By the age of two, the baby alone, without the support on the railing or the hand of an adult, rises and descends the stairs, placing one foot on the other at each step after each step.
Makes 3-5 steps on tiptoe without support.
Some children can jump on the spot with two feet without falling. At 1 year and 10 months, he must be able, without support, to unsharply kick the ball so that it rolls. Hitting the ball deftly enough, without falling and not stumbling over it (Fig. 48).
By the age of two he plays the ball well with his hands. Holds the ball with one or two hands. Throws the ball into the horizontal goal. Rolls the ball from the hill. Able to throw it up.
When eating, it keeps the spoon as it should be - between the thumb and forefinger, it eats itself from the plate, neatly, without dripping. If you still do not trust the plug, you can quickly learn to eat and plug. While eating, he freely takes a cup, drinks from it without spilling, and puts it in place (fig. 49).
Household skills. He begins to partially dress: he puts on socks, slippers, a hat, mittens, shoes, sometimes with a little help from an adult. Can pull the shoe, but not always on the right foot. Partially undresses: removes shoes, pants, socks.
When washing, rub your palms, part of the face. He wipes himself off with a towel. With your help, brushing your teeth: you help send a brush and squeeze a little toothpaste on it. Use a handkerchief when reminding. He knows where there is a place for clothes, shoes, dishes, toys.
The quantity and quality of everyday skills are increasing. Easy to turn the door handles. Can insert the key into the door hole (fig. 50).
However, there is a dangerous discrepancy between the new possibilities of the child and the lack of a sense of danger.
Controls physiological needs. Remains dry overnight if it is effectively planted on the pot before bedtime. At night, you can use the pot if you notice that the child is spinning, sobbing, and so on. These are signs of urge to urinate, so you can help your baby wake up and land on the pot.
However, it is impossible to plant a sleeping child on the pot - so he will get used to urinate in his sleep.
A game. A two-year-old child can independently build a tower of six to eight cubes (Fig. 51). After showing an adult - a locomotive-train: several cubes (at least four) in a row, but without a pipe yet.
Collects, according to your instructions, pyramid in a decreasing size of two rings. Some children are from three, even more rarely from four (five) rings of different sizes (after the show). If the child still does not do this, then teach the child to fold the removed rings to the right of the rod in order, taking into account the size, and then take these rings alternately and put them on the rod.
When playing with inserts using a familiar board, a child of two years is already doing the whole task, correctly placing all three geometric shapes (circle, triangle, square) on the board. If the child himself fails, help him: in front of the child, accompanying his actions with verbal comments, put the figures back into the appropriate cells. Then remove all three geometric shapes from the cells and have the child find a place on the board for each shape. If the child fails, help him. After you put all the figures together with him, take them out of the holes again and have the child do the task on his own. At the age of two years, the result can not be achieved immediately, the child can do about four erroneous samples.
If you played with the child in folding the nesting dolls (see stage “1 year 3-6 months”), now he already knows how to put one doll in the other. Since the baby has already learned to act with two dolls, offer him a more complex version, with three or more dolls. First, take out and collect all three nesting dolls, build them in a row, emphasize the difference in size. Ask the child to show where the big nesting doll is, where the middle one is, where the little one is. Then you collect the matryoshka dolls with the child: the smallest one hides in the middle one, now there are two nesting dolls left (big and smaller), open the big matryoshka doll and hide the middle one in it. Constantly tell the child: “Open this nesting doll, and now this,” “How to close the nesting dolls?”, “Let's make them beautiful, let's combine the drawings”, “Take a big nesting doll, put an average into it”, etc.
A two-year-old child likes dolls that can sound. A new doll should have hair. The child of the third year of life will be happy to comb them. A doll with closing eyes will allow the kid to fill the game with new content. After all, it is in the third year of life that the child begins to take on the role, and this means that he represents the mother, the doctor, the driver. Now, to play with a doll, the baby needs toys, a cot, a table, chairs, dishes and other items.
Plot game. By two years in the game of children, there should already be a reproduction of a sequence of logically related actions, that is, a plot game. The kid most often performs two consecutive plot actions with the toy. For example, it first bathes a doll or a bear, then wipes it, first loads the car, and then carries it, first feeds the doll, and then washes and wipes the dishes (fig. 52).
If you do not notice such actions in a child, play with him.
