What can be useful and harmful to human health Japanese quince


Quince belongs to the Rosaceae family, which gives it the right to be considered a close relative of a pear and an apple. Quince belongs to the monotypic genus and therefore is represented by one species - the quince is common.

They have fruits of quince and other names, such as Quite - German, Dule - Bulgarian, Heive - Azerbaijani, Pigwa - Polish. The name quince, which is familiar to us, has Turkish roots.

Quince and its beneficial properties known to mankind for more than 4 thousand years. The homeland of this amazing plant is considered North CaucasusIt is from there, the researchers believe, that this culture came to Asia, Ancient Greece and Rome. The benefits and harms of quinces for the body were studied by the ancient Greeks, who loved this fruit for its juicy and bright taste and gave it the name of the golden apple. In general, in mythology, quince fruits symbolize love and fertility, therefore they are often used in various ceremonies related to marriage.

Quince is the earliest known fruit. Studies indicate that it was the quince, and not the apple, that became the forbidden fruit that Eva sipped in the Garden of Paradise. And the dispute known to all historians, because of which the Trojan War began, arose, in the opinion of those same historians, because of the fragrant quince. It was her god of love, Paris, who presented the beautiful Helen.

Now, naturally, quince grows in the Caucasus, Central Asia and southern Europe, and artificially grown almost all over the world, even in northern countries such as Norway. The quince plant is a shrub about 5 m tall. The quince fruits are shaped like an apple or pear, of lemon or dark yellow color with a tart and astringent, but sweet taste. The fruits of quince ripen in July and August. It should be said that this fruit is quite unusual - you should not eat it raw. Raw quince fruits are hard and sour. And when cooked they become sweet and tender to the taste.

The benefits of this mysterious fruit are praised in many legends and ancient legends. And indeed, this fact of the uniqueness of the quince is proven and beyond doubt.

Quince composition

The chemical composition of any product determines its beneficial properties. As for the fruits of quince, its component composition strongly depends on the growing area and variety. The composition of the quince ordinary includes an impressive amount of mineral and biologically active substances: various organic acids, pectins, vitamins, tannins, catechins. And esters in quince skin - enanto-ethyl and pelargon-ethyl - determine the unusual flavor of this fruit.

General information about the Japanese quince

As the name implies, it comes from Japan. Quince is widespread in China and Europe. Its correct name is Japanese henomeles. This genus includes several other species of henomeles. All of them are deciduous or semi-evergreen shrubs or low trees. Young branches of the Japanese quince are bright green, becoming much darker over the years. The flowers are large, pink, orange-red, carmine. Quince fruits regularly, from 5-6 years of age. The main value of the shrub - the fruit - medium-sized yellow apple, ripening in October.

In addition to the fruits of the Japanese quince, its leaves are used in traditional medicine, which are harvested and dried.

What are the beneficial properties of quince

Chhenomeles fruits are rich in vitamins and other beneficial organic compounds. Ripe fruits contain about 12% of sugars, among which are fructose, glucose and sucrose. In addition, they found a lot of organic acids, bringing great benefits. Among them:

These compounds normalize the acid-base balance, are involved in carbohydrate and fat metabolism, prevent the development of nerve and muscle pathologies and such serious illnesses as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's.

What is useful quince - a high content of ascorbic acid. Therefore, it is often called the northern lemon. This acid gives a strong sour taste to ripe fruit.

In addition to vitamin C, quince fruits contain carotene, vitamins E, PP, B1, B2, B6. Of the trace elements found in them:

Also found in the fruits of quince such useful substances as anthocyanins, tannins, flavonoids and fatty acids. All listed compounds of the Japanese quince have their own beneficial properties and contraindications. When eating fruits they need to be considered.

The fruits of the Japanese quince have on the body anti-inflammatory, tonic and diuretic effect. Regular consumption of them can improve immunity and significantly reduce the body's susceptibility to the most common colds.

What else is useful quince for the body - its properties to normalize the activity of the nervous and muscular systems, improve metabolic processes, cleanse the walls of blood vessels from cholesterol plaques.

The high content of iron and vitamin C makes it possible to effectively treat and prevent anemia and exhaustion. Quince fruits act as a fixative and antiemetic. They are also known for their hemostatic and antioxidant properties. Quince is useful as a choleretic and diuretic in diseases of the gallbladder and urinary system.

Quince seeds in the form of water decoctions are popular in traditional medicine as enveloping, light laxatives and relieving cough of the drug.

Fruit pulp effectively removes excess fluid in the edema that accompanies kidney and heart failure. Regular use of quince can adjust the work of the gastrointestinal tract.

Japanese quince in cooking

Many people do not like quince because of the pronounced sour taste. Moreover, its fruits are quite solid. How to eat a quince to avoid these shortcomings? Fruits are stored for a long time, and by the spring they become softer and more fragrant. They are also used in the form of compotes, jellies, jams. After adding sugar and cooking, the fruit becomes softer and not sour. Short heating in the process of preparation practically does not destroy the useful substances contained in it. The high content of pectin allows you to get jelly and marmalades of excellent taste without long boiling. Due to the high content of acids, the billets are long stored.

