Pregnancy

Rezi lower abdomen during pregnancy

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In the period of childbearing a woman becomes more sensitive and attentive to their health and well-being. However, this does not save many future moms from painful sensations. Almost half of all women in an interesting position, experiencing discomfort in the peritoneum. This article will tell you about why pulling pains occur during pregnancy. It should be noted that such symptoms may appear at different times. In all cases, their causes will be distinctive. It is also worth saying about why a cutting pain occurs in the lower abdomen during pregnancy and what to do with it.

Causes of pain in the earliest terms of gestation

If you have an early pregnancy, lower abdominal pain may be caused by attachment of the ovum to the wall of the reproductive organ. Most often, women do not notice such a symptom or attribute it to the fact that menstruation will begin soon.

After fertilization, a set of cells begins to continuously divide and descend into the uterine muscle. Here the fertilized egg is embedded in the loose structure of the endometrium and can provoke pulling or stitching pains in this area. Also, some women have a so-called implant bleeding, which has insignificant volumes and ends in a few days.

Why does the stomach hurt in the first weeks of pregnancy?

Pulling or cutting pain in the abdomen during pregnancy may be completely normal. Immediately after conception, a cardinal hormonal adjustment takes place. In large volumes, progesterone begins to be produced. It slightly slows down the contraction of smooth muscles and may lead to a delay in the chair.

Also, expectant mothers in the early stages occur flatulence and gas formation. This is due to a change in diet and taste preferences. All this leads to the appearance of cutting and stabbing pains in the intestinal area.

Unpleasant (pulling) sensations in the middle of the term

Abdominal pain during pregnancy may occur due to the rapid growth of the uterus. This occurs between the 20th and 30th week. The ligaments that hold the genital organ, stretch and can cause aching pain. Also, with a sharp movement, most pregnant women feel sharp pulling sensations.

It is worth noting that the growth of the uterus provokes the displacement of internal organs, in particular the intestine. Because of this, some women experience constipation and the formation of hemorrhoids.

Severe pain during pregnancy (late)

The appearance of discomfort at the end of pregnancy can speaks about childbirth. In this case, a woman may feel nagging pain in the lower back and lower part of the peritoneum. It is worth noting that such feelings are not permanent. They have a certain frequency. Doctors call this pain contractions.

If you experience such pain in the abdomen during pregnancy, you should immediately go to the maternity ward of the hospital. Most likely, you will be back home with your baby.

Cutting pain in the abdomen during pregnancy

This feeling occurs much less frequently than the pulling sensations. In most cases, cutting pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy indicates pathology. That is why it is so important to go to the hospital. Perhaps, everything will cost, but it is better to be safe. Severe pain during pregnancy may occur at any time. In this case, the cause of this symptom is always different. Consider the main pathology in which there is a rez in the peritoneum during pregnancy.

Ectopic pregnancy

This pathology makes itself felt from the first days. In this case, the fertilized egg is not fixed in the uterus, but in another place. Most often occurs tubal pregnancy. With the growth of the embryo, an extension of the walls of the organ occurs. This causes unbearable pain to the woman.

In addition, there may be spotting vaginal discharge, weakness and fever. Treatment should be carried out immediately. Otherwise, the organ will rupture and internal bleeding will begin, which can be fatal.

Threatened miscarriage

Cutting pain often occurs when threatened with miscarriage. In this case, the causes of pathology can be absolutely any: lack of hormones, overstrain, stress, illness, and so on. With timely assistance provided, there is a high probability that the pregnancy can be saved. To do this, you need to consult a doctor.

In addition to cutting pains, in this case, the woman may feel nagging sensations in the lumbar region, the cessation of toxicosis. Also often bloody discharge from the genitals.

Fading Pregnancy

In some cases, spontaneous arrest of fetal development occurs. After some time, the woman begins to feel cutting pains in the abdomen. They say that the inflammatory process has begun. You should not hope that everything will go away independently. The treatment of this pathology is carried out only by surgery (curettage).

With missed abortion, the following symptoms are also noted: reduced breast engorgement, cessation of toxicosis, increased vaginal discharge. In later periods, the woman may feel a lack of activity of the fetus.

Placental abruption

In the second and third trimester of pregnancy, another pathology may occur. It is always accompanied by severe cutting pains in the abdominal cavity. In addition, there is often severe bleeding. A woman feels weakness, a decrease in heart rate and a drop in blood pressure.

Treatment in this case can only be surgical. It should be noted that the earlier the intervention occurs, the more likely it is to save the life of the baby.

Pathologies that are not related to pregnancy

Abdominal cutting pains can cause various processes that are completely unrelated to pregnancy. These include the following:

  • rupture of an ovarian cyst or twisting its legs,
  • intestinal obstruction
  • violation of microflora and dysbiosis,
  • adhesions due to surgery or inflammation,
  • the progression of sexually transmitted diseases
  • poisoning or eating stale food
  • abuse of gas products,
  • diseases of the liver and spleen (lack of enzymes),
  • diseases of the urinary tract (bacteriuria, pyelonephritis).

Most of them do not carry any threat to the life of the baby with timely treatment.

Summing up and the conclusion of the article

Now you know the main causes of pulling and cutting pains during pregnancy. It is worth noting that the sensations can be sharp or aching. In the first case, you should visit your gynecologist as soon as possible or call an ambulance. Remember that pregnancy is a very crucial period. The health and development of your future baby will depend on what you are doing now. In case of unpleasant and unusual sensations, contact the specialists and, if necessary, follow the recommendations for treatment. Easy pregnancy and painless birth of a healthy baby!

Rezi lower abdomen during pregnancy - how dangerous is it?

Most women during pregnancy accompany pain of a different nature and intensity. Frequent cases of pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy or the appearance of aching pain. In any case, you need to know that not all pain during pregnancy is a danger to the mother and child.

It often happens that cutting and stabbing, and sometimes aching pain in the lower abdomen arise as a reaction to a stressful situation. In such cases, experts recommend that you listen carefully to your body and determine the intensity of the pain, the frequency of its occurrence, whether the pain is regular or repetitive, or quickly passes by itself. If the pain has stopped and no additional symptoms have occurred, the pain is most likely a reaction to stress and you just need to relax and switch. However, if the pain became more severe and discharge started or other warning symptoms appeared, it is better to consult a doctor immediately.

Individual bladder response

It is known that the appearance of rezie in the lower abdomen during pregnancy can be both a normal physiological reaction to pregnancy and problems with the bladder or urinary system as a whole. Many people know that in early pregnancy women have a need for frequent urination, this is due to an increase in the concentration of hormones in the blood, but the occurrence of cystitis, an inflammation of the bladder mucosa, cannot be ruled out.

Thus, with long cutting pains in the lower abdomen, accompanied by frequent and painful urination, it is better not to postpone the visit to the specialist, as the delay can adversely affect the health of the mother and the unborn child.

