Gynecology

Pulls the belly on the 5th week of pregnancy

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For a period of five weeks, all the organs of the embryo are laid, which subsequently will only develop. Therefore, the initial weeks of pregnancy are considered very important.

In the fifth week of pregnancy, the ovum ends its movement and is firmly attached to the wall of the uterus. But the embryo is still too small. It weighs no more than a gram, and its length is only three millimeters. A groove runs along the body of the embryo, which will subsequently become a neural tube. Next to it are visible seals, which then turn into muscles. In the early stages of the formation of the spinal cord and brain, the nervous system gradually begins to develop. At week 5, the cardiovascular system begins to form in the embryo. The heart first looks like a tube, which then develops into a four-chamber organ. Within 5 weeks of pregnancy, the heart of the embryo begins to beat.

But the heart is not the only organ that forms at this time. Kidneys and lungs begin to build. The liver is also formed, such glands as the thyroid and pancreas. The first intestinal beginnings appear, and the trachea gradually begins to separate from the esophagus.

The fifth week of pregnancy is a very short time, but even at this time you can see the beginnings of the hands, ears and eyes. It is said that during prenatal development the future man goes through all stages of the embryonic development of animals. While the handles of the embryo are more like fins.

Changes in the body of the future mother

Although the belly remains the same size during the 5th week of pregnancy, global changes occur inside the body of the expectant mother. Rebuilt the entire hormonal system. Pregnancy hormone HCG, or human chorionic gonadotropin, enters the blood. Progesterone and estrogen are also actively being produced.

Despite the fact that the expectant mother does not feel an increase in the abdomen, the uterus becomes larger. One of the first signs that indicate the imminent appearance of a child is a swollen chest. Women notice that she begins to hurt like before the onset of menstruation. Nipples become extremely sensitive, and around them appears a halo in the form of a brown circle. Such changes in the breast are associated with its restructuring for future lactation.

Pulling pain in the abdomen can also cause discomfort. They also appear due to hormonal adjustment, and there is no need to worry about it. In addition, abdominal pain is associated with the fact that the uterus begins to gradually stretch.

What else can manifest at this time, but is not a mandatory sign? Often, the expectant mother complains of swelling and constipation. Toxicosis is a frequent companion of pregnancy at this time. Urination may increase as the bladder is under pressure from the uterus. Body temperature may rise, but only slightly - up to 37 degrees. Heartburn and problems with the gastrointestinal tract also appear due to the activity of hormones. The latter are reflected in the mood of a woman. She can become extremely irritable. The first signs, which marks the 5th week of pregnancy, are very similar to the premenstrual state.

Abdominal pain may be accompanied by secretions that increase. This is the norm, but only if they have neither color nor smell. If all this is present, the probability of intrauterine infection is high.

If the discharge during the 5th week of pregnancy is brown and is accompanied by a small amount of blood, you should immediately consult a doctor. Most often, this is due to the increased tone of the uterus, which can lead to miscarriage. In the first trimester, a woman may also have familiar menstrual flow, but, as a rule, they are scarce and end earlier than usual.

If the pain in the lower abdomen is very strong, this may indicate ectopic pregnancy. In this case, it is also necessary to urgently consult a doctor, as this case may be fatal.

5 week of pregnancy and nutrition

Since this period is very important for the correct insertion of the organs of the embryo, it is necessary to eat appropriately.

It is very important to use a lot of protein, which helps form the body of the embryo. But protein must be useful. Pay attention to a pregnant woman standing on the cottage cheese, egg white, white poultry meat. As for legumes, in which there is also a lot of protein, they should be consumed in minimal quantities. They can lead to excessive gas formation, which will cause additional discomfort.

Vitamin E is very important for the successful course of pregnancy at any time. Therefore, doctors prescribe it on a mandatory basis. But if on sale you can find a synthetic element, then some products contain natural vitamin E, which, naturally, is better for its absorption by the body. Its a lot of fish and oil. Olive and flaxseed oil will be very useful, as they contain Omega 3 in addition to a large number of trace elements.

The most important for the correct course of pregnancy is folic acid, which helps in the formation of DNA. If there is not enough of it in the woman's body, then the central nervous system may incorrectly form in the embryo. In a planned pregnancy, her appointment is prescribed three more weeks before the intended conception. In its products it is a lot of in greens, any cabbage, nuts, whole grains, cod liver, eggs and cereals.

Ascorbic acid helps resist infections by supporting the immune system. And she should work for two in the body of a woman during pregnancy.

In the diet of a pregnant woman should be a lot of vegetables and fruits, which are a source of natural vitamins and trace elements. In addition to this, it is necessary to take vitamins prescribed by the doctor.

