Asparkam is a drug well known to most "cores". Medicine based on potassium and magnesium fills the deficiency of these substances in the body, which is its main purpose. The lack of these elements provokes heart failure and circulatory disorders. But often prescribed Asparks during pregnancy. And many future mothers do not understand - why.
Asparkam is usually recommended for pregnant women suffering from edema. It is included in the complex therapy. And this is misleading for many. Women, thinking that the drug is a diuretic, try to replace it with natural means, accelerating the work of the kidneys. And they endanger their health and the baby - after all, the task of the medicine is completely different.
Before you decide to take Asparkam during pregnancy, you need to read the instructions for use and familiarize yourself with its composition. It may contain substances that cause an allergic reaction or other side effects in a particular person. And this is the first signal that the drug is not suitable for treatment.
Aspark is sold in the form:
- infusion solutions (400 ml),
- ampoules (5, 10, 20 ml),
- tablets (10 and 50 pieces per pack).
The effect of the drug on the body:
- restores electrolyte balance
- regulates metabolic processes
- has an antiarrhythmic effect.
Indications and contraindications during pregnancy
So, why are Asparks prescribed during pregnancy? As noted above, the drug is usually part of anti-edema therapy. That is, women are prescribed medications that activate the work of the kidneys, and in parallel - Asparkam. This is done in order to compensate for the deficiency of calcium and magnesium, which are flushed out of the body at an insane rate, leaving with the urine. This drug is also prescribed because it is safe and comparable with vitamin complexes.
In addition, the lack of these substances can be observed in expectant mothers suffering from toxicosis with regular vomiting. In such cases, calcium and magnesium also go with the liquid. A woman is left without microelements that are so necessary for her and her child. And this is fraught with serious problems. That is why taking Asparkam during pregnancy is so important.
The following symptoms indicate the presence of hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia in the body:
Asparkam during pregnancy performs important tasks. Potassium contained in it helps to strengthen the cardiovascular system and activates the work of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, it has a moderate diuretic effect, which is important for edema. Magnesium helps to absorb potassium and suppresses its side effect: it relaxes the muscle fibers, which reduces the risk of uterine tone. In addition, this substance has few equal in terms of the beneficial effects on the nervous system.
In order to order the drug is prescribed to expectant mothers suffering from:
- various heart diseases - ischemia, arrhythmia, ventricular premature beats,
- chronic circulatory disorders
- increased intracranial pressure
- Meniere's disease.
These indications for use of Asparkam are common and apply to pregnant women as well. But not at all: certain conditions can prevent the use of Asparkam during pregnancy.
The main contraindications include:
- hypersensitivity to the drug,
- severe dehydration
- atrio-ventilation blockade,
- hemolytic anemia,
- burns and other injuries, accompanied by massive cell destruction,
- myasthenia grave.
As a rule, pregnant women are not prescribed Asparkam in the first trimester, although it is during this period that expectant mothers usually suffer from toxemia. This situation is explained by the fact that at the beginning of pregnancy, women take multivitamins, which prevent a deficiency of potassium and magnesium.
Features of the drug
Asparks are produced either in tablets or in ampoules for intravenous administration. Future mothers in most cases, appoint the first option. According to the instructions, during pregnancy, Asparks should be taken one tablet 2 or 3 times a day. Sometimes there are situations when the amount of dragee has to be increased. But it can not exceed 6 tablets per day, divided into 3 doses.
The medicine is taken after meals. It should be washed down with enough water. The duration of the course depends on the status and indications. It is usually 3 weeks, but in some cases it may take a month.
In particularly difficult situations, Asparks, pregnant women are injected intravenously with glucose using droppers at a speed of 25 drops / min. Very rarely practiced jet injection (also on glucose). The speed in this case should be 5 ml / s. Both in the first and in the second case it is extremely important not to exceed it, otherwise serious complications may arise. Such treatment is carried out exclusively in the hospital under the supervision of a physician.
Asparkam is usually taken along with other medicines. Among them are Euphyllinum, Ryboksin, Diakarb, Furosemide. Features of therapy depend on the nature of the evidence.
