Pregnancy

What to do if a bad urine test during pregnancy?

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The most frequent analysis throughout the entire 9-month period is the study of urine. Thus, it is possible to evaluate the functioning of the bladder and kidneys. Bad urine during pregnancy often indicates the presence of harmful microorganisms or that the filtration process is disturbed, which means that the kidneys do not adequately cope with their functions.

Primary bad urine analysis during pregnancy, doctors recommend to retake again, to eliminate the possibility of incorrect results due to non-compliance with the rules of collecting urine. If the re-study did not show improvement, then the reasons for the situation may lie in the following factors:

  • pressure in the late stages of the growing fetus on the internal organs, which leads to obstructed outflow and stagnation of biological fluid,
  • bacteria in the body of a pregnant woman provoke not only test abnormalities, but also threaten fetal infection and subsequent intrauterine growth retardation,
  • prolonged toxicosis at any time is dangerous, both for the child and for the expectant mother, the body is quickly dehydrated,
  • nephropathy and inflammation in the urinary system interfere with the normal functioning of the internal organs.
In addition, deviations in analyzes are not rarely triggered by multiple pregnancy, the formation of a large fetus, and in the early stages it indicates a normal physiological response of the body to the changes taking place.

Why bad urine during pregnancy: the consequences

In case the general analysis showed complicated results, then a urine test is determined according to nonchiporenko. The principle of collecting urine remains the same, but the analysis is carried out taking into account the sediment in 1 ml of liquid.

As a result of such studies can be identified:

  1. Leukocytes of more than 6 indicate inflammation in the kidneys or bladder. The higher the score, the harder the consequences for intrauterine formation.
  2. Protein must be absent, the presence of this element threatens the development of pyelonephritis or preeclampsia,
  3. Ketone bodies indicate a complication of diabetes mellitus or the development of early toxicosis,
  4. Glucose in small quantities is allowed only in recent months, otherwise it is an indicator of the formation of diabetes,
  5. Red blood cells should not be present in the urine, the appearance of blood is a clear sign of the development of the disease and the threat of miscarriage,
  6. Salts are a sign of malnutrition, which can lead to urolithiasis.
If an infectious progressive process in the kidney was detected at 35 weeks of gestation, then the decision about early delivery is often made. Since the failure of the functioning of the urinary system leads to the ingress of toxic substances into the uterus and the death of both the mother and the child.

What to do if bad urine during pregnancy?

Treatment with poor analysis prescribed by the doctor after a thorough diagnosis. Before treatment, additional studies of urine and internal organs are prescribed. Depending on the condition of the woman, prevention of edematous reactions and reduction of salt intake is recommended. Diet provides restrictions for fried and canned foods.

If there is a threat of premature birth, then in a hospital, medications are used to preserve pregnancy. Constant measurements of blood pressure are conducted and studied in dynamics, so as not to miss the occurrence of complications.

What does this mean?

Pregnant women are tested every time they visit a maternity clinic. (once in two weeks).

In the course of the study, lab technicians evaluate the color, density and consistency of urine, and on the basis of these data make conclusions about the health status of the pregnant woman. Most attention is paid to the composition of the urine, and changes in it speak about the relevant disorders and pathologies:

  1. The increased content of phosphates, purulent secretions, leukocytes, as well as the presence of bacteria in urine indicates pathological lesions of the urinary system.
  2. An increase in the protein level is a serious reason for hospitalization and observation in stationary conditions, since an increase in this indicator is considered the first sign of impaired kidney function.
  3. Also, when exceeding the protein norm (more than 0.033 g / l), there is a suspicion of gestosis, a violation of the course of pregnancy, in which there are convulsions, puffiness and arterial pressure increase.
  4. Isolation of acetone and other ketone bodies is typical for dehydration and additional excretion in the body of substances necessary for energy exchange processes.

Depending on the trimester, other uncharacteristic negative changes in the composition of urine are possible.

In the first trimester, it is important to monitor glucose levels: an excess of indicators in this case may indicate development in a pregnant woman. diabetes.

Research on urine in the third trimester is mainly aimed at determining the amount of protein in the material, as its excessive amount can be a sign of nephropathy. This disease can provoke premature birth, intrauterine growth retardation and lead to dysfunction of the placenta.

Causes of deviations

The reasons for bad tests can be found in pathological disorders as well as in less dangerous disorders in some body systems:

  • enlarged uterus, which exerts excessive pressure on the kidneys and the inferior vena cava,
  • toxicosis,
  • a large load on the kidneys,
  • intensive work of all internal organs,
  • pathological diseases of the circulatory and urogenital systems,
  • nephropathy,
  • low salt content in the body (often occurs with diets prescribed by a doctor, which is necessary for the prevention of swelling).

Sometimes the reason is the wrong collection of material - this can be both the use of non-sterile utensils, and collection without prior washing.

This leads to the ingress of microflora from external genital organs. For this reason, with bad analyzes, always reappointment charged, to eliminate the possibility of erroneous interpretation of the results.

What threatens?

Bad urine tests, depending on the content of certain substances, can lead to different consequences, mostly affecting the fetus and affecting its further development:

  1. If urine tests show the development of pyelonephritis in a pregnant woman, the disease should be treated urgently, as it can spread to the fetus, and in some cases this pathology can provoke a miscarriage.
  2. With elevated protein in the urine, preeclampsia can develop (a severe form of late toxicosis), leading to severe preeclampsia. This can lead to the death of the fetus and mother during labor. Also elevated protein can become cause of delayed fetal development, and the child can be born ahead of time.
  3. High glucose often provokes the development of a newborn. diabetes mellitus.
  4. A dangerous sign is considered an excess of salts in the urine. In this case, there is a risk that the bone skeleton of the child will be thinned.
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How to improve the performance of the analysis?

Bad indicators can be improved only by adhering to the prescribed course of treatment, which is established by the attending physician on the basis of test results.

But before this must be done retesting urine, which allows you to eliminate errors in the diagnosis. On the part of the future mother, additional preventive measures are required, due to which the composition of urine will be normal:

  1. It is necessary to limit the consumption of overly salty foods, and not to violate the drinking regime. Lack of fluid in the body is bad, but excessive drinking in turn also affects the state of the pregnant woman negatively, causing puffiness and contributing to a change in the color of the urinary fluid.
  2. It is important to constantly measure blood pressure and daily record the results in a personal notepad and in the exchange card of a pregnant woman, which is entered when registering at the antenatal clinic.
  3. It is necessary to make daily at least short walks in the fresh air.

With serious violations of the composition of urine sometimes go to hospital: so it is easier for specialists to monitor the state of a pregnant woman and correct the treatment course with the use of medications in a timely manner.

What does a bad urine analysis according to Nechyporenko mean during pregnancy?

Urine analysis according to the method of Nechyporenko allows you to identify hidden inflammatory processes that extend in the urogenital system. In this case, tracked number of cylindrical bodies, red blood cells and white blood cells in the urine of pregnant women.