The child himself plans the game situation after presenting a limited amount of game material: he feeds the doll, if there is a plate or bowl nearby, builds a garage, if there are cubes and a machine nearby.
In the game, he uses substitute items: instead of a plate, a flat box, instead of a typewriter, an elongated object from the designer, etc. In games, he continues to imitate the everyday actions of an adult.
He prefers to play alongside other children, but most of the time is not yet in the general game (fig. 53). A parallel game appears - the kid watches others play, and plays the same game himself. Although sometimes with pleasure playing catch-up with peers. Periodically emotionally contacts with a peer: attracts attention with facial expressions, gestures, exclamations, looking into the eyes.
Starting a kindergarten at this age gives nothing for the development of a child. Constant communication with other children in kindergarten conditions becomes useful from 3 years for girls, from 3.5 years for boys.
Draws. If you already have the skill of holding a pencil, then by two years you can repeat a horizontal or vertical line that you have drawn, as well as a rounded line. Teach your child to call what he draws. He likes to look at books with pictures himself — he carefully turns over one page at a time (fig. 54).
Communication (understanding of speech, emotions). Accurately executes instructions (instructions) consisting of three stages (take a cup, go to the kitchen and put it on the table), requiring three consecutive actions: first, take the cup, second, go to the kitchen and, third put a cup on the table.
Half the children at the age of 23 months understand the meaning of the word “heavy”: two objects of the same size, but of different weight, will show you or give you a heavier one at your request.
Ask your nose, eyes, ears, mouth, arms, legs, stomach, hair to show on the doll. By the age of two, the baby must correctly show six of the eight body parts requested.
At this age, the child is well oriented in three colors. Picks them up at the request of an adult on the model. Before the child must put 6 cubes (two cubes of blue, red, green). Then show the cube in red and say: “Give me the cube of the same color. Red cube. The kid will give a red cube. Then change the arrangement of the cubes and ask for a block of a different color.
Begins to name some colors in response to the question: “What color is this cube?”
Emotions and communication become richer: empathizes, sympathizes with a crying child, an elderly person, treats animals and plants with care. However, most often this is done by the example of an adult, and rarely on its own initiative. He smiles, gestures, looks into his eyes to hold the attention of an adult or another child, expects praise. Can be emotionally restrained, able to wait a bit (after explaining an adult). Quietly refers to the instructions: "collect toys", "it is possible", "it is impossible." Understands the words: "good", "bad." At the same time, disobedience remains, becoming angry at restricting its actions, in response to the rough tone of an adult. It can be stubborn, shout, be capricious, demanding the unallowed and insisting on it. To prevent tantrums, it is necessary to fulfill the parenting requirements set forth in the previous sections for the keyword "ban". She cries for a long time when her mother leaves, when she is frightened, and when she is hurt.
Watching cartoons and children's TV shows with interest. The kid understands the simple story of an adult about the events that the child faced earlier. For example, about what he did that day for a walk or away.
Understands a short story on a series of pictures with a simple plot. Can answer adult questions regarding this story. Take a book with a simple illustrated fairy tale or a simple children's comic. The story on the picture accompany the display of pictures and a detailed explanation of the plot of these pictures. Pay attention to the bright details of the child (what is put on the hero, what is his name, etc.). After the story, showing the details of the pictures, get answers from the child to the questions: who is depicted in the picture? what does he do? where does the action take place? At this age, the baby can indicate in words two to three actions.
If you put in front of a child a few pictures of objects known to him, animals, then the adult’s question “Where is the cat?” And then the question “Where is the dog?”, Etc., by two years will show almost all the objects known to him correctly.
Show your child some familiar objects: a bottle, a doll, a shoe, a car, a ball, a cup. Ask each time what the subject is called ("What is this?"). By two years, he names 4–5 objects, and he does both on request and independently.
In the same way, when demonstration photographs, in which parents or other relatives are depicted in a group with other people, not only recognize and find them among others, but also name them.
In two years, an active vocabulary has at least 40 words (30 for boys, 50 for girls). In most cases, much more (do not count). In general, up to three years in healthy children there is a large variation in the rate of development of speech: different vocabulary, degree of distortion of words, different speed of learning phrasal speech and the correctness of the construction of sentences. But by two years each child should know the names and name some animals, some household items, clothes, dishes. Must know and name the names of parents, close adults, familiar children.