Of course, early toxicity can correct your diet. The organism of the future mother can reject this or that product. Often, future mothers can not eat at all because of toxemia. In this case, you should consult your doctor, as this is extremely negative for pregnancy and the development of the embryo.

Is it possible to drink coffee at this time? This drink is undesirable to use for those who are expecting a child. If you like coffee, you can afford to drink one cup per day. But it is better to gradually change your habits and switch to purified water or green tea. Naturally, you should give up alcohol and carbonated drinks.

As for the diet, then at such an early period it is not yet required. Subsequently, if a woman does not gain weight heavily, she can not change her diet. But if in the fifth month she can gain about one and a half kilograms per week, then you should give up all fat and flour. After all, there are cases when women, consoling themselves with the thought that the body eats for two, gain 30 kilograms each.

Week 5 tests

Planned screening is carried out from 10 to 13 weeks. It consists of a biochemical blood test and the first ultrasound. But in the fifth week, you can assign tests. Most often this is done to confirm pregnancy, because the test is often mistaken, and an increase in the uterus can be associated not only with the bearing of the fetus. Elevated levels of hCG in the blood can indicate a pregnancy accurately and determine its duration.

  • Early ultrasound is not recommended, but if the doctor sees this as a necessity, he can refer the woman for an ultrasound scan.

Hazards in the fifth week of pregnancy

The first trimester is quite a dangerous time for the embryo. Indeed, during the first weeks, miscarriage occurs very often. Why does spontaneous abortion sometimes happen in women? This is largely due to the fact that the body is trying to get rid of the embryo with a defect. Miscarriage may also indicate that the woman's body is not yet ready for full-fledged bearing.

Other possible reasons include hormonal disorders. If a woman's body produces an excess amount of male hormones, then pregnancy cannot proceed normally.

The second reason is the Rh-conflict between the blood of the father and the mother. With its existence, the organism of the future mother will try to get rid of the fetus, as if from a foreign body.

Frequent causes are all kinds of sexually transmitted infections. That is why pregnancy is ideally planned to check the body of both women and men.

If a woman has diseases of the genital organs, it can also cause spontaneous abortion.

Medications and various foods can also trigger miscarriage. Therefore, women are prohibited from drinking hypericum or tansy.

Miscarriage and other external influences can cause miscarriage. If a woman accidentally slips and falls carelessly, then it is also fraught with miscarriage.

Another risk is missed abortion. There are many reasons for her, ranging from inflammation of the genital organs of a woman to too much age for childbirth. The most common missed abortion in the first trimester occurs in women over 40 years of age. On the fifth week it is very difficult to identify it alone, only the doctor can fix the death of the embryo. However, if your toxicosis has suddenly ended, then this is the first sign.

In fact, there are many risks that reveal in the early stages. They also include various pathologies of a child, including syndromes of trisomy, heart defects and the central nervous system. But it will be revealed with the help of the first screening tests on the level of hormones from the blood and the data of the first ultrasound.

Pain in lower abdomen

Often the lower abdomen pulls even before it is known about pregnancy. At this time, implantation begins, in other words, after conception, the egg begins its way through the fallopian tube and is introduced into the uterine wall.

The symptoms begin, which may be before menstruation, when the lower abdomen pulls.

As a rule, there are distinctive features, since the symptoms are there, but the menstrual periods do not come, but the stomach pains remain.

When a pregnancy begins at 4–5 weeks, the lower abdomen pulls and the intensity of this phenomenon increases, causing women to worry and worry.

Symptoms may vary in strength and duration.

In some cases, abdominal pain will be nagging, dull or sharp.

The discomfort appears almost constantly, even if the woman does not move, but simply lies or sits. The reasons for this phenomenon are many.

Main reasons

Many expectant mothers are interested in why pulling the belly in the fifth week of pregnancy and what pathology can provoke this condition.

Not always the causes will be diseases, sometimes this phenomenon begins as a result of physiology, when hormones change, so that pregnancy and fetal development take place normally.

It is the fifth week of pregnancy is accompanied by an active restructuring of the female body.

All causes from 4-5 weeks of pregnancy can be divided into two categories:

It is important for a woman to understand at least approximately the main difference, as well as the symptoms that may be.

Some of them are the norm and may not cause any time to the fetus or the woman herself, while the latter may cause poor outcome of pregnancy in the fifth week.

Physiological causes

Many may think that when they go through 4-5 weeks of gestation, all discomfort should pass, since the implantation has already passed and there are no menstrual periods.

In fact, this time is often accompanied by pulling pains in the lower abdomen, which is very troubling to women.

The main physiological causes are:

  1. Enlarged uterus, which provokes squeezing of internal organs and the gastrointestinal tract.
  2. Stretch the ligaments and muscles of the uterus.
  3. Hypertonus of the uterus.