Possible side effects and effects
Instructions for use Asparkam during pregnancy states that overdose can lead to serious health problems.
Among the possible consequences:
- violation of the bowels (diarrhea),
- abdominal pain,
- the appearance of edema,
- redness of the skin of the face,
- respiratory failure,
Most often, such conditions occur when the drug is introduced too quickly by the drip or jet method. In a much less pronounced form, they can manifest themselves as side effects, even if the speed and dosage are not exceeded. This happens rarely, but still. The body of a pregnant woman is different from the usual, so its reaction is difficult to predict. Any adverse events should be immediately reported to the doctor.
So, why Asparks are prescribed during pregnancy, it is clear: it compensates for the potassium and magnesium deficiency that occurs during toxicosis and in the course of the fight against edema. The drug strengthens the heart, nervous system, normalizes blood circulation. Taking the medicine is necessary in cases where the expectant mother suffers from certain diseases, which are direct indications for him.
Some women, doubting whether Asparks are pregnant, try to avoid taking it, lean on foods rich in potassium and magnesium to compensate for their deficiency. This is justified only in cases where the deficit is insignificant. If there are clinical symptoms, dietary adjustment is unlikely to help. It is necessary to discard all doubts and obey the doctor. After all, at stake is the most valuable thing - the health of the child, who will soon be born, and his mother.
Author: Alexander Indra, doctor,
specifically for Mama66.ru
The composition of the drug and form
When the doctor prescribes Aspark pregnant, it is important for the woman to find out about the composition of the drug. The therapeutic effect of the drug is provided by magnesium, potassium ions. It also consists of water for injection with sorbitol, cornstarch with calcium stearate, polysorbate-80 and talc. These are the excipients of asparkam tablets.
- in ampoules of 5 or 10, or 20 ml. The solution has a white or yellowish color. One ampoule with a volume of 10 ml of magnesium asparaginate contains 40 mg, and potassium asparaginate contains only 45.2 mg.
- solution in which the agent is injected drip. Potassium aspartic component contains 11.6 g, and magnesium - 7.9 g,
- tablet form, where the potassium and magnesium asparaginatovogo component contains 0,0175 g. Each tablet is flat, white in color, divided into the center by a sulcus. The package contains 10 or 50 tablets.
Potassium and magnesium ions are necessary for the body to work normally. Potassium is more contained in the cell, it processes in the body:
- The water-salt balance is maintained.
- With the help of the kidneys, excess fluid is removed.
- Nerve impulses are conducted.
- Participates in myovolocon contractions, carbohydrate metabolism.
- Provide a normal concentration of magnesium ions.
Magnesium is more found in bone, soft tissue structures, it is also important for the normal functioning of the body:
- It is a coenzyme compound in many reactions.
- Responsible for energy-generating processes.
- A nerve impulse is conducted.
- Relaxed muscle tissue.
- Responsible for reducing the myocardium of the heart.
- Supported by the structure of DNA, the formation of protein, amino acid compounds.
Indications for use during pregnancy
Asparks during pregnancy: is it possible or not, why is this remedy prescribed? The drug is indicated for women who have dysfunction of the heart, blood vessels, is used:
- in ischemic heart disease,
- disturbed heart rhythm
- extrasystoles of the ventricles
- chronic impaired microcirculation,
- Meniere's disease.
Potassium is washed out with diuretics with magnesium, Asparkam will fill the deficit of these elements. With a strong early toxicosis, a hypokalemic state is formed. The woman is drowsy, tired, she has dry skin, swollen abdomen, vomiting, tachycardia, decreased blood pressure. Because of vomiting, macro-, microelements necessary for the body are lost. A deficiency of potassium with magnesium and calcium causes cramps in the muscles of the limbs.
Instructions for use indicates that the drug can be taken 1 or 2 tablets for 2 or 3 doses per day. During the day you can drink no more than 6 tablets. Take the medicine after the woman has eaten, then it is washed down with a large volume of water. The treatment course is often 3 weeks.