Lightened words are replaced with correct ones. Gives an assessment to itself: "good", "big", "beautiful". He says: “goodbye”, “goodbye”, “thank you”, “hello” in individual pronunciation, that is, not as clearly and correctly as an adult does.
Calls your name. When talking, he calls himself in the third person: instead of “I went” - “Sasha went”.
When making a request, more and more pronounced phrases of two words. Begins to speak in phrases (sentences) and three words. For example, "I want to walk." Uses in the speech adjectives, as well as pronouns: I, me, you. Clear enough for parents to express their needs through speech.
Can tell in two or three sentences about what he sees at the moment.
Begins to ask questions, including the first questions about the names of objects and people: “What is this?”, “Who is this?”
What should be able to child
Enumerate what a child a year and 10 months should be able to do for a long time. Therefore, we list only the basic skills:
- Ability to tiptoe.
- The ability to jump, stomp, run on the spot.
- Ability to handle the ball, throwing up or to the side, kicking it.
- Baby scrubs themselves and brushes their teeth.
- Attempts to independently wear socks, shoes, hat or mittens.
- He remembers a short chain of logical actions (swim, drink yogurt, put on a diaper, go to bed).
Classes for baby: songs and cartoons
If you do not know what to do with your baby at the age of one year and 10 months, refer to the songs or animated films. Cartoons are also good if they are shown not from the morning until late at night, but in moderation. Do not be surprised if the child asks to include the same song or cartoon again and again. Repetition is the mother of learning. Thus, children memorize information, replenishing their vocabulary and expanding their ideas about the world.
Do not forget about the developmental activities with the child: the intelligence of the baby in 1 year and 10 months requires adult support. And the more substantial this support will be, the smarter the child will eventually be. With parental help, children often begin to read by the age of four, and even consider it earlier.
Games and toys
An interactive doll or any other toy of this kind will be a great gift for a mini-birthday party. In such games, a child at the age of 1 year and 10 months is attracted not only by sounds. The kid is able to memorize a song or a poem, reacts emotionally to the laughter or voice that sounds in the recording. You can purchase an interactive book with children's poems or songs for the younger crumbs. With the help of such books, you can begin to study numbers and even the alphabet.
Children at this age prefer to play with dolls and animals, performing sequential actions. First, the baby washes the doll, then feeds it, then puts it to bed. This is not only fascinating, but also useful, because the remembered skills of the crumb will soon fully transfer to your real life and become more independent.
Never interrupt a child's play. Even if it's time for your baby to eat or sleep. The game - the most important process in the life of the crumbs, through which he knows the surrounding reality. Do not interfere with this.
Buy crumbs lotto. He will quickly find him the right application. Stock up with pencils, felt-tip pens and paints. During this period, the child begins to create his first artistic masterpieces.
Milk is not the main product in the diet of a child who is 1 year and 10 months old. The daily rate of milk and dairy products is five hundred milliliters. The place of milk by the end of the second year of life is occupied by animal proteins. The daily menu of the baby age 1 year 10 months should include meat or fish dishes. The best option for children is white poultry meat (chicken or turkey breast), lean pork or veal, lean sea fish (hake, cod).
No meat delicacies like balyk, house fat or bacon at this age are out of the question. Nutrition crumbs, which turned a year and 10 months, should be balanced, devoid of simple carbohydrates. Less baking and candy, more fruit. A great dish for babies is braised liver. The tongue is another by-product, rich in vitamins and having a beneficial effect on the children's nervous system.
Often parents whose child is one year old and 10 months old complain that the little one eats badly. The reason may lie in the presence in the diet of breast milk or lack of physical activity of the child.
How much should a baby sleep
Do you know how much your baby sleeps a year and 10 months, and are sure that this is not enough? Let's clarify the key points in optimizing baby sleep. At this age, night sleep takes about 10-11 hours. One day's sleep, as a rule, takes no more than three and a half hours. Sleep problems are easily solved by increasing physical activity and limiting emotional stress in the evening.
It is quite logical that a baby in a year and 10 months, having jumped on a sofa before going to bed, or laughing loudly, will not sleep well at night. Sleeping should be as calm as possible. Walk - the key to quality and sound sleep. It did not work out with a walk, replace it with housework: let the crumbs spend the extra energy.