The weight of the abdomen during pregnancy: which means

The weight in the lower abdomen during pregnancy may be felt by women, both in the early and in the later periods. The feeling is not too pleasant, but not dangerous for future mothers and their children. However, it is not unnecessary to consult a doctor, so that he knows about your complaints and can help if the need arises.

Beginning of pregnancy

Sometimes the heaviness and slight pain in the lower abdomen speak of the onset of pregnancy. Of course, a woman can write off these symptoms for the upcoming menstruation. However, in addition, there is toxicosis, fatigue, migraines, odorless discharge and changes in the mammary glands. Everything is connected with global changes in the body associated with hormonal background.

Approximately at the end of the first trimester there is a stretching of the uterus, due to the growth of the fetus itself. Further, the ligaments that support the uterus are also stretched, and this leads to unpleasant sensations. The uterus begins to put pressure on the internal organs that surround it. Pressure causes pain and pain in the abdomen. Especially these symptoms are characteristic of those women who experienced pain during the menstrual cycle.

Gynecologists do not support this statement, considering it as speculation of pregnant women.

The third reason is problems with the gastrointestinal tract. Progesterone, which is present in large quantities in the body of a pregnant woman, leads to relaxation of the uterus and other smooth muscle organs, including the intestines. In this regard, the food does not have time to digest, which leads to stagnation, leading to bloating, heaviness and meteorism. As soon as the intestine is empty, the problem disappears for a while.

Last weeks of pregnancy

Pulling sensations can be caused by sprains and muscles responsible for supporting the uterus. False contractions. They are accompanied by recurring sensations of heaviness and aching pain in the abdomen and lower back. The uterus prepares for childbirth. The abdomen becomes stony, there is aching pain, the mucous plug often departs.

Is it possible to remove the heaviness in the lower abdomen during pregnancy?

Naturally, it all depends on the causes of sensations.

In the early stages it will be enough to avoid serious loads, stressful situations, to lie more. But do not forget that walks in the fresh air are necessary for a pregnant woman. If a woman has problems with the gastrointestinal tract and her constipation often worries, then you need to eat right and try to behave a little more actively. In the diet of pregnant women must be fresh fruits and vegetables, dairy products.

Rezi lower abdomen during pregnancy is also a phenomenon quite often. They may be harmless, but sometimes they indicate complications. It all depends on the duration, intensity and frequency of pain.

Reaction to a stressful situation

For each woman, pregnancy is especially time and she is experiencing it individually. Someone torments cutting pain, someone stabbing. Some do not react to them, while others panic for the slightest reason.

Obstetricians say that stress can cause complications and significantly increase them. Before you panic, you need to understand the situation: how much the cutting pain is felt, how long it lasts, how often, how regular or messy it is. Any of these indicators is important. It is necessary to write everything down on paper, firstly, the woman inspects her feelings, and secondly, the recording helps to distract.

Bladder

Rezi may indicate a real cystitis, a disease in which the bladder mucosa is inflamed. In pregnant women, the disease is often, because at this time the immunity is significantly reduced. The infection enters the bladder either from the intestines or from the external genital organs.

If you have pain in the bladder - immediately contact the doctor to identify cystitis at an early stage, since then he can go to the kidneys and cause significant complications.

Rezi in the early stages of pregnancy

If a woman has cramps in the lower abdomen, then you need to pay attention not only to her, but also to other symptoms. For example, if in addition to rezi there are spotting, this can cause miscarriage, so you should immediately consult a doctor.

Rezi may indicate ectopic pregnancy. In addition to pain, there is dizziness, pallor, loss of consciousness, a drop in blood pressure (associated with internal bleeding).

Danger of rezi on late stages of pregnancy

Rezi are observed in connection with the growth of the uterus, stretching of the ligaments and increasing pressure on the spine. However, it is worth paying attention to the additional symptoms: general condition and bleeding.

If you have severe pain, you should immediately call an ambulance.

If the colitis in the lower abdomen during pregnancy, then this may indicate stagnation of feces, constipation and flatulence. Although such pains may indicate acute appendicitis. In addition, ordinary cystitis can be characterized by stabbing and cutting pains. And colic is sometimes a symptom of sexually transmitted infections.

Whatever it was, pregnant women should strictly monitor their health and contact their doctor in case of complaints. Of course, you should not immediately panic, you need to pay attention to the nature of the pain and the accompanying signs. But vigilance should come first.

Abdomen during pregnancy

Often, women experience pain, tingling or just whining lower abdomen during pregnancy. Gynecologists advise you to seek medical help for any alarming symptoms, since some of them actually pose a threat to the health of the future baby and his mother. However, before you raise a panic, let's see why there are unpleasant feelings and what they are associated with.

Pain and pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy

As you may have guessed, discomfort is not always associated with carrying a fetus. From this point of view, the pain is divided into obstetric and non-obstetric.

Non-obstetric pain includes pain that does not threaten the life and health of the fetus. They can occur for quite natural reasons, including those indirectly related to pregnancy. For example, the discomfort caused by sprains and muscles that support the uterus, constantly increasing in size. The larger the reproductive organ, the greater the load on them. In this case, you may experience tingling in the lower abdomen during pregnancy, as well as acute or aching pain. As a rule, the discomfort is observed on one or both sides of the abdomen and does not last long. When sprains and muscles are stretched, pain begins in the groin and then spreads to the outside of the thighs along the bikini line.

The second physiological reason for feeling as if the lower abdomen ache during pregnancy is a quick change of position. Sharp pain occurs when you cough, get out of bed or go out of the bathroom, it may appear if you walk for a long time on foot or try to run. The third natural cause of discomfort is due to the fact that the head of a child at a late period falls into the pelvis. In this case, the lower abdomen during pregnancy whines and pulls due to sprains.

Why is this happening? The fact is that during the preparation for childbirth a large amount of relaxin is produced in the woman’s body - a hormone that affects the elasticity of tissues, including cervical dilatation.

To relieve the sensation of cramping in the lower abdomen during pregnancy for natural reasons, it is not necessary to consult a doctor, it is enough to ensure a proper rest. This will help posture on all fours, rest in a warm bath, and in some cases - a bandage or elastic bandage, which relieve the load from the abdominal muscles.

In addition, there are a number of non-obstetrical causes of pain that require medical attention. These include appendicitis and intestinal obstruction, as well as urinary tract infection. В этих случаях покалывания внизу живота при беременности будут сопровождаться повышением температуры, слабостью, тошнотой, плохим самочувствием, а в случае цистита – резями при мочеиспускании.

Obstetric pain includes those disturbing symptoms that are associated with gestation. And in this case, to diagnose abnormalities, you need to pay attention to the duration of pregnancy, as well as the associated symptoms. Let us examine them in more detail.