Leukocytes must be kept in concentration. no more than 1,000 units per liter of material, for erythrocytes, the indicator is 2,000 units for the same quantity, and there should be no more than twenty cylinders per liter of urine.

But as for the analysis pass about 100 millilitersthen the indicators in this case will be less than ten times.

If the rate of red blood cells is exceeded, this can be a sign of kidney stones and injuries of these organs, as well as indicate glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis or interstitial nephritis. About the same problems with the kidneys shows and exceeding the norm of leukocytes.

Overstated cylinder performance is a manifestation kidney pathologies, bleeding in the renal tubules with their damage, as well as renal failure.

Sometimes inflated figures do not speak of pathologies, since studies show a false positive result due to high levels of protein, an excess of vitamin C in the body, as well as vaginal discharge material

How to pass the analysis on Nechiporenko read in our article.

In order to avoid negative results on Nechiporenko, it is enough to follow simple rules:

  1. observe drinking regime, avoiding excess and lack of moisture in the body,
  2. at the first urge to urinate, empty the bladder in time, preventing the urine from stagnating in it,
  3. observe the rules of hygiene after using the toilet and regularly take a shower to prevent the spread of infectious diseases in the urogenital system.

Such preventive measures will allow avoid disturbances in the composition of urine, and analyzes will show normal levels of substances, bodies and trace elements in the urine of a pregnant woman.

Why pregnant women smell bad urine?

In addition to irregularities in the composition and deviations in the color of urine, in pregnant women, urination may be accompanied by unpleasant odors, which can occur for various reasons. One of them is concentration in blood and subsequently in urine. hCG hormonewhich is produced by the developing placenta.

This smell is not unpleasant and even sweet, and some women characterize it as sharp and specific. About a week after giving birth, this smell will completely disappear.

Often the course of pregnancy is accompanied by impaired vaginal microflorawhich are accompanied by the appearance of discharge.

Also, when the cells of the tissues of the bladder die off, which are observed during the development of tumors, putrid odor. With the formation of rectal fistulas, through which feces particles enter the urine, feces can smell.

Sometimes urine clearly "stinks" acetonethat is a sign of inflammatory diseases that lead to stagnation of urine in the bladder, but more often it is an indicator that the body activates additional sources of energy in the form of proteins and fats, the decomposition of which produces ketone bodies - they emit the smell of acetone.

This can only be considered in early pregnancy: the appearance of such a smell in the third trimester can be a symptom of diabetes.

Sharp and unpleasant odors of urine may be due to excessive consumption of hot spices and less often talk about the pathologies of the urogenital system.

If any unusual odors appear, you should also pay attention on changing urine colorand if this happens, it is necessary to hand over material for examinations, which will allow to identify the cause in time and, if necessary, to begin treatment.

Urine tests during pregnancy in the webinar of the general practitioner:

What determines

So, what does urine analysis show for pregnant women, and in connection with which parameters it is called bad?

Not only the color and degree of transparency indicates the presence of problems in the body. No less important are the following indicators:

  • Leukocytes. They may be present in small amounts, usually up to 6. If there are more, this is usually a sign of an inflammatory process in the bladder, kidney, or urethra. The number of leukocytes with bad urine in pregnant women usually reaches the number of 10-15, which indicates the beginning of inflammation. The larger the number, the harder and more neglected the situation. However, sometimes a slight increase in this parameter speaks only of insufficiently thorough hygienic procedures during the collection of material for analysis,
  • Protein. Ideally, it should not be, or allowed a small amount, depending on the period. Many doctors do not consider pathological presence of this substance in the amount of 0, 33 g / l. Higher numbers speak of pyelonephritis and preeclampsia, or the threat of their occurrence,
  • Ketone bodies. Their appearance indicates the exacerbation of diabetes mellitus or early toxicosis,
  • Glucose - in the last trimester of pregnancy, it is allowed in a small amount, usually called "traces". Sugar in a larger size is often a sign of beginning pregnancy diabetes,
  • Bacteria are a sign of cystitis, either kidney infections or inflammations,
  • Salt - a signal that a woman is eating improperly, or is not drinking enough water.

The appearance of red blood cells, blood, epithelium - evidence of fatigue, urolithiasis, nephritis, or simply poor hygiene.

How to treat

  • Repeated study. If a general urine test is given, a referral is given for tests according to Nechiporenko to determine the exact content of leukocytes, red blood cells or cylinders. Often it is also required to pass a daily analysis, or according to Zimnitsky,
  • To constantly monitor blood pressure - it is important to record all indicators in the exchange card and monitor the dynamics,
  • Prevention of edema - a restriction in liquids, salty foods,
  • Restricting or eliminating fried foods from the diet is best stewed or steamed,
  • Physical activity - walks in the fresh air,
  • Drugs that can deal with various problems.

Regardless of the reason for the negative result of the study, it may be necessary to go to hospital for a while under the supervision of doctors. There is a treatment with necessary drugs and constant monitoring of the condition.

What causes

What threatens bad urine pregnant? In fact, the situation is much more serious than it might seem at first glance, because any inflammation or infection can adversely affect the health of the baby. Therefore, it is very important not to let the situation take its course:

  • Pyelonephritis, a symptom of which is the presence of leukocytes, can cause hypoxia or infection of the child in the womb. Moreover, sometimes this disease leads to miscarriage and subsequent miscarriage,
  • High protein leads to problems such as delayed fetal development, or premature labor. Often it is accompanied by a dangerous condition such as pre-eclampsia, which can result in the death of a mother or child,
  • Increasing the level of sugar leads to an increase in the size of the baby, and may also increase the risk for him to develop diabetes mellitus in the future,
  • If salts are found in the urine, it can cause thinning of the bones of the baby’s skeleton.

Any future mother's disease requires treatment, because the deterioration of her condition necessarily affects the crumbs.

Cystitis during pregnancy:

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Poor urine tests during pregnancy: what to do


Waiting for a baby is not only a joyful anticipation of meeting with a baby, but also a time of serious control over the course of pregnancy. When registering, and then for each subsequent reception, the doctor prescribes a complete urinalysis for absolutely any expectant mother.

According to the results of this study, the gynecologist can understand the condition of a pregnant woman, drawing attention to such indicators as white blood cells, red blood cells, transparency, the presence or absence of protein and glucose. Poor urinalysis during pregnancy is alarming and requires further consultation of the urologist. After all, this may mean that the kidneys do not cope with the load caused by pregnancy.

  • General analysis of urine during pregnancy: transcript, normal

Before a specialist, after reviewing the results of your study, prescribe a treatment, it is necessary to find out the cause of deviations from the norm. It can be both the most banal and quite serious things:

  • non-compliance with the rules for collecting biomaterial. It is very important to exclude spicy and smoked foods from the diet before giving urine, not to eat coloring foods the day before. Употребление некоторых медикаментов, например анальгина, может придать моче неестественно розовый цвет.For the study is suitable only the average portion of morning urine. She is going to after careful hygienic procedures of the genitals.
  • the load on the kidneys in a pregnant woman increases, and the organ ceases to cope with its work properly. The appearance of protein in the urine the body signals the help. This is especially true in the second and third trimester.
  • the growing uterus increases pressure on the kidneys and the vena cava inferior.
  • stress, nervousness, mental disorders.
  • early primary toxicosis or the onset of preeclampsia in the third trimester.
  • salt-free diet prescribed for pregnant women to prevent edema.
  • nephropathy - a disease accompanied by high blood pressure. It is very dangerous in the last weeks of pregnancy and is evidence of placental dysfunction.
  • poor nutrition of the future mother.