If there are life threatening conditions for the pregnant woman, the drug is administered intravenously along with glucose, at a rate of no more than 25 drops in 60 seconds. The jet method of administration is rarely used, the agent is injected with glucose, at a rate of not more than 5 ml per 1 second.
Reception of Asparkam in the third trimester period
Actively form the bones of the fetus begin in the second trimester period of pregnancy. In the next trimester of the pregnancy, the expectant mother will “pull out” many mineral compounds. A woman will begin to have a painful, convulsive syndrome, which indicates a magnesium deficiency. Also, there will be hidden edema, so late toxicosis is manifested.
But the therapy with the help of Asparkam in late pregnancy is carried out carefully, since excessive magnesium content with potassium, calcium in the female body is dangerous. The fetus may ossify early, childbirth will be difficult. Before treatment with Asparkam, a woman should have an analysis of potassium magnesium, calcium concentration in the body.
The drug is not used in cases where:
- The woman is very sensitive to the components of the medication.
- There is a dehydration of the body.
- There is an atrioventricular block.
- There is a hemolytic type of anemia.
- There is a burn or another type of injury in which massive cellular destruction occurs.
- Violation of the urinary organs.
- Myasthenia chronically.
- Blood contains a lot of potassium and magnesium.
If the dose of the drug was not observed, there was a quick introduction of the solution, then the side effects will manifest as:
- Stomach ache
- Edema, flushing of the face.
- Impaired respiratory function.
- Seizures, coma.
It is important to remember that all the dosages of the drug are indicated only by the doctor, it is not necessary to be treated independently. Self-treatment will lead to the development of complications that adversely affect the health of the mother and child.
What is this medicine?
This medicine is a source of magnesium and potassium.
- Regulation of metabolic processes,
- Saturation of the body with the necessary elements
- Normalization of the cardiovascular system,
- Regulation of energy processes.
The drug is not considered dangerous for the body of a pregnant woman, but this does not mean that the drug can be prescribed at its own discretion, taken without medical supervision, for prevention. In some cases, "Asparkam" during pregnancy much to do harm.
The content of potassium and other elements should be normal. His failure, as well as an overabundance may entail a hitch, only during the period of gestation.
This phenomenon is associated with a reduced content of the mineral in the blood.
It is accompanied by the following features:
- Apathy, weakness, chronic fatigue, drowsiness,
- Dryness of the dermis and a decrease in the tier of its susceptibility,
- Lowering blood pressure
Accordingly, in order to get rid of the listed signs and tasks that the shortage of substances in the blood entails, is eliminated by increasing their table of contents, in particular, with the help of Asparkam.
tracked in the 2nd half of the period of carrying a child, it is called preeclampsia. It is caused by a violation of blood circulation in the vessels. Because of this, blood stagnates in them, and in some cases, the fluid moves from the vessels into the space between the cells, forming "hidden" edema. At first they are inconspicuous, and later manifest. If one does not pay attention to the phenomenon in time and does not treat it, the brain can be affected at the last stage (eclampsia). Signs of illness are high blood pressure, cramp, and headaches. Vestima cases when a woman fell into a coma due to illness,
The disease is associated with an increased table of contents of the corresponding mineral. Doctors argue that this phenomenon is no less dangerous than hypokalemia, and occasionally more.
- Soreness in muscles, tongue,
- Drowsiness, fatigue, clouding of consciousness,
- Paralysis, paresis,
- Bradycardia (slow muscle contraction),
- In some cases, even heart failure,
- Lowering blood pressure.
To cope with the phenomenon allow injections of potassium antagonists - calcium and sodium salts, from which special solutions are made.
Indications and contraindications to receive "Asparkam"
So, an excess of potassium can be extremely dangerous for the health of both mother and child. In this regard, the use of medication is permitted only as directed by the doctor.
Indications for use - lack of mineral, contraindication - the norm or excess. Allergies, tasks with the kidneys, some diseases of the cardiovascular system are also allowed as contraindications.
In the annotation to the drug indicated that "Asparkam" can not be used in the first trimester of gestation of the fetus.
Therefore, in order not to disrupt the formation of the child and not to harm their health, you should not immediately begin taking the drug if you noticed signs of hypokalemia in yourself. This applies to bearing at any time.