Low abdomen sickness during pregnancy - early terms

Obstetric pain at the very beginning of the first trimester may indicate such a serious pathology, such as the development of ectopic pregnancy. When the fertilized egg is fixed in the wrong place, there may be a pipe abortion - the body in this case gets rid of the fetal egg. In this case, there are cramps in the lower abdomen during pregnancy, similar to contractions. As a rule, they are felt only from one side and are accompanied by small bleeding.

A more serious threat is a rupture of the fallopian tube, which can occur at 8-12 weeks. In this case, during pregnancy, the lower abdomen pulls, there are strongest cramping pains that extend into the rectum, hypochondrium, supraclavicular region and legs. The pain is so severe that a woman can lose consciousness. The situation is complicated by internal bleeding.

In some cases, tingling in the lower abdomen during pregnancy becomes a sign of a beginning miscarriage. This can be additionally indicated by the hardness of the peritoneum, lumbar and pubic pains, the feeling of petrification of the uterus and bleeding (brownish at first, and then bright scarlet). When diagnosing, the gynecologist can detect a shortening of the cervix. When smearing the child often manages to save.

Pricking and pulsation in the lower abdomen during pregnancy

One of the common reasons for pulling the lower abdomen during pregnancy, starting from the second trimester, is premature detachment of the placenta, which mainly threatens the health of the fetus.

In the case of partial detachment, pregnancy can still be maintained, even with the appearance of bleeding. For the fetus, it is considered a dangerous situation when a quarter of the area of ​​the placenta and more is separated. A woman needs to seek medical help as soon as possible and continue to stay in bed, as a rule, in a hospital until the threat of miscarriage has passed.

In addition to bleeding, this pathological condition is additionally indicated by symptoms such as an intense and slightly painful uterus and cardiac abnormalities in the fetus. In severe form of placental abruption, pain in the lower abdomen is usually severe and arching, accompanied by bleeding, dizziness, weakness, a decrease in blood pressure and body temperature. The uterus at the same time is tense and asymmetric.

Some future moms have pulsations in the lower abdomen during pregnancy. Sometimes for this feeling take the stirring and hiccups of the future baby. If the latter almost does not cause inconvenience (it is felt when the fetus is already quite large), then the movements of the crumbs are sometimes quite noticeable. But nevertheless, in late periods, pulsation in the lower abdomen during pregnancy sometimes indicates compression of the inferior vena cava. The fact is that after 25 weeks the growing uterus puts pressure on the lower abdomen, including the vena cava. This, in turn, disrupts the transport of venous blood and can cause discomfort, dizziness, nausea and loss of consciousness. To avoid this, it is enough not to lie on your back, starting from the middle of the second trimester.

However, the longer the term, the less unpleasant anxiety during pregnancy. Pulling sensations after 38 weeks may indicate the onset of labor. In this case, the only thing that is required of the future mother is to collect the documents and necessary things, take a shower and go to the hospital.

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  • Kinds

Pain during pregnancy

Pregnancy for almost every woman is almost a holiday that marks a new stage in life, bringing something new and new. However, these happy days may darken the various troubles in the form of pain that may be in different terms of carrying a child.

What causes the cutting pains in the right lower abdomen during pregnancy or on the left? Throughout his life, any person in varying degrees of discomfort in the abdominal cavity. For the most part, no one is very worried about this, but everything changes radically when it comes to a pregnant woman.

The future mother immediately becomes the epicenter of attention, because, due to the characteristics of carrying the child, she needs constant care. In this regard, any, even the slightest indisposition is perceived as an alarm signal. Consider what happens in the body of a pregnant woman, and try to understand when you should not panic, and when it is time to start to sound the alarm.

Earliest dates

Pain may occur during the first week after conception. This may be a sure sign that the fertilized egg has stuck to the wall of the uterus. Often, some women simply do not notice this symptom and consider it a precursor of menstruation.

Discomfort occurs not only in the 39th week of pregnancy, cutting pains in the lower abdomen may appear much earlier. If the process proceeds normally, then there should not be strong discomfort. But completely do without pain, too, will not work. After the egg has fertilized, it descends into the cavity of the reproductive organ. Here it begins to penetrate the loose structure of the endometrium, which is usually accompanied by painful sensations of a piercing or cutting character. However, sometimes there may be a selection of brownish or light pink shade. This phenomenon is referred to as implant bleeding. Usually the volume of such clots is small.

First week of pregnancy

Usually in the early stages of pregnancy can not do without pain, because it is mainly associated with the cardinal hormonal alteration of the woman's body. For this reason, cutting pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy is not rare, but it is considered normal.

In many ways, the game of hormones due to the production of progesterone in large quantities. It is necessary for the formation of the fetus, as well as its gestation and development proceeded in a normal way. However, in large quantities this hormone leads to inhibition of the contractile function of smooth muscles and stool retention.

In addition, the occurrence of flatulence, which is usually accompanied by increased gas formation, is not excluded. The main reason is associated with a change in diet, because the future mom has new taste preferences. And everything happens dramatically and quickly, which causes bouts of pain.

Mid term

What can be the cause of pain in the second trimester of pregnancy? As a rule, this is the period from 20 to 30 weeks of carrying a child, and it is at this time that the uterus begins to grow rapidly. The ligaments that hold it begin to stretch. Such a process and causes discomfort whining character. But one has only to make some kind of sudden movement, as a cutting pain may appear in the lower abdomen during pregnancy.

The growth of the uterus inevitably leads not only to the restructuring of the body at the hormonal level, but also to some physical changes. This is reflected in the displacement of the internal organs. Often subjected to great trials:

As a result of all this, women often complain of shortness of breath and heartburn. Also, some future mothers are faced with constipation or hemorrhoids.

Last trimester

Often, the appearance of pain in late pregnancy can signal that the birth process begins. In this case, the discomfort is felt in the lumbar region and at the bottom of the peritoneum. Fortunately, they are not permanent and occur periodically. This process is familiar to anyone who at least in some degree was interested in the issue of procreation. Among physicians, this phenomenon is called contractions.

In this case, a pregnant woman feels “petrification” of the abdomen. As for the periodicity, it changes over time. First, a break between contractions is 10 minutes. Then the pain intensifies, and the gap is reduced to 3-5 minutes.

You should not hesitate in this case, you must immediately go to the hospital. It is possible that mom will return home not alone!

Features of sharp pain

As a rule, during the carrying of the child the discomfort experienced by the woman, pulling. Cutting pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy usually does not occur as often, but it is often an alarming signal. This is mainly due to the presence of any pathology in the female body.

Therefore, at the first appearance of sharp pain, you should immediately go to the hospital. It is possible that everything is not as serious as it may seem at first glance, but insurance does not harm. Pain can appear, regardless of the period of carrying the child, and the reason in each case is different.

There are so-called obstetric causes of discomfort. They are due to the fact that the reproductive system of a woman is functioning improperly, because of which the pregnancy proceeds with some complications. In most cases, these are the following manifestations:

  • Risk of miscarriage.
  • Ectopic pregnancy.
  • Placental abruption.
  • Undeveloped pregnancy.
  • The tone of the uterus.