Repeated research can confirm or exclude fears of the gynecologist leading pregnancy.

Urine change parameters

The color of urine depends on the concentration and the presence of chemicals. The yellowish shade is formed by the enzyme urobilin, which is formed by the breakdown of iron. The mineral is a part of hemoglobin and is important for cell differentiation and protein synthesis - these processes are crucial during pregnancy.

Discoloration of urine indicates various pathological processes:

  • red can mean the use of blueberries, beets or the development of hematuria - the definition of blood in the urine against the background of urinary tract infections,
  • orange indicates the presence of bile pigments in the background of bile duct obstruction, less often when taking antibiotics, which should be reported to the doctor,
  • dark yellow indicates eating carrots or taking riboflavin, you can suspect dehydration,
  • greenish-blue color is a reaction to antidepressants,
  • brown color is formed under the influence of bile pigments or melanin, which is a sign of metastatic cancer.
  • turbid urine in pregnant women indicates the abuse of meat and protein foods or chronic kidney disease. Sometimes observed with elevated levels of protein.

If protein levels are high in the third trimester of pregnancy with a simultaneous increase in pressure, the doctor suspects preeclampsia.

Specific gravity determines the concentration and amount of particles dissolved in the urine, which characterizes the drinking regime of a woman and the work of the kidneys. When the level rises to 140-200 ml / min, glucosuria is diagnosed, which is physiological for pregnant women.

At high values, it refers to signs of diabetes, adrenal insufficiency or renal dysfunction.

Causes of glucosuria - impaired glucose transport by means of drops of sodium ions, as well as capillary glycemia at the level of 8.9-10 mmol / l - when the renal threshold is reached.

Normal urine pH ranges from 4.5 to 8. The alkaline reaction indicates a bacterial infection, and an acidic level indicates metabolic and respiratory acidosis, diabetes mellitus and renal failure.

During pregnancy, the pH changes during the abuse of meat, the complete abandonment of it. Women are concerned about the question of why the smell of urine is changing. This is mainly due to the concentration of the hormone hCG at certain periods of pregnancy.

Chemical analysis

There are two methods for evaluating chemical parameters of urine:

  • rapid tests using automatic analyzers,
  • laboratory tests and microscopy.

Urine of a healthy pregnant woman contains no more than 100-110 ml / min of sugar, and excess indicates gestational diabetes.

Pathology occurs against the background of a hormonal surge, which prevents the body cells from using insulin, which converts blood sugar to energy.

If gestational diabetes is suspected, a blood test is indicated. Gestational diabetes is controlled by physical exertion and proper nutrition.

The doctor suspects the disease in the presence of other symptoms:

  • chronic fatigue,
  • weight loss
  • increased thirst.

Without treatment, diabetes increases the risk of congenital abnormalities of the heart, kidney, and spine in a child.

The presence of protein in the urine is called proteinuria, indicating urinary tract and kidney infections, their chronic pathologies. Protein in the urine after 20 weeks of gestation reveals preeclampsia and the risk of high blood pressure. This condition leads to preeclampsia, which is an indication for hospitalization. A sign of pathology is swelling of the face, body and legs.

If the protein in the urine rises without the development of hypertension, bacteriological urine culture is performed to detect infections and administer antibiotics.

Carbohydrates are a natural source of energy. If the body processes fats instead, then acidic by-products - ketones - are detected in the urine. With diagnosed diabetes and elevated ketones, ketoacidosis and the risk of diabetic coma are diagnosed.

The main reasons for the increase of ketones in the urine:

  • starvation or dietary restrictions,
  • dehydration.

With severe nausea and vomiting, along with a high level of ketones, women are hospitalized.

Bacteria in urine

Turbid urine along with pain and dysuria is a sign of a bacterial infection. Women should be warned about the risk of infection. Untreated infection can spread to the kidneys, which will disturb the metabolic processes and the development of the child.

Bacterial infections that have not been treated can cause premature birth and increase the risk of having a baby with low body weight. Nitrite test determines how bad urine tests during pregnancy, and what to do with the infection, prompts bacteriological culture. However, it only detects gram-negative bacteria.

Bacteriological urine culture helps determine the type of pathogen for prescribing antibiotic therapy.

It is prescribed for other signs of bacterial infection:

  • high temperature
  • blood in the urine
  • painful urination
  • pain in the abdomen or lower back.

Urine culture is necessarily carried out during the prenatal examination, since many bacterial infections are asymptomatic.

Urine of a healthy pregnant woman is sterile, does not contain fungi, bacteria or other microorganisms. Infections most often rise up the urethra.

Women are more prone to infection due to the small length of the urethra and proximity to the rectal opening, which increases the risk of flora transfer.

Pregnancy creates reasons for reducing local immunity:

  • forms stagnation in the pelvic area,
  • increases the sensitivity of the mucous membranes,
  • increases pressure on the bladder and changes the location of internal organs.

Urine culture helps to prescribe the correct treatment with minimal risk for the woman and child.

What can indicate a poor urine test during pregnancy?


If a woman has a poor urine test during pregnancy or the result of a laboratory blood test is not very good, then it is necessary to consult with a specialist and take the necessary measures, because these two tests give the greatest amount of information about the mother's health and how the pregnancy proceeds.

Pregnancy is a special time in the life of every woman. And the entire period of carrying a baby, she constantly passes various tests to protect her health and the health of the child.

How to properly collect urine during pregnancy

It is very important that the collected urine analysis shows the real picture and all the existing problems in the mother's body, if any.

Therefore, it is important to properly collect this analysis, not allowing any foreign elements to fall into the genitals or anus.

It should be noted that the urine test can be planned, general or special, which is appointed by the doctor for special reasons.

In routine tests, general urine tests are performed. This happens every time a woman comes to see a gynecologist. Appointment of the remaining tests of the pregnant occurs when the general urine analysis alarming specialist. When some testimony went beyond the permissible level. These can be indicators of leukocytes, erythrocytes, protein, salts, etc.

Before taking tests, a pregnant woman is not recommended to drink diuretics. It is also better to stop drinking herbal tea or any kind of liquid in large quantities.

Do not eat those types of foods that can affect the color of urine, such as beets or rhubarb. In addition, you can not take drugs, resulting in discoloration and properties of urine. However, in general, changes in the drinking and food regime is not required, you can eat and drink the same as in ordinary days.

The collection of urine for analysis of a pregnant woman should be carried out in the morning, immediately after the woman has woken up, it is best to eat. Even if we take into account that future mothers in the late stages of pregnancy visit the toilet almost every hour, you need to take a portion immediately after bedtime.

