Man's health

Top 10 causes of pain in the kidney area


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Sudden pain in the lumbar region or pulling bothers many people. Without examination it is difficult to figure out if your back hurts or is it a sharp and severe pain in the kidney area. You must understand that back pain in the kidney area is not the main disease, but a manifestation of one of the symptoms accompanying the development of pathology. Pain in the kidney area is a characteristic symptom of many diseases. Understand without a doctor, why there are unpleasant signs, it will not work, you need to contact a specialist.

Primary and secondary causes

Pain never manifest itself. They are the result of disease processes. In order to carry out the correct diagnosis and prescription of treatment, it is necessary to understand the reasons that caused the discomfort. They are divided into two groups:

  1. primary, associated with lesions in the spinal column,
  2. secondary, with pathological changes in the internal organs.
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Any deviation from the norm that occurs in the elastic musculoskeletal tissue, can cause the development of a painful process in which back pain in the lumbar region. As a rule, the primary causes are much more common. The following types of intervertebral disc pathologies are distinguished:

  • violation of articular cartilage (changes in bone, cartilage tissue with intervertebral discs and vertebrae),
  • chronic pathology of intervertebral joints (joints responsible for spinal mobility are affected).
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Secondary causes include:

  • curved spine (scoliosis),
  • the occurrence of neoplasms in the vicinity of the vertebrae,
  • injuries
  • infectious diseases,
  • the result of a stroke
  • functional disorders of the digestive system,
  • deviations in the functionality of the pelvic organs.
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It hurts in the kidney area on the right

If there is pain on the right side in the back, to say unequivocally that the kidneys are disturbing is wrong, since such sensations can "talk" about various physiological pathologies. A painful sensation in the area of ​​the kidney on the right can speak about appendicitis, inflammation in the gall, intestinal diseases. Gynecological complications, pathologies of the urogenital nature are also able to provoke a painful attack in the lower back or pain in the right side when urinating.

In addition, pain may appear in the morning, to give in the right side with the following diseases:

  • kidney inflammation,
  • malignant tumor of the organ,
  • benign tumors
  • kidney stones.
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Sore back in the kidney on the left side

The kidneys are a paired organ located in the body both on the right and on the left. Therefore, if there is pain in the left side, you should not ignore it. Violation of the articular cartilage, pinching of the nerve, pathology of the internal organs with a mirrored arrangement is the first thing that needs to be paid attention to when conducting diagnostics. A stone in the kidney, pyelonephritis, a malignant tumor can also provoke a feeling of constriction in the left kidney, sometimes giving to both sides.

Symptoms of pathology

Lower back pain on the right or left, in the area of ​​the kidneys - a characteristic sign of the development of many diseases. It is important to pay attention to the additional manifestations that accompany pain in the lumbar region and kidneys:

  • weakness, weakness, lethargy,
  • increased blood pressure (pain in the head)
  • morning swelling, in the evening they go away (face, legs),
  • abnormal urination (signs of cystitis)
  • temperature increase (chills, weakness).

The strength of the symptoms does not change from a change in body position. Self-healing is prohibited. When the symptoms described above, you should immediately seek medical help.

With kidney disease, the color of urine changes.

When kidney disease is characterized by deterioration of urine. It acquires a rich dark color or completely loses it (colorless). Foreign matter may be present in the urine: blood, sediment, flakes. It is important to pay attention to the location of the pain. When kidney disease often hurts in the lumbar region, kidney hurts. There is pain after urination, which can be given in the groin, in the ureter, the inner surface of the thigh.

Manifestations of pain

Pain in the side, caused by renal complications, is diverse and depends on the cause that provoked its development. Most often it is unilateral, disturbs from the right kidney and the left. Pain sensations are temporary, and may be permanent, accompanying the disease until full recovery. It is important to understand the nature of the pain in order to convey information to the knowledge of a specialist, which will help to correctly diagnose the disease.

It's a dull pain

For tuberculosis, kidney prolapse, its chronic inflammation, pathologies of the renal pelvis, there is an aching pain. In addition, aching pain may occur during pregnancy. The pain is not constant and its position is affected by its strength. It aches in the area of ​​the kidneys during movement, shaking, as well as taking a horizontal position. It is this manifestation of pain in the kidney area that differs from the pathologies of the spine. Pain syndrome is accompanied by general weakness, an increase in toilet visits and body temperature above normal.

Nagging pain

For injuries and muscle damage, there is a nagging pain in the kidneys and lower back. After injuries, pain may appear even if the body is at rest (this is an important signal) and if the injury is not serious, they will soon pass. The main thing at this moment is to lie down and apply a warm compress to the disturbing area. But if the damage is serious enough, the back pain is constant and does not go away, but only increases, it is impossible to suffer it, it is very dangerous. Therefore, it is urgently necessary to contact the hospital.

Often accompanied by pulling pain, kidney disease, much less pulling with appendicitis or hernia.

Sharp pain

Sharp pain in the kidneys - the most serious type of pain. The basis for the occurrence of acute pain from the kidneys can be renal pathology, the presence of tumors, ectopic pregnancy. Sharp pain in the kidney area can not be adjusted with painkillers, as the actual picture of the course of the disease will be smeared. In the most difficult situations, it is allowed to take antispasmodics (“No-shpa”). Accompanying the sharp pain in the kidney temperature, nausea, vomiting, weakness.

Strong pain

Severe back pain in the kidney area suddenly appears. Paroxysmal flow, give down the abdomen, affecting the ureter and genitals. As a rule, it hurts in the side when urinating. Strong feelings that grow, then subside. Such a manifestation of pain, as a rule, accompanies renal pathology. Such a strong manifestation is associated with a violation of urine diversion due to the inflammatory process of the organ.