If acute discomfort appeared in the late period, for example, at the 37th week of pregnancy, cutting pains in the lower abdomen may indicate a high tone of the uterus. It may also indicate the onset of preterm delivery or improper development of the fetus. Often with this comes hypoxia in the baby.

In the initial period, severe pain may be accompanied by blood, nausea and vomiting. In this case, it may signal that the placenta has begun to flake. In some cases there is a risk of losing a child.

If a sharp pain occurs, especially when it is accompanied by dizziness, you should immediately call an ambulance!

Risk of miscarriage

Often a sharp pain can indicate a threatened miscarriage. Unpleasant painful sensations are like contractions and also appear at regular intervals. The occurrence of bleeding is not excluded. If the cutting pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy appeared in the second half, then the uterus is in a tense state. This is manifested in the form of a hard abdomen.

The reasons for the occurrence of this pathology are very different. This may be experienced stress, nervous overstrain of the body, low hormone levels. With such symptoms, the most important thing is to promptly seek medical help. Then there is still a chance to preserve not only the fruit, but also the health of the woman herself.

Undeveloped pregnancy

Sometimes the development of the baby in the womb may in itself be interrupted. The terms in each case are different, but basically the pathology occurs at the beginning of the first trimester. In rare cases, the fetus ceases to develop in the later stages of pregnancy, when there are only a few weeks before the expected birth. For example, at 38 weeks gestation. Cutting pain in the lower abdomen may indicate the onset of inflammation.

There may be several reasons for this phenomenon, but in some cases even experienced doctors are not able to determine the exact events that provoked the embryo development to stop. Among the main can be identified:

  • Violations at the gene level.
  • The hormonal balance is disturbed (lack of progesterone or excess of androgen).
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF).
  • The presence of infectious diseases.
  • Leading a woman to a wrong lifestyle.

Regardless of the gestational age, the signs of the pathology are almost the same. A woman experiences general weakness in the whole body, which is accompanied by a rise in temperature. This is also indicated by the abruptly stopped toxicosis, the size of the uterus that does not correspond to the gestational age, the pulling or cutting pains in the lower abdomen. If it is already a later date, the lack of activity of the baby is very noticeable.

Uterus tonus

Most women differently perceive stabbing or cutting pains in the lower abdomen during pregnancy. Often this is due to the spontaneous contraction of the uterus. Normally, the reproductive organ is in a relaxed and calm state (normal tonus).

However, physical overstrain, the impact of psychological overload leads to the fact that the muscles of the uterus are compressed, thereby increasing pressure. This is reflected in the form of strong cutting pain (hypertonia).

The first thing a woman should lie down for a while with the purpose of rest. However, if the pain does not go away, you should immediately consult a doctor. Only if there are spotting accompanied by other symptoms, it is necessary to call an ambulance, as it is absolutely not recommended to go to the doctor yourself!

Dangerous periods of pregnancy

The birth of a child is certainly the happiest day in the life of every loving woman. And this is hardly anyone wants to challenge! Nevertheless, during the entire period of pregnancy, experts distinguish several periods when the baby in the womb is most vulnerable to various factors. There are only three of them:

  • The 1st risk period is 3-4 weeks.
  • 2nd period of risk - 8-11 week.
  • 3rd risk period - 16-18 week.

However, the child enters the zone of increased risk with the arrival of the eighth week, when vital organs form in the fetus. And so that with the arrival of the 38th week of pregnancy, cutting pains in the lower abdomen are not tortured, it is enough to follow simple recommendations.

Preventive measures

Every expectant mother needs to control herself in a special way while carrying a child. Simple recommendations will contribute to this:

  • Adhere to a balanced diet with the inclusion of a large number of useful vitamins, and not to eat everything.
  • Do not ignore the necessary examinations, including ultrasound, and, if necessary, consult a doctor in time for help.
  • Get more fresh air and light exercise.
  • Do not let the disease take its course.
  • In case of flatulence, take activated carbon and consume large amounts of water. It is better to refrain from taking gas-forming products.

But the most important thing is to avoid promiscuous sex.

The nature of the pain and the degree of risk can only be determined by an experienced doctor. Although there are cases when even specialists have certain difficulties in finding out the cause, but, fortunately, this rarely happens.

Sometimes cutting pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy should alert, and in other cases it does not conceal a threat. In any case, it will not work out on your own.

Causes of pain in the first half of pregnancy

In the early stages of pregnancy, pain localized in the lower abdomen can be divided into physiological and pathological. In the first case, the unpleasant sensations are caused by natural changes, in which the entire body undergoes a restructuring. Such sensations are not dangerous. In addition, they are often insignificant, do not increase with time and do not cause great physical inconvenience.

Very often in the first weeks of pregnancy, a woman experiences abdominal pain, as during menstruation. Often, the expectant mother does not even pay attention to them, believing that menstruation will begin in a day or two. This is especially true of those who suffer from dysmenorrhea. In fact, this discomfort is caused by the implantation of the ovum into the endometrium.

There are other reasons:

  • hormonal changes in the body,
  • excess of the amount of progesterone,
  • sprain
  • increased sensitivity of the mother's body to errors in nutrition,
  • changes in the center of gravity of the body.

There may be more serious causes of pathology:

Ectopic pregnancy

When fusion and obstruction of the fallopian tubes, the fertilized egg cannot reach the uterus. Instead, it is fixed in the body of one of the tubes, where it continues to grow. After 5-6 weeks too large egg sizes begin to burst the pipe. Such a pathological placement of the egg causes a strong sharp pain in the lower abdomen, extending into the anus.

Also note abundant bleeding, nausea, dizziness, severe weakness, fainting. The only treatment is urgent surgery.

Fading Pregnancy

The reasons for stopping the growth of the fetus and its intrauterine development may be different. In case of embryo fading, the body starts the process of its rejection. At the same time, there is a strong throbbing pain, accompanied by bleeding.

Threat of interruption

Cramping pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy at 3-12 weeks very often indicate detachment of the egg or placenta. Sometimes physical discomfort is pulling or aching.

Among other causes that can provoke pathology, it can be noted inflammation of the bladder or kidneys, acute or chronic appendicitis, cyst of the corpus luteum. Lower abdominal pain on the left indicates inflammation of the ovaries, intestinal problems, and certain diseases of the genital organs. В левую паховую область отдают боли, возникающие вследствие варикозного расширения вен малого таза или инфекционного поражение репродуктивных органов.

В начале беременности болезненность в животе часто распространяется на крестец и поясничную область.

Second half of pregnancy

In the second trimester, pain is reduced, but other complications may occur, such as bloating or constipation. Their causes are: disturbances in the hormonal balance of a pregnant woman or unhealthy diet. The diet should include vegetables, dairy products, prunes, apples. Not recommended carbonated beverages, legumes, flour products, chocolate.