For delivery of this type of analysis in the clinic or hospital usually give capacity in the form of a special sterile cup. If such a glass has not been issued, a glass jar bought at the pharmacy or picked up at home, the best of all from foodstuffs, is quite suitable.

In this case, it is necessary to wash the container with a brush, using hot running water, rinse well and sterilize by boiling or in a microwave. To do this, pour water into a container and warm it up for five minutes at maximum furnace power.

After the jar is washed, it must be dried. To do this, you can put the container on a napkin, first turning it upside down. On the dried jar is usually pasted a tag, which indicates the name, surname, age and duration of pregnancy of the woman, as well as the date of collection of the analysis.

Before collecting urine analysis, you need to wash well, while thoroughly washing the external genitals. It is recommended to wash your hands with laundry soap, send water from the shower tap to the crotch and rinse it well with soap.

Causes of bad urine during pregnancy


All future moms worry a little when they pass the next blood and urine tests. According to test results, doctors make a conclusion about the state of health of the pregnant woman. In the analysis of urine, physicians evaluate the physicochemical parameters (the presence of sediment, density, color, transparency), as well as the number of formed elements, microbes, protein and salts in the inorganic sediment.

You have bad urine during pregnancy, and you can not understand what is the cause of bad tests? In this article we will tell you the main points related to tests during pregnancy.

Pregnancy: What is urine analysis for?

Of the total number of tests that are appointed during the entire waiting period of the child, urine analysis is prescribed most often.

For the most accurate analysis of a pregnant woman, it is necessary to collect the morning urine, since it is this analysis that gives the most complete picture of the state of the body.

Before collecting, be sure to wash the genitals with warm water so that bacteria and other substances do not enter the urine.

Laboratory analysis of urine allows you to evaluate the work of the kidneys and bladder, the condition of the female body as a whole. Using the analysis, it is possible to identify the content of protein, bacteria, sugar, white blood cells and red blood cells and make an assumption of possible violations. Normally, the urine of a pregnant woman can be light yellow or even light brown, but it must be transparent.

Bad urine during pregnancy may indicate the content in it of various elements, according to which doctors can assume that a woman has some infectious disease of the urinary tract.

The analysis also takes into account the acidity of urine. Raising or lowering acid levels for no apparent reason sometimes speaks of irregularities. So, low acidity is observed when dehydration of the body, and increased may be a symptom of kidney disease.

Turbid urine during pregnancy

Protein is the most alarming indicator in the urine. During pregnancy, especially in later periods, protein in the urine is quite acceptable. This is due to the increasing load on the kidneys and blood circulation features.

When the concentration of protein in the urine is above 0.33 g / l, doctors may suggest the development of nephropathy, a dangerous complication of pregnancy. In this case, a pregnant woman needs immediate hospitalization for a comprehensive examination.

When nephropathy in a pregnant woman increases blood pressure, and develop dangerous complications that lead to malnutrition of the placenta.

Turbid urine during pregnancy can be a sign of a serious infection of the urogenital system. Quite often, staphylococcus or E. coli is sown in the urine of a pregnant woman. This phenomenon is quite common and it is due to the weakening of immunity during pregnancy, the structural features of the female genitourinary system and the proximity of the rectum to the genitals.

If bacteria are detected in the analysis, urine culture is additionally assigned. It is carried out according to the general rules, but the urine is collected in a sterile container, and then sown on special media. They allow you to detect the type and number of germs, as well as determine the sensitivity of bacteria to antibiotics.

Mucus in the urine during pregnancy can be explained by increased production of jelly-like masses and the difficulty of its drainage. Doctors usually associate this condition with prolonged stagnation of urine or infections of the excretory system.

True, very often this symptom appears when all requirements for collecting urine for analysis are not met. And if you take into account some of the anatomical features of the reproductive system of a woman, it can be assumed that the mucus in the urine during pregnancy indicates an inflammatory process in the genitals.

Urine salts during pregnancy

The analysis for determining the salt content is quite complicated. To do this, a pregnant woman should collect all the daily urine. If the results of the analysis in the urine a lot of salt, it can be a warning about the formation of kidney stones or bladder. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe an ultrasound to the pregnant woman.

Experts identify three main causes of salt in the urine during pregnancy:

  • Improper nutrition. Pregnant women should adhere to a balanced diet. From the diet should be excluded products, in which a lot of oxalic acid (sorrel, tomatoes, berries, chocolate and others). Be sure to eat watermelons, fruits, prunes, grapes and cauliflower.
  • Lack of fluid in the body. During the day you need to drink from one and a half to two liters of water.
  • Urogenital infections. In inflammatory processes, urine becomes alkaline.

Erythrocytes in the urine during pregnancy

The appearance of red blood cells in the urine is a very unfavorable symptom, since normally they should be absent. Blood in the urine during pregnancy may indicate fatigue during heavy physical exertion. In this case, to eliminate the problem enough good rest.

Blood in the urine during pregnancy is associated with urolithiasis, cystitis and pyelitis. Sometimes the blood in the urine can be seen with the naked eye, then this condition of the pregnant woman is called gross hematuria. It occurs when glomernephritis, nephritis or severe gestosis. These conditions are very dangerous for the fetus and mother, they require urgent hospitalization and active treatment.

Epithelium in the urine during pregnancy

Epithelial cells are almost always present in the urine sediment. The presence of epithelial cells in the urine during pregnancy does not indicate pathological processes. It must be borne in mind that the epithelium can enter the urine from the genitals.

Significant accumulation of epithelial cells in the urine in the form of layers suggests the keratinization of the epithelium of the bladder.

Cells of the transitional epithelium appear in urolithiasis, inflammatory processes in the urogenital system.

The renal epithelium is found in the urine during intoxication, nephritis and heart failure. A woman should remember that bad urine during pregnancy is found very often, so you should carefully follow the recommendations of doctors, because any pathology can be cured.

Analysis of urine during pregnancy: rates and rules of collection


Every woman during pregnancy is faced with the need to undergo numerous studies, among which the leading positions are occupied by blood and urine tests. Urinalysis during pregnancy is important for monitoring the functioning of the genitourinary system, since it is subjected to severe stresses during this period.

For the timely detection of possible diseases and adequate treatment, it is recommended to take a urine test regularly. This approach will help protect the future baby from possible problems, and the woman from the development of complications and chronic conditions.

