall, the leaves of the shrub change color, acquiring a red-crimson hue with splashes of yellow or orange. In this form, the thyroid decorates the garden until the first frost.

How to choose a suitable place in the garden?

Choose a site where the thyroid darmer will feel as comfortable as possible, should be based on the natural habitat conditions of the shrub. This delicate flower hails from the west coast of the United States, namely from the mountains of California and Oregon. Most often peltifillum is found on the shore of clean water bodies, rivers and lakes. For this reason, it is considered an ideal plant for decorating a pond in a garden plot.

If there is no open water source at the site, peltifillum will need regular abundant watering. It is important in this case that water does not stagnate, otherwise the plant root will quickly rot. Therefore, the place on which peltifillum will land should be well ventilated and provide sufficient drainage of irrigation water.

In addition to a large amount of moisture, the successful growth of shrubs depends on sunlight. Darmer thyroid can grow in the shade and in direct sunlight, but in the latter case, strong lighting leads to the fact that the leaves and flowers grow smaller.

The peltifillum needs a lot of sunlight only in spring, when the inflorescences are formed, so a good neighborhood for darmer will be the proximity of broad-leaved shrubs or trees whose leaves will be covered from the sun only in summer. In addition to shrubs and trees, peltifillum feels good in tandem with shade-loving perennial plants, such as the host, roger, anemone and others.

Soil preparation

What other conditions should be created in order for a thyroid darmer to take root in the garden plot? Planting and caring for this plant starts with soil preparation and fertilization. In natural conditions, the plant grows magnificently on slightly acidic, loose soil. You can create a similar environment with the help of a substrate with a PH level from 5 to 7. The plant will also take root well in a mixture of garden soil and soil from the forest. Before planting plants in the soil are organic fertilizers.

Landing Darmer

Darmer can be propagated by two simple methods: separation of rhizomes or seeds. Before planting seed into the soil, it will be necessary to carry out a preliminary stratification, that is, to maintain in a humid environment at a sufficiently cool temperature of +4. +6 o C for three or four weeks.

Vegetative (root) reproduction is much easier. Peltifillum has a pivotal rhizome, which grows over several years and begins to produce additional viable roots. In order to reproduce the darmer shrub, the plant should be dug out, the rhizome should be divided and kept for two hours in solution of the fungicide preparation. Next, the plant is planted in the prepared fertilized soil. The advantage of this method is that the plant planted in autumn will be fully blooming next spring.

Watering, feeding

Frequent and regular watering is an important condition for the normal growth of a moisture-loving Darmer. When watering, as already mentioned, it is important to prevent water from stagnating to avoid rot or mold.

Fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers is required to carry out peltifillum regularly, from early spring to autumn. It is enough to water the plant with liquid mineral fertilizer at least once a month. Liquid organic matter, if necessary, can be made more often - once every two weeks. During active development and growth, from the day of emergence to the beginning of flowering, darmer needs additional fertilizing with dry organic fertilizers. For these purposes, both commercial mixes and natural fertilizers are suitable: dry chicken manure, deciduous humus, dried manure.

Wintering plants, extra care

Darmer can well winter in the ground, if it is protected in a timely manner from frost. To do this, cut the above-ground part, mulch the root part with a layer of compost and carefully cover the plant with dry sawdust, straw or a layer of fallen leaves. At low temperatures, it is recommended to additionally cover Darmer with a layer of snow.

In the spring, after removing the top layer, peltifillum should be watered with any fungicide preparation. Additionally, darmer from pests or diseases of the flora is not required.

Requirements and rules for growing thyroid Darmer

This plant in our country is relatively new. However, darmer can often be found in Russian gardens. It's all about its simplicity and ease of care. Of course, there are certain rules for growing Darmer, but they are as simple as possible.

This culture is unpretentious for lighting, so you can choose any place for planting. It may even be a shade area in the trees. But in conditions of excessively poor light, the plant may develop poorly. Experts note that the best option for the darmer of the thyroid is diffused light. This can be achieved by planting it next to small bushes. So the plant will be protected from the sun in the summer, but will be able to receive enough light in spring and autumn.

Excessive watering can cause rotting of the flower root system.

Moisture darmer likes, so watering must be organized properly. At the same time, the soil is necessarily drained. Fluid stagnation can cause the plant to die. Initially, the roots will rot, and after the culture simply rot.