Height and weight standards
Parents are often interested in matching the height and weight of their child to the norm. The standard parameters at 1 year and 10 months are as follows: for a boy, height is about 85.5 cm, weight - 12.4 kg, for a girl - height is 84 cm, weight - 11.7 kg. Over the next month, boys and girls gain almost a centimeter in height, and the weight at this time is not significant.
Physical and intellectual development
The overall coordination at this age is formed so that a baby at 22-23 months is usually able to kick the ball so that it rolls without falling, without collapsing or stumbling. If this happens - nothing terrible, you just need to give him more attempts, especially as young children themselves tend to master new skills with extraordinary perseverance. At this age, most children can draw lines and put simple puzzles, assemble various designs from several cubes.
Он разговаривает и знает около пятидесяти слов, в их числе – знакомые бытовые вещи, предметы с картинок и некоторые части тела, постепенно становится способен составлять из них фразы и простейшие предложения из двух-трех слов. Формируется музыкальный слух, способность запомнить и приблизительно повторить простенькую мелодию.
By 22 months, the child's social instincts awaken in relation to their age group. This manifests itself in the fact that suddenly it becomes boring to play alone, he begins to look for the company of other children. On the basis of common interests (to make kulichik, to collect more sticks in the sandbox), the first social connections begin to form.
It is necessary to carefully monitor the communication of children with other babies at this time, since their social behavior at this age has not yet been established, the boundaries of what is permitted have not been identified, and often babies can harm each other and themselves in the process of communication. If your kid shows aggression or rudeness, this is a reason to start teaching him the basics of politeness and accuracy.
Parents of a child approaching the two-year milestone may face an abundance of whims unexpected for them. For example, a child, long and firmly standing on his feet and moreover - rushing almost faster than you, suddenly begins to constantly "get tired", climb on his hands and demand to wear it. Many parents, who are already accustomed to independent movements of the offspring, are bewildered by this behavior, while this is a completely natural psychological reaction of the child, who felt that the parents had withdrawn from themselves and shifted the responsibility for his movement in space. Through these "whims," the child reminds you that he still needs your support, despite mastering new skills.
Appears abundance of other requirements related to psychological comfort. A small person begins to demand familiar and certain dishes, clothes, toys and furniture - in this way he finds out the space of his control, outlines the boundaries of the possible. He already knows enough about the world to try to structure it. Illogical in the eyes of an adult, it seems like to put on a warm blouse in hot weather, so far meet his limited knowledge.
The more often a parent can fulfill such requests, the better, since the ability to control the situation gives the baby a feeling of confidence, and the inevitable errors add new information that needs to be processed and entered into the picture of the world. One should not strive to indulge in frank whims, especially the desire to acquire something — such behavior of parents gives the child a sense of false omnipotence and the ability to manipulate parents, which will not at all please them as they mature.
“Despotism” of a child in a year and 10 months can be very active: the baby requires a specific toy or clothing, it can throw a tantrum
A couple of months before the age of two, babies usually sleep at night for 10-12 hours with one daytime sleep for up to 2 hours. Some continue to sleep more than once - the individual mode depends on the characteristics of the organism and its needs, does not indicate the presence of deviations.
With regard to night sleep, one of the common problems at the age of 1 year and 10-11 months are repeated awakenings in the middle of the night. In the case of such violations, it is recommended to teach the baby to fall asleep calmly and independently, so that he does not call or wake the parents.
The child’s menu includes monthly new products needed for successful growth, weight gain and full development. Every day the following classes of foods should be present in the diet of the growing body:
- milk products,
- fish or eggs
Eggs should be consumed no more than once every two days. The consistency of the milk porridge must be slightly viscous. If you cook cereals without milk, you can add vegetables and fruits (grated or in small pieces) or boiled meat. To get an interesting new flavor, you can try baking porridge in the oven - from this it becomes like pudding.
Milk is best added to cereals, soups, cocktails. In its pure form with age, it should be used less and less - the abundance of milk can lead to problems with appetite and digestion. From dairy products it is recommended to use kefir, yogurt, sour cream, cottage cheese and cheese in the diet.
Fresh fruits must be present in the menu, but you must carefully monitor the reaction of the child’s body. Many fruits can trigger allergies or cause diarrhea, especially in large quantities. Give the fruit in small portions. You can also start to include dried fruits in your diet, but do not overdo it. Add them to cereal, cook compote and jelly.