Deciphering urine analysis during pregnancy

When deciphering the urine of a pregnant woman, the following normal values ​​are evaluated:

  • Color depends on the selected volume of biological fluid and the presence of pigment dyes in it. Normally, urine should be colored in straw yellow due to the content of urochrome.
  • Прозрачность жидкости характеризует все свойства биологических компонентов, присутствующих в ней. В норме моча должна быть прозрачна.
  • Удельный вес говорит о содержании в урине растворенных компонентов, таких как соли, сахар, мочевина и пр.
  • pH, or acidity is determined by the concentrated content of hydrogen ions formed in the liquid as a result of the dissociation of organic and inorganic acids.
  • Protein normally should not be determined in the urine of a pregnant woman, and if the analysis of urine showed its presence, this is proteinuria, which can be physiological (against the background of a strong mental shock, physical exertion, consuming large amounts of protein) and pathological (urinary system diseases or allergy).
  • Sugar is normally not detected, but if glucose is detected in the analysis of the urine of a pregnant woman, there are suspicions of the presence of diabetes mellitus, it is recommended that the woman should undergo an additional blood test for sugar.
  • Bilirubin in the urine should not be detected. If it is found, we can talk about jaundice, hepatitis and other pathologies that violate the flow of bile. Urine at the same time will have the color of dark beer.
  • Ketone bodies are normally not detected, urine analysis with the presence of acetone during pregnancy may show early toxicosis, anemia, and gestational diabetes mellitus.
  • Nitrites are normally absent, their detection in the urine of pregnant women indicates the presence of inflammation in the organs of the urinary tract.
  • Hemoglobin detected in the urine is a bright indicator of pathology, which indicates anemia.
  • Red blood cells are normally detected individually (1-2 in the field of view). If there are more, it is about hematuria associated with infections of the renal system and urinary tract.
  • Leukocytes in the analysis of urine in a pregnant woman should not exceed 0-5 in sight, otherwise we are talking about the inflammatory process in the kidneys - glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis, as well as diseases of the urinary system - cystitis.
  • Epithelial cells in the urine should not exceed the value of 0-3 in the field of view. If their number exceeds this value, most likely, we are talking about kidney diseases - pyelonephritis, urolithiasis.
  • Cylinders are absent in the urine of a healthy person, their presence in the urine analysis during pregnancy indicates various renal diseases.
  • Bacteria and fungi diagnosed in the urine speak of infectious diseases of the urogenital system, for example, urethritis, vaginal thrush, etc.
  • Salts indicate a change in urine pH. Normally, the urine contains oxalates and urates in unit amounts. Excess salt indicates the development of urolithiasis.
  • Mucus is normal in indicators of analysis of a pregnant woman can be detected in small amounts. Its presence in large numbers speaks of inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system.

Poor pregnancy tests


Throughout the pregnancy, the woman has to repeatedly take many tests. The most informative are blood and urine tests. They need to pass especially often.

Sometimes the lab results may not be very good.

What triggered bad tests during pregnancy, and what to do in this period? It largely depends on which trimester the study was conducted.

What are the bad tests during pregnancy

When registering, a pregnant woman receives an extensive list of required tests. Laboratory tests of blood and urine are obligatory. For each analysis there are established standards. Deviations from these boundaries indicate that pathology has appeared in the body of the mother or fetus.

Some women endure the entire gestation period easily, without complications, and tests do not state any abnormalities. But what to do if the test results do not fit into the norm, and the expectant mother is at risk?

What do bad blood tests say during pregnancy

When studying a blood test, a doctor first of all pays attention to the level of hemoglobin, leukocyte and platelet counts.

  • Hemoglobin in a pregnant woman has a lower limit - 110 g / l. Ideally, the coefficient of this indicator should be equal to 120-140 g / l. A decrease in its level indicates the development of anemia, which can lead to oxygen starvation of the fetus and, as a consequence, to the lag of its development.
  • Leukocytes are one of the important indicators in the blood test. The upper limit of leukocytes reaches 9 units, the lower - 4 units. Exceeding the upper limit indicates the development of infection in the body. A slight increase in leukocytes in the second half of pregnancy is not considered a pathology.
  • Platelets - their number should not fall below 150 thousand / μl. At low levels, a pregnant woman has poor blood coagulation, which is fraught with bleeding during childbirth. Increased platelets (more than 400 thousand / µl) can lead to the formation of venous and arterial thrombosis. Often this leads to spontaneous miscarriages.

Bad tests during pregnancy are those that have significant deviations from the following indicators:

  • Color indicator - 0.86-1.1,
  • Hemoglobin - 120-140 g / l,
  • ESR - 2-15 mm / h,
  • Erythrocytes - (3,9-4,7) х1012 cells / l,
  • Leukocytes - (4.0-9.0) x109 l, in the second and third trimester, the level can rise to 11 units,
  • Platelets - 150-390 thousand / μl,
  • Band neutrophils - 1-6%,
  • Segmental neutrophils - 47-72%,
  • Metamyelocytes - 0%,
  • Myelocytes - 0%,
  • Eosinophils - 0.5-5%.

After examining your blood test and finding deviations from the norm, do not rush to independently draw conclusions. Only a doctor should make a conclusion about how bad tests are in reality during pregnancy.

What do bad urine tests during pregnancy say

Usually, a urine test is done at every scheduled visit to the antenatal clinic — once every two weeks. It allows you to judge the state of the kidneys and the whole organism. Critical deviations from the norm can threaten the life of not only the fetus, but also the expectant mother. Urinalysis during pregnancy is indexed in many ways. But the main ones are as follows:

Protein in the urine of a pregnant

If there should be no protein in the urine of a healthy person, then a small amount in the urine of a pregnant woman is normal. Worse, when the protein is more than 300 mg, this may indicate a malfunction of the kidneys.

In this case, it is necessary to be constantly monitored by the doctor throughout the pregnancy, and if the protein in the urine increases, then even the hospitalization of the woman is possible. Proteinuria (protein in the urine) of pregnant women can develop in the 32nd week of carrying a baby.

Then this indicates a violation of the function of the placenta, it will not be able to protect the fetus from external influences and provide sufficient oxygen. This phenomenon has a negative effect on the fetus, which can cause premature birth or even the death of the baby.

Bacteria in the urine of a pregnant woman are found 5 times more often than in non-pregnant women. Unfortunately, colibacillus is a common cause of preterm labor, which leads to the occurrence of acute pyelonephritis.

But it is much more dangerous when there are bacteria in the body, but at the same time symptoms are not traced, and therefore, the analysis of urine for bacteria helps to prevent the development of health hazards for the future mother and baby.

Leukocytes in the urine of a pregnant

If the analysis reveals leukocytes, this indicates infectious diseases of the kidneys. Of course, in this case, emergency treatment is required, because the proper functioning of the urogenital system is central to the development of the baby.

The presence of phosphate in the urine can be determined even by the appearance of the fluid. If the urine is cloudy, then this indicates the presence of an admixture of salts. It is important to know that during pregnancy the amount of salts should decrease, since the phosphoric acid compounds in the body are redistributed and most of them go to the formation of the bones of the fetal skeleton.

Urine acidity (pH)

If the analysis of urine reveals a decrease in the pH level, this indicates a lack of potassium in the body, or it indicates marked early toxicosis and loss of fluid by the body.

Everything in the body is normal, if the urine has a yellow color or its various shades. Any color changes should cause concern, because in the case of a serious situation, this will affect other indicators.

