One of the most common problems of the gastrointestinal tract is constipation. Today, the pharmaceutical industry produces a variety of drugs that can help alleviate the natural needs of man.
On the shelves of pharmacies, they are presented as expensive and quite cheap options, for example, magnesium sulfate. What is this remedy, and how to drink magnesia from constipation, as well as what healing properties it has, will be described below.
Why does constipation appear
Constipation means the absence of a defecation act for three or more days, or it is difficult. The normal is considered to be a bowel movement from 3 times a day to 3 times a week.
Obstipation is not an independent disease, as a rule, difficulties with bowel movements can be a clear symptom of some gastrointestinal diseases that proceed covertly, which is typical for the initial stages of quite serious ailments:
Constipation can also be a consequence of taking certain medications, poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, or insufficient fluid intake.
When stool is delayed, the following symptoms occur:
- Bad mood.
- Hard chair
- Feeling of incomplete bowel movement.
- Straining during bowel movements.
To eliminate constipation, a variety of medicines are used, including magnesia.
What is this medicine
Magnesium sulfate (also sulphate magnesia) is present in the natural environment in seawater. It is a colorless crystals that can quickly erode in air and dissolve in water. It has a characteristic salty-bitter taste.
Available in the following forms:
It has the following drug properties:
- Eliminates cramps.
- Relieves spasms.
Magnesia is often prescribed for poisonings provoked by chemicals, metals and food. Its use is due to the fact that most of the poisons accumulate just in the gastrointestinal tract, so to improve the patient's well-being, it is necessary to remove toxins from the body as soon as possible, which is achieved by cleansing the intestines.
The drug, as a laxative is used:
- With prolonged constipation, when other medicines have not given the expected result.
- In acute phases of constipation with symptoms of body poisoning.
- Before the examination, for example, colonoscopy.
- Before surgery, when the intestine must be completely released from its contents.
- Before performing "blind sensing."
It has several advantages:
- Gives a quick laxative result.
- 100% liquefies hard-stone feces and stimulates intestinal peristalsis.
- Acts gently.
- Does not provoke inflammation of the mucous membranes.
- Improves the patient's well-being.
- The presence of magnesium contributes to the work of the heart.
- It activates the production of endorphins.
- Improves the structure of the skin and hair.
However, it has some disadvantages:
- Does not eliminate the factor provoking constipation.
- Violates the water balance, thereby increasing the likelihood of dehydration.
- With its long-term use (more than three months) adversely affects the cardiovascular and renal system.
When the drug can not be taken
Although, according to numerous reviews, magnesia for constipation is a good remedy, it has a number of contraindications. It should not be consumed if the patient has the following abnormalities:
- Suspected appendicitis.
- Age up to 3 years.
- Bleeding from the rectum.
- Intestinal obstruction.
- Dehydration of the body.
- Nervous system disorder.
- Renal failure.
- In the days of menstruation.
Experts warn pregnant women need to take magnesia with extreme care The drug can have a negative impact on the development of the fetus. Also, the drug is not recommended with low pressure in patients of this category.
Take medication only as prescribed by a doctor, as it can provoke side effects, which most often occur with unsystematic use of the tool:
- Severe vomiting, which stops only antiemetic medications.
- Exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases.
- Increased fatigue.
- Reduced attention
- Gas formation.
- Severe spastic pain.
If at least one of these episodes is present, it is necessary to immediately stop using the drug and consult a doctor.
Often anomalies can occur due to individual intolerance to the main components of the drug.
Medicinal properties of the drug for constipation
Magnesia is quite popular and effective for various pathological abnormalities, and most reviews of magnesium sulfate from constipation really confirm the laxative effect of the drug.
If it is consumed during wakefulness, then the drug effect will manifest itself after 4 hours. If taken at night, due to weak intestinal motility, the desire for a bowel movement will come in 6-7 hours.
As you can see, magnesium sulfate in a very short time can help eliminate the presence of constipation. This is achieved by the fact that the drug enhances the flow of water into the intestinal lumen, which dilutes and spreads hard feces, thereby increasing its volume. Next is the activation of peristalsis, and feces leave the human body.
A small amount of magnesia enters the blood fluid, but promptly excreted by the kidneys.
In addition, many experts emphasize that after treatment with this agent, the intestine needs to restore its microflora, as well as microorganisms are excreted along with feces.
How to take magnesia for constipation
So, how to take magnesia for constipation? As a laxative, it is used in this way:
- Take 10-30 g of powder (the specific dosage depends on the age of the patient and how strong constipation is).
- Next, the tool is diluted in 0.5 cup of warm water. It is worth emphasizing that the powder does not dissolve completely, so the mixture is similar to lime mortar with grains.
- The finished medicine is taken 1-2 hours before breakfast.
However, doctors often recommend using it for 30 minutes before going to bed, others consider that it is better to take it right after the evening meal, but not before bedtime.
Each of us can choose for himself the best option, building on the characteristics of his daily routine. According to reviews of how to take magnesium sulfate for constipation, the most important rule that must be strictly followed is to use the medicine only once a day and no more!
Is it possible, and how to take magnesia in ampoules for constipation? Answer: as a powder, that is, an hour before or after a meal.
True, doctors say that to solve the problem with difficulty defecation, it is better to use magnesia powder, the drug in ampoules is intended for other medical purposes. If you make an intravenous injection of magnesium sulfate, then a laxative effect is not observed. When constipation ampoules are opened, and their contents are diluted with water and drunk. In this case, the laxative effect will be.
In relation to children, this category of patients with magnesia is indicated only in extreme necessity, when other laxative drugs did not contribute to the elimination of constipation.
The dosage of magnesium sulfate is determined by the following scheme:
- Adults: 15-20 g 1 time / day.
- Children from 12 to 18 years: 10-15 g 1 time / day.
- Children from 6 to 12 years: 5-10 g 1 time / day.
- Children up to 6 years: 1 g per - every full year of life.
Often, magnesia is administered as enemas, in this case a 20-30% solution is prepared, that is, one package of the medicine (20-25 g) is diluted in 0.5 cups of warm water.
It is also worth remembering that when treating with magnesia it is necessary to be at home during the day, as the number of urges to defecate increases several times.
