Cystitis is an inflammatory disease of the bladder. Changes in the urinary tract, often affect the genitals due to their proximity. Periodically observed discharge in women with cystitis is a pathological symptom that requires additional diagnostics. Below we will understand what is the reason for its appearance and how to treat it.
Symptoms of cystitis in men and women
The disease is indicated for many reasons - it is a violation of the rules of hygiene, and hypothermia, and the consequence of infection, and even the wearing of poor quality underwear. When menopause, cystitis makes itself felt due to circulatory disorders, deteriorating muscle tone and vaginal microflora.
Skip the development of this disease is almost impossible. Its course is associated with a pronounced pain syndrome, which is manifested in the process of urination. Often, bloody inclusions or clots appear in the urine.
Among the main symptoms of cystitis include:
- frequent and difficult urination,
- lower abdominal pain and lumbar region
- alternating fever and chills,
- increase in body temperature to 38 ° C
- urine with blood
- discharge with cystitis of different colors, odor and profusion.
Often the symptoms of cystitis appear brighter at the beginning of the cycle. And then for women with menstruation it is painful to go to the toilet for a little.
The appearance of one or more of these signs - the reason to immediately consult a doctor.
The disease under consideration has a tendency to flow from the acute form into the chronic one. Only timely treatment can relieve from recurring painful attacks.
The presence of cystitis secretions - not the most characteristic phenomenon. Moreover, it is considered a pathology in the normal course of the disease. Most often, the occurrence of this symptom is influenced by additional current diseases (genital infection, damage to the mucous membrane, etc.). To accurately determine their presence is carried out additional examination (tests, smears).
It must be remembered that a clear or slightly white, odorless discharge is the natural secret of the genitals. It looks like this:
One should be wary only when it acquires an uncharacteristic color, smell or texture.
What does the color of secretion
Women suffering from cystitis may notice in their discharge a different color. This must be reported to your doctor. This feature sometimes plays a decisive role in the diagnosis.
For example, white secretions (usually a curd consistency) are characteristic of infections caused by fungi.
Purulent - a sign of a serious inflammatory process in the bladder or urinary canal. Often accompanied by fever.
Brown discharge from cystitis results from damage to the urinary tract or from erosion of the cervix. In these cases, there are pink or blood discharge. Any damage to the mucous membranes can lead to the presence of drops of blood in the sexual secret, it is she who gives the characteristic shade.
Abundant clear mucus is another evidence of an inflammatory process in the pelvic organs.
Yellow or green tint can be triggered by sexually transmitted infections (chlamydia, trichomoniasis, etc.).
The most dangerous to the health of women are bleeding from cystitis.
Traces of blood in the urine indicate some complications during the course of the disease (infection of the kidneys, damage to the bladder, etc.). If you do not pay attention to this symptom and do not treat it in time, the situation may worsen until pyelonephritis appears.
Find out why frequent urination appears during menstruation and how the disease is treated by clicking on the link.
What does the smell of vaginal discharge
Another sign that will help the doctor in the correct diagnosis of your condition is the smell of female genital secretion. Bacteria, which often cause several ailments at once, tend to create pathogenic microflora in the affected organs, which has a characteristic odor.
- For example, fish flavor often indicates the development of dysbiosis in the vagina (gardnerellosis). By themselves, gardnerella are present on the mucous membrane of each woman in a normal amount that is not hazardous to health. In some cases (hormonal disruptions, abrupt changes in the acid-base balance, etc.), these microorganisms begin to multiply vigorously, which causes damage.
- Acid odor is a particular symptom of an infection triggered by fungal pathogens (candidiasis). This disease usually occurs on the background of taking a number of drugs (antibiotics, hormonal drugs), which seriously affect the vaginal microflora.
- Offensive discharge from the vagina with cystitis is considered a sign of a purulent process. The reason for this is most often sexually transmitted infections.
Any mucus of a pathological nature has a characteristic odor. Such information can significantly simplify and speed up the process of diagnosis, and, possibly, help to avoid unnecessary analyzes.
Urethral discharge in men
Cystitis - a disease more characteristic of women. Despite this, in some cases it is diagnosed in the male half of the population, more often after 45 years.
Often in men who have been diagnosed with this, the question arises whether there is a discharge in cystitis from the urethra. Since this is a disease of the urinary system, the answer is of course affirmative. And if it is not always possible for women to understand exactly where this non-characteristic mucus came from (the vagina and the urethra are too close), then it is easier for men.