Acute pain

Acute, severe spasms of the kidneys, as a rule, are characteristic of renal colic. Unpleasant sensations first occur in the side, gradually moving to lower back pain, giving in to the pelvis. If the lower abdomen hurts when urinating, it means that the stones went into the bladder. Sudden onset and cramping attacks are characteristic of renal colic. Changing the position of the body does not alleviate the power of pain. The attack can go as fast as it started. But there are cases when the thrills are replaced by muffled, and then it is important to consult a specialist in time.

Blunt pain

The development of dull painful feelings indicates the likelihood of the development of pathologies of internal organs, sometimes as a result of injuries. Dull pain may occur when urinating in women, which indicates diseases of the pelvic organs. Another reason for its manifestation may be a kidney prolapse. Then the unpleasant sensations accompany a person while walking, when coughing, during exercise. If you lie on one side, they go away, and if you lie on the stomach - they increase.


The pulsating nature of the pain is accompanied by chronic inflammation of the kidneys. Chronic disease is a consequence of the acute form, it can be almost asymptomatic. The first sign of a chronic form is throbbing pain in the side. Their further distribution depends on which organ is affected: right or left kidney. If both organs are sick, the pulsating pains go to the whole area of ​​the back.


If the back hurts in the area of ​​the kidneys, and the causes are unknown, the person must first pay attention to the temperature indicator (presence of the inflammatory process), additional symptoms (nausea, vomiting, from which side the kidneys hurt) and immediately contact a specialist.

The doctor first of all interrogates the patient and examines for the presence of edema. Differentiate the presence of renal problems from the dorsal can be knocking back in the lumbar region. Renal pathology is accompanied by a dull pain when tapping. To confirm or refute the presumptive diagnosis, laboratory diagnosis is carried out:

  • urinalysis (determined by the presence of salts, density),
  • complete blood count (there are changes in the kidney pathologies in the blood),
  • blood chemistry,
  • radiography of the lumbar spine (will show the presence of vertebral changes)
  • Ultrasound (shows the size of the kidney, the presence of stones in it).
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Diet and Diet

The first thing you need to pay attention, this diet. Uncontrolled intake of fluid and salt - the first enemies with functional abnormalities in the kidneys. Failure to comply with this rule leads to constant swelling and increased blood pressure. Depending on the degree of complexity of the disease, a restriction on salt intake is introduced. The rate is 3 to 7 grams per day.

Having the above health problems, it is necessary to control the use of potassium and phosphorus. All dried fruits, fresh fruits (except apples and pears), roasted vegetables, and lactic acid products should be limited in use, since they contain a large number of trace elements. The diet plan must be approved with a doctor. Only he can individually identify products that are unsuitable for consumption and necessary for a diet.


What medications will be used depends on the form of the disease. In the presence of the inflammatory process, anti-inflammatory drugs are necessarily prescribed. When urolithiasis need medication to relieve pain. The use of classic pain medication ("Analgin", "Ibuprofen") does not bring the desired result, so doctors use more powerful drugs. Treatment with drugs can not do without anabolic steroids ("Nerobol", "Retabolil", "Lespenefril").


The use of folk recipes in the treatment of renal pathologies can achieve an effective result, but this will take a longer period of time. To use any herb, berries need the approval of a specialist. The most effective recipes are:

  • Corn silk. Excellent job with edema. Using them, it is very important to adhere to dietary nutrition. At 1 tbsp. l You will need 200 ml of hot water and boil for 20 minutes. Then insist about 30 minutes. A decoction of 2 tbsp. l every 3 hours.
  • Bearberry The herb copes with the inflammatory process and removes fluid from the body. At 1 tbsp. l plants need 200 ml of boiling water, infused for a couple of about 30 minutes. Then filtered and taken 3 times a day for a quarter cup.
  • Blue Cornflower It has a strong diuretic effect. To prepare the infusion will need 1 tbsp. l plants 400 ml of boiling water. Take 3 times a day for 2 tbsp. l
  • Radish Radish juice effectively reduces inflammation, has a diuretic effect. On the day you will need about 100-150 ml. To improve the taste in the juice, you can add honey.
  • Horsetail. Suitable for those diseases when heat therapy is allowed. Infusion of herbs is added when taking thermal baths (foot, sedentary, full).
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What to do for prevention?

As a rule, pain in the lumbar region becomes the main indicator for kidney problems. Anyone who has experienced it at least once will not want to re-experience such sensations. To prevent an unpleasant situation, you must follow simple recommendations:

  • do not abuse drugs
  • hypothermia must be avoided
  • timely treatment of diseases
  • physical exercise is required,
  • personal hygiene,
  • reducing salt intake.

Only constant caution in relation to your body will allow you to avoid diseases. Self-medication never gives good results, so systematic examinations once every 6 months will allow you to monitor your health and prevent the problem at an early stage. And be sure to get rid of all bad habits.

Do they exactly hurt

The kidneys are localized on both sides of the spine, at the level of the lower thoracic - upper lumbar vertebrae, part of them covered by a costal arch. Behind them are the muscles that hold the spine in balance, which can strain and hurt with scoliosis, intervertebral hernia, osteochondrosis. In front are the stomach, pancreas, intestines, the pain from which can give to the lower back. The lungs are located above the left kidney, and the liver with the gall bladder is to the right, with their diseases, discomfort in the lumbar region can also be felt.