If there is a need to take the drug course, then you need to follow a diet, and abandon the fats of plant and animal origin.
Despite the fact that magnesia helps to eliminate constipation, its use should not become a habit, as it can lead to heart problems. It is enough and its one-time use to wait for bowel movements, and then review your diet and include foods rich in fiber, as well as fruits and vegetables.
It is also worth visiting the doctor’s office, if constipation in your life is a frequent guest, to exclude the likelihood of developing serious gastrointestinal diseases.
The drug does not apply to adsorbents. By comparison, for example, with natural plant fibers (apples, carrots, beets), activated carbon, the drug is not endowed with adsorbing properties. The composition, like expensive medicines (Fortrans, Lavacol) helps to stimulate the contractility of the intestinal regions, as well as the rapid evacuation of their contents.
The tool is poorly absorbed in the intestinal walls, which causes fluid retention, an increase in osmotic pressure, and even receptor irritation.
If Magnesia is chosen as a laxative for the normalization of the bowels, it is used as part of a comprehensive treatment.
From the annotation it is known about the following effects of the drug:
Also, the drug has choleretic, sedative, antispasmodic, hypotensive, vasodilator properties.
The use of the drug contributes to the normalization of the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, cleaning the intestines from accumulated feces, slags, toxins, improving overall health, well-being, a significant improvement in the quality of life.
When used inside the powder, mixed with water, has a pronounced laxative, as well as a slight choleretic effect. After penetrating the gastrointestinal tract, the composition is quickly absorbed by the mucous membranes, and then penetrates the bloodstream.
The tool is not absorbed into the intestinal walls, and attracts fluid to itself, increasing the osmotic pressure. Due to this, there is a dilution of feces, as well as its rapid, easy excretion.
The use of the drug helps to increase the motility of the digestive tract, the rapid movement of feces to the rectum. Prepares easy. The powder is diluted in boiled slightly cooled water.
The composition helps to eliminate bruises, edema. The powder is mixed with water and then a gauze napkin is impregnated in the prepared solution. After the application of such a bandage, even large hematomas disappear. The principle of the drug is simple - it attracts water molecules from the swollen areas, which are provoked by the inflammatory process.
The use of magnesia also helps in: the normalization of microcirculation in tissues, the restoration of capillaries, the resorption of blood clots formed under the skin.
The solution is often used during electrophoresis. It is moistened with cotton swabs, which are then applied to the body. On top of them have a plate of metal, through which an electric charge is passed.
The British salt is used in the treatment of pathologies as injections, administered intramuscularly or intravenously. The use of the composition contributes to:
- heart rate stabilization,
- improve the work of the central nervous system,
- pressure reduction
- elimination of limb tremor,
- fight against cramps
- dilation of blood vessels.
The drug from the pressure is used only with a slight increase in blood pressure. Hypotonic effect of the drug is due to its diuretic effect. Thanks to the removal of excess fluid, pressure is normalized, and without taking antihypertensive drugs, which have an impressive list of contraindications.
Parenteral administration also provides a sedative effect. This is due to the presence of magnesium ions in the preparation that act on the coronary vessels exceptionally beneficial - contributes to their expansion, normalization of blood circulation, and lowering the risk of blood clots.
When used orally, the drug is poorly absorbed into the small intestine, but it can be absorbed from the intestine, as well as such important organs as the gallbladder, pancreas.
When eating foods rich in fats, the absorption of magnesium protons is reduced. In the blood, the maximum concentration is detected after four hours of use.
Mg is deposited in the bones, urinary system, myocardium, hepatocytes. Means perfectly overcomes all barriers. Excreted in the feces, urine.
When is the application indicated?
The drug is able to quickly clean the gastrointestinal tract from feces.
It is effective in combating such pathologies:
- inflammation of the biliary tract,
- chronic constipation
- poisonings with heavy metal salts,
- magnesium deficiency,
- CNS disorders,
Used drug in the study of the gastrointestinal tract before operations, as well as endoscopic manipulations.
The drug has several advantages over similar drugs:
- The tool is able to eliminate even the most severe constipation (due to the ability to soften the feces).
- In the process of bowel emptying, the rectum is not subjected to heavy loads, the composition is often prescribed even to patients with hemorrhoids.
- Compared with other laxative drugs, magnesia laxative does not clearly provoke irritation of the gastrointestinal tract.
- When taken internally, the drug does not provoke addiction.
- The drug has a complex effect on the body: it helps in cleaning the intestines, replenishing the reserves of magnesium, and normalizing the work of the central nervous system, the cardiovascular system.
- The tool is cheap.
Disadvantages, even though they are few, but there are. The tool is not able to influence the cause of constipation.
Abuse or inappropriate use of magnesium is fraught with dehydration, lack of minerals. This should be considered before applying the composition.
Magnesia for constipation: instructions for use for different patients
To carry out the correct cleaning, not to harm yourself, before you start cleaning, you should study the details of the method, as well as carry out preliminary training.
Doctors recommend reviewing the diet for a fortnight before cleaning. It is recommended to abandon the use of smoked meat, spicy, salty, fried dishes, semi-finished products, fast food, pasta, meat products, seafood, bread, spirits, fish, rice. Do not lean on potatoes, bananas, nuts, sour cream.
The diet should be enriched with raw or baked vegetables. Need to eat more fruit. Recommended use of cereals, decoctions, tinctures, herbal tea, freshly squeezed juices (carrot, apple). Magnesia from constipation will work correctly only in case of proper use of the medication.
A simple method of cleaning is based on a single use of English salt every morning, for three to seven days. Here are some recommendations:
- Consuming magnesia from constipation is necessary at 7.00 in the morning, not later. You need to mix 20-30 g of the drug with water - 0.5 cups.
- After applying a laxative, you can eat a lemon wedge (this will soften the taste of the composition).
- Approximately after three to five hours the urge to empty will appear. To completely empty the bowels, you have to go to the toilet more than once. Often, cleaning is aggravated by the appearance of abdominal pain, flatulence, and discomfort. This is normal, you need to endure.
- You can eat no earlier than three hours after cleaning.