In general, all changes in the urine of a pregnant woman are considered comprehensively by doctors. Urine analysis can not tell about all possible threats to the expectant mother and child, so do not ignore other tests that are prescribed by the doctor. In any case, before the final diagnosis, urine analysis is repeated, the main thing is not to panic in advance.

What threatens a bad urine test during pregnancy and why a urine test during pregnancy can be bad


Urinalysis is prescribed for all women who are planning or already pregnant. Examination is needed to monitor pregnancy.

Results reveal or refute pathological processes in the body. After collecting the urine, the material is studied in the laboratory. Proteins, leukocytes, erythrocytes, cylinders are counted.

In addition, we must objectively pay attention to color, transparency and smell.

Key indicators of urine

There are norms of urine, which should be observed in pregnant women. These include:

  • Volume (160-170 ml.).
  • Transparency (transparent).
  • Color (light yellow).
  • Acid or alkaline medium (ph less than 7).
  • Glucose (absent).
  • Bilirubin (absent).
  • Protein (0.033 g / l).

If there are deviations in the results of the analysis, then a full examination is needed to identify the cause. Pathological manifestation is the presence in the urine of leukocytes, erythrocytes, proteins, glucose. Normally, they should not be.

Poor urinalysis during pregnancy

What threatens to a bad urine test? The results show that the woman is sick, or there are dysfunction processes in the body. Every day of pregnancy, the load on the woman's body increases. Organs and tissues have to function with a load. More affected organs of the genitourinary system. Poor urinalysis during pregnancy is usually observed in the second trimester.

During the first three months of pregnancy, a woman passes tests when she becomes registered. It is necessary to monitor the function of the urogenital system.

After the first results of urine, the patient will be tested every month, up to the beginning of the 2nd trimester. This is necessary, since the laying of all organs and systems of the fetus.

An unsatisfactory urine test may show that the mother has some diseases that may adversely affect the development of the child in the womb.

As soon as the second trimester begins, urine will have to be given to a pregnant woman every two weeks. Accounting is carried out to accurately determine what the composition of the urine.

After the end of the second trimester, urine is examined every 7 days. This is due to the fact that the weight of the mother is added, and the fetus increases in size. This account is also necessary for the dynamics of the state of the mother.

As soon as changes occur in the urine, this is a signal of the development of pathology in the pregnant woman's body. If time to identify abnormalities in the analysis and stop the disease, you can avoid failures in the development of the fetus.

That is why urine control is maintained.

Causes of deviations

Why is the analysis bad? To understand and help the patient, it is necessary to identify the causes of poor indicators of urine. Such diseases can be:

  • Large fruit.
  • Pregnancy is multiple.
  • Toxic damage to the body.
  • Nephropathy.
  • The processes of inflammation of any organ of the genitourinary system.

If you identify and begin treatment of the disease in a timely manner, you can achieve positive results.

Poor urine analysis during pregnancy causes


The world of amazing sensations and incredible joy opens up to a woman with the onset of a long-awaited pregnancy. In anticipation of the birth of a baby, she has to undergo many examinations before a beautiful and healthy baby is born.

How often to take tests

Is bad urine analysis during pregnancy always an indicator of pathological processes occurring in the body? The increasing load on all organs and systems with the onset of pregnancy makes the whole body work with double force. Especially it concerns the urinogenital sphere. The kidneys filter the blood for both the mother and the infant developing in utero.

In the first trimester, urine analysis is prescribed when the expectant mother is registered at the antenatal clinic so that she can assess the functioning of the kidneys and the excretory system. Then urine will need to be taken regularly once a month until the second trimester.

With the beginning of the second trimester, the urine is given every two to three weeks. This allows the doctor to track how bad the urine is during a second trimester pregnancy.

Clinical laboratory - the main tool in the diagnosis of diseases

In the future, a woman will donate urine every week, as the fetus mass increases and, accordingly, the load on the kidneys and other body systems of the future mother.

What to do if during the next visit to the doctor suddenly show up poor results of urine analysis? What could this threaten the future mother and baby?

Proteinuria

The main indicator of poor urine analysis during pregnancy is the presence of protein in urine - proteinuria.

The presence of protein can change the transparency

Normal protein should not be, but during pregnancy some amount is acceptable, up to about 0.033 g / l. This is due to increased stress on the kidneys, which work with a vengeance.

If the appearance of protein in the analysis exceeds the allowable rate at different periods of pregnancy, the doctor may suspect a number of diseases. First of all, you should be afraid of pre-eclampsia.

This is a condition characterized by a rise in blood pressure and the appearance of protein in the urine above the permissible norm.

This is a very serious pathology that can occur in the second trimester. In order to prevent the development of preeclampsia in time, in the second trimester, a woman starts testing every 2-3 weeks.

If you do not identify this pathology at the beginning of its development, it can lead to convulsions and hemorrhages in the brain against the background of high blood pressure.

Since the function of the placenta suffers, the child may die from hypoxia.

The next no less dangerous pathology is preeclampsia, in which not only unsplitted protein appears in the urine, but also geylin cylinders (kidney tubules, consisting of proteinaceous compounds). Normally, they are present in the amount of 1-2 in the field of view, with the development of preeclampsia, their number increases dramatically.

High blood pressure appears, the load on the kidneys increases, and swelling of the limbs occurs. If time does not begin treatment, it will lead to swelling of the brain and the death of the woman and child.

The appearance of protein in the urine of a pregnant woman above the permissible rate is a dangerous symptom.

Leukocyturia

The following equally important indicator of poor analysis is the presence of a large number of leukocytes. This indicator, as a rule, speaks of inflammation in the urogenital system.

Due to the fact that the pressure on the internal organs due to the growing fetus increases with each passing day, the normal flow of urine is often disturbed. When urine is poorly discharged, its stagnation forms, which, in turn, leads to the formation of various bacterial inflammations.

The appearance of leukocytes more than the existing norm (1-5 in the field of view) is a serious reason for the start of other examinations and the appointment of antimicrobial therapy.

For the growth of bacteria in a Petri dish use different nutrient media.

Bacteria that cause inflammation in the body of the future mother, are a threat to the developing children's organism. To determine the bacterial flora, it will be necessary to pass a urinalysis tank test, culture on nutrient media. Only in this case it will be possible to prescribe the correct treatment, based on the results of the analysis.

The appearance in the urine analysis of erythrocytes is one of the important symptoms of some diseases that are not excluded during pregnancy. Normal red blood cells in the urine should not be. If they appeared in the analysis of a pregnant woman, then you need to look for the reasons that led to this.

Inflammation that occurs in the urogenital system, as a rule, leads to hematuria, because on the inflamed mucosa there may be hemorrhages, whence red blood cells get into urine.

Exacerbation of urolithiasis also leads to hematuria, the passage of sand and stones can injure the mucous membrane. Red blood cells fall from the walls of the mucous membrane into the urine, sometimes changing its color.

Considering that pregnancy is a condition in which hormones are completely changed, small bleeding from the genital tract is possible, which enter the excreted fluid.

The color of collected urine changes according to the number of red blood cells.