In the second trimester, an increase in the body of the uterus occurs with increasing intensity. Its large size puts pressure on the spine and internal organs. The pressure causes pulling sensations in the lower abdomen, starting from the 20th week of pregnancy.

Minor pains in the lower abdomen on the right can be the result of stomach cramps, and in later periods they are caused by intense movements and pushes of the fetus.

In the later stages of gestation, it is often possible to hear a woman's complaints that the upper abdomen hurts. The main reason is excessive activity of the fetus, which is intensively turned and pushed. If there are no other negative symptoms of feeling unwell, in this situation it is enough to rest more, spend time in the fresh air, control your psycho-emotional state.

If, in the last weeks, fetal tremors are aggravated by severe headache, dizziness, nausea, darkening of the eyes, increased blood pressure, it is urgent to deliver the pregnant woman to a medical facility. This is how signs of pre-eclampsia manifest themselves - a serious condition that threatens with convulsions and coma.

Pain in the sides of the abdomen occurs in the following cases:

Cystitis

Inflammation of the bladder occurs more often in women who were ill before pregnancy. Cystitis should be distinguished from the increased urge to urinate, which are usually experienced by women at the very beginning of gestation. In this case, the expectant mother does not feel any other signs of discomfort. The cause of cystitis can be a long stay in the cold, low immunity, non-compliance with hygienic rules. In addition, women experience a burning sensation during urination, false urges to the toilet, increased body temperature. Urine becomes dull with admixture of pus and blood.

Inflammation of the pancreas

Severe pain arising in the upper abdomen and gradually turning into the back, indicate inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis). A provoking factor is the reduced activity of the digestive organs caused by the compression of the uterus of the bile ducts. Related symptoms: nausea, vomiting, weight loss caused by decreased appetite. The disease is also dangerous because it is often mistakenly explained by toxicosis.

Hernia

The umbilical hernia itself does not cause pain. Danger represents the risk of being crushed. This pathology can cause stabbing and cutting pains in the lower abdomen and in the navel, vomiting, nausea, heartburn. If you have these symptoms, you should consult a doctor.

Symphysitis

Soreness that occurs in the lower abdomen when walking can be caused by inflammation of the symphysis of the symphysis. It is caused by softening of the pelvic bones under the influence of hormones. Because of this, discomfort in the crotch area and a characteristic duck gait are noted. During walking, pain often occurs due to diseases of the organs of the musculoskeletal system, which are exacerbated due to increased pressure on them.

Preterm labor

Pulling pain with localization in the lower abdomen - the main sign of preterm birth (28-38 weeks of gestation).

Other features include:

  • feeling of heaviness, "stone" belly,
  • aching back pain, sacrum,
  • brown or watery discharge from the vagina,
  • feeling of pressure on the perineum,
  • amniotic fluid leakage
  • indigestion

The cause of pain can be a dangerous pathology - premature detachment of the placenta. The condition is one of the most serious complications that threaten the life of the fetus and require immediate medical attention.

What is training fights?

Slight pulling sensations at the 38th week of pregnancy is an indication that the body is preparing intensively for childbirth. They are called harbingers of childbirth. Neither include:

  • lowering the abdomen
  • slow fetal movements,
  • increased back pain,
  • stopping weight gain
  • mucous discharge from the vagina, sometimes with streaks of blood,
  • Department of mucus plug
  • increased fatigue, unstable emotional state.

Pain can be cramping in nature. Sometimes they are perceived by women, especially primiparous, as the beginning of labor contractions. In gynecology, they are called training. They are less painful, non-cyclical and not prone to growth. Training fights should not be a cause for concern, but they mean that a woman should be mentally prepared for the onset of labor.

38-39 weeks of pregnancy - a period when the child is fully formed and viable. Generic activity can begin at any time.

What to do?

In case of strong colic attacks in the first trimester, complicated by bleeding and fainting, you should immediately seek medical help, because the probability of a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy is very high.

To reduce the unpleasant symptoms caused by toxicosis, the following rules should be observed:

  • adhere to fractional meals 5-6 times a day,
  • eat light vegetable food, lean meats, fruits, vegetables,
  • exclude from the diet smoked, spicy, fried dishes,
  • provide pregnant women with abundant drinking to protect against dehydration (unsweetened tea, dried fruit compote, chamomile decoction, rosehip infusion),
  • Do not go to bed immediately after eating and do not eat at night.

For the prevention of toxicosis in the morning, before getting out of bed, you need to eat a handful of nuts, crackers or crackers. Ginger helps to reduce nausea and teas, or add root to salads or cereals.

Every expectant mother should remember that pain relieving discomfort can be eliminated for the time being with painkillers, but not cure the disease that causes it.

Pain caused by gastric and other internal diseases will be overcome after treating the disease that caused them. For accurate diagnosis, general tests, ultrasound and computed tomography are prescribed.

With a slight discomfort in the stomach, which is not caused by chronic or acute diseases, you can improve your condition by following these tips:

  1. Take a warm bath or shower regularly. Water should not be very hot.
  2. Periodically go to rest, listening to light music, meditating.
  3. Drink plenty of fluids, especially when they are prone to swelling.
  4. Take a leisurely walk in places where there are no crowds. Staying in the fresh air supplies the placenta and other organs with oxygen, accelerates the excretion of toxins and toxins.
  5. Perform kegel exercises, practice yoga, fitball exercises.
  6. Avoid stressful situations, physical and moral stress, unjustified experiences.
  7. Observe a diet that supports the intestinal microflora, prevents dehydration, relieves swelling.
  8. Regularly visit the gynecologist and follow all his prescriptions and recommendations.
  9. Combat constipation: drink at least 8 glasses of water a day, eat foods rich in fiber, do physical exercises. Taking laxatives, especially without the advice of a doctor, is undesirable.
  10. To monitor blood pressure, with its sharp jumps, contact a doctor.
  11. To facilitate the state during training fights, you can lie on your left side, put a pillow under your stomach, take a knee-elbow position for a few minutes, inhale deeply, counting to four, and exhale, counting to six. These same exercises in the future will facilitate the state and during labor pains.

Abdominal pain during pregnancy

Quite often women complain of lower abdominal pain. This situation can be considered as a variant of the norm in various trimesters. But we must also not forget that pathological states that present a real threat to the health of the future mother and child are accompanied by similar symptoms.

Therefore, do not neglect safety considerations - it is better to consult a doctor once again in order to eliminate possible risks. Only a specialist will determine why a stomach ache and what should be done to eliminate unpleasant symptoms.

You need to carefully treat your feelings during pregnancy. If something causes concern, do not delay the issue.

When cutting or stabbing in the stomach, you need to figure out what the reason. Pregnancy does not tolerate haste and waste of time, so you should calmly assess the possibility of the situation. It is worth worrying or not - it can be said, only knowing the origin of the pain.