The norm may be the discharge, having a transparent color, mucous consistency and a small amount.
You should contact your doctor when discharge:
- become abundant - a sign of inflammation of the urethra,
- have purulent character and are accompanied by increased body temperature - this is a symptom of the inflammatory process in the organs of the urogenital system,
- become thick and white - a fungal infection,
- acquired a bloody or brown tint - this indicates a dangerous damage to the tissues of the urinary canal or bladder.
Each of the described cases carries the danger of certain complications. This should be immediately reported to the attending physician, so that he prescribes appropriate tests and, if necessary, additional therapy.
Ways to treat cystitis
Treatment of cystitis, especially in the presence of a discharge of a pathological nature, is carried out comprehensively. This is preceded by a full examination of the patient for infections and other afflictions that may affect the success of therapy.
The course of treatment necessarily includes:
- medical preparations for getting rid of the infection, which has become the direct cause of cystitis,
- medicines for microflora recovery,
- mandatory personal hygiene.
In the event that genital infections become the cause of the disease, therapy becomes obligatory for both partners. As a rule, the full course is about three weeks depending on the reasons, degree, form and other individual characteristics. The appearance of any non-characteristic symptoms or complications should be immediately reported to the doctor to adjust the treatment.
For more effective therapy, it is recommended to observe the following rules:
- Avoid hypothermia, for women in particular - hypothermia of the genital organs.
- To delay sexual activity.
- Do not eat fatty foods.
If you follow all the rules determined by the doctor and take the prescribed drugs, you can completely cure cystitis in a short time. Otherwise, there is the likelihood of the disease going into the chronic stage. Only a timely call for help will help remove all unpleasant symptoms and avoid the development of complications.
Diagnosis and therapy
In case of complex lesions of the bladder, urethra and genital organs and the presence of pathological lesions, a gynecologist is involved. Appointed:
- analytical study of blood
- urine culture and test for antibiotics,
- gynecological smear,
- Ultrasound of the kidneys, small pelvis,
- while reducing the severity of symptoms, cystoscopy is performed,
- analytical studies on Zimnitsky and Nechiporenko,
- manual examination by a gynecologist.
After the diagnosis and determination of the pathogen, treatment is prescribed. The patient is prescribed:
- Antimicrobial agents.
- If necessary, hormonal drugs.
From physiotherapeutic methods of exposure use paraffin, dirt, electrophoresis.
- drinking warm liquids in large quantities,
- chamomile and calendula herbal sit baths,
- power adjustment,
- introduction to the menu of a large number of fruits and vegetables.
The causes for which cystitis can occur are varied.
1. Catarrhal diseases in women who do not cherish themselves at all easily dress.
2. Infections that are transmitted after intercourse to the girl. They can make themselves known from time to time, manifesting in the form of cystitis. 3. Weak bladder that can instantly respond to hypothermia.
The category of women who experienced this disease probably knows the symptoms indicating the presence of cystitis.
Photo: depositphotos.com Author: sdak Frequent urination, and sometimes go to the toilet and nothing, but the urge is constant. Rezi in the very bottom of the abdomen when the girl walks in a small way. Aching pain in the abdomen. Burning of the genitals after urination. Brown discharge or blood in the urine.
In any case, a visit to the doctor can not be avoided, because cystitis can progress, after which, for example, blood can appear. It may indicate a variety of pathologies in women. One of them is a chilled kidney. These unusual discharge may occur as a result of strong hypothermia of the legs. This is just one of many reasons, so the doctor should identify the initial root and cause of the disease.
There are cases when incomprehensible discharge and illness catch women by surprise and for some reason they fail to get to the gynecological clinic (a day off, a queue at the antenatal clinic, etc.). In this case, with cystitis, you can do some procedures yourself.
1. Relieves pain, burning, discomfort taking a warm bath. After any of the women tries this method, you simply can’t pull it out.
2. You can take some drugs, for example, Urolesan or its equivalent. After several dosages of the medication, the discharge may decrease and the pain also. 3. Drink as much liquid as possible. Despite the fact that women have painful urination, you need to drink a lot so that an infection of cystitis comes out with a liquid.
If you do not treat this disease for a long time, complications may appear. Brown discharge or blood may indicate serious ailments other than cystitis, therefore, it will not be possible to do without consulting a doctor.