The absorption of raw vegetables or fresh vegetable salads before the main course excites the appetite. You can rub vegetables, and you can cut them into small pieces, since the baby is already quite capable of chewing and assimilating such food. Invent your recipes with the above recommendations and follow the chosen diet.
Games for development
At the age of 1 year and 10 months, special attention should be paid to the development of fine motor skills and the differentiation of objects in shape and color (see also: the harmonious development of a child at 1 year and 3 months). To do this, you can use simple puzzles, designers with an abundance of parts of different colors and shapes. Drawing with felt-tip pens or fingers with the help of safe paints will be suitable (the guys like these games very much, as they are more tactile to feel). You can use to help yourself various author techniques - for example, Montessori.
Do not forget about daily exercise. Teaching a child to perform simple physical exercises regularly will become a guarantee of his physical development, strengthen immunity and self-reliance, and also allow him to keep this good habit to a later age.
As you can see, your child is growing up, but still needs to be guided by its development. Pay attention to him and be sure that the baby is developing harmoniously and correctly.
Basic baby skills
Describing the basic skills of the child, omit the word "must." At 1 year and 10 months, the child does not owe anyone anything. By this time, he can really learn some skills, but it’s still not worth expecting from each kid to fulfill the full list of listed skills. So, a baby at 1 year and 10 months can be able to:
- independently climb and descend the stairs, often without using a prop,
- playing with the ball (catching, kicking, throwing and so on), showing a high level of coordination abilities,
- eat without the help of adults, using cutlery properly, while maintaining the utmost accuracy,
- independently wear and take off some items of clothing
- wash your hands, wash and brush your teeth,
- use a pot
- copy the actions of elders
- follow simple requirements and follow simple instructions
- distinguish primary colors
- empathize and care for the younger, for loved ones, for pets.
All these skills are inherent in babies at the age of one year and 10 months in most cases; nevertheless, there are children who, by this age, have much more solid baggage of skills, and those who so far are only striving to master them. And those and others, if we are not talking about problems with physical or mental development, equal to the middle preschool age.
Intellectual development of the child
The intellectual world of a child at the age of a year and 10 months is quite rich and diverse. Approaching the mark in two years, children become more observant, which can be noted in their desperate attempts to repeat the actions, habits of adults, which they idolize. Toddlers try to behave like adults, speak like they copy their facial expressions and voice timbre. This is quite normal, so do not scoff at the attempts of kids to seem older.
At the age of the year and 10 months, almost every baby can easily fulfill the simple request of an adult, even if it has several consecutive actions. Best of all, the skills of babies develop during the game, when the crumb tries to reproduce the actions of adults, transferring them to toys.
At 1 year and 10 months, babies often play role-playing games where they imagine themselves as parents, drivers of cars, or sellers in stores, trying to copy the behavior pattern of adults they know. No less fascinating for kids are creative games associated with the collection of the designer, large puzzles, pyramids or cubes.
At this age, children are madly in love with playing with adults, who should set an example for them, causing interest in what is happening.
What you need to know about games and developmental lessons?
The main problem of young families, as a rule, is the lack of time required for classes with the baby. Most often, one of the parents (mother) deals with the baby, while the second is engaged in settling general family matters. This is not bad, but for a child aged 1 year and 10 months it is important to feel the presence and participation in his life of both parents as often as possible. Only in this case he will feel protected, loved and needed.
However, all the time, neither mom nor dad will be able to devote to the crumbs, so in order for the kid to get the most out of communication with them, they should learn to plan their evenings and walks together with the child. For example, every weekend you can all go out of town together, where you definitely need to take the baby’s toys, with which he will feel more comfortable in an unusual environment. In the evenings with the child, if possible, it is worth going to the parks and playgrounds.
On the role of joint games
Of course, the child must communicate with other children, even if they are a little older or younger. Regular communication and joint games will stimulate the development of the social skills of the child, who will begin to show more and more interest in collective games.
At 1 year and 10 months, the crumb already has the initial notions about the norms of behavior in the society of other children, therefore, he is fully able to find a common language with the children for a walk and avoid conflicts.
