Women often turn to gynecologists with complaints about the presence of discharge after cauterization of the cervix. Moreover, their character is completely diverse. Normally, the discharge is whitish or transparent, but in the first days there is even a presence of blotches. This is not a pathology, because the healing process. But what to do if the discharge does not stop and their consistency, color and smell change?
What can be expected after the procedure?
In the process of cauterization, the mucous membrane is significantly damaged., and also small blood vessels can be involved. The nature and abundance of secretion is affected by the degree of epithelial damage, as well as the method of erosion removal.
The consistency and abundance of vaginal discharge can significantly affect the lifestyle of a woman, because after cauterization it is forbidden to take a bath, lift weights and should be from sexual relations for the healing period.
Normal secretions are those that do not differ in profusion from menstruation. Wound healing after cauterization of erosion lasts from 8 to 10 weeks.
What is considered normal and what is not?
For 3 weeks after the manipulation of the woman there are highlightwhose nature should change in the process of healing. Normal secretions include:
- By color:
- colorless (transparent, whitish, white) - the intensity is weak, there may be blood clots, duration - up to 10 days,
- pink (cream, beige, red) - the intensity increases, they become more viscous, dense, duration - 2 weeks,
- brownish (coffee, spotting, scanty) - intensity at the level of a couple of drops, thick consistency, ends within a week.
- According to the consistency:
- watery (almost like water), secretion of the vagina restores the microflora and tends to normal,
- smearing - caused by wound healing, when blood cells mix with clear mucus.
But there are situations when cauterization manipulation was not so hastily, as we would like, and there are pathologically secretions, such as:
- Yellow (yellow green) - their appearance indicates the development of secondary erosion, or the presence of a bacterial infection (gonorrhea, trichomoniasis), it can also indicate a number of diseases: salpingitis or vaginitis. Infection can be recorded both during the operation and after it, if hygienic norms are not met. The smell of these secretions is sharp and unpleasant.
- Brown (dark red, bloody, almost black) - may indicate the development of endometriosis (proliferation of epithelial tissue). They are very abundant, with blood clots, have a mucous base. The smell is metallic-putrid.
How long do they last?
To bleed, burn erosion normally should stop in a week (in this case, it is the blood that goes for a couple of days, and then pink discharges appear). Pink discharge lasts up to 10-12 days.
After two or three weeks after cauterization, many women experience severe short bleeding (its duration is not more than 2 hours). This indicates the separation of caked crust from the wound - a scab. This is a normal process, which indicates a normal healing process.
So, in general, the period of discharge takes up to a month. Anything above the norm is a cause for concern. If the bleeding is gaining intensity and does not stop for more than 2 hours - you should immediately call an ambulance!
What to do with pathology?
At detection of pathological secretions, it is necessary to consult without delay a specialist. After all, the delay in this matter is impossible. This is fraught with new foci of inflammation that may spread to other organs.
Pathological phenomena are the following signs:
- the presence of yellow or green secretions,
- heavy blood loss,
- putrid odor
- intensity of discharge (regardless of color and texture),
- prolonged discharge (more than 3 weeks).
What other symptoms may indicate negative effects, and which signs are natural?
If the bleeding exceeds the amount of normal menstruation - this is a pathology. And the presence of light pain can be quite normal, because the process of scarring occurs on the cervix. But with pain, too, you need to be on guard: if it is strong, and does not pass within a month, then you should be examined by a gynecologist.
They can be signs of anemia, an inflammatory process, or a relapse of the disease. After all, a number of pathologies and complications after manipulations on cauterization of erosion are quite wide:
- endometriosis (endometrial growth in the cervical canal),
- reappearance of erosion in the same place (with insufficient exposure of the apparatus to the site of injury by the ailment),
- scar tissue (may cause further complications with fertilization),
- inflammation (bacterial or viral infection).
It’s quite difficult to figure out how much the selections are normal. After all, they depend on many factors. Therefore, not only the operation itself, but also the recovery period must be under the strict supervision of the attending physician. Responsibility during the rehabilitation period can significantly help recovery and minimize negative consequences. The health of a woman, first of all, depends on her.
Characteristic discharge appearing after cauterization
Vaginal discharge, manifested after erosion treatment, have a very great value - they help the gynecologist to determine how the patient's recovery proceeds. That is why it is so important to control their quality characteristics: abundance, smell, duration or color. Changes in these indicators may indicate the presence of any pathological process in the body - the development of inflammation, the accession of a bacterial infection, the occurrence of uterine bleeding. There are several types of specific secretions after cauterization of erosion, described in detail below.
Bloody and pinkish secret
The appearance of bloody impurities in the secretions secreted after the cautery procedure during the first few days is a common occurrence that should not be frightened. Excessive blood loss in the patient is observed in the first 48 hours after erosion treatment by surgery. The diathermocoagulation method is considered the most traumatic for a woman. As a result of this therapy, a very large amount of bleeding occurs.