Forced one-day cleaning
To be cleaned using this technique, you should select the output, the procedure will take at least 10 hours. Now about the order of:
- In the evening you need to prepare the composition - 25 g of the drug per glass of water. The solution is left overnight to completely dissolve the powder.
- At 6 in the morning the composition is drunk. To remove the taste of the drink, pre-prepared lemonade.
- After using the product, drink water every 20 minutes - 200 ml. Her acidified.
- After three hours there will be a desire to go to the toilet.
- After the first emptying you need to drink water. It is necessary to consume water after each bowel movement.
- The fourth bowel movement is the last in terms of fluid intake. The urge will continue. If the procedure was carried out correctly, water will come out of the intestines.
- After an hour after the last visit to the toilet, a light vegetarian meal is allowed.
Safe cleaning instruction
Prolonged cleansing is fraught with severe itching, burning in the anus, dehydration. Also, the procedure is fraught with leaching of beneficial microorganisms, a violation of water-salt balance.
In order to prevent such consequences, it is recommended: to treat the anus with cream after each trip to the toilet, to use a sufficient amount of liquid every day - two liters, to take prebiotics.
Anyone who decides to purge should be familiar with the basic rules:
- Change the diet three days before cleaning (exclude the consumption of harmful food, as well as empty carbohydrate products).
- To halve the amount of consumed sugar, salt.
- Do sport.
- Stock up on lemons (to hide the taste of the composition).
- Weigh yourself, record body weight before cleaning, check weight after it.
For the elderly
Older people are more prone to constipation. This is due to the presence of chronic diseases, inactive lifestyle. Magnesia from constipation for them - the best safe option for cleaning. Dose of the drug - 10-30 g.
Often the tool is prescribed to children older than six years. The dosage is selected taking into account the age (for each year of life 1 g of the drug): children 6-12 years old - 6-10 g, 12-14 years - 10 g.
Do not use the drug for people suffering from individual intolerance, intestinal obstruction, acute inflammation of the small, large intestine, gallstone disease, the presence of benign or malignant tumors in the gastrointestinal tract, helminthic invasions, hypertension, respiratory depression, renal insufficiency, CA deficiency.
Composition and dosage form
Magnesium sulfate, or magnesium sulphate, is a drug whose therapeutic efficacy is directly dependent on how it is used. To reduce blood pressure and normalize heart rhythm manufacturers produce injection solution. In a carton can be 10 ampoules with a volume of 5 ml or 10 ml for parenteral administration.
But the most popular is magnesium sulfate as a white crystalline powder for dilution in water. At the pharmacy stalls can be found a variety of packaging with a dry substance:
- paper bags weighing 10 g, 20 g, 50 g,
- plastic vials containing 50 g of the drug.
Magnesium sulfate has one characteristic feature that determines its healing properties. He is like a sponge attracts water molecules. When purchasing powder packaged in sachets, it is necessary either to immediately use all the laxative agent, or to seal the packaging after dosing. The chemical composition of magnesia in addition to the mineral salt contains water molecules, therefore the compound belongs to the group of crystalline hydrates.
Recommendation: “If magnesium sulphate powder is intended for a long course of treatment, it is better to purchase a large package immediately. This will save time and money, as the drug of some foreign manufacturers is very expensive. ”
Vials usually do not have a secondary packaging, so the abstract is placed directly on a plastic jar. On paper bags, instructions for use are located on the back of the package. Magnesium sulfate in the powder should be stored only in a dry place protected from sunlight.
Magnesium sulfate is used in complex treatment as a symptomatic remedy. By the nature of the pharmacological action of magnesia refers to different groups of drugs:
According to the chemical structure of magnesium, sulphate belongs to the elements that take the most important part in the activities of all body systems.
The ability of magnesium sulfate to eliminate hematomas and reduce the severity of edema is well known. The powder is diluted with water, and then the dressing is moistened in the resulting solution. After applying it to the damaged areas, even large bruises quickly disappear. The chemical compound attracts water molecules from the edema, provoked by inflammation. The use of magnesia starts several therapeutic processes at once:
- microcirculation in tissues is normalized,
- Capillary function is restored,
- blood clots formed under the skin dissolve.
Divorced magnesium sulfate powder in water is often used during physiotherapy - electrophoresis. Cotton swabs are moistened in the solution and applied to the human body, and metal plates are placed on top. Electric charges are passed through them, which ensures the penetration of magnesia directly into the places of damage.
Indications for use
The use of magnesia powder is based on its ability to quickly and efficiently clean the intestines of fecal masses. Therefore, the drug is used as a symptomatic tool in diagnosing the following pathologies in patients:
- chronic constipation
- inflammatory processes in the biliary tract,
- intoxication with heavy metal salts.
Gastroenterologists recommend taking the drug before endoscopic manipulation to study the state of the gastrointestinal tract or before surgery.
Instructions for use
To eliminate constipation, dilute magnesium sulphate powder in warm boiled water. How to take magnesia for constipation will prompt a gastroenterologist. Single doses, as well as the duration of the course of treatment, will be determined only by the doctor. It is impractical to use a solution of magnesium sulfate for constipation, the cause of which is not established. This can provoke severe complications and require surgery.
Warning: “One of the side effects of the powder is the development of severe abdominal pain during the urge to empty the bowel. Therefore, magnesium sulphate is used in the treatment of children extremely rarely and exclusively for the purpose of a gastroenterologist after the full diagnosis of a small patient. "
Instructions for use of magnesium sulfate as a laxative stipulates that the solution should be taken only on an empty stomach. Otherwise:
- most of the drug is absorbed by food,
- laxative action will be defective.
You can eat food after half an hour, when the drug is fully absorbed by the body.
Sometimes doctors prescribe dissolved powder to cleanse the intestines with an enema. In this case, the fullness of the stomach does not matter. This procedure is shown only for rare use. With frequent use of enemas with magnesia, complications can develop, and the functional activity of the intestine to eliminate fecal masses will decrease.