If this phenomenon fits into the framework of normal changes, then you just need to survive it. And when the pathology is more likely, the woman should rather consult a doctor. To make the correct assumption, you need to know the factors that can provoke the appearance of pain. These include the following:

  • Physiological processes.
  • Miscarriage of pregnancy.
  • Placental abruption.
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Infectious pathology.
  • Inflammatory diseases of the genital organs.
  • Diseases of the urinary system.
  • Diseases of the spine.
  • Surgical pathology.

Given the wide range of pathological conditions, it is impossible to consider abdominal pain as the result of only physiological processes occurring during pregnancy. Each assumption must be supported by the results of clinical and additional examinations.

Consider the possibility of one or another factor in the development of pain should be in conjunction with obvious symptoms.

Abdominal pain is just one symptom, but behind it, in fact, too much can be hidden. To clarify its origin should be detailed complaints. First of all, you need to consider the features of the pain:

  • By character: sharp (stabbing, cutting, shooting) or stupid (pulling, aching).
  • By localization: in the upper and lateral sections (right or left), lower abdomen.
  • For duration: short or long.
  • By frequency: periodic or constant.

You should also remember that the symptoms may change under the influence of various factors: dietary errors, movements (when walking, turning or bending), taking certain medications. In addition, in most cases, there are other signs in the clinical picture that can push the researcher to the correct reasoning about the causes of abdominal pain.

Each disease is accompanied by characteristic symptoms. Their identification will accelerate the differential diagnosis of various conditions when carrying a child.

Physiological processes

During implantation of the embryo, unexpressed pains in the lower abdomen may be observed, which are accompanied by scanty reddish discharge. Noticing this, the woman, not knowing her position yet, is even inclined to think about the beginning of menstruation. But this is quite normal at the beginning of pregnancy.

In the early stages, the level of hormones increases - estrogen, progesterone, relaxin. This contributes to the softening of ligaments, cartilage and muscle relaxation. The intestines suffer as well, since due to the slowing down of its motility, constipation can be observed.

Subsequently, when the uterus is increasingly growing in size, it begins to stretch the internal connective tissue structures of the small pelvis, leading to discomfort and pain in the abdomen. The surrounding organs are compressed: the stomach, intestines, diaphragm, bladder, and nerve plexus, with the result that the symptoms only get worse. Therefore, very often women are concerned about:

  • Nausea and belching.
  • Heartburn.
  • Coughing when urinating.
  • Dyspnea.

In addition, the load on the pelvic bones increases, and in the third trimester there is a slight discrepancy, which is the cause of new discomfort in the lower abdomen.

When abdominal pain is a consequence of physiological changes, you need to be patient and get rid of unreasonable experiences.

Miscarriage of pregnancy

It should be remembered that pain in the lower abdomen may indicate such obstetric pathology as miscarriage. Depending on the timing, this manifests itself in the form of spontaneous abortion or preterm labor. But the accompanying symptoms in most cases are the same:

  • Bloody issues.
  • Feeling of pressure in the sacrum and bladder.
  • Frequent urging to the toilet.
  • Hypertonus of the uterus.
  • Opening uterine throat.

If this process is not stopped at the stage of threatened abortion, then the manifestations intensify up to the loss of the fetus. When some parts of it remain in the womb, they speak of an incomplete abortion. This threatens with the emergence of other complications: bleeding and internal infection, which represents a real danger to the woman.

In order to preserve a pregnancy, you need to consult a doctor in time when threatening symptoms appear.

Placental abruption

Placental complications are another type of pathology of pregnancy, which is accompanied by dull or sharp abdominal pain. As a rule, they will be localized in the place of detachment and be accompanied by other signs:

  • Bleeding of varying intensity.
  • Local protrusion of the uterine wall.
  • Disruption of the fetus.

When the detachment goes on the central type, the discharge from the vagina may not be at all. But their absence is not a positive phenomenon, since in this case the blood seeps into the muscles of the uterus, forming the so-called retro-placental hematoma.

If it reaches a large size, the fetus will die, and the uterus in this place will lose its contractile ability, which will lead to massive bleeding, insensitive to the reducing means, and DIC.

Placental abruption is a frequent consequence of injuries or diseases that affect the vascular system of a woman.

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

A rather large group of diseases in which stabbing or cutting pains in the abdomen appear is the therapeutic pathology of the gastrointestinal tract. It includes conditions such as gastritis, peptic ulcer, cholecystitis, pancreatitis and colitis. Each condition is accompanied by its own signs, but most of them are characterized by the following:

  • Decreased appetite.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Bloating.
  • Loose stools or constipation.

In case of peptic ulcer, the stomach or duodenum is affected, therefore it most often cuts in the area of ​​epigastrium. In the case of pancreatitis, acute pain arises on the left side under the rib, extending to the back and right abdomen, acquiring the character of the girdle.

If the pain is disturbed on the right, then you can think about cholecystitis. At the same time, pain often radiates to the right shoulder girdle. Colitis proceeds with the appearance in the feces of impurities: blood, mucus or pus. Symptoms are mainly provoked by disturbances in the diet and do not change when walking.

Diseases of the stomach or other organs of the digestive system require proper treatment. So that chronic pathology does not worsen during pregnancy, it is necessary to pay attention to preventive recommendations.

Infectious pathology

Often there are stabbing pains in the lower abdomen during pregnancy due to infectious diseases. This contributes to the violation of hygienic rules in the use and cooking.

Thus, a similar symptom appears when salmonellosis, foodborne illness, dysentery, amebiasis, enterovirus diarrhea or cholera. This affects the stomach and intestines, which is accompanied by characteristic features:

  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Loose stools with pathological impurities.
  • Flatulence.
  • Temperature rise.
  • General weakness, malaise.

With significant fluid loss due to repeated vomiting and diarrhea, dehydration can develop. Often, signs of infectious-toxic shock are observed: a decrease in pressure, dizziness, pallor of the skin with blue fingers, fainting.

To effectively cure the disease, you must first determine the causative agent of infection.

Inflammatory diseases of the genital organs

If the lower abdomen pulls, the inflammation of the appendages cannot be ruled out. Although this is less common in pregnancy, it is still possible, especially considering the reduction in overall immune defense. The exacerbation of chronic adnexitis occurs with the following symptoms:

  • Pain is usually unilateral, can be aggravated when walking.
  • Temperature rise.
  • Soreness to palpation of the abdomen and gynecological examination.

If the inflammatory process is specific, then it basically begins with the vagina, and if not treated, it can spread to the internal genital organs. In this case, great importance is given to the characteristic discharge:

  • Liquid frothy with a greenish tinge - with trichomoniasis.
  • Muco-purulent - with gonorrhea.
  • Muddy whitish color with the smell of fish - with gardnerelleze.

It is necessary to treat inflammatory diseases of the genital organs in time, as there is a risk of peritoneal damage and development of peritonitis.