How long does the blood flow from the vaginal cavity after such an intervention? Usually, the adherent cervical tissue stops bleeding after 6-7 days. In such a situation, the bloody secret can only be released at the beginning of the rehabilitation period - but not more than 1-2 days, and then the patient begins to go clear pink discharge. Such a symptom is considered normal if after a medical procedure 10-12 days have not passed.
The bloody nature of discharge after cauterization of cervical erosion by radio waves is rarely observed. This method of treatment is considered the most benign, as well as cryodestruction or laser coagulation of the affected tissues. As a result of such therapy for a few days, a woman may appear only a small amount of blood or pinkish discharge.
During the first week after cauterization, the patient may experience mild pain in the lower abdomen. By their nature, such unpleasant sensations resemble pain during menstruation. Sometimes after 15-20 days the bleeding is resumed. In the event that such a phenomenon lasts less than 1-2 hours, and blood loss is minimal at the same time - you can not worry about this. The reason for the release of blood in such a situation is considered to be the separation of caked crust from the surface of the wound. But if the blood loss is large enough, and its duration exceeds 2 hours - immediately seek medical help, as this symptom indicates the beginning of uterine bleeding.
Good to know! In case of an intensive exit of blood from a cavity of a vagina, treatment needs to be carried out immediately! Remember that completely stop uterine bleeding at home is impossible - this should be done by a qualified specialist in a hospital.
Green or yellow color
Abundant, intense yellow discharge after cauterization of erosion is considered a sign of pathology. Such a violation is usually accompanied by the appearance of an unpleasant smell. In this situation, a woman should visit a doctor for a consultation, as yellowish vaginal discharge occurs when bacterial pathogens are attached to the wound and inflammation develops. Most often, the formation of yellow secretion can be caused by diseases of the reproductive system, such as oophoritis, vaginitis and salpingitis.
After cauterization, yellow secretions may acquire a foamy structure and gradually change their color to a greenish tint. In such a situation it is necessary to assume the occurrence of trichomoniasis or gonorrhea. The appearance of secretion with a pronounced greenish tint is a sign of the transition of the infectious process into a purulent-inflammatory form. Such secretions have a thick texture, they are quite intense, smell unpleasant. Yellow and green tint of vaginal secretion is characteristic of recurrent erosion of the uterine cervix, which occurs as a result of incomplete treatment of the affected tissues during the burning procedure.
If the patient appears brown discharge, then this phenomenon is considered normal, physiological. In such a situation, the secretion is often non-intensive, smearing. How many days does this symptom last? Normally, the discharge disappears 2-3 days after erosion has been burned.
Sometimes in women there is an excessively abundant secretion of brown color, which is accompanied by pain and other unpleasant signs of pathology. In this case, the patient is usually diagnosed with inflammation of the endometrium. This ailment damages the smallest vessels of the inner layer of the uterus, hence the corresponding discharge of red, black or brown color.
The formation of thick dark brown secretion may be caused by the addition of bacterial infections. In this situation, women also notice the appearance of discharge with an unpleasant odor. Pathology is accompanied by painful sensations in the lower abdomen and deterioration of the patient's well-being.
Watery and translucent
As a result of healing of tissues damaged after cauterization of erosion, the color of the secreted secretion gradually acquires a normal, natural color. The leucorrhoea eventually becomes transparent and becomes slimy. In this case, the discharge is often abundant, have a peculiar smell and can be liquid, like water.
If the pathology has affected a small part of the cervix and has not penetrated deeply enough, watery discharge can go as early as 1-2 days after treatment. Typically, such secretion occurs after radiowave therapy of the disease. Too much mucus is considered one of the signs of wound healing. Watery discharge can last from 2 to 3 weeks, they should not contain bloody impurities. Otherwise, this phenomenon is considered a pathology and should be treated.
Interesting! After completing the diathermocoagulation procedure, the discharge will often acquire a fetid odor. The patient is frightened by this symptom, although it is understandable and logical. During the first 7 days, such a clinical sign usually disappears, but if this does not happen, a woman should urgently consult a doctor for consultation.
What should be considered the norm?
What should be the allocation after cauterization erosion? How long can this symptom last? In medical practice, it is considered to be the norm when, after treating such a pathology, the patient had the following discharge:
- The pinkish secret - has a reddish or cream shade, leaves intensively and gradually increases the quantity. Lasts from 7-10 to 14 days.
- Translucent, colorless - they are allocated a little, often in them there is an admixture of blood or blood clots. This symptom can bother a woman up to 7-10 days.
- Spotting brown - similar to the secretion in the first days of menstruation, too thick and rather scarce. Go no more than a week and gradually disappear completely.
During the entire rehabilitation period, small pieces of rejecting scab, blood clots from the wound may be present in the vaginal secretion. Healing of a large peel takes a little longer — at least 3 to 4 weeks.
What methods of cauterization exist in medicine?