Before analyzing why a person’s kidneys hurt, it’s necessary to determine that the pain syndrome is caused by renal pathology. This can be described as:

  1. back pain - in the place where the costal arch is attached to the spine (not the loin on the other side of the navel),
  2. can give to the area to the right or left of the navel,
  3. if you stand on your feet, rise on your toes, and then abruptly fall on your heels, the back pain is getting worse.

In addition, it is about kidney disease say these symptoms:

  • pain when urinating,
  • unpleasant smell of urine,
  • lumbar all the time freezing,
  • eyelid swelling,
  • frequent or rare urges in a small way,
  • fatigue, tiredness, lack of appetite,
  • ammonia smell from the mouth,
  • discoloration of urine
  • small red "pimples" on dry skin,
  • back pain when lifting weights,
  • dry skin
  • "Powder" of white crystals on dry skin,
  • high blood pressure
  • reduced visual acuity.


This disease is when the kidney tissue suffers from the attack of its own immune cells, which, starting to fight the infection, take the kidney cells for microbial. Pathology develops most often after streptococcal disease (eg, tonsillitis).

  • lower back pain
  • visible "eye" blood in the urine,
  • pressure increase
  • swelling of the eyelids, legs.

Kidney disease

It refers to the common causes of kidney pain. At the same time, the pain syndrome is very intense, it develops after a shaky ride, playing sports - then the stone begins to move along the ureter, touching its nerve endings.

In this disease, the pain in the lumbar region is very strong, it does not allow to find the position of the body in order to relieve it, accompanied by urge to urinate. The volume of urine is very small, often with mixed blood.


Acute pyelonephritis, in addition to back pain, will manifest as fever, weakness, nausea. Usually its manifestations are so strong that a person immediately turns for help.

A warning! More often, pain in the lower back as an isolated symptom is complained of with chronic pyelonephritis, which is also manifested by the fact that the back in the kidney area begins to freeze, appetite worsens, the amount of urine can change, and pressure increases.

Renal artery thrombosis

With this disease are noted:

  • the pain is sharp, severe
  • felt in the kidney on the left or right, in the side, in the stomach,
  • nausea,
  • a sharp increase in blood pressure
  • constipation,
  • moderate urination.

With this pathology, urgent hospitalization is needed.

Cyst or benign kidney tumor

Lower back pain will be noted when the tumor grows to such size that it will put pressure on the capsule. The amount of urine excreted may also decrease.

This disease is only at a late stage - when there is either damage to the structures of the kidney, or the germination of a tumor in the capsule - this can also be the reason why the kidneys hurt. Other symptoms are:

  • weight loss in the presence of swelling on the face and limbs,
  • decrease in the amount of urine
  • anemia,
  • high blood pressure.

Polycystic kidney disease

In this case, the symptoms of renal failure will come to the fore: a decrease in urine output, high blood pressure, edema, and dry skin. Pain syndrome is localized in the abdomen, usually on both sides of the navel. In detail about the manifestations and treatment of this disease, we described in the article: How is polycystic kidney disease treated?


This is the name of the condition in which the renal pelvis expands under the influence of urine accumulating in it. It can be caused by urolithiasis, tumors, squeezing ureters, abnormal development of the latter.

Manifestation of hydronephrosis in the form of pain, which can be localized in the lower back, but can also be felt in the abdomen. There may be other symptoms: decrease in urine volume, nausea, fatigue.

Kidney prolapse

Nephroptosis does not manifest itself for a long time, but in the final stages of the disease there is pain in the kidney, aggravated in an upright position and reaching its peak in the evening. Over time, it becomes unbearable, leading to personality disorders. The person loses weight, almost ceases to feel hunger, nausea and heartburn are periodically noted.

A warning! The risk of kidney proliferation increases with a sharp weight loss, intense physical exertion, injuries of the lumbar region.

Alcohol-related pain syndrome

Consider why kidney aches after beer:

  1. this drink “pulls” water from the tissues, which leads to an increased load on the kidneys: first, you need to withdraw an increased amount of urine, and then another - the liquid that a person took because of the thirst caused by beer,
  2. after a while the blood becomes thicker (the main part of the fluid is already out), and it is more difficult for the kidneys to filter it,
  3. As a result of this “dehydration assault,” tissues lose the necessary electrolytes (potassium, calcium, phosphorus) and proteins, which gradually precipitate in the kidneys and form stones.

If the kidneys are sore after alcohol, it means that ethyl alcohol, the main component of alcohol, has impaired their ability to concentrate and filter blood plasma, forming urine. This happens either after taking a large amount of strong drinks, or if a person takes them systematically. Increased risk of pain in people suffering from or chronic pyelonephritis, or renal stone disease, or those whose kidneys and ureters have anomalies of structure.

Morning pain

But to understand why kidneys hurt in the mornings, should be a urologist or nephrologist, as this is a dangerous symptom. He says that the urine accumulated during the night in the kidney, puts pressure on its walls.

A warning! This pain can only be caused if there is damage to the structure of the kidney, which happens with glomerulonephritis, hydronephrosis, pyelonephritis and other diseases.

Sore kidney to the left

The reasons why the left kidney hurts are:

  • kidney disease
  • hydronephrosis,
  • omission of an organ
  • pyelonephritis,
  • kidney tumors
  • abscess.

In the left lumbar region, pain may be experienced in inflammation of the pancreas, which requires a diagnosis.

Lower back pain on the right

The reasons why the right kidney hurts may be slightly more than for the left organ, which is due to its lower localization (because of the liver, the right kidney is at? -1 vertebra lower than the left one). It:

  • post-traumatic pain,
  • calculus in the renal pelvis,
  • pyelonephritis,
  • benign neoplasms
  • cancer tumor.