Powder magnesia is a popular remedy for cleansing the intestines not only from fecal masses, but also from slags and toxins. After the procedure, the functioning of the liver and gall bladder is improved, the processes of digestion and peristalsis are normalized. Before cleansing, it is necessary to prepare the organs of the gastrointestinal tract:
- 10 days before the beginning of the reception of sulphate magnesia, fatty, fried, saturated with spices and spices should be excluded from the diet,
- it is necessary to limit the content in the daily menu of cheeses, fatty varieties of fish, potatoes, lentils, beans, peas, rice, nuts,
- should eat cereal cereals, soups, mashed baked vegetables, fruit, steamed or boiled low-fat meat.
You will also need to revise your drinking regime. It is necessary to consume daily at least 2 liters of pure water, chamomile or green tea, rosehip infusion.
The optimal time for bowel cleansing is 7-8 hours in the morning. The procedure is carried out on an empty stomach and begins with a standard dose of magnesium sulfate solution, recommended by the instructions for use. The drug has a very specific bitter-salty taste, so you should prepare a lemon slice or a slice of grapefruit in advance.
The laxative effect begins to appear after 3-5 hours after taking the drug. There are frequent urges to defecate, often accompanied by boiling and rumbling in the abdomen, as well as painful sensations. After the intestine is completely clear, you can eat only after three hours, so you can’t have breakfast on this day. The duration of taking a laxative should be agreed with the doctor, who will take into account:
- survey results
- general human health.
The duration of the therapeutic course can vary greatly. For some patients, two days are enough for complete cleansing, others have to take the drug for a week.
Advantages and disadvantages of a laxative
Sulfuric acid magnesia has several advantages over other drugs that can eliminate chronic constipation:
- magnesium sulfate eliminates the most severe constipation, as it quickly softens the feces,
- in the process of defecation the rectum does not experience strong loads, the powder is prescribed even for patients with anal fissures,
- unlike other laxatives, magnesia does not have a strong irritant effect on the gastrointestinal tract,
- when taken orally, magnesium sulfate does not provoke habituation of the body to the laxative activity of the powder,
- due to the complex action of the drug in the body, the reserves of the trace element magnesium are replenished, which is necessary for the active functioning of the nervous and cardiovascular systems.
Magnesium sulfate, produced by domestic producers, is inexpensive. Even the exchange intake of powder does not cause how much a tangible blow to the family budget. Magnetic laxative has several disadvantages. The most important of them is the inability of the drug to eliminate the cause of constipation. Also, if used improperly, the drug can cause dehydration and a lack of mineral salts in the body. This must be taken into account before taking magnesium sulfate powder.
Properties of magnesia
Magnesia is the traditional medical name for magnesium sulfate., i.e. the magnesium salt of sulfuric acid. The common names “British salt”, “Epsom salt” and “bitter salt” are also common.
The properties of magnesium sulfate have long been known medicine. At the end of the 17th century, English physician Nehemiah Grew discovered this substance in natural well water from the town of Epsom.
Magnesia belongs to the group of saline laxatives, the use of which is based on the use of osmotic laws.
When administered orally (that is, when the solution is taken internally), magnesium sulfate “pulls” water from adjacent tissues and blood plasma (through the walls of small blood vessels) due to the concentration gradient formed by magnesium cations, and also contributes to fluid retention in the intestinal cavity.
As a result due to the influx of water, fecal masses become softer and more liquid, increase in volume and are easily excreted from the body due to the natural intestinal motility.
Also, when ingested, magnesia exhibits a choleretic effect. In addition, magnesium preparations, including magnesia, relax smooth muscles and relieve spasms.
It is widely believed among patients that magnesium sulphate is not absorbed at all in the intestines, “passing” through the digestive tract. In fact, everything is not so. Magnesia Absorbency Low Enough, especially compared to many other drugs, and is 20%.
However, this value is quite tangible and can cause contraindications for taking saline laxative in patients with renal insufficiency, as well as pregnant and lactating women (for more information on contraindications, see below).
Effects of magnesium sulfate on the body
The main effect of magnesia on the human body is caused by magnesium cations Mg 2+, contained in this salt in large quantities.
Magnesium is one of the most important trace elements of our body, and its positively charged ions are involved in a variety of biochemical and metabolic reactionsstarting with a nerve impulse and ending with energy reactions with phosphorus.
In connection with the phenomena occurring in the body during oral administration of magnesium sulfate preparations, it is possible to distinguish both the positive and negative sides of the use of magnesia.
Advantages of constipation
- The effect occurs quickly enough. It usually takes from 30 minutes to 4 hours from taking the medicine to emptying the intestines.
- Very high efficiency. Virtually no constipation, which could not facilitate the use of magnesia. This fact makes magnesium sulfate, like other salt laxatives, a very convenient remedy for acute constipation.
- Unlike irritants, magnesia, like other salt laxatives, causes fewer unpleasant side effects and is generally more benign.
- Wide availability of the drug and low price.
Cons of using
- The next day after intestinal cleansing with the use of the drug, magnesium sulfate residues in the intestine react with its contents, as a result of which gaseous hydrogen sulfide is formed. This leads to flatulence and gas with a sharp unpleasant smell of rotten eggs.
- English salt, like other laxatives, does not eliminate the cause of constipation. Taking magnesia is a symptomatic treatment and provides only temporary relief.
- Without further clarification and treatment of the causes of constipation by a gastroenterologist, the use of magnesium sulfate is of little use. Moreover, with prolonged and regular intake of saline laxative, the tone of the intestinal smooth muscles decreases, its natural peristalsis worsens, which ultimately leads to addiction to the drug.
- Prolonged use of magnesia harms the health of the kidneys and the heart, contributes to the development of dehydration of the body and the life-threatening state of hypermagnesia - an excess of magnesium ions in the body.
Given the above disadvantages, it can be said that the best conditions for using magnesium sulphate as a laxative are a one-off method for acute constipation during holidays or weekends.
How to take a laxative?
To cleanse the intestines with constipation, 10-30 grams of magnesium sulfate powder is dissolved in 100 ml (1/2 cup) of pure warm water and drunk overnight or in the morning on an empty stomach.
Dosage for children: dissolved in water, based on the rate of 1 gram of the drug for 1 year of life of the child.
The most effective oral intake is magnesium. Using cleansing enemas with a solution of magnesium sulfate is not only ineffective, but also very dangerous to your health or even life.