For darmer it is best to choose a slightly acidic or neutral soil. Before planting it is necessary to fertilize the ground. In the future, frequent feeding will not be needed.

How is planting Darmer thyroid

In order to properly plant the plant, do not need special knowledge. Considering that the place for planting can be any, the question of choosing the territory disappears. Dramera can be dropped anywhere. The plant does not need special lighting, but the constant shadow can negatively affect the speed of flower development. Although it often grows in the shade of large trees and look good at the same time.

As for the soil, then you should be more careful, the ground for the thyroid Darmer should be fertile. Before planting it needs to be well fertilized and moistened. Despite the fact that peltifillum loves water, a flower cannot grow in a large amount of liquid. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure quality soil drainage. Otherwise, we can expect rotting of the root system, which will completely destroy the plant.

Planting thyroid Darmer can be carried out in the spring. Before you plant a plant, you must make a mineral dressing in the ground. After that, you can plant a plant in any convenient way. This can be a transplant of a part of the root system or planting seeds. The latter method is considered the most inconvenient because of the long wait.

Required plant care

Darmer thyroid undemanding in the care

Planting and caring for the thyroid darmer is very simple. The main rule that must be observed by the grower is the need for high-quality and frequent watering. Without sufficient soil moisture, the plant will not survive. But the stagnation of moisture can not be tolerated, as it threatens with big problems in the development of the flower.

In order to prevent excess fluid and rotting of the roots, you should choose those parts of the garden where there is good soil drainage. Additionally, you should loosen the ground, which also protects the area from stagnant fluid.

Experienced gardeners recommend fertilizing the soil before planting. In the future, the plant will also need additional feeding. But to make it too often should not be. Mineral and organic fertilizers are suitable for thyroid Darmer. This may be manure or chicken droppings. In this case, liquid dressings will also be useful. But they can be used no more than 1 time per month. Dry mineral mixtures are used only in March.

Reproduction methods for thyroid Darmer

In order to appear on the site beautiful pinkish flowers, you can use two methods of propagation of the flower.

One of the methods of “reproduction” of the thyroid Darmer is generative. In this case, is growing from seed. Planting material can be purchased at any specialty store. But this method is not very convenient, as it will take a long time to fully await a flowering shrub.

The use of vegetative mode will be more appropriate. Here the division of the plant occurs through the root. This is a simpler and more effective method of breeding thyroid darmer. Planting material is extracted from the ground, which is divided into several parts, and then driven into the ground in various parts of the garden.

Darmer successfully propagated by dividing the bush

In order to get a guaranteed new plant, the root is treated with a fungicide. Then parts of the planting material are distributed in containers with soil. If you carry out this procedure in the spring, then by the autumn it will be possible to get quality seedlings. They are moved to the prepared areas, fertilized with special dressings. If the whole procedure is carried out correctly, the first flowering of the thyroid darmer can be seen next spring. But this applies only to those cases where roots have been chosen for breeding.

With seeds, everything will be much longer. The first flowers on the bushes will appear no earlier than 2 years after planting the planting material in the ground.

Diseases, pests and methods of dealing with them

Although the thyroid Darmer is not particularly capricious in terms of care, however, the plant can be damaged by various insects and diseases.

However, experienced gardeners claim that the degree of damage to the darmer is significantly lower than that of most garden plants. And if the flower provides really good conditions for growth, there will be no diseases.

However, cases are not excluded when darmer is still exposed to diseases and the negative effects of pests. One of the most common illnesses that occurs in thyroid darmer is fusarium. This is a fungus that can hit a flower at any age. The death of the plant starts from the root, and then the stems are affected and the leaves fall. For the prevention of this disease it is necessary to use potassium permanganate.

Tharmer thyroid often affects fusarium

Another common fungal disease that can affect the thyroid Darmer is Septoria. The disease is quickly transmitted from one plant to another, so sick flowers must be quickly removed from the flower bed.

It is possible that with the wrong care darmer thyroid will be affected by bacterial or heart-shaped rot. In the first case, wet areas with a very unpleasant odor will appear on the leaves of the plant. The problem area will grow larger until the disease begins to subside. Bacteria can live in the soil for up to 3 years, so you need to properly handle the soil before planting. In addition, you must carefully monitor the quality of planting material.

With the defeat of heart-shaped rot, shoots and leaves will be deformed, and eventually fade. The infection can stay in the soil for a long time. Therefore, we should not ignore the preventive measures before planting new plants and the rules for the care of old bushes.