The pain in cholecystitis, osteochondrosis, appendicitis also gives in the right lumbar region, mimicking renal pathology.

What to do with kidney pain

If, in addition to pain, there are:

  1. temperature rise,
  2. weight loss
  3. decreased appetite
  4. weakness,
  5. high pressure,
  6. swelling,

It is necessary to consult a doctor urgently, since delay can destroy the kidney.

If the pain is nagging, it doesn’t bother you since the morning or every day, sign up with a nephrologist, and before that, in order not to waste time, pass a general urinalysis and undergo an ultrasound of the urinary system.

Contact a specialist

Did you know that in cases of back pain even the doctors sometimes do not immediately make an accurate diagnosis? In order to identify the disease, tests, X-rays and ultrasound are necessary. Therefore, if you feel unpleasant symptoms, pass a comprehensive examination. After all, in order to neutralize the "enemy", you need to know his face. If the diagnosis has already been made, doctors recommend regular (semi-annually) supportive therapy. After all, diseases such as arthritis or osteochondrosis are not completely cured. If the diagnosis has already been made, the patient can understand for himself whether the kidneys or the back hurt. How to define it, we will tell further.

Why does the back in the kidney area hurt?

Causes of back pain in the kidney area are associated with the appearance of disease. It is necessary to identify them in each specific case in order not to run the state up to the critical point.

Severe discomfort in the lower back prevents a person from moving freely. This state appears after hypothermia, being in a draft, as a result of hard work. Spasm of the inflamed muscles causes pain. Diseases of the spine of a chronic nature in the period of exacerbation are manifested by pain. These include:

  • dystrophic changes of the ridge,
  • squeezing intervertebral discs,
  • hernia formation
  • lower back curvature (hyperlordosis)
  • spondylosis
  • arthrosis,
  • violation of the integrity of the vertebrae,
  • neoplasms in the lumbar spine.

In diseases of the kidneys, the back can hurt, as there are:

  • bacterial inflammations (pyelonephritis), glomerular nephritis (glomerulonephritis),
  • stone formation
  • paroxysmal piercing sensations in the kidneys (colic),
  • blockage of the urinary tract.

Soreness in the lower back manifests diseases of other organs:

  • gallstones,
  • exacerbation of pancreatitis,
  • ulcers of the digestive tract,
  • aortic enlargement (aneurysm).
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Symptoms and types of pain

There are additional signs by which you can distinguish kidney ailments and discomfort in the back.

Symptoms indicate back disease:

  1. The pain is felt in the middle of the back, sometimes gives to the legs, groin, thigh from the inside.
  2. The patient may not feel or feel tingling in the limbs.
  3. In diseases of the spine, the body temperature does not rise.
  4. Body movements increase pain.
  5. The use of special corsets makes it easier.

Symptoms of back pain in the kidney area with a disease of this organ manifest as follows:

  1. Urine excretion is complicated by pain, rezya.
  2. Urine changes color from dark to colorless.
  3. Allocated cloudy due to traces of blood, sediment.
  4. The pain is usually one-sided.
  5. In the morning, the legs and face swell, and they return to normal during the day.
  6. Laboratory studies show inflammation, protein, increased white blood cells, red blood cells, ESR.
  7. Temperature rises, pressure.
  8. The patient feels weakness, fatigue, weakness.

The patient experiences characteristic pain. This is important in the formulation of the diagnosis.

Pulling back pain in the kidney area appears after a traumatic situation (sharp lifting of a heavy object, injury). Muscle tension causes such discomfort. If you lie down, the condition gradually improves. A warming pack helps make a difference. A serious injury can damage and sever the kidney. It is impossible to get rid of the increasing pain at home, so you need the help of a doctor.

Appears in pregnant women as a result of increased fluid intake. The development of urological and nephrological diseases are accompanied by this type of pain:

  • inflammation in the kidneys (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis),
  • kidney tuberculosis,
  • benign or malignant lesions,
  • polycystic.

The pain is aggravated by sudden movements. The condition worsens, the temperature rises.

Of all the types of pain, this ailment is the most dangerous, and can be:

  • pathology of pregnancy
  • an attack of appendicitis,
  • exacerbation of the pancreas,
  • renal diseases.

In addition to the sharp pain, the patient feels nauseous, emetic urges. It shakes with a subsequent increase in temperature.

Severe pain in the kidney area from the side of the back appear unexpectedly, and act like a paroxysmal. The patient feels discomfort at the bottom of the body, called colic. The patient appears vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, frequency of urination increases.

Back pain in the right kidney area

Back pain in the area of ​​the right kidney causes:

  • appendicitis,
  • inflammation of the gallbladder,
  • intestinal pathology.

If the right side of the back hurts in the area of ​​the kidneys, gynecological pathologies are not excluded.

The following diseases also cause discomfort on the right side:

  • renal colic,
  • cancers in the kidney,
  • inflammatory changes in the right kidney,
  • movement of stones in the right organ
  • neoplasms of benign nature.

With these pathologies, patients have back pains in the kidney area in the morning, frequency of urination increases, urine color changes, impurities and blood appear in the composition.

Back pain in the left kidney area

The buds consist of two equal parts. Therefore, back pain in the left kidney area may indicate the above renal diseases. To these are added:

  1. Bumps and bruises of the kidneys. Minor injuries and pain in the left kidney from the back pass on their own, severe injuries cause unbearable pains.
  2. The organ stops working at full strength (renal failure), intoxication of the body occurs, which is manifested by pain below the belt, edema, loss of strength.
  3. Omission of the kidney. Soreness at the end of the day.