Most often, the selection may indicate that there is some kind of infection in the female body. That is why it is desirable for women to be tested for STIs, then the picture will become clearer. An important point is to check the sexual partner. During treatment and some time after it is best to refrain from sexual intercourse. If you are concerned about discharge with this disease, in the hospital, it is likely that you will be given injections and drops, which will relieve inflammation of the entire urogenital system and kidneys.
If a girl is in a position and she has cystitis and secretions, you should immediately call an ambulance, because there is a direct threat to the baby.
It is important for all women not only to dress warmly, but also to be selective for their partner, since infections are a very scary thing, which, in addition to cystitis, causes a number of other complications and diseases that can accompany copious secretions.
We advise you to read: Is there a discharge for cystitis and what they are
Cystitis, as an infectious-inflammatory process, is often combined with changes in the urinary canal and in the genitals, visually manifested by secretions. Observed by a woman spots on underwear should not be ignored - they are pathological symptoms that require additional diagnosis and subsequent elimination.
Various infections and STDs can be provocateurs of discharge.
What infections and pathologies provoke the appearance of secretions:
Bacteria transmitted by sexual contact: gonococci, chlamydia, gardnerella, mycoplasma, others. Nonspecific infections: Proteus, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, E. coli, fungi. Severe infections: tuberculosis, measles, diphtheria, septic diseases. Tumor diseases. Malnutrition of the tissues of the membranes of the genital organs and the bladder caused by chronic constipation, the inability to empty the bladder often. Endocrine disorders leading to a decrease in local protective factors and stages of regeneration (diabetes, thyroid disease). The use of immunosuppressants, conditions after chemo and radiotherapy. Local irritation of the mucous membrane of the bladder by salts with urolithiasis, insufficient fluid intake. Long-term use of drugs that chemically irritate the tissues of the mucous membranes.
What does the color of the discharge
Discharge with cystitis is not its most characteristic feature. If the pathology of the bladder is combined with secretions, it is recommended to inform the doctor about the color, abundance and the intended location of the excretion of this secret (urethra, vagina).
If discharge occurs, smear may be required.
Due to the fact that infectious cystitis in women is often combined with urethritis (inflammation of the urinary canal) and damage to the internal genital structures, discharge from the urethra is the reason for the analysis of a smear from three points and urethrocystoscopy.
Selections may be color:
transparent, slimy, purulent green, brown, white.
Only a qualified physician (general practitioner, urologist, nephrologist, gynecologist) can make assumptions about the causes of such disorders and conduct the necessary examination and drug therapy. Many cities have express diagnostic centers.
Morning discharge from the urethra
Transparent and mucous plaque - there is a variant of the norm. It may report minor signs of inflammation in the membranes of the urethra. Purulent discharge in cystitis - a signal of a pronounced infectious-inflammatory phenomenon that struck the urethra and bladder. Brown color - a sign of lesions of the capillaries of the mucous membrane, may be a sign of deep damage to the membranes or ulcerative process of the lower urinary tract. Coloring is due to the addition of blood to the secret of the mucous pathways. White discharge in cystitis is observed when a fungal infection of the skin of the urinary canal, its inner part, mycotic cystitis.
If there is a selection, pay attention to their color.
Cystitis is more frequent in women than in men. Men are less likely to suffer urethritis, leading to cystitis.
Smell of pathological secretions
The smell of discharge in women can have a wide range - odorless, fishy, sour, offensive. It characterizes the presence of certain bacteria and processes occurring in the tissues, the importance of which will be assessed by a specialist.
The smell of discharge, which has a light fishy tint, is characteristic of a variety of vaginal dysbiosis - gardnerellosis. Gardnerella - conditionally pathogenic satellites of many women, in most cases, not causing mucosal lesions. An increase in the number of key cells is a sign of a violation of the hormonal balance or the acid-base balance of the vagina. Sour smell can be a companion of the fungal infection - candida vagina. This kind of balance of the internal environment of the genital organs occurs on the background of taking certain medications, incorrect antibiotic therapy, and increased acidity of the vaginal environment. Offensive odor from the vagina - a sign of a purulent process, the cause of which in most cases are genital infections.
Each discharge has a characteristic odor, which can be used to roughly determine the cause.
What more should you tell the doctor
To compile a complete picture of the disease, it is diagnostically important:
how abundant reference (scanty, moderate, abundant), their consistency (liquid, thick, cheesy), duration (periodic, constant, morning).
A woman experiencing signs of cystitis and the presence of specific secretions can not self-medicate. Only a competent doctor can conduct an analysis of all the features, promptly identify formidable diseases, save the reproductive apparatus. Некоторые клиники проводят анонимное обследование обратившихся к ним пациентов с признаками ИППП.