Usually, kids at this age are happy to run after each other or play with the ball. Parents can offer the crumbs to take with him a few toys for a walk, which he can exchange for toys of other children, thus improving communication skills.
The development of children at 1 year and 10 months allows them to demonstrate a range of everyday skills that simplify life for themselves and their parents. As a rule, kids at this age can:
- eat with a spoon and fork,
- drink from a cup
- put on and take off shoes, determining the right foot,
- wash, wash hands, wipe,
- use a pot
- clean up toys
- take care of a pet (at a primitive level).
Children at this age are especially interested in helping adults with household chores. They openly offer their help in anticipation of support and praise, try to completely copy the actions of their elders in order not to let them down.
In turn, parents should be tactful and not deprive the crumbs of pleasure to help, even if this help is not so necessary or, moreover, will bring additional trouble. Only in this way, by encouraging the initiative of the child from childhood, it will be possible to grow a responsive, hardworking and honest person out of it.
At 1 year and 10 months, babies are still interested in all kinds of containers, cabinets and doors. Children watch the actions of adults and try to reproduce them by pulling out the contents of the cabinets in the bedroom, in the kitchen, pouring, spilling, disassembling. All this can cause some discomfort to parents, instill in them concern about the safety of the crumbs.
To simplify the situation, parents are advised to replace the endless bans with the preparation of the room where the little one will study the world, under his small feats, removing from the zone of reach all objects that could harm his health. Knowing that the crumb will not get hurt and will not spoil valuable things, parents can entrust him with the study of the contents of drawers and cabinets, once again without wasting his nerves on contemplating his “clever” actions.
And one more important point. At the age of 1 year and 10 months, the mental and physical development of babies already allows them to sleep in a separate bed from the parents. It may be too early to transfer a child to a separate room at this age, but it is worth replacing his crib with restraining rods with a more mature model.
If the baby is used to sleeping with his parents, then by this age it will be necessary to gradually wean him from this habit, captivating the design and comfort of the new crib "for large and independent children."
Children's communication skills
By 1 year and 10 months, babies begin to pay attention to other children, expressing a desire to establish contact. In addition, the attention of the crumbs attract people who openly express emotions. Having seen a loudly laughing or crying person on the street, the baby can stop and look after him for a long time, interpreting what is happening.
As mentioned above, to two years, children become interested in playing joint games with other children. If the older guys do not take the kids into the game, they can stand silently and watch their actions, which they will then try to reproduce without drawing attention to themselves.
Parents should understand that during this period children are especially emotionally sensitive, therefore they can react negatively to violent attempts to “bring them together” with their peers. It would be better to give children freedom in this regard. Over time, they will be able to make contact and make their first friends in the sandbox.
Understanding and communication
At the age of 22 months, the baby subtly picks up the intonation in the speech addressed to him. The crumb listens attentively to the conversation, his mood may vary depending on the mood of the interlocutor.
At this age, children are actively functioning thinking, memory, they are happy to play games in which you need to show the ability to memorize, figurative thinking.
Where to walk with baby?
At 1 year and 10 months, the baby is capable of mastering a large flow of information. At this time, all the knowledge gained by him will serve to stimulate the development of intellectual abilities. That is why you need to walk with your child more often, talking while walking.
It will be interesting for Crosses to visit not only parks and playgrounds, but also cultural places, for example, exhibitions related to children's art, or animal exhibitions, picturesque places, a circus, a zoo. If possible, the child should be reduced to a botanical garden, a walk through which will contribute to strengthening its relationship with nature.
Features of psycho-emotional development
The mood of children at this age is not stable. Parents should not worry about this, as the drops will quickly pass and the baby will again be ready for easy communication.
In 1 year and 10 months it is already possible to determine which hand is in crumbs leading: left or right. As a rule, most of the children use the right hand as the lead, and no more than 10 percent use the left.
At 22 months, children show miracles of conservatism, forcing parents to abide by the rules and traditions established in the family. Only in this case, the kids feel protected, have confidence in the future. Children can ask them to read the same tale many times, prefer to eat their usual food, choose one cup and refuse to drink from others. All this is not a deviation, but only features of the psycho-emotional development of children of this age.
About speech development
At 1 year and 10 months, the development of speech in the baby is in full swing. Every day his vocabulary is updated with new words from which he tries to make short phrases and even sentences. Speech skills are at the initial stage of development, so do not worry about what a crumb can not yet pronounce all the letters.