When the left side of the back hurts in the kidney area, there are problems inside the body:

  • pathology of the heart and blood vessels (pericarditis, angina, changes in the aorta),
  • difficulty breathing
  • changes in the digestive tract and urogenital area.
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It hurts in the kidney area when you lie on your back

If it hurts in the kidney area when a person is lying on his back, then the nature of the painful sensations must be determined:

  1. A nauseous indisposition indicates urinary retention, it may be overstressed muscles.
  2. Acute discomfort manifests rheumatism or arthrosis.
  3. Shooting pain and fever speaks of cancer of the internal organs.
  4. A cramping malaise happens in pregnant women.
  5. Pain, giving to the upper thigh, legs, are with rheumatism.
  6. Lumbar pains are due to an uncomfortable posture in a dream, a wrong bed.
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What to do?

What to do when the kidneys and back hurt?

For any kidney disease, the doctor recommends a diet food, which provides for:

  • Do not eat salted (no more than 7 g of salt per day),
  • control over the drinking regime (after salty food you always want to drink a lot, and this leads to the formation of edema),
  • remove from the diet dishes made from products with K (potassium) and P (phosphorus) - dried fruits, dairy products, legumes, potatoes, salmon,
  • only apples and pears are allowed.

When acute pain occurs, patients mistakenly begin to take painkillers, and this blurs the picture. Only cleaning spasms are allowed (Baralgin, No-shpa).

In the further treatment, the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory drugs, painkillers, as well as anabolic steroids that improve the formation of protein (Retabolil, Methandrostenolone, Lespenephril).

If pathological processes in the lumbar spine become the cause of acute pain, then it is arrested:

  • painkillers or injections with anti-inflammatory properties (Diclofenac, Nurofen, Ibuprofen),
  • means of the combined composition (Neyrobion, Milgamma, Trigamma),
  • ointments, gels with irritating properties (Fanigan, Finalgon, Diclofenac),
  • chondroprotectors (Hondroksid, Hondro Sila, Dolobene).

After removing the patient from an acute condition, physiotherapy and physical therapy are applied.


The disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Observance of simple rules will allow to avoid serious diseases and their complications:

  • timely pass a routine examination by a doctor,
  • treat identified diseases
  • not to use drugs without appointment,
  • stick to proper nutrition
  • apply physical activity
  • Do not freeze, avoid drafts,
  • Do not abuse drinking and cigarettes.
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Pain in the lower back talk about many diseases. Similar signs interfere with making the right conclusion, so you need to consult a doctor. Self-treatment may not have the desired result, and in the worst case, bring harm to health.

Causes of pain

The area of ​​the kidneys is called the lumbar region, which is projected by the organs and the renal pelvis. The kidneys are at the level of the lower thoracic vertebra and 1-2 lumbar. The right anatomically located slightly lower than the left, due to the liver, which displaces the body below. Organs are involved in filtering the blood. With the help of a large network of convoluted tubules inside, it releases the elements and fluid that are unnecessary for the body into the ureters, which in turn flow into the bladder. It leaves all the necessary elements in the blood through fluid reabsorption.

In addition, the tubules are involved in the regulation of pressure in the arteries and veins. They are responsible for the amount of secreted elements using the hormones of the hypothalamus. As a rule, diseases, nephritis and nephrosis, are accompanied by the development of hypertensive or hypotonic disease, which depends on the nature of the disease.

For back pain in the kidney area, the following diseases are distinguished by doctors as the causes:

  • Nephritis and pyelonephritis,
  • Kidney prolapse
  • Urolithiasis disease,
  • Spinal diseases - intervertebral hernia, osteochondrosis.

Jade and pyelonephritis

Nephritis is an inflammatory disease of the kidney, pyelonephritis - inflammation of the pelvis. There are infectious and non-infectious nephritis. The first occurs because of the development of an infection - as a rule, it enters the kidney through the urinary tract, and the second due to frostbite or poor nutrition.

Sexually transmitted diseases occupy a separate area of ​​medicine - venereology. Defeat in this way can be caused by gonorrhea, syphilis, in extremely rare cases - progressive candidiasis, with a low immune response of the body. Such cases are quite rare and occur due to the lack of therapy in the early stages of the disease.

Non-infectious is a consequence of the manifestation of colds. The organ is not surrounded by the peritoneum, like other organs in the body. Protects its fatty tissue of the pelvis. There is always a lot of liquid in it, which is quickly supercooled. Hypothermia causes the death of cells that begin to be destroyed by lymphocytes. It causes inflammation.

Nephritis and pyelonephritis often occurs in wintertime with insufficient warming of the kidney, both with adipose tissue and human clothing. Adipose tissue can significantly decrease in the absence of the necessary amount of fat in the human body, exposing the kidney. The disease is extremely painful, there are problems with urination.

Urolithiasis disease

Stones are formed due to malnutrition and non-pathological abnormalities in the kidney. Stones are usually composed of calcium and are formed due to its increased excretion in the primary urine. Calcium is heavier than the other elements, is more slowly excreted from the urinary ducts - this leads to the formation of stones.

In the early stages, stones are more like grit and cause discomfort and pain as they pass through the urethra. As the disease progresses, stones increase, causing more and more pain in the kidneys and ureters. They are often caused by high levels of calcium in the blood due to malnutrition or the functioning of the thyroid and parathyroid glands.

Spinal disorders

Due to the proximity to the spine, the pain from osteochondrosis or hernia can often irradiate to the kidney area. Symptoms other than back pain and in the back in the kidney area are a feeling of stiffness of the spine, increased pain after activity or weight lifting.