Like any effective drug, magnesia has a number of side effects that may result from taking. The main ones are:
- On the part of the digestive system and the gastrointestinal tract:
- flatulence and bloating,
- exacerbation of chronic diseases
- abdominal pain, cramps.
- Violations of water-salt balance. His symptoms: convulsions, arrhythmia, fatigue, asthenia, confusion.
- Hypermagnesemia. Symptoms: baricardia, sweating, flushing, respiratory depression, central nervous system and cardiac activity.
If you experience any side effects, you should immediately stop taking the drug., and in case of manifestation of dangerous symptoms of dehydration and hypermagnesia, immediately call an ambulance!
How does magnesium on the digestive tract
Magnesium sulfate - This is the official name of the drug. Magnesia is more familiar to the people. This drug must be taken by mouth.
Magnesia has the following effects:
- Regularly leads to bowel movement,
- Facilitates excretion of feces
- Enhances the activity of peristalsis,
- Thins the fecal masses,
- Increases osmotic pressure of the intestines.
Release form and composition
Magnesium sulfate is available in two dosage forms:
- Ampoules The composition of one ampoule includes 20 and 25% solution in 5, 10, 20, 30 milliliters. One
The package contains 10 pieces of ampoules. This drug is diluted with saline. Use magnesia intravenously or intramuscularly already in finished form.
- Powder. Powder is stored in waterproof paper bags or in banks of 50, 40, 25, 20 grams. Take magnesia inside. Dilute with water before use.
The active ingredient of the drug is magnesium sulfate.
Recipe E. Malysheva from constipation
My dear ones, to normalize digestion and stool, to remove constipation, not expensive pills will help you, but the simplest popular, long-forgotten recipe. Write down soon, brew 1 tbsp. a spoon.
Dosing and Administration
When taking magnesia, you must follow the instructions and all the rules so as not to harm your body.
Admission rules are as follows.:
- The solution must be taken 1 hour before a meal or 1 hour after a meal.
- The powder must be diluted with boiled water in proportions 1/2. Small grains may remain in the solution, you can not wait for their complete dissolution and take the medicine with them.
- The maximum dose of magnesium intake per day to 30 grams. The permitted dose is from 10 to 30 grams. It all depends on the age, weight, degree of complication of the patient.
You will not achieve any effect if you do not stick to a gentle diet, because otherwise the drug simply will not act.
It is better to use magnesia at home because, as a laxative, it causes a great urge to defecate, unlike other laxatives.
It is necessary to take magnesia exactly in the indicated doses. Otherwise, an overdose may occur. In case of overdose, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Magnesium sulfate can be taken and children in the following doses:
- Up to six years. Категорически запрещено принимать препарат внутрь. Можно использовать в виде раствора для клизмы. Порошок не более 10 грамм разводится с кипяченой водой 200 миллилитров. Максимально разрешенный объем клизмы составляет 50 миллилитров.Relief can be felt after half an hour after application.
- From six to twelve years. Permissible to take 1 gram per 1 kilogram of the child.
- Up to fifteen. Take no more than 10 grams once a day.
Older than fifteen years and adults. Take no more than 20 grams per day.
It is necessary to monitor the dosage. and do not increase it. In case of an overdose, the intestinal microflora is disturbed, a large amount of useful components is washed out of the intestine.
How long does Magnesia work?
The smallest dose of the drug is slightly absorbed into the blood. But also quickly excreted by the kidneys. The action of magnesia depends on the human body and its response to the drug. The effect can be achieved within half an hour after application or about three hours.
The therapeutic effect lasts about six hours. If you take magnesium sulfate overnight, the result will begin within six to seven hours after application.
Magnesia during pregnancy and breastfeeding
Before you start using magnesium sulfate during pregnancy, you should consult with your doctor.
What do Israeli proctologists say about constipation?
Constipation is very dangerous and very often this is the first symptom of hemorrhoids! Few people know, but to get rid of it is very simple. Only 3 cups of this tea a day will relieve you from constipation, flatulence and other problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
Other names and recipe for magnesium sulfate
Magnesium sulfate has several common names that have been preserved from earlier times and are still used today. So, magnesium sulfate is called:
- Epsom salt,
- Epsom salt,
- Magnesium sulphate,
- Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate.
All the above names are used to refer to magnesium sulphate. And most often it is called magnesia.
The prescription for magnesium sulfate is written as follows:
Rp .: Sol. Magnesii sulfatis 25% 10.0 ml
D. t. d. No. 10 in amp.
S. To enter once a day on 2 ml.
In the recipe after the indication of the name in Latin "Magnesii sulfatis" they write the concentration of the solution - in this example it is 25%. Then the volume is indicated, which in our example is equal to 10 ml. After the designation "D. t. D." under the number sign indicates the number of ampoules with a solution to be given to a person. In this example, the number of ampoules is 10. Finally, in the last line of the recipe after the designation "S." indicates the dosage, frequency and method of use of the drug.
Group and release forms
Magnesium sulfate refers to several pharmacological groups at once, according to the action taken:
1. Trace element
3. Sedative (sedative).
The drug substance was assigned to several pharmacological groups at once, since magnesium sulfate has a huge amount of therapeutic effects.
To date, the drug is available in two dosage forms:
2. Solution in ampoules.
The powder is available in packs of 10 g, 20 g, 25 g, and 50 g. Magnesium sulfate in powder form is intended to be diluted in water to form a suspension, which can be taken orally. Magnesium sulfate solution is available in 5 ml, 10 ml, 20 ml and 30 ml ampoules in two possible concentrations: 20% and 25%. This means that, per 100 ml of solution, there are, respectively, 20 g and 25 g of magnesium sulphate itself.
Magnesium sulphate powder and solution only contains this chemical. This means that there are no excipients in magnesium sulfate. That is, the drug is a simple chemical compound, which is the active ingredient.
Therapeutic effect and pharmacological properties
Magnesium sulfate has the following therapeutic properties:
- hypotensive (reduces pressure),
- antispasmodic (analgesic),
- sedative (sedative),
- tocolytic (relaxes the uterus).
Some properties of magnesium sulfate manifests when applied orally, while others - with injecting.