The method of treatment of such a dangerous disease is selected by a qualified specialist. In this case, the cause of the development of the pathology and the degree of its severity are of great importance. In medical practice, there are several ways to cauterize cervical erosion:
- Radio wave surgery (RVH) is a fairly advanced method of treating pathology. In this situation, the treatment is carried out without direct contact with the affected cervical tissue. Removal of the required part of the mucous is provided with the help of special radio waves, the action of which causes the stimulation of energy contained within the cell. As a result of this process, the tissue self-destroys - its structural elements simply evaporate. A similar procedure is performed for each patient individually, taking into account the characteristics of her disease. The duration of the rehabilitation period after radio wave treatment is quite long.
- Cryodestruction - this method of therapy helps to quickly get rid of the disease and prevent its recurrence. When performing such a manipulation, the damaged epithelium is subjected to freezing; for this, the tissue is affected by a specific substance - liquid nitrogen. This method of treatment in domestic medicine is still little used, and it costs much more than cauterization of erosion by radio waves.
- Laser coagulation - in this case, the damaged area of the mucous membrane is cauterized with a laser beam, which has a low intensity of exposure. The technique is quite popular, since the whole operation is performed very carefully, and the complications after it are practically not manifested.
- Chemical coagulation - this medical procedure involves the treatment of damaged cervical tissue with a special chemical substance (drug) that causes a change in the wrong cells of the cylindrical epithelium. In the course of such manipulation, the flat epithelium of the mucous membrane remains intact - it completely covers the inflamed surface of erosion, ensures its protection and healing. This method of therapy is recognized as the most benign, because in the process of its implementation there is no blood loss and pain in the problem organ. But it is not advised to use it for extensive epithelial damage, because after the treatment of erosion by this method it may be necessary to repeat this operation.
- Diathermoelektrokoagulyatsiya (DEC) - involves cauterization of the inflamed mucosa current. For such an operation, a current of a not too high voltage is used. As a result of its contact with the site of erosion, a burn is formed. To treat such ailment with the DEC method in our time is not advisable, as now there are many other, more progressive therapeutic techniques. After the burn appears, remove the affected surface. This method of treatment is resorted to only in the case of extensive and neglected erosion. After such an intervention for 2-3 weeks, the woman has bloody discharge.
Important! Before embarking on the treatment of such a disease, one should make sure that the established diagnosis is correct. To this end, it is necessary to pass a series of laboratory tests, which the doctor will recommend to you. During the entire process of treating cervical erosion and during the rehabilitation period, a woman should visit a gynecologist.
Many representatives of the weaker sex are interested in the question of what should be the discharge after cauterization and how much they go. But not all women know that the answer to it mainly depends on their behavior after erosion therapy. After all, such a simple procedure is considered a surgical intervention in the uterine cavity! That is why all patients during rehabilitation are advised to adhere to the following rules:
- At this time, doctors advise to refrain from hygienic procedures: hot baths, trips to the bath and sauna. The most acceptable option in such a case - standing shower. It is also not recommended to visit the pool in order to avoid infection of the wound surface.
- During the first 2-3 weeks a woman is not recommended to lift more than 2-3 kg.
- Лучше воздержаться от половых связей до полного заживления маточной шейки и прекращения выделений. В противном случае оба партнера рискуют заразиться бактериальной, вирусной инфекцией или венерическими болезнями.
- You can not strain the muscles of the lower abdomen too much, press. Sports should be postponed until full recovery.
- In the rehabilitation period, it is not recommended to visit hot countries and generally change the familiar climate. Postpone the trip if possible for a certain time. The influence of ultraviolet radiation in a given period of time can seriously harm your health.
- Do not use tampons in the menstrual period, if you had a procedure for cauterization of erosion - it is better to take a normal pad. It is also strictly forbidden to conduct douching without the recommendation of a doctor.
Follow these simple rules and the rehabilitation period will go well. As a result of tissue repair after cauterization of cervical erosion, the menstrual cycle is gradually stabilized, and the discharge will become habitual in color and consistency. This treatment procedure has many consequences, but most of them are natural postoperative events that your treating professional will surely warn you about.
The nature of tissue damage at the site of cauterization of erosion
After eliminating erosion, a scab forms on the uterine cervix, which disappears when the underlying tissue is healing. How long this process takes and the nature of the damage depends on the size of the wound and the method of cauterization of erosion.
So, with electric wound treatment (diathermocoagulation) affect not only the fabric destroyed by erosion, but also the surrounding area. At the site of cauterization remain scars, narrowing the cervical canal, reducing the extensibility. Therefore, this method is usually not resorted to in the treatment of nulliparous women.
Cryodestruction (burning with cold), and chemical moxibustion in this respect, they are safer, since they do not cause such deep tissue damage.
During laser destruction The depth of processing is controlled with the help of a colposcope, therefore injury to healthy tissues is excluded.
The fastest is healing after radio wave coagulation. Using a radio electrode, the painless sealing of the damaged nerves at the site of erosion is performed without pain. In this case, the scars are absent.
But in any case, it takes time for the bleeding from the damaged vessels to stop, tissue regeneration and glands to recover. Damage to them leads to increased mucus production.