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Various secretions in cystitis in women cause anxiety, and even panic. Cystitis - inflammation of the bladder. This disease is considered “female” because it affects men extremely rarely due to the specific structure of the urogenital system. The nature of the discharge during inflammation of the bladder depends on the cause — simple hypothermia, infection with various bacteria, or an allergic manifestation.
Inflammation in the bladder may be accompanied by external secretions from the reproductive system.
Symptoms of cystitis in women
Vivid symptoms are frequent urge to urinate, which are accompanied by scant urine, or even its complete absence. The signal for anxiety in a woman should be pain, burning and cramps during urination, as well as immediately after it. The important question is whether there are secretions in cystitis, and what? Signs of illness are discharge, but this symptom is not considered to be characteristic, since they also accompany many gynecological diseases.
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Nature of the disease
In order to properly evaluate the role of discharge in women with cystitis, it is necessary to understand the nature of the disease itself. The disease can be infectious (caused by bacteria or viruses in the urinary tract) and non-infectious. In this case, the infectious type in women is often accompanied by inflammation of the urinary canal - urethritis, as well as inflammation of the internal genital organs. Accordingly, it is necessary to separate vaginal discharge with cystitis from urethral discharge.
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Smell of discharge
For a qualitative diagnosis when referring to a doctor, it is necessary to characterize the discharge by the following criteria: color (white, yellow, brown), texture and volume (thick, cheesy), as well as smell. The smell will help the specialist to correctly diagnose the source of the disease. Many bacteria that cause the disease create microflora in the affected organs that has a specific smell, namely:
infections of the genital tract are accompanied by an unpleasant putrefactive smell, a sour smell indicates the defeat of tissues by a fungus, a fishy smell is present in gardnerellosis, a type of dysbiosis.
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A woman who observes the symptoms of cystitis and unpleasant secretion, in any case can not self-medicate. The disease has the risk of serious complications and with incorrect treatment quickly turns into a chronic form. This means that the unpleasant symptoms can return again and again throughout their lives and they will no longer be able to completely get rid of them. It is necessary to establish the cause of the disease as soon as possible and eliminate it, which can be done by a qualified specialist. Experiments on their own health in this case can be extremely dangerous for the entire reproductive function of the female body.
If you find the first symptoms of cystitis and the secretion of a pathological nature, you should immediately contact a specialist - urologist. To form a complete picture of the disease, it is necessary to visit a gynecologist. Specialists prescribe a number of tests: urinalysis, blood analysis, seeding on the microflora with the determination of sensitivity to antibiotics, conduct a visual inspection, and, if necessary, ultrasound diagnosis of affected organs. Antibiotics are prescribed only after determining the causative agent of the disease and the drug component to which the pathogen will be sensitive. Buying medications in a pharmacy without a doctor’s agreement will not be beneficial - the reason for the appearance of purulent, brown, white discharge from cystitis and a bad smell will not be eradicated, but only unpleasant symptoms will be stopped.
In addition to aggressive treatment with antibiotics, the doctor will prescribe and drugs that allow you to restore the microflora of the vagina and bladder, which will also normalize the secret of inflamed organs. If the nature of cystitis is infectious, treatment will also be prescribed for the patient's sexual partner, and at the time of treatment sexual rest will be prescribed.
With the correctly prescribed treatment, meeting all the requirements of the doctor, the color, smell and amount of discharge will quickly return to normal levels. However, even in the absence of any complaints, after completion of treatment, it is necessary to pass control tests to make sure that the pathogen is completely suppressed and the disease does not give a relapse.
Causes of cystitis discharge
Increased formation of secretion in cystitis indicates the development of the inflammatory process and damage to neighboring organs. Most often non-characteristic whites are observed when cystitis is accompanied by urethritis - inflammation of the urinary canal. In addition, a similar phenomenon may indicate a transition of inflammation in the vaginal area. This raises the risk of damage to the uterus and appendages. Discharge may occur in the form of bleeding or be smearing.
The most common symptom is triggered by the following possible causes:
- endocrine disorders
- severe irritation of the bladder, urethra or genital organs,
- the presence of genital infections,
- long-term medication, etc.
The discharge after cystitis suggests that the disease was not fully treated. It is worth noting that men have a similar problem with discharge from the urethra is much less common.