Wintering plants and shelter for the winter

Darmer's thyroid came to Russia from America, or rather, from the warm part of it, so her winter hardiness is bad. To plant it where there are very strong frosts is not worth it.

And even in the south, the plants need to be properly covered before hibernation. To do this, you can use straw, sawdust or dry leaves. If everything is done correctly, then from year to year the thyroid darmer will delight with its delicate flowers and interesting leaves.

Use in landscape design and in combination with other garden plants

Darmera is often used for registration of the dacha

Despite the fact that the thyroid Darmer appeared on the territory of the Russian Federation not so long ago, it quickly became popular. The fact is that the care and ease of reproduction of the plants can not spend much time on the improvement of flower beds. At the same time darmera perfectly combines with many other plants, which allows you to create interesting compositions in landscape design.

This culture is perfect for making flower beds and creating an alpine slide. The size of the bush can reach 45 cm, so darmer often becomes the central part of the composition. Nearby you can land anemones or Rogers, with which the plant combines perfectly.

The main feature of the thyroid Darmer is very interesting foliage. The plant reaches its maximum size by the middle of summer. In this case, the leaves can hold for a very long time - until the first frosts. This makes dharmer an indispensable part of landscape design, as with these beautiful bushes the flower bed remains bright and beautiful until winter. Thyroid kamnelom decorates the garden even while other representatives of the flora have already been removed and sent for wintering.

General information

Darmer's leaves are really very good: large, up to fifty centimeters in diameter, rounded, with a green veining and funnel-shaped tapering to the center - they sit in thick, durable greenish-brown petioles up to one hundred centimeters.

From the side, the leaves are similar to a wide glass, and this comparison is especially justified after the rain, when water accumulates in the funnel. The British Darmer called an umbrella plant.

But the nerds who described peltifillum had completely different associations, because the name they gave him sounds like a shield sheet, because the word pelte is translated from the Greek as a shield, and phyllon means a sheet. Peltifillum thyroid - the only representative of a kind, which belongs to the family kamnelomkovye.

Darmer's foliage is especially good in the autumn period, when its leaves change their green color to a bright range of warm tones that persists until frost.

Under the canopy of leaves and a small layer of soil at peltifillum, there is a powerful, rather thick, four to six centimeters in diameter, nodular rhizome with dark green buds, which often goes to the soil surface.

In the spring, in April, even before the leaflets bloom, or at their very appearance, a tall, up to seventy centimeters, covered with a white down sprout quickly grows from the rhizome.

Numerous pink buds are replaced by small-sized flowers of light pink color, gathered in a spectacular shield with a diameter of about twelve centimeters. Blossom dharmera for twelve to eighteen days. After flowering, seeds are sometimes tied, which ripen in June.

In the culture there are also white-flowered and undersized forms of thyroid peltifillum, which is only forty centimeters high.

Darmer Thyroid Fit and Care

The thyroid Darmer is still infrequently found in the collections of flower growers, but in vain, because the plant does not have a particularly capricious character. Perhaps, the increased water-loving capacity of the plant hinders its distribution in the gardens of florists, as paltifillum grows in its homeland, in the mountainous regions of western North America, along the banks of streams.

Поэтому в саду дармеру следует высаживать на берегу водоёма или на участки с рыхлой, влажной и достаточно плодородной почвой, слабокислой или нейтральной.

To illuminate peltifillum, as I noted, is undemanding. In the literature about him, they write more as a plant for shaded places. In my area darmer grows in the light and feels wonderful. Even the recent cold winter period, she suffered without shelter, however, it bloomed later - in early May.

Darmer plant propagation by vegetatively and seed

Darmer is propagated mainly by the vegetative method - segments of rhizomes in the spring, preferably before the leaves grow, or in the autumn. Already in the second year, young plants become quite decorative.

It is quite possible reproduction of peltifillum and seeds that are sown under the winter period or stratified before sowing. Seedlings, however, grow slowly.

Darmer - very exotic, spectacular perennial plant. It looks great in a single planting and can create a spectacular dense cover of leaf masay on a large area.

In addition, peltifillum is beautifully combined with many other plants, such as Rogers, meadowsweet, host, Chistera, Siberian Iris, and false-auroid, effectively looks with many shrubs, especially - purple foliage.

Darmer's description

Darmera (Darmera), or peltifillum thyroid (Peltiphyllum Peltatum), is an unpretentious, winter-hardy perennial belonging to the Kamenelomkovy family.