Заболевания мочевыводящей системы

Режущие боли внизу живота являются частым спутником цистита. It can occur with the spread of infection ascending (from the kidneys) downward (through the urethra) by. In pregnancy, this disease is particularly common, due to the expansion of the urethra, sphincter relaxation and compression from the uterus. Thus, the following manifestations develop:

  • Pain in the suprapubic area.
  • Cutting and burning at the end of urination.
  • Frequent urging to the toilet.
  • Discoloration of urine.
  • Soreness to palpation in the lower abdomen.

Sometimes body temperature may rise, but more often intoxication syndrome occurs with pyelonephritis. Then a positive symptom of tapping in the lumbar region will be characteristic.

Damage to the bladder and kidneys also provokes pain in the abdomen. They need to be distinguished from other causes.

Spinal diseases

Pain in the abdomen also occurs due to problems with the spine. If a woman has osteochondrosis, then an increased load on the lumbosacral region during pregnancy provokes the appearance of radicular syndrome.

Then the pain can go to the stomach, chest, lower limbs. It is especially important that such phenomena are aggravated when walking, standing or sitting for a long time, sharp turns or bending, coughing or sneezing.

Taking into account the diversity of pathology, which is accompanied by abdominal pain during pregnancy, a strictly differentiated approach is needed in the treatment. It is necessary to use means of diverse action on the pathological process: etiotropic, pathogenetic and symptomatic.

If the disorders are not associated with surgical pathology, then apply conservative techniques. In most cases, they allow you to achieve the desired result.

A pregnant woman should not forget that even normal changes in her body require a revision of food preferences. To minimize unpleasant sensations in the abdomen and to provide substantial assistance in the treatment of pathology, it is necessary to follow certain dietary recommendations:

  • Eat fully and regularly.
  • The diet should contain a variety of foods.
  • Avoid eating fatty, spicy, smoked foods, carbonated drinks.
  • Minimize the content of cabbage, legumes, raw plant fiber.
  • Give preference to stewed, baked and boiled dishes.
  • Limit salty, pickled products, fresh pastries.
  • Eat dairy products, cereals, lean meats, fish.
  • Drink enough liquid.
  • Refuse to take alcohol and smoke.
  • Immediately after eating, do not go to bed and do not exercise.

Dietary recommendations are an important aspect of treating not only diseases of the digestive system, but also other pathologies.

Drug therapy

The use of drugs is a central component of the conservative treatment of the overwhelming number of diseases. But during pregnancy, you need to focus on the safety of medicines for the fetus.

A woman may not worry about this, as only those medicines are used that are indicated in regional and international recommendations for the treatment of diseases in obstetric practice. Therefore, it is possible to use the following groups of drugs:

  • Antispasmodics.
  • Tocolytics.
  • Improving blood circulation.
  • Means progesterone series.
  • Adsorbents.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Enzymes
  • Probiotics.
  • Vitamins.

The choice of drug depends on the diagnosis and characteristics of the woman's body. Doses and course of medication are prescribed by a doctor.

Physiotherapy

In some cases, physiotherapy is indicated during pregnancy. This applies to miscarriage and certain chronic pathologies in the stage of fading exacerbation. The following methods may be prescribed:

  • Electrophoresis.
  • Electrorelaxation.
  • Reflexology.
  • Balneotherapy.

In addition, many diseases occur in violation of the emotional background. Therefore, often use the means of psychotherapeutic effects. This is necessary in the normal course of pregnancy, not to mention the pathology.

To get rid of pain in the lower abdomen, it is necessary to determine the origin of the discomfort in a timely manner. Whether it is necessary to begin active treatment or it can be limited to general recommendations - only the doctor will say.

Early pregnancy pain

During this period, physiological changes begin in the woman's body: the ovum is attached to the wall of the uterus, the structure of muscles and ligaments softens, and an intensive hormonal alteration begins. All this is accompanied by pulling pain, tingling, and sometimes the temperature rises.

The occurrence of severe cutting pains in the lower abdomen in early pregnancy is a sign of the pathological process. All discomfort should be moderate. Severe vomiting, bloody or brown discharge should alert the girl.

A small amount of blood in the first week after conception refers to the normal process of egg implantation. In other cases, you can suspect the following diseases and disorders:

  • Ectopic pregnancy. Most often found at 4 weeks after examination by a doctor. The egg cell does not reach the uterus, but is fixed in the tube. After some time, acute cutting pains occur, copious and regular bleeding occurs, the heat remains for a long time.
  • Miscarriage. There are many reasons for spontaneous abortion - from the abuse of alcohol and cigarettes to hormonal failure and the tone of the uterus. The process is accompanied by heavy bleeding and pain.
  • Fading pregnancy. In recent years, pathology has become widespread, but it is not possible to establish exact reasons even for completely healthy women. In the early stages of the symptoms consist in the complete absence of toxicosis, breast swelling and growth of the abdomen.

Less dangerous causes of cramps in the stomach and abdomen - gas and subsequent flatulence. They usually occur in violation of the diet.

Second trimester of pregnancy

Between the 12th week, but most often after 20, the woman is confronted with cutting pains associated with the intense growth of the uterus. Discomfort is usually tolerated and does not require medication. At this time, the load on the intestines, stomach and diaphragm increases enormously. Heartburn, belching, breathing problems, hemorrhoids, and constipation appear.

The most dangerous at 20-22 weeks placental abruption. The process occurs after 3 months of carrying a child and is often accompanied by very severe pain, bleeding, weakness, decrease in pressure and pulse. The cause of the detachment can be chronic diseases of the heart and blood vessels. If a woman is diagnosed with varicose veins, she should visit the doctor more often.

Late term of pregnancy

In the last weeks of pain indicate an approaching childbirth. They can be unpleasant: feelings begin in the lower back, go to the peritoneum, but pass on their own. In parallel, the girl feels that her stomach is becoming stone.

A little earlier, after about 5-7 months, the risk of an inguinal hernia increases. The pain in this case is very strong, cutting, throbbing. With any movement of the child, the symptoms increase. To prevent dangerous consequences, consultation of a surgeon and a full examination are necessary.

If cutting pains are accompanied by constipation and stabbing sensations, this can be a sign of severe gas formation and intestinal obstruction (stagnation of feces). The pathology is accompanied by persistent constipation. Violation requires emergency surgical intervention.

Mild pains, which persist for a short time and go away on their own, do not require emergency medical assistance. But if the symptoms worsen and persist for more than a day, one cannot do without diagnostics.

Diseases of the digestive tract

A cut in the abdomen can be observed during the development of pregnancy, if the woman suffers from gastritis, colitis, an ulcer, cholecystitis or pancreatitis. Additional symptoms include:

  • reduced appetite
  • weakness and nausea
  • severe bloating and vomiting
  • diarrhea or constipation
  • heartburn and belching with increased acidity.

If pancreatitis manifests, the pain most often occurs on the left, then falls, as if giving, in the stomach. Right localization indicates cholecystitis. In the stool with gastrointestinal diseases can be observed streaks of blood, mucus.