Types of discharge
Leucorrhea in cystitis is not a characteristic sign of the disease. Usually they indicate the development of complications. It is also worth noting that the abundance of secretion may vary depending on the time of day and the activity of the woman. In any case, you need to visit a doctor who will tell you what secretions can be the norm for cystitis, and which ones cause concern.
Spotting may indicate damage to both the urethra and the cervix. This symptom requires careful examination and delivery of a number of tests.
Important! The presence of blood discharge in women with cystitis, regardless of the time of their appearance and profusion, indicates that there are damaged areas on the mucosa.
Blood discharge with a pinkish tinge is observed when blood from the urethra after urination is mixed with vaginal mucus. This may create the feeling that the source of the problem is in the vagina. In addition, a similar shade may indicate inflammation of the cervix.
Dark brown discharge causes more concern than pinkish. Usually, the detection of dark spots on underwear indicates that the infection has penetrated the uterus. At the same time, the risk of developing diseases such as adenomyosis or cervical erosion increases several times.
Transparent leucorrhoea can occur in case of hormonal disorders or in violation of the menstrual cycle. In addition, excessive amounts can indicate a violation of the microflora of the vagina due to the multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms. If such vaginal lecterns do not have an unpleasant odor and blotches of pus or mucus, then there is no particular cause for concern. This symptom will pass on its own as soon as the source of inflammation is eliminated.
A similar symptom may be accompanied by:
- severe genital itching,
- unpleasant smell. It can be weird, sour, or smell like rotten fish,
- discoloration whiter until yellow, greenish, or completely dark green.
This condition indicates that inflammation from the bladder has passed into the uterus. At the same time, diseases such as bacterial vaginosis, mycoplasmosis and others may occur. In this case, consultation of the gynecologist, passing a full examination and delivery of a complex of analyzes is required.
How to get rid of secretions
First of all, it should be understood that getting rid of the pathological whiter completely is possible only when the original source of the problem is eliminated. For this purpose, a complex of drugs, including the restoration of the vaginal microflora.
As medications can be used:
- Antibiotics - these drugs suppress pathogens. Among them are Metronidazole and Flemoxin. These drugs are effective not only against cystitis, but also inflammatory processes occurring in the genitals.
- Antispasmodics - help relieve spasms and tenderness in cystitis. Usually, experts prescribe Drotaverine, Papaverine and No-silo.
- Diuretic drugs - drugs of this group are struggling with edema and accelerate the process of removing toxins.
- Vaginal suppositories - fighting infection in the vagina. They are selected individually for each patient on the basis of the diagnosis and results of analyzes.
If necessary, antipyretic agents can be administered, for example, Nurofen.
Restoration of the vaginal microflora
To restore the vaginal microflora can be used:
- Candles Bifidumbacterin, Lactobacterin, Kipferon and others,
- Lactogin tablets, Lactonorm, etc.,
- gels such as floragin.
Usually, in order to achieve a full effect, specialists resort to a combination of several types of drugs. It is important to understand that a particular drug is selected individually. In addition, some drugs may be contraindicated in pregnant women.
Physiotherapy can speed up the healing process, enhance the effectiveness of medications and relieve pain. Common procedures include:
- magnetophoresis - during the procedure a special gel is injected into the bladder by means of a magnetic field,
- electrophoresis - the procedure allows to relieve inflammation, accelerates metabolic processes in tissues,
- ultrasound - during the procedure there is a negative impact on the pathogenic microflora and its death occurs. In addition, the effect of relaxing muscle tissue and spasms.
Important! Any physiotherapy is appointed exclusively by the attending physician. Since most of them are based on changes in metabolic processes in tissues, before starting treatment it is important to undergo a full medical examination.
To avoid the development of the inflammatory process will help the following rules:
- Clean yourself regularly using special tools.
- Change tampons and pads every 3 hours.
- Be protected during the proximity with new partners.
- Wear comfortable underwear.
Prevention of secretions
To reduce the risk of developing discharge from cystitis, you can observe these rules:
- in time, treat colds, as well as gynecological diseases,
- drink enough water throughout the day,
- observe the regime of rest and food,
- take vitamin complexes,
- Do not restrain the urge to urinate for a long time.
Despite the fact that vaginal discharge is the norm for the female body, however, their change may indicate the development of a serious inflammatory process. In cystitis, a similar problem signals the spread of the inflammatory process to the genital area. This condition requires careful observation and complex treatment. Only an experienced specialist will be able to answer you if there is a discharge for cystitis.