In natural conditions, the plant lives on the banks of streams and streams of mountainous areas in the west of North America.

The root system of the Darmer is pivotal, with age it develops a long, thick rhizome that can creep along the soil surface.

Flowers appear in spring right from the bare ground. They are collected in corymbose inflorescence pale pink shade. Large leaves on strong long petioles are shown only after flowering. They are rounded, emerald in color, with relief veins, a wavy edge up to 1 m.

The stalks, strong and thin, can reach a height of 1.5 m. Leaf plates form a funnel in the center, collecting water during rain and watering.

In the fall, they are painted in bright reddish-crimson tones, transforming the surrounding landscape, which is literally transformed into a colorful and cheerful from a sadly rotten landscape.

Growing darmer in the garden

How to plant a photo darmer

The gentle leaves of the Darmer do not tolerate the sun's rays - the most suitable place for it will be under the crown of a large tree, near buildings and fences, which partially cover it from the sun's rays, and it, in turn, serves as a screen for unsightly sites. Darmer can live in a sunny place, while losing a little its appeal.

When planting, take into account the size of the plant - due to the huge leaves of dharmer takes up a lot of space, leave it more space, about a meter or two in diameter. Best used as a tapeworm.

Watering and soil

It is undemanding to the quality of the soil, but it grows and develops much faster on loose, fertile, moisture-containing soils. It feels good darmer on the coast of ponds and artificial ponds.

Water the flower regularly, richly moistening the ground. She likes the humid atmosphere around her - you can place the plant near a reservoir or a container with water for irrigation.

If the ends of the leaf plates of the Darmer dry out, which often occurs in an open, sunny place, irrigate the plant more often from a watering can or place a container of water near it.

Feed once a month with liquid complex fertilizer or infusion of mullein. Dry manure can be used as a fertilizer, mulching the soil around flowers for them.

If you plant a lot of organic matter made - you can not do top dressing. It will be enough in the spring to spray adult specimens with ammonia water to build up green mass.

To do this, 2 tablespoons of ammonia stirred in 10 liters of water - this solution is poured directly from the watering can.

Preparing for the winter

The flower requires shelter for the winter. For this fit dry straw, sawdust, fallen leaves. If the snow cover is low, you can additionally pour snow from the top of the snow.

Often, the peduncles are damaged by late return frosts, in order to prevent this from happening, it is worthwhile to arrange a light cover of nonwoven material.

Darmer is practically not subject to diseases and attacks of pests. Periodically use soap solution for prophylaxis.

Growing darmer from seed

Durmera seed Seed shoots

Seed method is the most time consuming and long. Seeds before planting are stratified - kept in a wetted state for a month or two in the refrigerator or under the snow.

  • Sowing is carried out in a container with a transparent lid, filled with a loose substrate.
  • Until germination it is kept in a warm dark place.
  • Shoots do not appear simultaneously after a week or two. When sprouts appear, the container is moved to a northern window sill with diffused light.
  • Care is a regular abundant watering, as dahmer moisture-loving plant.
  • At first, sprouts develop slowly; patience should be reserved.
  • When the first true leaves appear, copy the plants into separate cups 10 cm in diameter.
  • 10 days after transplantation, feed the plants with complex fertilizers for flowering plants in order to stimulate the development of the vegetative mass.
  • In the fall, seedlings can be planted in a permanent place.

Seedlings darmers photo

2-3 years will require seedlings to achieve full decoration, but the efforts of the grower are worth it!

Breeding darmer by dividing the bush

The vegetative breeding method of darmer is the most common and does not require special knowledge.

To propagate the darmer by dividing the bush (segments of rhizome) in early spring, the root is neatly divided into parts, each of which must contain buds. The cut parts of the rhizome are dried for an hour and powdered with ashes.

The soil is pre-filled with organic. With this breeding, the darmer will bloom next year and will decorate your site to the fullest extent.

Darmer in landscape design With what to combine

Darmer's landscape design photo in the garden

Darmera feels great surrounded by ferns, host, Rodgers.

Looks great in splendid isolation against a lawn or near a pond.

This exotic, rare, decoratively stable perennial with beautiful leaves successfully grows, develops and pleases flower growers for many years.

Darmer and the hosts in the design of the garden photo

Having spent a minimum of effort in caring for this wonder, you will get a luxurious shrub that delivers a lot of positive emotions when contemplating it.