Separately, it is necessary to allocate appendicitis - acute inflammation of the appendix of the cecum. In this disease, the symptoms do not proceed sluggishly, as with other disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, but intensely, with high fever and tearing pain.

Genital inflammation

Cutting pains may appear in the background of ovarian inflammation. They are accompanied by unpleasant symptoms on the one hand, aggravated by walking. The woman fever, discomfort occurs during gynecological examination and palpation. Pain and discharge from the vagina indicate the development of genital infections - gonorrhea, chlamydia, gardnerelleza.

Diseases of the genitourinary system

Cystitis is a common disease during pregnancy. Infection enters the body in different ways, but this condition has specific signs:

  • pain appears in the suprapubic zone,
  • the number of urges to the toilet increases,
  • there is discomfort when urinating,
  • urine changes color and smell.

The girls have back pain, the temperature may rise. These symptoms also occur with pyelonephritis.

Other reasons

Other abnormalities can also provoke rezi during pregnancy:

  • diseases of the spine - are expressed in back pain or lower back, the symptoms give in the diaphragm and sternum,
  • ovarian cysts - acute symptoms, occur with nausea and dizziness when the formation is ruptured,
  • the development of dysbacteriosis - a frequent violation of intestinal microflora during pregnancy,
  • adhesions after surgery.

Each pathology requires special methods of diagnosis and treatment.

Methods for detecting diseases and their therapy

For the diagnosis using different techniques, but it all starts with an examination at the gynecologist. Then prescribed an ultrasound. If the girl is admitted to the hospital with sharp cutting pains, she is sent to surgery, where an emergency examination is carried out.

In other cases, such tests as blood biochemistry, urine, feces, and vaginal smear may be required. If X-rays are recognized as a mandatory measure of diagnosis, then it is also performed.

After the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes safe medications and procedures. However, some conditions require emergency surgery:

  • missed abortion
  • appendicitis,
  • intestinal obstruction,
  • rupture of a cyst or fallopian tube.

In other cases, prescribe symptomatic therapy, antibacterial drugs. For almost all diseases, the girl needs to drink vitamins - they strengthen the immune system, which has a positive effect on overall health.

Prevention of cutting pains

The only method of prevention is strict control of chronic diseases and a healthy lifestyle. To protect against poisoning and exacerbation of the gastrointestinal pathologies, a strict but balanced diet without harmful foods, alcohol and carbonated drinks is prescribed.

To prevent cutting pains from disturbing a pregnant woman, she is advised to visit the open air more often, to be less physically stressed. If any diseases and infections appear, you should immediately contact the doctor for diagnosis and treatment prescription.

Causes of cutting pain in pregnant

There are two main groups of reasons:

  • Obstetricians are associated with the work of the reproductive system of a woman, as well as with complications in a pregnant woman.
  • Non-obstetric point to diseases of other internal organs.

For obstetric reasons include:

  • Uterine tone . Virtually every woman faces this problem. When the uterus is toned, a cutting pain appears in the lower part of the abdomen, somewhat resembling that during menstruation. It is dangerous when hypertonicity of the uterus is observed, it occurs after an excessive load, stress experienced. In this situation, it is necessary to take urgent measures, because there is a threat of miscarriage.
  • Placental abruption characterized by sudden cutting pain in the lower abdomen. Pathology occurs most often due to abdominal trauma, also, if a woman has suffered severe preeclampsia, she has constantly increased pressure.
  • Ectopic pregnancy should be identified in a timely manner. If you have an unbearable pain in the first 2 months, you may have an ectopic pregnancy. It is characterized by the fact that the egg is implanted in the fallopian tubes, and not in the uterus. You can learn about the pathology after ultrasound. The main symptom of ectopic pregnancy - pain is cramping and cutting, most often localized on the right side, something like appendicitis.

Separately, you should pay attention to the non-obstetric causes of pain, which appear when there is a malfunction in the internal organs. There are such violations:

  • Problems with the gastrointestinal tract lead to unbearable cutting pains. Due to the fact that the uterus grows, the fetus begins to squeeze other organs, as a result of which their work is disturbed. Pregnant women are often worried about constipation, intestinal colic. Pain cutting and stabbing.
  • Inflammatory process in the internal organs . In a pregnant woman, appendicitis may be inflamed, and chronic diseases such as pyelonephritis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis are often exacerbated. In diseases, severe cutting pain is observed. It is important to diagnose the disease in a timely manner. If a woman has an inflammatory process, the body temperature may rise, then the skin turns pale, weakness, chills appear. In this situation, it is necessary to call an ambulance, otherwise the child may suffer.
  • Muscular stretching of the abdomen . When the uterus begins to grow, stretching of the muscles, abdominal ligaments and abdomen occurs. This causes a aching and cutting-tingling pain in the abdomen. Discomfort lasting a short time. In addition to stretching the muscles, some organs can shift, because the uterus increases. Tingling pain occurs when ligaments stretch.

How to help a pregnant woman get rid of cutting pains?

Advice is pregnant! Do not panic, pain is not always triggered by pathology, miscarriage. Perhaps you are stretching at a physiological level. In this situation, you must lie down and rest.

In the early stages of pregnancy, the antispasmodic No-shpa will help get rid of cutting pain; it is enough to take 1 tablet. Also allowed to use papaverine candles. With these drugs you can remove the tone from the uterus. A pregnant woman should take care of herself during the gestation period - forget about stress and physical exertion.

You must tell your gynecologist about your discomfort, especially if you are worried about intense, sharp, cutting pain. It is very important to always remember not only about your health, but about the health of the baby. A pregnant woman should constantly pay attention to different signals of her body, also lead a healthy lifestyle, forget about stresses, nervous overstrain. Only in this way can she give birth to a healthy baby.

Unbearable cutting pain in the lower abdomen, what to do?

Pregnant must follow:

  • Is there any bleeding?
  • Do leucorrhea and blood clots. Often at the beginning of pregnancy, this symptom indicates a miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy. With her, the pain is acute, and the woman turns pale, sometimes she loses consciousness.
  • How frequent you urinate. A pregnant woman is actively growing uterus, because of this, problems with the bladder can occur. Especially often a woman has cystitis, in which the mucous membrane of the bladder inflames. It is this organ that leads to painful sensations. It is important to cure cystitis in a timely manner, otherwise the inflammation can go to the kidneys.

In any situation, a pregnant woman should behave correctly. The main thing is to keep calm in order not to increase the uterine tone even more. Then take a piece of paper, a pen and write down all your symptoms, indicate how long they appear, how intense the pain is, whether there is a discharge. After that, contact your gynecologist, tell him everything in detail. The doctor, as a rule, prescribes tests, additional examination to clarify the diagnosis.

Thus, pregnancy is characterized by a number of changes in the woman’s body and cutting pains are not always indicative of serious disorders or diseases. To be safe, you should consult with a specialist who will make sure that the condition of the woman is not dangerous for the baby and will give recommendations on what to do next.

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