Normal discharge after cauterization
For about 2-3 weeks after the procedure, the woman has discharge, the nature of which changes during the healing process. It is considered the norm if the following discharge appears:
- Transparent, colorless, of weak intensity. Sometimes you can notice small blood clots in them. Such discharge usually occurs in the first 2-10 days.
- Pink (from creamy pink to red). The intensity of secretions increases, they become more dense, there are approximately until the end of the 2nd week.
- Scanty brown (daub). They gradually get thicker and disappear in about a week.
During the entire healing period in the secretions, you can notice pieces of a gradually falling away scab. If the crust was large, then after it fell away (by the end of 2-3 weeks), the woman may notice the appearance of blood. In this case, the bleeding stops after a couple of hours. But if it continues with the same intensity further, then you need to go to the doctor, because the cause may be damage to a large vessel at the time the scab falls off. To stop the bleeding is possible only by bandaging the vessel.
As a rule, the discharge is accompanied by mild abdominal pain that does not cause much concern. Normal discharge after cauterization of erosion does not have an unpleasant odor.
After the recovery of the body, the woman has the usual leucorrhoea, inherent in various phases of the menstrual cycle. Before cauterization, the doctor warns the patient about how long the discharge can last with this method and what deviations are possible.
A warning: If bleeding increases after a cauterization, the woman fever, weakness and dizziness occur, which means that dangerous bleeding has opened. It is required to immediately call an ambulance.
Possible complications after cauterization of erosion
This procedure, like any operation on the female genital organs, is always associated with a certain risk, since after the intervention, consequences can occur in the first weeks as well as in the future.
Immediate consequences are associated with the spread of the inflammatory process from the cervix to the uterus, tubes and ovaries. Inflammation can occur on one side or both.
A dangerous complication is bleeding. Disruption of the menstrual cycle, change in the nature of the menses may occur. Usually such complications occur during the first 8 weeks.
Long-term effects occur if, as a result of cauterization, the cervix narrows or the cervical canal overlaps with scar tissue. Scarring can also occur in the deeper layer (coagulated cervical syndrome), which leads to a complete loss of elasticity. Possible re-formation of erosion in the same place.
Endometriosis often develops, if the next menstruation begins faster than the wound heals completely. With the current of the menstrual blood, particles of the endometrium are brought into unhealed tissue and begin to grow, forming foci of inflammation, disrupting cervical patency.
Such complications are manifested by pain in the lower abdomen, fever, cycle disturbances and changes in the nature of the discharge.
Yellow discharge after cauterization
The appearance of abundant discharge of yellow color may indicate the following pathologies:
- The recurrence of cervical erosion at the same site. The reason is not sufficiently accurate exposure to the affected area or injury to the surface during the procedure.
- Occurrence of a bacterial infection in the vagina (it could have been recorded both during the procedure and later). Abundant foaming discharge of yellow color is characteristic of trichomoniasis, gonorrhea. They may have a greenish tint. Such secretions have an unpleasant smell.
- Inflammation of the vagina (vaginitis), ovaries (oophoritis) or tubes (salpingitis). If a purulent process occurs in the uterus and appendages, thick yellow-green discharge with a sharp putrid odor appears.
Note: Cauterization with chemicals or liquid nitrogen is sometimes carried out in several steps, so that the effect is more gentle. This does not mean that each time the elimination of the newly developed ulceration is carried out.
If such discharge is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, occurs a few days before the menstruation, then the cause is endometriosis. The proliferation of the endometrium in the cervical region is accompanied by damage to a large number of vessels, and therefore the discharge becomes brown. Hue may be reddish or black. They are plentiful, have a thick mucous consistency. Blood clots are noticeable in them. If such a discharge has a bad smell, this indicates an infection of the endometrium, the occurrence of an inflammatory process.
How to speed healing. Doctor's recommendations
In order for a woman to not bleed after cauterization of erosion, she is advised to avoid physical exertion and prolonged walking in the coming weeks.
Must be protected from infection. You should not visit the pool, swim in the ponds. A woman should be especially careful hygienic procedures using only running water. It is required to change gaskets frequently. Doctors warn that cramped synthetic underwear creates particularly favorable conditions for the reproduction of microorganisms. After cauterization, it is necessary to wear underwear only from natural fabrics.
Heat treatments can intensify the discharge and provoke bleeding. Therefore, you can only wash under a warm shower. You can not take a bath, go to the sauna.
Greater harm is syringing. With this procedure, you can easily injure the surface of healing, cause burns or infection.
It is not allowed to do transvaginal ultrasound, in which the sensor is inserted into the vagina. Sexual intercourse is possible no earlier than 1.5-2.5 months after elimination of erosion.
Features of the treatment of the disease
Cervical erosion may be asymptomatic for years and is often detected by chance, when contacting for another reason or during a routine examination.
The most commonly used methods of direct physical impact, destroying the site of erosion.
After treatment, the patient has to save herself for some time.so as not to infect the treated area and not to injure the cervix in order to avoid recurrence of erosion and other possible complications.