Darmera in garden design photo

Grow dhamer and as a container plant, decorating gazebos, the space under the eaves, near the houses, on the terraces. High powerful leaves sometimes look more exotic than palm trees.

Features landing thyroid darmer and care

For the improvement of the garden and local area can be used a lot of different plants. But the most popular are those that do not require complex care, as well as unpretentious to the landing site. One such option is a thyroid darmer.

The peculiarity of this representative flora is that it is undemanding in care. At the same time, the damer is very beautiful and is excellent for planting on house plots in different regions of the country

Recently, experts are increasingly using thyroid Darmer in the preparation of a landscape design project.

This beautiful flower belongs to the family Kamenelomkovy. Darmer has several names that can be used by gardeners. This plant is known to many as thyroid stone sausage or peltifillum.

All designations of this representative flora are related to its form. A special feature of the Darmer is the interesting structure of the leaves. They look like small shields.

Therefore, the plant was given such a number of names associated with the shield.

The main place of growth and birthplace of Darmer is North America. This flower was imported from the USA to Russia, where it successfully settled down and became part of landscape design.

Especially often it is possible to meet thyroid kamnelomku in the Caucasus. This plant is very fond of mountain slopes and plains at high altitude.

That is why in the natural environment Darmer mainly occurs at an altitude of more than one and a half thousand meters above sea level.

Darmer unpretentious to light

Soil quality plays a very important role for the plant. The land should be fertile and enriched with humus. In addition, darmer likes moist and drained soil. This must be taken into account by those who plan to plant the plant on their site.

As for the amount of sunlight, there are no special requirements. Darmer's thyroid feels great and under scorching rays, and in partial shade. But you can not completely save the plant from sunlight. Otherwise, it will not be able to develop normally.

It is very simple to distinguish the thyroid Darmer from other plants. The first striking large leaves are rounded. Platinum sheet may have a diameter of about 10 cm.

On the leaves there are thin scapes. Darmer root system is a core with several processes. The plant blooms in small pinkish flowers, collected in one bunch.

After flowering shoots may appear.

Blooming peltifillum

The peduncle of this perennial appears in April before the leaves bloom; its height is about 60 cm. The flowers themselves are light pink in color and form an inflorescence of a corymboid type measuring about 12 cm.

The flowering of darmers is quite spectacular, but it is not observed every year. Very often, the peduncles are damaged by late return frosts.

In order for peltifillum to please with its well-groomed appearance, it is required to follow a number of simple rules:

Darmer likes shady places

For planting it is best to choose shady areas, also suitable places with ambient lighting.

The ideal option would be planting next to large trees and shrubs, which will create the necessary partial shade. In such places, peltifillum is provided with a sufficient amount of sunlight and at the same time it is reliably protected from scorching summer rays.

The soil for the plant should be loose and fertile with a neutral or slightly acid reaction, but always without stagnant moisture. With an excess of water, the fleshy rhizomes of the darmers very quickly rot.

Watering should be intense and frequent. With a lack of moisture, the plant forms small and gnarled leaves.

In the spring, after the leaves grow back, it is necessary to treat the plants with fungicide solutions.

During the period of active growth, the plant must be fed once a month with mineral fertilizers.
Dharmera also responds well to fertilizing with organic matter. Throughout the summer period, leaf humus or compost can be introduced into the soil.

At the onset of a steady autumn cooling, the leaves should be cut at a height of 30 cm, and the base of the bush should be well ground with sawdust, peat or straw.

The undoubted advantages of peltifullum include the fact that it is practically not affected by the disease and is not damaged by pests.

Use in landscaping

The spectacular Darmar flowers are great for gardening.

Darmer plants are valued for large and beautiful leaves, as well as for spectacular flowers.

This unpretentious perennial is used to create flower beds in shady areas, it can also be planted in separate clumps under tall trees.

It is very well suited to decorate the coastal zone of natural and artificial reservoirs.

Huge leaves of peltifillum are able to develop large areas, this feature must be taken into account when laying flower beds.

Darmera gets on well with most shade-tolerant perennials. Her partners are perfectly fit hosts, meadowsweet and anemones.

She is also able to replace the Hunner, which is very poorly tolerated frosty winters.

There are also compact varieties of darmers, for example, “Nanum”. The diameter of this plant does not exceed 45 cm.

It can be successfully used for gardening small areas and small ponds.