In this case, the main thing is to correctly separate the symptoms, for example, urolithiasis from the symptoms of osteochondrosis. It is advisable to start to go to the therapist, who will give direction to the right doctor and prescribe the first tests that will help determine the cause.

Other types of kidney pain

Unpleasant sensations that are not associated with the spine, are different:

  • Pain. It is not associated with the movement of the spine.
  • Lack of stiffness and local symptoms.

Kidney pain occurs:

  • Due to ulcerative colitis.
  • Due to peptic ulcers.
  • Due to stomach swelling.
  • Due to endometriosis.
  • Due to chronic prostatitis.
  • Because of fibroids.
  • Due to aortic aneurysm.
  • Due to kidney disease.
  • Because of a tumor in the colon.

To start a timely treatment, you must first find out the cause. All diseases of internal organs are dangerous. If they are not treated promptly, serious consequences may arise in the future.

You need to consult a urologist, a gastroenterologist, a surgeon, a general practitioner, a nephrologist, a traumatologist, an infectious diseases specialist, a gynecologist.

Kidney disease and back pain

When you have been worried lately by unbearable back pain, most likely you have serious problems with urinary organs. Perhaps pyelonephritis, nephropathy, glomerulonephritis, kidney disease.

The kidneys are the main filter in the body, they cleanse the blood of toxic substances. You can suspect kidney disease if:

  • Reduced daily urine.
  • Sacks appear under the eyes.
  • Swollen shins.
  • Vision is impaired.
  • There is nausea, ends with vomiting.
  • There is shortness of breath.
  • Concerned about frequent night urination.
  • The color, smell of urine changes.
  • Blood and mucus are found in the urine.

When the pain disappears when changing the position of the body, kidney ptosis can be suspected. The aching pain, which is localized in the entire lower back, speaks of hydronephrosis. The aching pain in the groin speaks of pyelonephritis. It provokes the inflammatory process.

Severe pain causes renal tuberculosis. It occurs when mycobacteria are in the body. When a person has a weakened immune system, the bacteria infects the kidneys, followed by severe inflammation. When the disease may be a high temperature. Tuberculosis is accompanied by the appearance of blood in the urine, frequent urination.

Stone-stone disease leads to severe pain in the lower back. Periodic or permanent painful sensations. The disease is exacerbated by physical exertion. The pain gives in the lumbar region, groin, pubis. It is dangerous when a stone causes an injury to the urinary tract, blood appears in the urine. Also, the temperature may rise, the person weakens, he is very sick. Renal colic is triggered by intoxication of the body, constant driving, carrying weights.

Treatment of pain in the kidney area

It is best to first consult with your doctor, only then begin treatment. If you are worried about unbearable pain, take an Aspirin, Acetamophen, Naproxin or Ibuprofen tablet. Remember, painkillers do not eliminate the main cause of pain, they only alleviate the symptoms. You should not get involved in them, they can be addictive and will become ineffective in the future.

If the pain is associated with the back, you need to pay attention to muscle relaxants. Drinking them is best before bedtime. With spinal pains, it is advised to perform daily gymnastics, note that it is contraindicated for unpleasant sensations associated with internal organs.

An important role is played by physiotherapeutic procedures. Often, manipulation, acupuncture, is assigned, in which thin needles are thrust into specific points of the body. The treatments are suitable for those with pain caused by changes in the spine. In other cases, they cannot be used. If back pain is chronic, you can improve the condition with the help of massage, yoga complex.

For secondary causes of pain, the course of therapy will depend on the specific diagnosis. After recovery, you can also take a course of massage and play sports. So you can strengthen your body.

in the area of ​​the kidneys indicate any disease of the back

Pain that affects the hypochondrium in the zone of localization of the kidneys, may indicate a variety of diseases. Discomfort never arises on its own - it is a reflection of the pathological process in the human body. In this case, it is very important to understand the causes of pain and distinguish abnormalities in the work of the kidneys from back problems.

Causes of pain

Backache in the kidney area for various reasons. All factors are conventionally divided into two categories:

  1. Primary - due to the appearance of problems in the spine.
  2. Secondary - associated with diseases of internal organs.

Primary factors usually include the following violations:

  • neurological symptoms of osteochondrosis,
  • protrusion,
  • intervertebral hernia,
  • spondyloarthrosis of the vertebral joints,
  • vertebral fractures,
  • rachiocampsis.

The secondary factors that cause back pain in the kidney area include the following:

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  • general deterioration of health - weakness, drowsiness, fatigue,
  • increase in blood pressure and headaches,
  • the appearance of swelling on the legs and face - usually swelling is most noticeable in the morning, whereas by evening they are smoothed out,
  • nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite,
  • increased temperature, increased sweating, chills,
  • increased urination - may be accompanied by the appearance of pain,
  • high intensity of pain that does not depend on the position of the body.

In addition, there are changes in the nature of urine. It can acquire a saturated color or, on the contrary, become colorless. The composition often contains bloody or mucous impurities, as well as sediment.
Equally important is the localization of pain. In cases of kidney problems, discomfort is usually felt on one side, on the left or on the right. Kidney pain is localized under the ribs and can be given to such areas:

  • side of the abdomen and groin area,
  • external genitals,
  • ureter,
  • inner thigh.

To distinguish kidney disease from a lesion of the back, the doctor uses this technique: he beats his back on the back of the hand with a side of the hand. If a person has kidney damage, he has a dull pain inside.