Hematuria during pregnancy is a symptom of a number of diseases that must be carefully examined. Additionally, to determine the number of blood corpuscles in 1 ml of the test liquid, the collection of tests according to Nechyporenko is prescribed.

Glycosuria

A condition in which glucose is measured in a urine test. Normal glucose in the urine should not be, but under certain conditions, sometimes during pregnancy, sugar may appear in the analysis.

In order not to miss the occurrence of diabetes mellitus, it will be necessary to clarify the content of glucose in the urine, passing the general analysis repeatedly.

Если после нескольких проб повторяется содержание сахара в урине, то необходимо будет сдавать суточный анализ мочи на сахар .

Плохая моча при беременности на поздних сроках


О чем может свидетельствовать плохой анализ мочи при беременности?

A pregnant woman passes a urine test before a scheduled visit to the gynecologist. If problems arise when there are bad tests, then the direction of the pregnant woman to the urologist and the appointment of appropriate treatment is possible.

Urine tests provide information on whether there is protein and white blood cells, whether their permissible levels are exceeded, whether pathogenic microflora is present, and physicochemical indicators (color, transparency, salts) are evaluated.

Diuresis collection rules

In order for urine analysis to be adequate, urine should be properly collected.

Before taking tests, do not eat hot and salty foods that give color (beets, rhubarb, carrots, medicines, for example, after taking aspirin, it is possible to color the urine in pink, after metronidazole in red-brown). Increased protein content in the urine may occur after eating foods that irritate the urinary tract: kvass, tomatoes, etc.

Before collecting urine, you should wash the external genitals with warm water and soap, and rinse the dishes in which the urine will collect. Urine is collected after waking up in the morning.

And the urine is collected from the middle of the jet, since with the release of the first portion, along with the flow of urine, impurities in the urethra are carried away. Sometimes experts advise (with significant discharge) to cover the vagina with a cotton or sterile cloth.

Sterile dishes for collecting urine samples are sold in pharmacies.

If, despite the observance of all the rules, the analysis shows a bad result, then the reason may be the presence of an inflammatory process.

Bad urine during pregnancy constantly. What to do?

Hello girls! I have a term of almost 22 weeks, almost all the time I have leukocytes elevated, protein and a lot of bacteria in my urine (before collecting I wash and sterilize the jar).

Already twice she took antibiotics, lasts for two weeks, and then everything all over again, lay on conservation, tested for Necheporenko (at first, the figures were overestimated, everything was normal after treatment), she didn’t grow anything. Yesterday I passed the urine again bacteria. The doctor again said to drink antibiotics.

Maybe someone had a similar thing to do, how to fight, to cure and not repeat! I am very worried about the baby, so as not to harm him, and the placenta, because of such loads, begins to age prematurely. Thank you all in advance!

November 13, 2009 - 23:24

I do not know what to advise. and you with a tamponchik vagina you plug? maybe it's bacteria from there? Health to you! And do not worry, everything will be fine with the baby!

November 13, 2009 - 23:24

I also had during the first pregnancy. A very good aid was tea made from repyashka. (Now in pharmacies from the company Evalar sells) During pregnancy, you can drink it as tea. This herb helps from protein in the kidneys, a good antiseptic, helps the liver (as a filter). Try it, nothing helped me in my time either. Urotropin pricked +.

November 13, 2009 - 23:27

By the way, before this urotropin was allowed during pregnancy, it is an antimicrobial agent for the kidneys + diuretic

November 13, 2009 - 23:35

My mom had bad urine all the pregnancy. Born healthy, in time tt.
I do not know what to say on the situation, as you have with an increase? No swelling?

November 13, 2009 - 23:42

There is no edema, weight gain 1kg700gr. The loin begins to pull and the bladder, if left untreated, the urine gets worse and worse and sugar appears, nausea with vomiting and the uterus in a lump compresses.

Illness with poor analysis

For thorough research all the components of the biomaterial are studied. Of all the indicators, such deviations are most often observed:

  1. Proteinuria (reduction in protein).
  2. Hematuria (detection of red blood cells in the urine).
  3. Leukocyturia (leukocytes in the urine).
  4. The presence of mucus and salts.
  5. Glycosuria (pathological presence of glucose).
  6. Bilirubin in urine.

Of the poor indices of urine during pregnancy, an excessive amount of protein (proteinuria) is negative. Protein in normal urine should not be present. But, if a woman is pregnant, then there is some exception. It is permissible for a woman to have an amount of protein in urine no more than 0.03 grams per liter. If there is an increase in urine, the doctor may suggest the development of a pathological process or disease.

Danger to pregnant women - preeclampsia. There is a sharp jump in blood pressure, as well as an increase in the amount of protein in the urine.

Dangerous for pregnant - preeclampsia. In this disease, the patient has protein in the urine with the presence of cylinders of hyaline origin. What to do with the diagnosis of preeclampsia? It is necessary to urgently carry out drug therapy and stop this condition.

The negative element in the analysis is the presence of leukocytes (leukocyturia). It occurs due to stagnant urine, where bacteria gradually begin to multiply. Normally, a pregnant woman has a leukocyte count of no more than 2 units in sight.

Hematuria occurs when a patient has urine diagnosed with red blood cells. This means that the pregnant woman is sick. A healthy person does not have red blood cells in the urine. Frequent diseases in which red blood cells in the urine: urolithiasis, inflammation of the urinary tract, external and internal genital organs. To accurately determine the elements in the urine, you need an analysis according to Nechyporenko. If there is bilirubin in the urine, an urgent need to do a full examination for the presence of hepatitis.

In the presence of glucose in the urine of a pregnant woman, an examination of the fact of diabetes mellitus is required. Under any circumstances, glucose in the urine should not be. Urine must be collected several times to determine the presence of glucose.

When a woman is in position, the presence of salts in the urine is normal. This observation is inherent in some metabolic disorders. Diet leads to a decrease in salts in the urine. To do this, the doctor prescribes proper nutrition to the patient. If you don’t remember it in time, then later it leads to the formation of kidney stones.

As for mucus, it is found in the process of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the system. More mucus is detected due to improper intake of urine, or non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene.

The main method for monitoring a pregnant woman is urine analysis. The method is important for the doctor, because any pathology is immediately visible on the indicators of urine. If you timely and accurately pass urine for analysis, you can prevent various diseases and save the child's health.

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Causes of poor urinalysis

Before a specialist, after reviewing the results of your study, prescribe a treatment, it is necessary to find out the cause of deviations from the norm. It can be both the most banal and quite serious things:

  • non-compliance with the rules for collecting biomaterial. It is very important to exclude spicy and smoked foods from the diet before giving urine, not to eat coloring foods the day before. The use of certain medications, such as analgin, can give the urine an unnaturally pink color. For the study is suitable only the average portion of morning urine. She is going to after careful hygienic procedures of the genitals.

    the load on the kidneys in a pregnant woman increases, and the organ ceases to cope with its work properly. The appearance of protein in the urine the body signals the help. This is especially true in the second and third trimester.

Repeated research can confirm or exclude fears of the gynecologist leading pregnancy.