In addition, the leaves of this variety have a very bright color, combining crimson and yellow tones.

While watching the video you will learn about the cultivation of saxifrage from seeds.

The use of perennials in landscaping is a promising and fashionable direction in landscape design. In addition, flower gardens created from such plants can grow and develop successfully with minimal care for many years.

Darmera (Darmera)

Darmer or peltifillum - decorative and deciduous perennial garden plant. Darmer thyroid plant is not at all capricious, forming amazingly beautiful curtains. Prefers wet and shady landing sites. Darmera blooms in spring at the very beginning of May. The spectacular and charming spectacle is a blooming peltifillum. Many pink flowers are collected in a hemispherical inflorescence, which closes the high strong peduncle growing out of the ground. During the flowering plant its leaves are almost invisible, because they are just starting to unfold. Such a magnificent spectacle can be captured only in the absence of frost.

Darmera care and cultivation

Darmer plant is so universal that it grows well in the shade and in the sun. The most optimal location for darmer will still be places in the garden with diffused light and partial shade of deciduous shrubs and trees.

Under such leafy plants, peltifillum will receive a sufficient amount of lighting and at the same time will be protected from intense spring rays. In summer, the leaves of trees and shrubs will cover the peltifillum from hot sunlight.

Darmer needs frequent watering. With intense light, the plant grows in a moist substrate. In no case should not allow stagnation of water, which will inevitably lead to decay of the rhizome. The substrate should be from neutral to weakly acid reaction, air and permeable to water.

Fertilizers for the growth and development of plants need organic and mineral. Liquid mineral fertilizers are applied to the substrate once a month. Dry fertilizers are applied to the soil at the very beginning of flowering, that is, in early spring, and during the whole growing season, dry organic fertilizers are added under the bushes.

I also recommend using leaf humus, dry manure, chicken dung as a fertilizer. With the onset of the autumn season, feeding is stopped. Dahmer flower grows well and develops in forest soil, so it is advisable to mix garden and forest soil when planting rhizomes in the ground.

Winter hardiness

The plant does not tolerate frost, therefore, it needs shelter. You can cover the plant with sawdust, straw or fallen leaves. If the winter is not snowy and the temperature is rather low, the plant should be covered with an additional layer of snow. In early spring it is necessary to pour peltifillum with a fungicide for prophylaxis.

Dividing the bush

Vegetative reproduction does not require special knowledge and effort. In the spring or autumn, the Darmer bush is dug up, the rhizome is divided and transplanted into the place prepared and fertilized with organic fertilizers. For autumn planting, it is recommended to cut off the parts of the rhizome for disinfection to stand for a couple of hours in a fungicide solution. With this method of reproduction darmer will delight you with its flowering next spring.

When breeding seeds, you must first prepare the seed. To do this, planting material should be kept for three to four weeks at a temperature of +4 .. + 6 ° C in a cool and humid environment. After the end of the preparatory period, seeds are sown in light soil. After germination, the seeds of Darmer are planted in a light substrate and provide the seedlings with air and soil moisture. When propagated by seeds, the plant reaches its ornamentation in the second or third year of life.

How it looks and where it grows wild

Thyme darmer belongs to the herbaceous family Kamenelomkovye, is a wild-growing perennial with a strong and knotty root system. The leaves of the plant are rather large and basal, located on thick petioles, have a rounded, notched shape at the edges (about 50 cm in diameter), and the peduncle is not only slightly larger in size (60 cm long), but also grows relatively earlier than the leaves themselves.

Flowers at peltifillum are the very part that gives it its main attractiveness and decorativeness; they are gathered in corymbose 12-centimeter inflorescences and have a delicate pink tint. The birthplace of a wild flower is the mountainous regions of North America, where it is found along the banks of pure reservoirs.

Choice of place

Despite the fact that darmer is an unpretentious and not capricious plant, in order to plant it and properly grow it in its garden, it is necessary to take into account a number of factors necessary for this. Let's start with the preparation.

Освещение на месте посадки пельтифиллума должно быть хорошо притемненное, так как его нежные влаголюбивые листья вообще не переносят солнца, от ярких лучей дикое растение полностью теряет «презентабельный» вид, листочки заметно тускнеют, а по краям становятся темно-коричневыми от подсыхания.