The expediency of its use is allowed to discuss with a doctor only after a blood donation for a review. As for the first trimester, doctors, as usual, shy away from the appointments of Asparkam, dispensing with vitamin complexes, which usually include the necessary minerals.
The disease is important to find in a timely manner. As for preeclampsia, it is diagnosed by the review of blood and urine. The presence of protein in the latter can cause doubts on hypokalemia. It is necessary to treat the phenomenon, only if the low location of the fetus is diagnosed. This is due to the fact that it is extremely unsafe for the baby in this circumstance.
As a rule, the treatment is about 3 weeks. In this case, the need to use tablets in the number of 1-2 pieces. 2-3 times / day. However, the duration of treatment and the dosage of the drug is indicated by the doctor after the review.
In some cases, support for a pregnant woman requires emergency. In similar situations
intravenous drug injections are shown. They need to be made only in the clinic, extraordinary under medical tracking.
The same applies to the use of droppers with "Asparkam" to correct the balance of minerals during pregnancy. In the worst case, the intensity of treatment or overdose can have important results. In some settings, the drug is prescribed as part of a complex effect on the body of a pregnant woman.
As a rule, we are talking about such indications:
- Heart disease,
- The threat of termination of pregnancy, in particular, due to the habitual not carrying.
One of the stages of the treatment of preeclampsia and the accompanying puffiness may be the use of diuretic drugs.
Under their influence, the body loses a lot of potassium, therefore there is a need to use drugs that can restore its tier. Often for this purpose and appointed "Aspark".
If you have been diagnosed with a low fetal location and you are worried about convulsions, during such periods you need to walk like a primitive, until the attack passes.
No matter how harmless this drug may seem, it is impossible to use it without a doctor’s prescription and control, so as not to endanger yourself and your baby.
When is Aspark needed?
No pregnant woman should independently prescribe a treatment, much less an Asparkam treatment. Only the attending physician has such a right, if he has good reason to conduct a course of treatment. For example, pregnancy has begun and fatigue, drowsiness, apathy, dry skin, weakness, bloating, increased vomiting, low blood pressure and tachycardia become your “companions”. All this is notorious toxicosis - you say, but he is the cause of hypokalemia. If vomiting is very frequent and severe, then the woman loses a lot of fluids and, naturally, potassium and magnesium, which are very necessary for her unborn child, and for herself. This is where Asparks come in handy to replenish lost micronutrients.
Even during pregnancy, many women “get acquainted” with convulsive twitching of the muscles of the extremities. The fault, again, is the lack of potassium, magnesium and calcium, which the fetus "took" for itself. Or late toxicosis (preeclampsia), in which the swelling of the extremities increases, and to eliminate it, doctors prescribe diuretics. Along with the liquid, important “components” are leaving again. And again the doctor may resort to treatment with Asparkam.
However, all this is only speculation and reasoning, since not every pregnant woman with toxicosis, preeclampsia, and even ischemia of the heart is given Asparks.
Indications for use Asparkam during pregnancy
Before we examine the indications for use in pregnant patients, it is necessary to clarify that no pregnant woman has the right to prescribe any treatment for herself under any circumstances. Otherwise, it may entail a threat to the life and health of both the expectant mother and the fetus.
Only the attending physician has the right to prescribe medications to the patient during pregnancy, and then, according to strict indications that justify this prescription.
Asparks may be prescribed for pregnant women in such cases., as:
- Increased pathological fatigue during pregnancy,
- Dry skin,
Any gynecologist will write off the above signs of indisposition for toxicosis. But not everyone knows that toxemia provokes such a pathological condition in a woman's body as potassium deficiency or hypokalemia.
If during pregnancy a woman has very severe vomiting and nausea, then, respectively, during each gag reflex, she loses a large amount of fluid. With the liquid in a pregnant woman all the reserves of potassium and magnesium, which are so necessary during this period of development and formation of the fetus, go away. In this case, the woman’s physician may, if indicated, prescribe Asparkam to replenish the lost trace elements (magnesium and potassium) during toxicosis and heavy vomiting and nausea.