What analysis is considered bad

To talk about the poor result of the general analysis of urine, it is necessary to understand what indicators are considered the norm for a healthy woman.

If in decoding there are deviations from the norm, then the doctor can assume the presence of the following pathologies:

  • Rich yellow color - dehydration
  • Red color - damage to the kidneys and urinary tract
  • Kidney tuberculosis, kidney infarction
  • Greenish tinge - liver damage
  • Incorrect urine collection
  • Eating spicy and salty foods
  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Toxicosis and, as a result, dehydration
  • Exacerbation of chronic kidney disease
  • Nephropathy
  • Gestosis
  • Pyelonephritis
  • Cystitis
  • Inflammation in the kidneys, bladder or urinary tract
  • Consequences of an infectious disease
  • In the diet of the mother a lot of meat products
  • Endocrine diseases
  • Potassium deficiency

Abnormality in urine analysis and threat to the fetus

Identification in the urine of a woman who is expecting a baby, unnecessary unnecessary elements speaks not only about possible pathological processes in the mother's body, but also a threat to the life and health of the future crumbs. Than the bad result of the general urine analysis at pregnancy can threaten to the child, the extremely important to know. This will help to take action on time and avoid disastrous consequences.

  • Fetal hypoxia
  • Intrauterine infection
  • Miscarriage
  • Miscarriage subsequent pregnancy
  • Intrauterine growth retardation
  • Preterm labor
  • Intrauterine fetal death
  • The probability of diabetes in the future
  • Overweight
  • Thinning bone skeleton

Treatment according to the results of the analysis

Poor urine tests require immediate medical attention. The seeming simplicity of the research often leads to a scornful and frivolous attitude in obtaining results. It sometimes seems to a woman that she has not eaten or poorly washed her biomaterial collection container, therefore the result was bad. Well, if this is indeed the case. Unfortunately, more often it is becoming more serious, and one cannot do without the help of a specialist. It is not uncommon for a pregnant woman to urgently need to be hospitalized for indications diagnosed according to the results of a general urinalysis.

As a rule, treatment and prevention are reduced to the following points:

  1. Repeat analysis with compliance with all rules.
  2. Delivery of the advanced urine analysis according to Nechiporenko, which is able to reveal the exact number of leukocytes, erythrocytes and other elements in the urine of a pregnant woman.
  3. Surrender daily urine in Zimnitsky.
  4. Blood pressure monitoring. Remember that poor urine analysis + high blood pressure + severe edema = signs of preeclampsia.
  5. Limit fluid and salt intake to prevent swelling. The maximum allowable amount of liquid per day, taking into account soup and other liquid substances should not exceed 1.5 liters.
  6. Complete replacement of fried foods for stewed and boiled.
  7. Spend as much time as possible in the fresh air.
  8. The use of essential medicines. When prescribing antibiotics, what happens when an inflammatory process is detected, one should strictly follow the recommendations of the doctor, and not self-medicate.
  9. In difficult and neglected cases, hospitalization in a hospital is necessary, where the expectant mother will be constantly under the supervision of doctors.

Getting a bad result is a lot of stress for a pregnant woman. Begin tears and experiences. It is very important to calm down and trust your gynecologist. He will prompt the right decision and correct the problem as much as possible.

Possible abnormalities

According to the study of urine is determined by the deviation from the norms of such indicators:

  • The color of the liquid can vary from yellowish to amber. The change indicates such pathologies:
    • darkening: water imbalance, cirrhotic changes, suprahepatic jaundice,
    • red: eating red foods (for example, beets), inflammation of the kidneys, or the development of urolithiasis,
    • green: abnormal liver function
    • whitish: lymphostasis or excretion of salts.
  • Transparency should be absolute. Urin may become turbid due to the presence of mucus, pus, bacteria, salt deposits in it. In these cases, as well as an increase in protein and glucose, a thickening of urine may occur, increasing its density.
  • Volume should be up to 2 liters. Urinary excretion may decrease due to the presence of stones in the kidneys, bladder and ureters. Oligouria also occurs when blood pressure drops due to dehydration and blood loss.
  • Normal indicators of acidity are as close as possible to 7. With diabetes, a lack of potassium and the consumption of meat food, the indicator decreases, shifting to the acidic side. Vegetable food and puffiness leads to an increase in pH.
  • Protein is permissible in urine only in minimal quantities, not more than 0, 33 g / l. The increase indicates kidney disease or the prevalence of protein in the diet.
  • Ketone bodies can appear during toxicosis at the beginning of pregnancy. The development of diabetes leads to an increase in their number along with an increase in glucose.
  • Microscopy of erythrocytes should not exceed 5 pieces within sight. A larger number may indicate anemia, pyelonephritis, cystitis, urolithiasis.
  • The number of leukocytes should not exceed 5. An increase in their number indicates inflammation of the kidneys and the urogenital system: in the beginning, the index rises to 10-15, all increasing as pathology develops. A slight increase is observed due to violation of hygiene rules.
  • The presence of bacteria in urine is allowed. But pathogenic microorganisms can lead to cystitis, infection of the urinary system.
  • Salts in urine appear due to improper diet and violations of the drinking regime.

What are the bad analyzes?

Poor test results and the late detection of pathology can threaten such complications:

  • Pyelonephritis is an acute inflammation of the kidney, the development of which is indicated by an increase in leukocytes. It can lead to hypoxia or the appearance of an infection in a baby, in complicated cases - to premature birth or miscarriage.
  • Late nephropathy can cause miscarriage, delayed development, and placental impairment.
  • Gestosis as a complication of pregnancy with swelling, increased pressure and the release of protein with urine can cause a suspension of fetal development, premature birth.
  • With delayed treatment of preeclampsia, preeclampsia develops with impaired cerebral circulation, which increases the risk of death.
  • High levels of glucose in urine increase the likelihood of diabetes in a child, leading to an increase in fetal size.
  • Saline sediment in the urine has consequences in the form of a thinning of the skeleton in the baby in the future.

How to improve test performance?

Adhering to the treatment regimen and doctor's recommendations, you can avoid unpleasant consequences. In addition, to improve the results of the analysis, it is worthwhile to follow the observance of the rules for collecting urine:

  • choose a sterile jar for analysis,
  • on the eve of passing urine do not experiment with food, except for too sweet, salty, fried, smoked products, carbonated drinks,
  • the day before delivery drink more clean water to clear the kidneys,
  • in the morning to carry out hygiene procedures using ordinary soap,
  • to pass the general analysis on an empty stomach, immediately after awakening and hygiene,
  • when urinating, close the vagina with a swab to prevent discharge from it into the urine,
  • pull the first and last portion into the toilet, and collect the rest in a container,
  • Do not keep the urine more than 2 hours, it should be as soon as possible to deliver to the laboratory.

Compliance with the recommendations will eliminate the error in the results. But, despite everything, there is a high risk of getting poor performance in the 3rd trimester, when the child goes through the final stages of formation. Then the woman's body is especially weakened and it needs supportive therapy.

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