With the destruction of the site of ectopic epithelium in its place forms a wound, covered with a scab. As the normal epithelium recovers, the eschar flakes off, disappears and is brought out.
The length of the recovery period depends on the cautery method of erosion, the area of damage, the general health of the woman and some other factors.
Treatment method diathermocoagulation (cauterization by electric current) is one of the most traumatic methods of eliminating ESM.
The impact of current captures not only the affected area, but also the healthy tissues adjacent to it. It is extremely difficult for a doctor to control the depth of exposure.
Therefore, after diathermocoagulation, scars are often formed, the elasticity of the cervix decreases. The possibility of a narrowing of the cervical canal is not excluded, rarely there are cases of overgrowth of the outlet.
Chemofixation (cauterization with acid solution) and cryodestruction (freezing) the impact depth is much less, the risk of scar formation at the site of erosion is much lower.
When choosing one of these treatments for the complete elimination of the defect sometimes requires several procedures.
Laser destruction and radio wave coagulation of ESM - the most benign methods of treatment of ESM. Damage to healthy tissue is almost impossible, the wound heals quickly, without scarring.
However, regardless of the method of exposure to the site of erosion, after treatment, the nature and amount of vaginal discharge varies.
It is important for the patient to know the differences between normal and pathological secretions during the recovery period in order to notice early signs of complications and consult a doctor.
Types of cauterization
Cauterization (this concept includes multiple methods of influence on the mucous membrane of the cervix) is carried out after a conservative treatment did not bring the desired results.
The indications for him are:
- false cervical erosion or ectopia,
- leukoplakia (keratinization of the cervical epithelium),
- Erythroplasty (pathology of the cervix, a symptom of which are areas that have completely lost the epithelium, or on which it has remained minimal layer).
If the doctor decides about the need for cauterization, preparation for it includes monitoring a smear and a blood test. In identifying inflammatory processes and determining the causative agent (bacteria, fungus or virus), appropriate treatment is prescribed. At the time of intervention of inflammatory processes in the vagina, the cervical canal and external genital organs should not be. To control the doctor prescribes:
- determination of vaginal flora (swab),
- smear test using a polymerase chain reaction to determine the infection of sexually transmitted infections,
- general clinical blood test,
- blood chemistry,
- blood test for HIV, syphilis, blood group, hepatitis,
- histological examination of tissues taken from the zone of erosion.
For the procedure, a suitable period is chosen - the second or third day after the complete cessation of menstrual flow. This choice has two objectives:
- optimal healing of the area where the intervention was performed,
- reducing the risk of developing pathologies of the cervix.
The choice of technology, which will be used cauterization, affects:
- woman's age
- Did she have a previous history of labor?
- equipment that is in the clinic
- the presence of a specialist who can work with equipment,
- The question of the cost of the service, if the woman turned to a paid clinic.
Many doctors offer women a procedure without a good reason.
In order to make a decision on consent to treatment, it is advisable to undergo additional consultations with a doctor with good reviews.
Cauterization using several methods that differ:
- technological complexity
- the shape and depth of the burn caused by the mucous membrane of the uterus,
- wound healing method
- rehabilitation method after treatment apparatus.
Some methods of cauterization are technically and technologically outdated, but continue to be used in connection with cheapness and widespread distribution of equipment (cauterization with electricity).
Existing methods of such treatment:
- electrical (thermal) coagulation,
- exposure to nitrogen (cryodestruction, or freezing),
- laser burning (vaporization by a laser),
- exposure to radio waves (wave coagulation),
- plasma effect (argon plasma ablation),
- exposure to ultrasound,
- medicinal cautery.
In some cases, after treatment, erosion is detected again. The reasons are: the wrong selection of methods for stopping erosion or the patient's failure to comply with the doctor's prescriptions.
Discharge after cauterization
The presence of outflows from the vagina, their appearance, quantity and smell are the control indicators of the state of the mucous membranes. It is believed that in a normal healthy woman, discharge should not be. Their appearance, transparent or white, indicates a change in the vagina of a woman.
The release of abundant masses of yellow indicates an infection, a greenish-yellow color and an unpleasant odor signal the addition of a purulent infection.
Mucosal changes after the procedure
Cauterization forms a lesion area (burn) on the mucous membrane, which provokes the formation of superficial crusts, swelling and redness of the mucous membranes.
Above the burn, a film is formed from a cluster of dead cells, covering the affected area with a soft crust.
Leukocytes and other cells begin to flow into the affected area to accelerate healing, the dead cells are replaced by new ones, a new epithelium begins to form under the scab, which provokes secretions that eliminate the dead epithelium and maintain a favorable healing environment.
The healing process depends on the type of cautery - the most traumatic method of diathermocoagulation will require two weeks of rehabilitation.
During this period, the discharge should normally be clear, watery and not have a strong odor. The crust, separated from the renewed mucous membrane, comes out on its own, without pain, with vaginal belium.
In some cases, changes in excreta may indicate a scab separation:
- there is a slight discomfort in the lower abdomen,
- there may be point pain in the cervix,
- spotting appears - normally they go for a day.