So, with ingestion in the form of powder, magnesium sulfate has a choleretic and laxative effect. The choleretic effect is achieved by stimulating the receptors of the duodenum. And the laxative effect is due to the fact that magnesium sulphate is not absorbed into the blood, but on the contrary, it increases the inflow of water into the intestinal lumen, as a result of which the stool masses are diluted, increase in volume, and the peristaltic movements are reflex-enhanced. As a result of this, there is a relaxation of the chair.
A small portion of magnesium sulfate, which is absorbed into the blood, is excreted by the kidneys. That is, indirectly, magnesia has a diuretic effect. In addition, inside it is recommended to take magnesium sulfate in case of poisoning with heavy metal salts, since in such cases the chemical compound plays the role of an antidote. The drug binds heavy metals and due to its laxative effect, quickly removes them from the body.
The effect of magnesium sulfate after ingestion develops after 30 minutes - 3 hours, and lasts at least 4 - 6 hours.
Magnesium sulphate solution is applied by injection and topically. Locally, the solution is used for impregnating dressings and tampons on wound surfaces. Also, magnesia is used for electrophoresis, which has a beneficial effect on the central nervous system and blood vessels. In addition, electrophoresis with magnesia effectively cures warts.
Intramuscular and intravenous injections magnesium sulfate reduces pressure, has a calming effect, relieves cramps, increases urination, dilates blood vessels and eliminates cardiac arrhythmias. High doses of magnesium sulfate, injected, inhibit the activity of the central nervous system, have tocolytic, hypnotic and drug-like effects. The mechanism of action of magnesia is due to the fact that magnesium is a competitor of calcium. As a result, after ingestion of magnesium in the body, it competitively displaces calcium from binding sites, which reduces the amount of acetylcholine, which is the main substance that regulates vascular tone, smooth muscles and transmission of nerve impulses.
The anticonvulsant effect of magnesia is due to the release of acetylcholine from neuromuscular compounds and the entry of magnesium ions into it. Magnesium ions inhibit the transmission of signals from nerve cells to the muscles, which stops the cramps. In addition, magnesium sulfate inhibits the work of the central nervous system, reducing the intensity of nerve impulses, which also reduces seizure activity. Depending on the dosage, magnesium sulfate acts on the central nervous system as a sedative, sedative or anesthetic.
The antiarrhythmic effect of magnesium sulfate is due to a decrease in the general ability to excite heart muscle cells, as well as normalization of the structure and function of cardiomyocyte membranes. In addition, magnesium sulfate has a protective effect on the heart, dilating the coronary arteries and reducing the tendency to thrombosis.
Tocolytic action is to relax the smooth muscles of the uterus in women, and the termination of their contractile activity. The muscles of the uterus relaxes, blood vessels dilate, contractile activity ceases, resulting in the elimination of the threat of abortion.
Intravenous magnesium sulfate provides an almost instant effect, lasting at least half an hour. And with intramuscular administration of magnesia, the effects develop within 1 hour, and continue for 3 to 4 hours.
Magnesium sulfate powder
The powder is applied internally in the form of a suspension. Before use, the required amount of powder is dissolved in warm boiled water, and stirred well. The tool is used regardless of the meal.
Magnesium sulfate as a choleretic agent is used as follows: Dissolve 20 - 25 g of powder in 100 ml of warm boiled water. The resulting solution is to take a tablespoon of one tablespoon three times a day. To improve biliary excretion magnesium sulfate is best taken before meals.
For duodenal intubation, a solution is prepared as follows:
1. 10 g of the powder is dissolved in 100 ml of water, obtaining a solution with a 10% concentration.
2. 12.5 g of the powder is dissolved in 50 ml of water, obtaining a solution with a 25% concentration.
Then 100 ml of a 10% or 50 ml of a 25% solution of magnesium sulphate is injected through a probe, by means of which a gallant bile portion is obtained. The solution injected through the probe should be warm.
In case of poisoning with barium salts, the stomach is washed with a 1% solution of magnesium sulfate, which is prepared at the rate of 1 g of powder per 100 ml of water. After washing the stomach, a person is allowed to drink a 10 - 12% solution of barium sulfate inside. This solution for oral administration after washing the stomach is prepared at the rate of 20-25 g of powder per 200 ml of water.
In case of mercury, arsenic or lead poisoning, magnesium sulfate solution is administered intravenously. To do this, the solution is prepared at the rate of 5 - 10 g of powder per 100 ml of water. A single dose for administration is 5 to 10 ml of the prepared solution.
Magnesium sulfate laxative
Magnesium sulphate powder is also used as a laxative. For the purpose of a laxative effect, magnesium sulfate is taken at bedtime, or on an empty stomach in the morning. Before use, the powder is diluted in water, and then the resulting suspension is drunk. For adults, 10–30 g of powder in half a glass of water is diluted with a purpose of relaxing the stool.
For children, the dosage of the powder is calculated by body weight, based on the ratio of 1 g per 1 year of life. That is, if a child is 7 years old, then the dosage of magnesium sulfate, as a laxative, for him is 7 g of powder. When a child is 15 years old, the drug is used in usual dosages for adults.
The laxative effect of magnesium sulfate can be accelerated by drinking large amounts of warm water. In this case, a laxative effect will occur within 1 to 3 hours after taking magnesia. Do not take magnesium sulfate for several days in a row, because salt irritates the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract. The drug is usually used once, in order to eliminate acute constipation, if necessary, quickly empty the intestine or with anthelmintic agents.
For chronic constipation, enemas with magnesium sulfate are used. To do this, 20 - 30 g of the powder is dissolved in 100 ml of water, and the resulting solution is injected into the rectum. Enemas can be made at any convenient time.
Magnesium sulfate in ampoules (shots)
Ampoules contain sterile magnesium sulfate solution ready for use with a concentration of 20% and 25%. The solution is administered intravenously or intramuscularly, depending on the required rate of effect. So, a solution is administered intravenously if necessary to obtain an almost instantaneous effect, for example, for stopping seizures, removing a hypertensive crisis, with eclampsia, arrhythmias, etc. And if necessary, to obtain a longer effect, but occurring approximately within one hour after administration of the drug, intramuscular injections are used.