The following diagnostic tests allow for accurate diagnosis:

  1. Radiography of the lumbar spine. If the patient has radiculitis or osteochondrosis, he can see characteristic changes - hernias, osteophytes, etc.
  2. General blood analysis. In diseases of the spine, as a rule, there are no changes, whereas the pathologies of the kidneys are accompanied by increased ESR, anemia, and leukocytosis.
  3. General urine analysis. With an increase or decrease in the density of urine, an increase in the level of salts, hematuria, bacteriuria, or leukocyturia, one can speak of pathologies of the kidneys.
  4. Ultrasound of the kidneys and abdominal cavity. With the defeat of the kidneys increases their volume and increases the content of stones.

If the cause of pain lies in kidney disease, special attention should be paid to healthy eating. To do this, you need to abandon a large amount of salt and minimize the amount of liquid. You also need to limit the intake of foods that contain a lot of phosphorus and potassium.
Medicines should be selected by a doctor. If the cause of pain lies in inflammation, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. If stones are detected, the use of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs is indicated. Also, kidney treatment is carried out using anabolic steroids - retabolil, nerobol.
If the pain syndrome is caused by spinal problems, the treatment is based on the use of ointments. The doctor may prescribe such drugs:

  • anti-inflammatory analgesics - nurofen, diclofenac,
  • combined means
  • irritating drugs
  • chondroprotectors.

Also effective methods of treating such disorders are warming, massage, physiotherapy procedures. In case of severe pain syndrome, injections are prescribed, by means of which the medicinal substance is injected directly into the affected area.
Pain in the kidney area may indicate a variety of disorders. To find the most effective therapy, you must make an accurate diagnosis. Therefore, any discomfort in the back should be the reason for the visit to the doctor.

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Two conditional groups

Causes of pain in the lumbar region can be classified into two conditional groups: those associated with dysfunction of the spine and with the pathology of internal organs. The first group includes osteochondrosis with neurological manifestations, protrusion of intervertebral discs, spondylarthrosis, intervertebral hernia, fractures and curvature of the vertebrae. The second group includes inflammatory diseases of the spine, the formation of tumors in this area, rheumatoid arthritis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, small pelvis, and kidneys. All these diseases are of a different nature, so the treatment is indicated depending on the exact diagnosis.

Symptoms of inflammatory processes

If the pain suddenly occurred, and before going to the doctor you need instant relief of symptoms, experts give simple recommendations. How to determine whether the kidneys hurt or back? Most often, sharp, stabbing and acute pain indicates rheumatoid arthritis. Inflammatory processes in the kidneys appear differently. Carefully observe your condition during the day. So, pyelonephritis may not be accompanied by a sharp pain in the lumbar region and have hidden symptoms (worsening of health, urination disorder, the appearance of heaviness in the kidney area).

In acute inflammation, an increase in body temperature is often noted. This is accompanied by swelling on the face, legs and arms, as well as an increase in blood pressure. If you do not know how to distinguish back pain from pain in the kidneys, then watch the sensations in a state of calm. With inflammation, heaviness in the loins does not disappear anywhere even in the prone position or in a dream. If you wake up in the middle of the night and experience all the same unpleasant symptoms, do not hesitate to visit the doctor until the disease has passed into the chronic stage. Do not assign yourself diuretics. Typically, these tools are effective only in complex therapy.

Kidney disease: who is at risk

Today we are talking about how to determine if your kidneys are hurt or your back is hurting. As you know, on level ground inflammatory processes in the body do not occur. This condition must be preceded by certain prerequisites. For example, diabetics are primarily classified as at-risk for people with “problem” kidneys. In diabetes of the second type, the kidneys take the brunt. Therefore, persons suffering from this disease, it is necessary every three months to take a urine and blood test.

In the event of a suspected inflammation, the therapist refers the patient for a more detailed examination to the nephrologist. In the presence of a diagnosis of diabetes, patients need to monitor the state of swelling of the legs and arms, as well as monitor blood pressure. It must be remembered that the defeat of the kidneys in diabetes mellitus can develop into renal failure. Also, persons with unhealed caries, tonsillitis and those who have a cold cold are susceptible to inflammatory processes in the body. In other cases, the kidneys suffer from injury, compression or hypothermia.

Difference of symptoms

If you do not know what hurts you, the loins or kidneys, how to determine the cause without visiting the doctor? To do this, you need to be aware of where the internal organ is located, as well as know about the differences in the pathogenesis of inflammation and lumbar osteochondrosis. If we compare the main symptoms of ailments, we can distinguish clear differences. As we have said, the pain in the kidneys manifests itself at rest, and especially at night. While osteochondrosis makes itself felt during or after exercise. Thus, you can pre-diagnose yourself.

How to determine whether the kidneys or back hurt, if the inflammation in the body does not become chronic? In this case, watch your condition while doing homework. When bending or lifting weights osteochondrosis immediately makes itself felt. But severe pain in kidney disease is rare. For example, when, against the background of the inflammatory process in a person, the lower back was blown. In most cases, inflammation occurs without pronounced pain symptoms. Often with kidney disease, the pain may not be felt in the lower back itself, but it shifts slightly higher or goes down to the hip joints.

Important information

If you have a suspicion of inflammation of the kidneys, you should undergo an appropriate examination. You already know how to determine if your kidneys are hurt or your back is hurting. However, inflammatory processes can change the structure of the internal organ. Thus, the membranes of the choroid plexus of the kidney may be affected, and the tissue itself may be deformed. With pyelonephritis, on the contrary, the organ often grows in size. Of course, the patient will not be able to touch to determine the state of the internal organ. Necessary and accurate information will give an ultrasound. Remember that in 80 percent of kidney disease cases, there are no pronounced pain symptoms.