If bloody effusions after cauterization of erosion continue for more than two or three days, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Women need to know how to behave after erosion treatment and what should be the allocation - rehabilitation depends on it.
The method of laser vaporization allows the procedure to be performed with high accuracy, minimally traumatizing the surrounding tissues with a light beam. The process of renewing epithelial coverage lasts for a month, which reduces the risk of complications of the cervix.
The procedure can cause a woman to have a slightly bloody or clear, watery discharge. For the prevention of inflammatory processes, the doctor prescribes candles - anti-inflammatory or healing, relieving inflammation. The peculiarity of the discharge with the laser correction method is their sharp smell.
Discharge with radio method
This method of treatment is considered the newest and most modern, with the least traumatic. A scab does not form above the affected area, but a thin thin film appears. The method is contactless, not allowing the infection to penetrate the female genital tract during the procedure, which minimizes the risk of inflammation.
As a result of the correction, bloody discharge appears after cauterization of erosion, this is considered normal. They should disappear in a few days, soreness and cramps should go away with them. This treatment gives minimal recurrences.
Discharge with freezing method
The method of freezing is considered to be more benign than burning with a current. A characteristic feature of the method is the formation during the entire healing process of abundant watery secretions.
Outflows from the vagina with other methods of destruction do not have significant differences from the above. The doctor conducts check-ups every 10 days, the last - 45-50 days after the procedure.
Discharges at the wound healing stage
What secretions are considered normal after cauterization? По их характеру и цвету можно определить стадию заживления раны после вмешательства и состояние слизистых шейки матки.
Usually, the discharge without joining the pathology lasts for 3 weeks. The first 7–9 days, a watery, clear liquid is separated. In the case of cauterization with electric current, there may be spotting after cauterization of erosion. The color of fluid separated from the vagina becomes pink, the consistency of the discharge is thicker. Their shade may be emphasized by streaks of blood.
Then, on day 10-14, the discharge becomes thicker and pasty, the color of the discharge is dark, even brown. In the discharge can be determined pieces of tissue from the peeling scab.
After the crust falls off, small bleedings can be observed in the intervention area, which quickly stop themselves. Any bleeding after erosion should not be abundant, as much as possible - to resemble the intensity of the monthly.
To relieve pathological (too abundant) blood discharge, the doctor conducts the cautery procedure of the affected vessel.
For the prevention of bleeding, increased secretions, an infected woman must adhere to a number of rules, the doctor must inform about this after cauterization. The total period of rehabilitation after treatment is at least 90 days. All this period a woman needs:
- to lead a measured lifestyle with a mandatory eight-hour sleep,
- eliminate from the diet sharp, fried, heavy meals that would cause blood flow to the pelvis,
- give up alcohol and tobacco,
- include in the schedule of the day exercise and walks after 10-15 days from the moment of cauterization,
- do not swim in open ponds, rivers and pools,
- eliminate hot bath and bath,
- do not lift objects whose total weight exceeds 3 kilograms.
A woman should exclude sexual contact until the complete healing of the erosion zone and the appearance of full-fledged epithelium.
The doctor carries out cauterization, after having treated the infection, but:
- violation of hygiene,
- weak immune system
- non-compliance with the recommendations of the doctor,
leads to re-infection and the need for additional treatment.
When restoring menstruation, it is necessary to use only external sanitary pads, changing them as they are polluted, but no less than every 2 hours. Tampons are prohibited.
If inflammatory processes are detected in the eschar zone, Polygynax vaginal agents are prescribed - active against fungi and Terzhinan (a complex drug against all vaginal infections).
Features of tissue repair at the site of cautery
Regardless of the method chosen by the doctor for removing foci of altered epithelium on the cervix, the soft structures of the organ undergo the same processes of gradual recovery. There are three stages of rehabilitation of the mucous layer of the cervix:
- inflammatory - the cause of inflammation - the provision of irritating factors on the epithelium (if the method of cryodestruction was used or after cauterization of erosion by radio waves) and mechanical damage in other contact methods,
- proliferation stage - active epithelial cell division,
- epithelialization process - the growth and growth of the updated epithelial layer
- How many can not have sex after cauterization of erosion
- Cauterization of radio wave erosion: an effective treatment
- What secretions may appear during cervical erosion
Cauterization of cervical erosion, regardless of the method of the procedure, leads to the formation of a scab, under which all the processes of healing and recovery take place. Until the eschar passes, this period is the most critical, since there are high risks of any complications.
The convergence of the scab is faster with such methods of removing the pathological process as cauterization with liquid nitrogen, laser exposure and treatment with the chemical preparation Surgitron.
After cauterization of erosion, discharge does not begin immediately. The eschar closes the blood vessels, preventing the bleeding from opening. After the treatment of erosion, the first 1-2 days begin to go watery discharge. They are transparent, the intensity is moderate, with a small amount of blood streaks.