The most important difference between physiological causes is that they pass through time and appear for a short period.

They do not increase in intensity, and also do not look like contractions. Often, the discomfort at the 5th week of pregnancy can pass, if you just lie down and relax.

After implantation in women begins the process of growth of the uterus.

Despite a slight increase in the uterus at 4-5 weeks, pressure on other organs will still be and most of all subjected to compression of the intestine and bladder. That is why pulling the lower abdomen.

In addition, with an increase in the uterus in pregnant women, frequent urination begins, which should not cause a burning sensation and other unpleasant sensations.

All pains should pass at rest. After a few weeks, the uterus begins to move, so the pain may radiate to the lower back.

From 5 weeks of gestation, the ligaments of the uterus begin to stretch, and each week is accompanied by increasing stretch marks and loads on them, which is why abdominal discomfort appears.

If the growth of the uterus is accelerated, then not only pulls the stomach, but other symptoms appear in the form of pain in the groin.

After a while, the condition improves, as the body becomes accustomed to heavy loads. In some cases, 4-5 weeks may not be supplemented by discomfort due to stretch marks, this is an individual phenomenon.

To alleviate the condition, it is recommended to change the position of the body, reject strong loads and rest more often.

The last physiological reason lies in the hypertonia of the uterus and this phenomenon is quite frequent in the 5th week of pregnancy.

The main thing with hypertonus, so that the symptoms do not look like contractions and do not become stronger after a few weeks.

During this state, it is recommended to rest more, which will allow the muscles to relax.

If the stomach pulls down quite often, then this may be due to the following reasons:

  1. Big loads.
  2. Constant fatigue
  3. Unstable emotional state and tension.
  4. Tight, squeezing clothes.
  5. Cold diseases.

Hypertonus does not always make itself felt, therefore, it is possible to diagnose a pregnancy without characteristic symptoms, but with a delayed menstruation it is possible by ultrasound.

A woman in the 5th week of pregnancy with physiological causes of pain does not need to use medication to relieve.

But you need to know that the hypertonus of the uterus can cause miscarriage, and often when diagnosed, doctors can send a woman to the hospital for continuous monitoring and treatment with antispasmodics.

Pathological causes

At the 5th week of pregnancy, the lower abdomen pulls and for reasons of certain diseases, which can be quite a lot. Some of them may appear as a result of pregnancy, and some accompany it.

As soon as there are suspicions on the pathology, you should immediately consult a doctor to prevent the loss of the fetus.

In some cases, doctors can support pregnancy, starting at 4-5 weeks, with the help of hormonal means.

Pulling abdominal pain can be a threat to a pregnancy, but it can also indicate the following problems:

  1. The threat of miscarriage, which is just beginning or abortion, that appears during pregnancy with 4-5 weeks.
  2. Ectopic pregnancy.
  3. Inflammation and infection of the genital tract and organs.
  4. Uterine fibroids.
  5. Urolithiasis.
  6. Diseases of the digestive tract.
  7. Surgical pathologies in acute form.

For a clearer picture, it is necessary to study each of the problems described in more detail.

Risk of miscarriage

If the pain and other symptoms from 4-5 weeks of pregnancy begin to change, the symptoms become stronger, resemble labor, that is, the threat of abortion or miscarriage.

Even women may have blood secretion from the genital organs, as well as a rapid deterioration of health.

Such a manifestation in any week is forbidden to be ignored, because you can lose a fetus. You should immediately call an ambulance.

Ectopic pregnancy

In this state, there is a threat to life, because without timely assistance at the 5th week of pregnancy, the disease can turn into heavy bleeding, after which it becomes fatal.

There is a small list of dangerous symptoms that should alert a woman:

  1. Begins a sharp pain syndrome, which often appears only on one side. The stomach does not pull, but it hurts a lot.
  2. Pain begins to move to other parts of the body, usually in the groin area, thigh or buttock.
  3. Blood excretion begins.
  4. If the fallopian tube ruptures, the symptoms immediately increase.
  5. A weakness in the body quickly arises, dizzy, even fainting, and the heart works much faster.

These last symptoms may indicate damage and rupture of the fallopian tube.

In this case, the pregnancy may stop, the woman should be hospitalized as quickly as possible, until a lot of blood is lost.

If there is a suspicion of such a pathology and it is 4-5 weeks of gestation, then it is recommended to undergo an ultrasound scan, as well as a blood test for a special study.

Inflammations

Inflammation of the genital tract and organs rarely accompany pregnancy, but it is not necessary to exclude a similar problem when the fifth week of pregnancy occurs.

In some cases, the disease may be due to hypothermia, which was before conception, although inflammation may worsen if it was already in a chronic form.