Chenomeles fruits are dried and then used in compotes along with other dried fruits.

In cooking, Central Asia and the Caucasus are popular recipes for cooking meat with the addition of quince. Dishes get juiciness, unusual flavor and better digested.

The use of Japanese quince in cosmetology

Beauticians are well aware of the beneficial properties of quince leaves and seeds. Harm to health, they do not bring, as they are used only externally. The extract from the leaves has a moisturizing, anti-inflammatory and softening effect. Benefits decoction of leaves and fruits for the treatment of seborrhea, dandruff and increased brittle hair. Preparations based on chhenomeles extracts are used with excessive oily skin and hair.

Water decoction of seeds is effective in the form of lotions against fatigue and discomfort in the eyes. Cotton swabs moistened in broth, wipe problem skin. Derivatives from seeds are present in masks and lotions for skin care.

In which cases the use of quince is contraindicated

In addition to the obvious benefits, the use of Japanese quince can cause harm. To avoid it, you need to know about contraindications. So, a high content of active biological substances can cause allergic reactions. Therefore, it is undesirable to eat a large number of fruits at once.

Also contraindications are constipation, gastric ulcer, inflammatory processes in the small and large intestines, a tendency to allergies, pleurisy. After eating fruits, it is advisable to immediately rinse the mouth with water and baking soda in order to neutralize the action of the acids corroding the tooth enamel.

Before eating quince fruits in food, you must remove the seeds along with the seed pods, as they are toxic. It should also be borne in mind that the fluff covering the surface of the fruit can irritate the larynx and vocal cords.

How to prepare and use tincture on vodka

For the preparation of tincture of Japanese quince on vodka take the most ripe and fragrant fruit. They are washed, removed the seeds and crushed. The resulting mass is placed in a jar and filled with vodka so that it completely covers the fruit mass. The resulting mixture is tightly capped and left in a dark place for three weeks. Then sugar is added to it and the jar is left for another week, shaking occasionally to dissolve the sugar. After a week, the tincture is filtered and, if desired, a little vanillin is added. The tincture is bottled. Keep it better in a dark cool place.

For 500g of quince fruits take 800 ml of vodka and 150g of sugar.

As we can see, the benefits of Japanese quince are undoubted, and the possible harm can be minimized by competent use.

Quince: composition, as used

Quince belongs to the Rosaceae family and in appearance is a shrub or a short tree. Its fruits always attract attention to themselves by their appearance, color, smell. Quince is an unusual fruit in appearance and taste. In appearance, the color of the fruit is very similar to lemon, but is a close relative of our favorite and familiar pears and apples.

The fruit is considered the leader in the content of some valuable and beneficial to the body substances. For human health, quince is priceless.

The ripened fruit has a mass of up to 170 grams.

Its nutritional value is:

- fat saturated - 0,1gr,

- unsaturated fatty - 0.1g,

• dietary fiber - 3.6 g,

• mono - and - disaccharides - 7.6 g, where 50% by weight is accounted for fructose.

The fruits contain a significant amount of vitamins: PP (0.2 mg), E (0.4 mg), C (23 mg), B2 (0.2 mg), B1 (0.02 mg), A (167 mg).

The mineral composition is represented by iron (30 mg), phosphorus (24 mg), potassium (144 mg), sodium (14 mg), calcium (14 mg).

The fruit is rich in rare human acids: pectin, tartaric, malic, citric and tartronic.

There is a toxic and dangerous substance in the seeds - amygdalin, tannins, mucus and fatty acids.

Caloric pulp only 49kcal per 100g. Its energy value (the ratio of carbohydrates, fats and proteins):

• 9.6g (805) carbohydrates.

Only one fruit per day helps to replenish the daily rate of all useful and valuable substances in the body.

Use in cooking. This exotic fruit came to us from Asian countries. Its use in the kitchen has gained popularity in recent years. Fruits due to hard pulp, viscosity and fresh tartness, few people decide to use. But after heat treatment (after boiling) quince becomes tasty, soft and healthy. It is used to make compote, jelly, marmalade, jam, jam, candied fruit, juice, desserts. In many recipes is an indispensable additive to the meat dish. In France, quince is added to some wines.

Medical applications. The health benefits of quince are colossal. Alternative and traditional medicine uses its useful properties in the treatment. Properly cooked quince retains all the healing properties:

Used not only its fruits. Leaves and seeds are used in traditional medicine recipes.

Use in cosmetology. Prepared from the seeds of quince oil is a component of shampoos. It helps to strengthen the hair roots, helps in the fight against split ends. Infusion of seeds rub the skin around the eyes. The cosmetic effect of wiping is noticeable immediately: blueness and swelling disappear. If this infusion rinse hair after washing, it will help strengthen them.