Magnesium sulfate, both intramuscularly and intravenously injected slowly, at a rate not exceeding 1 ml per 1 minute. With repeated injections during the day, it is necessary to remember that the maximum daily dose of magnesia is 40 g / day. This means that during the day you can enter a person intramuscularly or intravenously no more than 200 ml of a 20% solution, and no more than 160 ml of a 25% solution. People suffering from renal failure should adhere to the maximum allowable dosage of 20 g of magnesium sulfate within 48 hours. This means that within two days you can inject intramuscularly or intravenously no more than 100 ml of a 20% solution, and not more than 80 ml of a 25% solution.
Consider the dosage and duration of the course of therapy for intramuscular and intravenous injections.
Magnesium sulfate intramuscularly
Magnesium sulfate is administered intramuscularly in most cases, except for the need to quickly remove the hypertensive crisis, stop seizures or eliminate eclampsia in the parturient woman.
So, for the treatment of virtually any other symptom that is eliminated with the help of magnesium sulfate (for example, the threat of termination of pregnancy, arrhythmia, high blood pressure, epilepsy, concussion, etc.), the substance is injected in the form of a 20-25% solution of 1 - 2 times a day. For each injection, 5 to 20 ml of magnesia is taken, depending on the severity of the pathological symptoms that must be eliminated. The duration of the course of application is 2 - 3 weeks, depending on the rate of normalization of the state.
To eliminate the mental and motor stimulation of magnesium sulfate is administered once, in 5-25 ml of 25% solution.
In order to relieve convulsive syndrome in children, magnesium sulfate is applied once, and the dosage is calculated by body weight, based on the ratio of 0.2 ml of 20% solution per 1 kg of weight. That is, if a child weighs 10 kg, then to relieve seizures he needs to enter 0.2 * 10 = 2 ml of a 20% solution of magnesium sulfate.
For the purpose of anesthesia during the birth of magnesium sulfate is introduced in the amount of 5 - 20 ml of 25% solution, in combination with other analgesic substances.
To relieve moderate and mild eclampsia, 10-20 ml of 25% magnesium sulfate solution is administered 4 times a day, with an interval between injections of 4 hours. Stop this schedule of drug administration after the normalization of the condition of a pregnant woman.
In addition, a 25% solution of magnesium sulfate in an amount of 5 ml in combination with a 0.5% solution of Novocain is administered to eliminate the pain of a spastic nature in various organs, for example, the intestine, bladder, etc.
Magnesium sulfate intravenously
Magnesium sulfate is administered intravenously only if necessary immediately to stop an acute, life-threatening condition, such as myocardial infarction, hypertensive crisis, severe eclampsia, etc. In such situations, a 20% solution is administered intravenously in an amount of 5 to 20 ml. Depending on the severity of the human condition, intravenous administration of magnesia is carried out 1 or 2 times a day.
To quickly relieve pain caused by spasm of the intestine or sphincter of the bladder, inject 10 ml of 5% solution of magnesium sulfate at a time.
When poisoning with salts of heavy metals or barium, 5–10 ml of a 10% solution of magnesium sulfate must be injected quickly. It is necessary to bind and neutralize toxic substances that have already entered the bloodstream.
In the case of long-term use of magnesium sulfate, blood pressure, heart function, tendon reflexes, kidney function and respiratory rate should be monitored. If a person needs to simultaneously receive calcium and magnesium preparations, then they should be injected into different veins.
An overdose of magnesium sulfate is possible, as with intravenous and intramuscular administration, and when taken orally. Overdosage with injection is manifested by the following symptoms:
- the disappearance of the knee jerk,
- severe pressure drop
- bradycardia (decrease in heart rate),
- respiratory depression
- depression of the central nervous system.
For the treatment of overdose, 10% solutions of calcium chloride or calcium gluconate, 5 to 10 ml, are slowly administered intravenously as an antidote. Additionally, they carry out oxygen therapy, inhale carbogen, and, if necessary, connect it to a ventilator. For the speedy removal of excess magnesium sulfate from the body, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are performed. Depending on the human condition, various drugs are used to help correct the function of the cardiovascular and central nervous systems.
Overdosing while taking an excess amount of magnesium sulfate inwards is manifested as severe and uncontrollable diarrhea. In this case, use the means to stop the bowel movement (for example, Loperamide), as well as drugs that fill the water and electrolytes in the body (for example, Rehydron, etc.).
Magnesium sulfate during pregnancy
In pregnancy, magnesium sulfate is used primarily for the purpose of relaxing the muscular system of the uterus, for eliminating its hyper tone and preventing preterm labor. Usually, obstetricians call this condition “the threat of miscarriage”, or the threat of miscarriage. Magnesium sulfate effectively relaxes the uterus, eliminates the strong reduction of its muscle fibers, which removes the threat of abortion.
Treatment of the threat of interruption with magnesium sulfate is carried out in an obstetric or gynecological hospital, under the supervision of qualified medical personnel.
Special studies about the toxic effect on the fetus magnesium sulfate was not conducted. Therefore, at present scientifically not confirmed the complete safety of the drug for the child. However, magnesium sulphate has been used for a long time for the treatment of threatened abortion, and thanks to its action, more than one generation of women has been able to bear a child and give birth successfully. Due to this circumstance, magnesium sulphate is considered a safe preparation provided it is used correctly.
However, pharmacologists warn that magnesium sulfate should not be used uncontrollably during pregnancy. Лучше подобрать специальное лекарственное средство, которое подходит для беременных женщин, и принимать его с целью устранения возникших проблем или неприятных симптомов. Иными словами, сульфат магния у беременных целесообразно применять только при несомненной его полезности в данном конкретном случае, и отсутствии другого препарата, способного справиться с ситуацией.
When intravenous magnesium sulfate is used to treat eclampsia in pregnant women, the drug passes well through the placenta and quickly enters the baby’s blood. Moreover, the concentration of magnesium sulfate in the child’s blood will be the same as in the mother’s blood. In this case, magnesium sulfate has the same effect on the child as the woman in labor. That is, the newborn may experience depression of reflexes and breathing, as well as low pressure, if the mother received magnesia before delivery. That is why magnesium sulfate is not used in the prenatal period, that is, the introduction is stopped 2 hours before the intended delivery. The only exceptions are convulsions caused by eclampsia. If necessary, magnesium sulfate is administered continuously, intravenously, at a rate of not more than 8 ml of a 25% solution per hour. In this case, 8 ml of solution can be dissolved in water for injection, and administered infusion. Such continuous administration of magnesia requires control of the concentration of magnesium in the blood, pressure, respiration rate and tendon reflexes.