Зато к разнообразным видам почв дармера весьма равнодушна, она может расти совершенно в разных грунтах много лет, не болея и не страдая. However, the best option for a characteristic flower would be loose, fertile and moisture-containing places (6-7 pH), where it grows much faster and more beautifully blooms. Recommended and proven composition for years:

  • garden loamy soil
  • peat,
  • compost,
  • purified sand
  • 80 g of any fertilizer.
All prepared ingredients, except fertilizer, should be mixed in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1.

Planting and reproduction

The planting and reproduction of thyroid pelphillum occurs in two ways - seed and division of the rhizome, they are very different from each other level of complexity, but, fortunately, in both cases, the expected seedlings eventually give a good result, and beautiful plant ornaments appear in the garden.

Growing from seed

If you decide to grow a wild moisture-loving flower with its seeds, you will have a harder time, since the process itself lasts much longer than the vegetative method, does not always promise a one hundred percent result, and the desired first flowering with generative reproduction occurs only 2 years after planting.

Stages of seed germination:

  • preliminary preparation of planting material (3-4 weeks before planting): put the seeds of the plant in a cool place with a temperature of + 5 ° C, high humidity, keep there for one month,
  • after preliminary stratification (point above), plant in a selected container with light and nutritious soil,
  • The first shoots will delight you after a long time, but when this happens, the shoots are transplanted into an open, previously fed, ground.

Dividing bush

The reproduction of darmer also occurs by the method of dividing the bush (segments of rhizome). In the spring or autumn period of time, the spine is neatly divided into several parts with buds sleeping on them, which eventually will grow, creating an amazing plant on the site.

Detailed vegetative process should occur according to the following rules:

  • Before planting, cut off the parts of the rhizome must first be kept in a disinfectant solution of the fungicide for several hours. It will be an excellent prevention of fungal infections,
  • to prepare the soil and dig the desired size of the hole, at the bottom of which you should put a layer of manure, and on its surface - non-processable organic matter: sawdust, leaves, grass,
  • from above, the pit must be closed with primer with the addition of sand and humus, plant prepared rootstock there,
  • after planting, you need to carry out the first watering of the future bush, and then mulch.

Watering and loosening

Moistening the soil around the Darmer should be carried out in a moderate way, it is necessary to water the shrub regularly, but not over-wet it to avoid stagnation of water, which adversely affects its livelihoods. In order to completely avoid problems with excess fluid, the plant should be provided with excellent drainage and the soil around it should be mulched with peat. It does not hurt and regular loosening of the soil around the bush, you should do this immediately after watering.

The plant practically does not need top dressings, so the first time the soil is “fed” before planting (organic fertilizers), in the spring periods it is applied granular mineral fertilizers with the addition of nitrogen.

Shelter for the winter

Unfortunately, the thyroid Darmer does not have a high level of winter hardiness, so you should start thinking about its shelter in the middle of autumn. It is better to protect a plant from frosts with a shelter of sawdust, straw or fallen leaves. If the air temperature is not greatly reduced, and the level of snow precipitation is not very high, then snow can also be used as a shelter.

Use in garden decorations, partners

Often peltifillum thyroid is used by landscape designers as a decorative element to complement flower arrangements in home gardens.

In the pre-spring period of time, bulbous plants are planted around an unusual flower: Scylla, crocus, daffodils and tulips. Under tall trees and near large shrubs (jasmine, weigela) darmer also looks harmonious, and its best partners in shady gardens are invariably: ferns, tiarellas, hosts, miners, kupeny, heleon, podofily, groundwort and astilbe.

In addition, peltifillum is beautiful and in its splendid isolation, if it is planted under beautiful branchy trees or around the banks of the reservoir.

Planting your site with any perennials is a proven and promising practice, as selected exotic and unusual plantings will always please the eye and warm the soul. Therefore, choosing an original Darmer thyroid plant for planting and care, you will forever gain a real flower muse for your garden.

Darmer or peltifillum cultivation. Darmer's garden design

Darmer or peltifillum - decorative and deciduous perennial garden plant. Darmer thyroid plant is not at all capricious, forming amazingly beautiful curtains.

Prefers wet and shady landing sites. Darmera blooms in spring at the very beginning of May. The spectacular and charming spectacle is a blooming peltifillum.

Many pink flowers are collected in a hemispherical inflorescence, which closes the high strong peduncle growing out of the ground.

During the flowering plant its leaves are almost invisible, because they are just starting to unfold. Such a magnificent spectacle can be captured only in the absence of frost.