Application in nutrition. There are many diets, an essential component of which is a quince. Low energy value, a small amount of fat, lack of "bad" cholesterol, a significant content of fiber and copper make it possible to use quince to those who struggle with extra pounds. Improving the digestive process, the fruit helps to remove accumulated toxins and slags, eliminates the reserves of subcutaneous fat.

Quince: what is the use for the body

In autumn, when the fruits ripen, acquire a bright yellow color, become fragrant and sweet - sour, the fruit fully exhibits all its beneficial properties.

The benefits of fruit for the body is great. Fresh juice, fragrant ripe fruits have a lot of useful properties:

• help strengthen the intestines,

• improve the digestive process,

• contribute to the remission of all inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract,

• help to cope with severe poisoning,

• reduce pain in internal organs,

• indicated for hypertension and frequent headaches,

• increase hemoglobin level

• strengthen joints, reduce pain when walking,

• reduce the frequency and duration of asthmatic attacks,

• accelerate recovery from bronchitis, tuberculosis, pneumonia, acute respiratory diseases,

• have a calming effect on the nervous system after stress or nervous overload, improve sleep, relieve anxiety,

• lower cholesterol,

• normalize sugar levels in diabetes,

• improve visual acuity,

• reduce the severity of symptoms in dermatitis,

• fill the body with energy and vigor.

Scientists have long proven the ability of quince to strengthen the body's immune defense. They found that its restorative properties are several times stronger than those of viburnum and lemon.

In just one month, quince fruits are able to restore the intestinal microflora after long-term antibiotics.

Present in the phenols and antioxidants help to resist the body in the reproduction and spread of cancer cells.

Tannic substances epicatechin and catechin help to cope with chronic constipation. They also bind and excrete carcinogens from the body, help clean the intestines.

Quince use is often recommended for pregnant women with toxemia, cardiology patients for the reason that it contains pyridoxine (vitamin B6). It is considered the best preventive measure of heart attack, helps reduce swelling, normalizes all metabolic processes, prevents the occurrence of ischemia and atherosclerosis.

Quince is an effective antipyretic agent. It can be included in the diet for colds and viral diseases in order to relieve fever and speed up recovery.

A decoction of seeds can stop any kind of bleeding. With sensitivity to weather changes and jumps in atmospheric pressure, it is recommended to include a quince in the diet. Many do not even know, but quince quickly removes the smell from the mouth.

Quince: what is the harm to health

In addition to such a large number of useful properties, quince has a number of contraindications. Do not forget that her bones (seeds) are poisonous. Therefore, before you cook something from it, all the bones should be removed. If a medicinal decoction is prepared from seeds, you should not grind them. They contain amygdalin - a toxic glycoside. When grinding seeds, it is easily dissolved in the infusion, causing harm.

If an intolerance to the product, i.e. There will be signs of allergy to quinces after its first use, it is better to refuse to eat it later. The fruit is exotic and when overeating, allergy symptoms may appear even in a healthy person.

The positive effect of quince on the nervous system can turn into harm if its rate is exceeded. Excessive amounts will have a psychotropic effect on the body.

If a person uses his vocal cords in his work, then the presence of quinces in the diet constantly harms them. To abandon this fruit should be teachers, singers, actors.

The astringent effect of the fruit is a contraindication to the use of chronic constipation.

Villi on the skin of raw fruit can cause sore throat and make breathing difficult.

Damage to the health of the quince can and in the event that the conditions of its storage and transportation were violated. When buying fruits, you need to pay attention to their appearance:

• there should be no dents or mold on them

• each fruit purchased must be dense,

• a sufficient ripeness is indicated by the uniform yellowish color of the skin,

• each fruit must have a separate package.

At home, before storage, each fruit must be washed, and the fluff removed from the surface. They are placed in a plastic bag and stored in the refrigerator for no more than 60 days. It is noticed that if you put a quince next to a pear, its ripening rate increases dramatically, and the shelf life decreases.

Quince for children: useful or harmful

Fruits containing significant amounts of micro - and - macronutrients, vitamins, pectin substances and essential organic acids, have a beneficial effect on the emerging children's organism. They:

• affect the proper formation of the body,

• promote mental development,

• strengthen the digestive organs,

• accelerate recovery from colds and viral diseases,

• affect the formation and strength of bone and dental tissues.

В сыром виде айву детям не дают до года. Несмотря на низкую аллергенность, знакомство с ней можно начинать только с 10 — 11мес. The baby can be offered flesh baked without skin, marmalade, vegetable or meat casseroles, pies, stewed fruit, juice.

Before you put in quinces, it is necessary to consult a pediatrician in order to avoid contraindications. It is important not to forget that this fruit has a strong astringent effect. If the baby suffers from constipation, its use should be abandoned. Children should not be given unpeeled fruit. Small fluff on fruit peel can cause irritation of the larynx. A baby may develop a cough and a red-throat symptom.

No one doubts the fact that the quince is very useful for adults and children. The insignificant harm that it can do to health is related to the amount of its use.