Change in urination

Today we are talking about what to do in case of kidney or back pain. How to determine the inflammation of the nature of urination? In this case, any deviation from the norm should alert you. Kidney diseases are accompanied not only by frequent urging to the toilet and urinary incontinence. The color of the discharge may change, impurities appear in them or they become rare (which is often accompanied by edema).

Features of treatment

After the patient has passed the appropriate tests, made an ultrasound examination, an x-ray of the lumbar section (in case of suspected osteochondrosis or arthritis), the doctor prescribes a therapeutic course of treatment. On examination of the patient, doctors ratchet the region of the waist with the edge of the palm. If at the same time the patient feels internal pain, this clearly indicates inflammation in the kidney area. In addition to the prescribed medications, doctors prescribe regimen, rest and gentle loads. It is important to revise the diet, eliminate salty and spicy dairy products, as well as correct fluid intake. Quickly cope with the pain (with a diet) will help decoction of corn silk. Now you can determine for yourself that you have a sore back, lumbar region or kidneys. The causes and nature of the pain we described in detail. Once again, we emphasize that it is not necessary to self-medicate and pull with a trip to the doctor.

Root causes of pain

Pain or pain syndrome is usually the very first signal, indicating that the body is not all right. In some cases, when pain is weak enough, a person is able to ignore it for a long time, but the stronger it is, the less strength a person has to endure it, and he goes to a doctor. But it is better not to visit a medical office when it becomes really bad, namely, when the first warning signals appear - mild pain.

Attention! The location of the pain syndrome is not always able to accurately indicate the organ with which everything is not in order. That is why it is important to undergo diagnosis and only then begin treatment. For example, in some cases, a person thinks that his back hurts, and in fact his kidneys hurt.

The area of ​​the kidneys is the area of ​​the back (lumbar) that is at the level of approximately the lower vertebra of the thoracic and the first two vertebrae of the lumbar. The kidneys themselves are responsible for the filtering function of the blood, highlighting and removing elements and fluid that are unnecessary for it. However, there are other organs in this part of the body, including, as is already clear from the above, a part of the spine.

Most often, the exact cause of pain in the area of ​​the kidneys is tried to be determined by people suffering from diseases of the urogenital system or having problems with the spine. It is still important to know the exact diagnosis before starting treatment. Do not follow the advice from the web, if you do not know what exactly hurts. But to get acquainted with all the main causes of pain is still necessary.

Table. The main types of pain.

Causes primary and secondary

Speaking directly about diseases of the musculoskeletal system, the causes of pain can be divided into primary (vertebral) and secondary. Primary are much more common than secondary. The first are:

  • negative changes in the cartilage of vertebral discs,
  • osteochondrosis,
  • injuries
  • scoliosis,
  • protrusion,
  • chronic disc disease.

Secondary causes include:

  • arthritis,
  • spondylitis
  • inflammatory processes
  • development of tumors in the spine.

On a note! Infectious diseases, problems with digestion, organs of the small pelvis are related to secondary causes.

The main diseases that cause pain

The first thing is to say directly about those diseases that can cause pain that are associated with internal organs. For example, jade and pyelonephritis. The first is the inflammatory process that runs throughout the kidney, and the second is inflammation of the renal pelvis. Pathologies can be both infectious and non-infectious. In the first case, the infection occurs through the urinary tract, and in the second reason - hypothermia. In addition to pain in pyelonephritis, a person complains of fever, weakness, nausea, difficult and painful urination. Sometimes blood may appear in the urine.

On a note! As a rule, both of these pathologies most often develop in the cold season due to insufficient body heat insulation in the lumbar region and back.

Also, pain syndrome in the kidney area may appear due to kidney prolapse, which, like the above-mentioned disease, may occur due to hypothermia. В этом случае натяжение артерий, питающих почки кровью, усиливается, из-за этого возрастает и давление, развивается диурез мочи – гиперурия. В ряде случаев почки производят до 5 л мочи в течение суток.Sometimes, kidney prolapse can be associated with diabetes.

Another important cause of pain in the kidney area is urolithiasis. Usually this is the result of improper and unbalanced nutrition, the presence of any abnormalities in the kidneys. Stones form as a result of an excessively high concentration of calcium in the urine. This element is eliminated slowly, it settles in the kidneys, and as a result, stones are formed.

On a note! Stones in the early stages hardly exceed the size of sand grains, they hurt only when they pass through the urethra. But larger elements can trigger pain in the kidneys themselves.

Various spinal disorders can also cause discomfort and pain in the kidney area. Often the pain of osteochondrosis or pain caused by an intervertebral hernia, a man gives a lot of trouble. Moreover, the pains are similar to those that the patient may experience with damage to the kidneys or other internal organs in this part of the body.

However, diseases of the spine, most often associated with deformation of the intervertebral disc or degenerative processes occurring in it, are accompanied by restraint of movements and aggravated by exercise, lifting weights or prolonged sitting motionless.

Treatment of diseases

Diseases that cause back pain in the lumbar region and the projection of its organs are easily diagnosed by ultrasound and x-rays. Additional symptoms make it easier to diagnose because they are specific for different diseases. Treatment is usually medicamental, with the use of physiotherapy. Diseases associated with the spine, are treated with massages and physical therapy. In case of omission, an operation to fix the kidney may be necessary. The main thing is not to reach the moment when the diseases go to the extreme stage, since this can become a threat to life. Do not self-medicate, because only a person who has a higher medical education can prescribe the correct treatment.

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