How much such discharge goes is individual, but their average duration is from 7 to 10 days. Blood discharge begins to appear gradually. At first a pinkish liquid comes out, having a mucous consistency, gradually it will begin to thicken. The blood after burning erosion begins to go immediately. At the second stage of the restoration of the epithelium of an organ, brownish spotting appears. They are thick, their duration is not more than 1 week.
When the separation of the scab from the burned epithelium begins, brown discharge will accompany the release of small blood clots. Bleeding after cauterization of cervical erosion increases its intensity in the interval from 8 to 20 days after gynecological manipulation. This is normal, such a manifestation indicates the complete separation of the eschar.
Intensively and abundantly blood flows due to damage to the vessels, no longer restrained by a scab. Spotting after cauterization during the period of scab separation does not last more than a few hours. If the blood goes for a longer time, without obvious signs of a decrease in intensity, it is recommended that you visit the doctor without delay.
The bleeding from erosion of the cervix after cauterization should not last more than 3 weeks, and with each week their volume should gradually decrease.
What are normal after burning erosion? At first they will be liquid, then mucous, pinkish, then blood begins to flow out directly.
And the full cycle of the organ's healing with simple white clothes ends, after they begin menstruation.
About what should be the selection after cauterization of erosion, the doctor will tell in more detail after the procedure. The volume changes gradually, like color and consistency. When the patient after the removal of pathological lesions immediately began bleeding on the day of cauterization or less than a day later, this indicates such a complication as a violation of the integrity of a large blood vessel. Vessel repair is performed by techniques such as cauterization or dressing. What method to choose, the doctor will decide, based on the severity of the damage.
Spotting after cauterization can go when healing has ended, and the woman has already had her first menstrual period after erosion treatment. A small amount of blood may appear after intimacy. Bleeding occurs in a very scanty volume, more like a daub. Among the most likely and frequently diagnosed causes of this phenomenon is the formation of a cyst on the surface of the cervix, while there are no other symptoms of the pathological process.
A cyst on the organ after burning erosion is most often formed due to such applied methods as cryodestruction, removal by electric current or radio wave method. The formed scab overlaps the glands, interfering with the normal process of discharge of the contents of the glands. For this reason, cysts begin to form, which are damaged during intercourse and bleed.
The appearance of red daub just before menstruation may be a sign of the effects of cauterization, such as the development of endometriosis.
During erosion after cauterization, pinkish and red discharge and brown discharge are considered normal. All other colors of waste liquid indicate the development of pathological processes and complications. Yellowish and green colors, consistency like water are signs of pathology. Yellow discharge after cauterization of erosion can be a consequence of the penetration of infectious pathogens.
Such undesirable consequences often arise as a result of the careless work of a specialist, who has insufficiently reorganized the organ before gynecological manipulation. However, often the woman herself is to blame for the fact that the infection occurred, since she did not observe careful hygiene and neglected the need to fulfill all medical prescriptions.
Rare, but not excluded consequences after removal of erosive foci - yeast and candidiasis. Erosion and thrush is another complication.
What discharge after cauterization of cervical erosion indicate the presence of pathogenic fungi? Large volume, the color is white and gray, the consistency is frothy, very thin.
In candidiasis, the amount of discharge is large, the consistency is cheesy, there are signs such as a burning sensation with itching in the vaginal area. Erosion of the cervix and thrush provoke a number of serious complications, so their therapy should be carried out in a timely manner.
Normal and atypical odor
After cauterization of the erosion of the cervix by radio waves, the excretions should not have any odor, as with other methods.
If a woman feels an outsider, an unusual smell or, worse, a nasty scent, this indicates the beginning of the pathological process. Any discharge with an unpleasant odor, despite the fact that the patient does not experience pain, menstruation was on time and there are no other symptoms, require a mandatory treatment to the doctor.
There should be no discharge after cauterization with any foreign smell, especially with an admixture of rot. This symptom indicates the development of bacterial vaginosis. The presence of putrid odor is a sign of the formation of a purulent focus in the uterine cavity and cervix - a severe complication that occurs when careless removal of erosive foci. It is necessary to treat this effect immediately.
Manifestations with complications
If the treatment was carried out with nitrogen, current or radio waves, the discharge is accompanied by a slight pain syndrome in the lower abdomen. As a rule, the pain is moderate. If a woman has a bad lower abdomen, the volume of blood increases, an urgent need to consult a gynecologist.
The presence of intense pain is a sign of the formation of an inflammatory focus. When the pain is dull, it may indicate an infection in the appendages and the uterine cavity. In these situations, the pain is localized mainly on the side where the infected organ is located.
Why, after cauterization of erosion in patients, can the temperature rise, develop a feverish state? It is important to know that these symptoms should not accompany the recovery process. They indicate a serious pathology, require emergency assistance.
Cases where there is no discharge after cauterization of erosion indicate that the procedure was uneventful. The absence of bleeding is characteristic of the contactless method of removing erosive foci - cauterization by radio waves. There is no need to worry that after the procedure for removing the diseased epithelium structures there is no leucorrhea, dabs and blood, it only means that the body has undergone the procedure, the blood vessels are not damaged.