The second indications for the appointment of Asparkam during pregnancy are the cramps of the lower and upper extremities. The reason for this pathological phenomenon is that approximately from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, the fetus begins to “take” potassium, magnesium and practically all useful vitamins, minerals and microelements from a woman for her full development.
Dosage and Overdose of Asparkam
If a pregnant woman does not calculate the correct dosage of Asparkam, then in this case there is a risk of side effects in the form of:
- Severe cramping abdominal pain,
- Dryness of the oral mucosa,
- Edema of limbs and whole body,
- Low blood pressure
- Red face
- Shortness of breath, impaired breathing
There is a high risk of side effects from taking Asparkam if it is administered intravenously.
The recommended dosage of Asparkam during pregnancy is 1-2 tablets after meals 2-3 times a day as prescribed by a doctor. The course of treatment is determined depending on the initial indications for prescribing the drug.
Tatiana, 22 years old: “The aspark was prescribed to me by the attending gynecologist because of the fact that from the second trimester of pregnancy I was disturbed by convulsions. The course of treatment was 10 days. But, after applying the medication, I suffered from diarrhea and severe abdominal pain. As soon as I finished taking the Asparks, all these unpleasant feelings were gone. ”
Marina, 28 years old: “I took Asparkam 2 weeks from edema. Already on day 5, the puffiness was completely gone, and my state of health improved significantly. ”
Why is Aspark prescribed for pregnancy with toxicosis?
Asparkam is an analogue of a drug known as Panangin, only cheaper. It contains the same potassium and magnesium and is prescribed for its intake, when a deficiency of these elements is found in the body. Therefore, even if you will assume that Asparkam is such a kind of “vitamins” that everyone drinks, you should not take it without a medical appointment. Please note that Asparkam when carrying a child may have contraindications.
Among the expectant mothers, two groups can be clearly distinguished, with a completely polar attitude to medical drugs. Some categorically refuse any synthetic drugs, believing that they can get everything they need with food. Another group holds a polar opinion, asking friends about what they took during pregnancy and trying to replenish their home medicine chest with appropriate medications. Both that and other behavior is fundamentally wrong.
Yes, of course, if the imbalance of minerals or vitamins in the body of the expectant mother is insignificant, then there is probably no need to take additional funds, it can be corrected by correcting the usual diet a little. It’s another thing if the deficiency of individual elements turns out to be such that it is shown by tests or, even worse, there are obvious symptoms of a lack of one or another element. There is no way to fix the usual products. In this case, we need more radical means, and, rather quickly, because the baby needs everything now, and not in a week. Every week every day he goes a huge way of development.
Asparkam contraindications and side effects
Asparks during pregnancy are prescribed to women:
- with the development of preeclampsia - late toxicosis of pregnant women,
- with severe edema
- some heart diseases - for example, in case of rheumatic disease or heart disease.
- it also helps when a woman has a habitual miscarriage, or - strong constipation.
Most often, Asparks, when carrying a baby, are prescribed to the expectant mother in cases where she develops a potassium deficiency or, as this complication is properly called, hypokalemia. It develops for a variety of reasons, but more often if a woman has experienced severe toxicosis with vomiting and abundant drooling. This leads to dehydration and the withdrawal of potassium from it. Sometimes it can lead to unbalanced and unhealthy diet. It should be understood that the dosage of the drug can be prescribed only by a doctor, based on your specific situation.
This drug is taken 3-4 times a day, 1-2 tablets, depending on the dosage. In severe cases, a pregnant woman can even be placed in a hospital for maintenance under the supervision of doctors. Here, for treatment, Asparkam will need a dropper, which is injected intravenously. The dropper comes in combination with a glucose solution. Speed - 1 drop in 3 seconds, very slowly. Jet into the vein Asparks almost never enter, so as not to have an overdose.
Despite the benefits of the dropper and Asparkam tablets, you should know that this does not mean that you can take it uncontrollably and the way you want it. Overabundance of potassium or magnesium is no better than their lack. And sometimes even worse. That is why, the drugs you are taking must be coordinated with the supervising doctor.