In order for speech development to continue, parents should pay attention to communicating with the baby, telling him about everything he has to face, reading, learning songs and poems. In addition, it is worth remembering that babies at this age need the special attention of adults, even when their story seems naive and uninteresting to them.
Indicators of physical development in 22 months
By the age of 1 year and 10 months, boys grow to 85.5-86 centimeters and weigh an average of 12.5 kg, for girls the height is 83-84 centimeters, and their weight is around 12 kg.
The deviation of weight by 7-12% of the average is the absolute norm for this age. The difference in height within 10% should not bother the parents. Other indicators should be agreed with the pediatrician.
The development of stair steps is already behind, with the ball the child is actively playing, confidently sending it in the right direction with both hands and feet. In addition, the child succeeds:
- defile on tiptoe,
- bounce up while clapping hands
- to keep the cutlery correctly: the spoon is increasingly not squeezed in a fist, but is conveniently located between the thumb and forefinger,
- wear and take off clothes, some even cope with easy-to-wear shoes, only while confusing with the legs.
В возрасте 1 года 10 месяцев крохи начинают активно покидать свою кроватку, поэтому по общим правилам, во избежание падения, родители вынимают из стенок несколько прутьев, чтобы ребенку было удобно и безопасно вылезать через образовавшуюся дырку, а не перелезать через верх.
У большинства малышей к этому возрасту вылезает 18 зубов, у некоторых прорезываются и коренные, но все индивидуально.
Эмоциональное и психическое развитие в 1 год и 10 месяцев
The child at this age is characterized by the appearance of the first bad habits. So, wearing a kid for a walk, you can face in a minute with the fact that half of the wardrobe has already been removed and is lying on the floor. The fascinating process, perceived by the child as a game, requires special patience from parents.
The child begins to consider many things as his
The harmful word “mine” appears in the vocabulary, which is used at every opportunity to assert its property right to literally everything that surrounds it, including to parents too. The child does not really want to share what he has, if only in exchange for something worthwhile.
At the age of 1 year and 10 months, it becomes important to the child from which plate he eats, what color the mug is put on the table and which toy goes to bed with him. Every day the list of requirements of what you like begins to grow.
It is still quite difficult to remember the information given out by adults to the child, therefore it is necessary to bring your requests to the baby using the method of multiple repetitions.
A child at 1 year and 10 months loves when they pay attention to him, so communicate more with his important person, as this contributes to the development of speech.
The child becomes emotional
The circle of emotions expands: pity and care become characteristic of the child, he sympathetically pities the yard dog and worries when his friends in the sandbox cry.
Sleep, food and hygiene a year and ten
Children of this age sleep 10-12 hours a day, as a rule, limited to only a night's sleep. If your child needs a day rest, be sure: he is completely healthy. Do not insist on wakefulness, the growing body itself dictates the conditions of development.
In the diet all the same rules apply as before:
- the presence of fresh vegetables and fruits,
- no fat and smoked,
- balance of fish, meat and poultry,
- variety of dairy products: from kefir to yoghurts,
- eggs no more than once every 2 days,
- reducing the consumption of milk in its pure form in order to avoid a decrease in appetite and problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
Baby morning per year and 10 months should begin with charging and water treatments. Not alone, but under the supervision of adults, the child is brushing his teeth. If the child likes to play in the bathroom in the evenings, do not deprive him of this joy with quick washes. The herbal infusions and essential oils added to the water will help to relax the children's body and ensure a healthy and sound sleep.
Intellect of children at 22 months
By the age of 1 year and 10 months, children understand perfectly what adults are talking about, with the exception of words that are still unfamiliar to them. Gaining gestures, facial expressions and intonation. In their actions, the child manages to maintain consistency.
Emotions child can express bites. This is due to the manifestation of aggression and excitement. It should be shown that with such unacceptable behavior the child brings pain to his beloved loved ones.
In the child's vocabulary, more and more words appear, he is actively talking, and so that he is understood not only by parents accustomed to children's slang, but also by outside adults.
Children in 1 year 10 months successfully cope with several consecutive actions, knowing full well what comes first and what follows next. So, for example, at the game request to bathe the baby, the child first takes off her clothes, then bathes the toy, then wipes it with a towel, without confusing order.