In order not to face the negative consequences of the erosion removal procedure, it is necessary to follow all the recommendations of the doctor:
- to wash regularly
- Do not use saunas, solariums,
- Do not swim in the pools, ponds.
It is forbidden to take any drugs without prescribing a doctor, douching the vagina and using tampons. Sexual intimacy is excluded for a period from 2 weeks to a month or until the organ is completely healed. 2-3 weeks after the procedure, it is worth passing a routine examination by a gynecologist.
Signs in which the presence of a doctor should be immediately - yellow, green or gray discharge, frothy texture, increased body temperature, chills and fever. This symptom indicates severe complications requiring diagnosis and treatment.
What it is
Erosion is a defect in the cervical mucosa, which occurs for a number of reasons:
- congenital and so on.
Violation of the integrity of the mucous leads to the fact that pathogenic flora without obstruction can penetrate not only into the vaginal part of the neck, but also deep into. In this case, both the reproductive organ itself and its appendages may be affected.
Do I need to cauterize erosion and which method is most expedient to use, the doctor decides, based on each case.
Any cauterization, even that which is considered to be the most benign, has a number of contraindications, therefore before this procedure it is necessary to undergo a thorough examination and consult with a specialist.
In addition, cauterization may be accompanied by some consequences and unpleasant moments that a woman must be aware of in order to distinguish the norm from pathology. One of the consequences of cauterization is discharge, which will be discussed further.
Is it possible to discharge after cauterization
During cauterization, the mucous is quite significantly damaged, which leads to the presence of secretions. Moreover, the process involves not only the epithelial layer itself, but also the blood vessels, therefore, in the secretions it is often possible to observe a blood admixture.
The duration of heavy bleeding depends on the cautery method:
- after radio wave burning, the mucosa practically does not undergo any changes, therefore strong discharge can be observed only in the first day after the procedure,
- about 2 days of excretion can be observed when laser burns,
- after cryodestruction, bleeding may disturb the patient for about 3 days,
- after chemical cauterization, secretions may not be at all,
- cauterization by electric current - the most traumatic cauterization - in this case, discharge with blood can be observed within a week.
Complications may indicate a very rich brown, yellow or green discharge.
Yellow and green discharge, accompanied by an unpleasant smell, require immediate treatment to the doctor. Most often, such secretions signal the inflammatory process triggered by bacterial flora.
Ample brown discharge may indicate endometriosis. If menstruation began before the healing of the wound, the likelihood of such complications increases several times.
As a rule, in this case, the discharge may be mucous, blood, or almost black. If an unpleasant smell is added to such secretions, this indicates endometriosis, complicated by inflammation.
What to do?
The answer to this question depends on what kind of discharge appeared after cauterization.
If this is a variant of the norm, you should not worry. A woman should strictly adhere to the recommendations, prohibitions and restrictions that the doctor prescribed for her, and soon the discharge will normalize.
If the discharge has a pathological nature, nothing can be done on your own; you should immediately contact a specialist, who, depending on the situation, will prescribe treatment. To delay with a trip to the gynecologist in this case is not only undesirable, but also extremely dangerous.
Monthly after cauterization
Normally, menstrual period after cauterization erosion begins after 3-4 weeks. The duration of the cycle and the nature of the discharge, as a rule, does not change.
Delay of menstruation can be observed only if erosion had a hormonal cause. In this case, the doctor must prescribe hormonal drugs that will help restore the cycle.
Too strong periods are not always considered a pathology, especially if they are not accompanied by severe symptoms. However, a woman is advised to consult a doctor to determine the cause of severe bleeding.
Scanty periods are normally considered only when a woman takes hormones. If hormones are not accepted, consultation of the expert is necessary.
How to speed up the healing process
Recommendations for the fastest healing after the cautery procedure are given by the attending physician.
As a rule, they boil down to the following:
- if a woman has no complications in the form of inflammatory processes, she is recommended to use sea buckthorn oil tampons, which speed up the healing process of the wound,
- Methyluracil - candles or cream can be used to improve regeneration processes.
- if inflammation occurs, Levomekol may be treated,
- if chronic infection is exacerbated, anti-inflammatory suppositories are prescribed.
In order to avoid negative consequences after cauterization, it is forbidden to:
- to take a bath,
- when bloody discharge use sanitary pads,
- use vaginal candles without a doctor's prescription,
- engage in intimacy
- to visit saunas and baths,
- swim in pools or in natural waters,
- undergo physiotherapy procedures,
- take medications that can increase blood pressure,
- lift weights
- do sport.
These restrictions are temporary in nature, and their duration is prescribed by the doctor individually.
All treatment after cauterization must be monitored by the attending physician. В некоторых случаях для отслеживания за изменениями в шейке матки будет использоваться кольпоскопия.
When removing damaged tissues, pathological changes are created, which require time and thorough adherence to all medical recommendations to eliminate.
Most often, the usual local treatment is enough, and after several menstrual cycles a woman can forget about problems in the cervical-cervical area.