The main symptoms of inflammatory processes include:

  1. Тянет низ живота, начиная с 3 недели.
  2. Увеличивается температура до 37,1 градуса, хотя может повышаться до 38 градусов.
  3. Begin a variety of discharge from the genitals.

Similar symptoms are forbidden to write off on pregnancy. If you do not carry out timely treatment, the inflammation can affect the growth and development of the fetus, in addition, it becomes the reason for interrupting a child in the 5th week.

Uterine fibroids

Such a pathology means the presence of a tumor, but it is benign. It rarely becomes malignant, but the tumor can grow.

Pregnancy can provoke rapid growth of the tumor, due to this pulls the abdomen, and the symptom appears from the first weeks.

This happens when women already had tumors or fibroids before pregnancy.

In some cases, a woman may not be aware of such a pathological condition, especially if pregnancy is not planned and a doctor is not examined.

But if there is information about such a condition, then treatment should be carried out before conceiving a child.

Urolithiasis

The fifth week of pregnancy is characterized by various exacerbations, including the urinary system.

This is caused by anatomical features, as well as by the fact that the uterus is very close to the bladder.

Even in the normal state, many women suffer from urinary diseases. As a rule, pathologies that pull the lower abdomen and have problems with urine excretion include:

After conception, doctors with women with such pathologies should be kept under serious control, since pregnancy can be at risk.

As soon as 3-5 weeks of pregnancy begin, when cystitis pulls the lower abdomen, and there are frequent urge to urinate, but this may be the norm, because the uterus begins to put pressure on certain organs.

To determine the disease in more detail, it is important to know the main symptoms of cystitis:

  1. The stomach starts to hurt a little above the pubis and at the very bottom, while the pains are dull or sharp. While pressing down, the sensations become stronger.
  2. There is an increase in urination, some even have an urge every 10 minutes.
  3. There are discomfort when urinating, especially at the end.
  4. In some cases, blood can be seen in the urine, indicating hemorrhagic cystitis.
  5. Sometimes you can notice an increase in temperature, although cystitis may not change it.
  6. Urine becomes turbid.

Cystitis often occurs as a result of bacterial infection, and the disease must be treated with antibiotics, which are more prohibited during pregnancy.

Without providing the necessary therapy, pyelonephritis, an inflammation of the kidneys, begins to develop in a woman.

When inflammation of the kidney pathology can cause organ failure, and often occurs in a chronic form.

During childbearing, this disease is very dangerous, since the load on the body increases, and the kidneys may refuse to work at all.

The main symptoms of the disease include:

  1. Severe pain in the lumbar spine, lower abdomen.
  2. There is a strong fever.
  3. Chills.

With exacerbation of a chronic disease, the symptoms will not be as pronounced, but fever and pain will accompany the woman.

When kidney inflammation begins general intoxication, which causes harm to both the child and the mother. Especially dangerous is the disease in the early period, when all organs form in the fetus.

Treatment can only be carried out with antibiotics. In some cases, doctors select a variety of drugs that will not harm the development of the child, while they will relieve inflammation and kill pathogens.

Diseases of the digestive tract

The problems of the gastrointestinal tract are clearly visible in the first trimester, and nausea often begins, which turns into vomiting.

In addition, while waiting for the child, the change in bowel movement, as well as the color of fecal masses, should alert.

Other symptoms of diseases of the stomach or intestines include:

  1. Temperature.
  2. Abdominal pain caused by delayed bowel movements.
  3. Insufficient bowel activity, which is due to the lack of progesterone.

On the background of diarrhea or vomiting, women can develop dehydration, which is dangerous for the mother and child.

In addition, problems of the gastrointestinal tract can be triggered by certain foods, so it is important to adjust the diet starting from an early date.

Surgical pathologies

It should be remembered that even during pregnancy there may be an inflammation of the appendix. The main symptoms of this condition are:

  1. The stomach hurts, the syndrome appears initially in the navel, and then goes to the right side, down.
  2. Nausea begins, which turns into constipation and vomiting.
  3. The temperature rises.

The main danger of the appendix is ​​the similarity with the general symptoms of pregnancy, especially since the pain may not always be.

When there are incomprehensible sensations, it is better to consult a doctor, because such a condition without diagnosis can become a serious problem that can be noticed when the pain becomes unbearable.

The treatment is carried out exclusively by surgical methods, and during pregnancy it is important to start the operation earlier in order to prevent rupture of such an organ.

Pain in the lower abdomen at 4-5 weeks can be accompanied by various factors.

In some cases, there is nothing terrible, and the symptoms themselves go away, sometimes this can be a sign of diseases that need to be quickly cured.

In order to avoid complications during childbirth, should undergo continuous examination, especially before conception. This will determine the possible pathology and eliminate them.

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