Magnesium sulfate for children
Magnesium sulfate can be used in powder form for children as a mild salt laxative. To do this, the required amount of powder is dissolved in half a glass of warm boiled water and allowed to drink to the child. In order to have a laxative effect, magnesium sulphate powder is given to a child to drink at night or in the morning on an empty stomach. Dosage depends on age:
1. Children over 15 years old - an adult dosage of 10 - 30 g of powder at a time.
2. Children 12 - 15 years old - dosage 10 g per day.
3. Children 6 - 12 years old - dosage 5 - 10 g per day.
If you wish to calculate the exact daily dosage of magnesium sulfate for children use the rule: 1 g of powder for 1 year of life of the child. That is, for a 12-year-old child, the maximum daily dose of magnesium sulfate powder is 12 g. This rule can be used for children 6–15 years old. In children under 6 years of age, it is not recommended to use magnesium sulfate without a doctor's prescription.
In children up to 1 year, magnesium sulfate is dangerous to apply, as this can lead to loss of intracellular fluid, depression of the central nervous system, as well as pressure drop.
As a laxative for children, magnesium sulfate can be used in microclysters. To do this, prepare a warm solution, according to the ratio of 20 - 30 g of powder per 100 ml of water. Then 50-100 ml of the solution is injected into the rectum of the child.
In order to relieve convulsive syndrome in children of any origin, magnesium sulfate is administered intravenously. The dosage is calculated by the body weight of the child, based on the ratio of 0.1 - 0.2 ml of 20% solution per 1 kg of weight. That is, if a child weighs 10 kg, then to relieve seizures he needs to enter 0.1 - 0.2 * 10 = 1 - 2 ml of a 20% solution of magnesium sulfate.
Magnesium sulfate for weight loss and to cleanse the body
Today, nutritionists recommend at the very beginning of entry into the diet to conduct a bowel cleansing procedure. This will help get rid of the contents of the entire intestine, and it is easier to enter a diet or health-improving fasting.
An excellent way to achieve this is magnesium sulphate powder, or magnesia, which is a salt laxative. Magnesium sulfate acts quite gently, increasing the flow of water into the intestines, diluting fecal masses and bringing them out.
However, it should be remembered that the use of magnesium sulfate to cleanse the body is justified only before entering the diet, and not during the period of direct limitation of the quantity and quality of food consumed. You can use the drug in the first days of the diet, but no later. Magnesium sulfate will greatly facilitate entry into fasting, eliminating toxins in the body and, thus, alleviating the unpleasant symptoms of the first days without food.
To cleanse the body before fasting or dieting for the purpose of losing weight, magnesium sulfate can be used in two ways. In the first case, 30 g of the powder is dissolved in half a glass of warm water, and drunk before bedtime or at any time half an hour before meals. In the second case, 30 g of the powder is dissolved in half a glass of warm water and drunk in the morning, an hour after breakfast. The laxative effect develops within 4 to 6 hours after ingestion. This cleansing of the body should be carried out before entering a diet or fasting.
As an exception, you can take magnesium sulfate on the first day of a diet or fast. In this case, the dieter, after taking magnesium sulfate, should refrain from eating until the end of the current day. However, he will have to drink at least 2 liters of water.
Magnesium sulphate can be used only on the first day of the diet, or before entering the diet. During dieting or fasting, magnesium sulfate should not be used to cleanse the body, as this can lead to diarrhea and dizziness, as well as lead to exhaustion, vomiting, fainting, etc. Do not use magnesium sulphate continuously, as this is fraught with impaired water and electrolyte balance and intestinal dysbiosis.
Magnesium sulfate bath
Magnesium sulfate baths have long been used as a physiotherapeutic method. The magnesia bath will help to relieve emotional and physical stress, pain, fatigue and nervousness, especially after a flight, stress or anxiety. In the process of restoring balance in the body, you can take baths with magnesium sulfate once a day, it is best before going to bed.
In addition, the magnesium sulfate bath has the following therapeutic effects:
- removes a spasm of small vessels,
- enhances microcirculation,
- increases uterine and renal blood flow
- reduces pressure
- reduces blood clots,
- relieves bronchospasm,
- prevents convulsions in pregnant women and in hypertension,
- eliminates cellulite,
- reduces muscle tone
- enhances metabolic processes, contributing to rapid recovery from injuries, fractures, serious illnesses, etc.
Prophylactically, you can take baths with magnesia 1 - 2 times a week, or courses of 15 baths every other day. For a bath with magnesia, it is necessary to pour warm water and pour 100 g of magnesium sulfate, 500 g of any sea salt and 500 g of common table salt into it. The temperature of the water in the bath should be between 37 and 39 o C. Then for 20 to 30 minutes it is necessary to immerse yourself in the bath and lie down calmly. After a bath with magnesia, it is necessary to lie down for at least half an hour, since the procedure leads to a strong expansion of the vessels and a drop in pressure.
Magnesium Sulphate Tubing
The tube is a procedure for cleansing the liver and gallbladder. It is optimal to carry out the bullets in the range between 18 and 20 o'clock in the evening. Before the procedure, you should take 1 pill of No-shpy, and prepare a solution for boiling at the rate of 30 g of magnesium sulfate powder per 100 ml of warm boiled water. It will take 0.5 - 1 liter of this solution.
Then begin the actual procedure of magnesium sulfate sludge. Within 20 minutes drink 0.5 - 1 liter of warm solution of magnesium sulfate. After that, the person should lie on the right side and put a heating pad on the area of the liver. Thus lie 2 hours.
After tyubazha bitterness may appear in the mouth, which will pass on their own. Such tuba make courses for 10 - 16 procedures that are carried out 1 - 2 times a week. Tuba cannot be done in the stage of exacerbation of cholecystitis, and in the presence of erosions or ulcers in the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
Magnesium sulfate for compresses
Magnesium sulphate can be used for warming compresses, which cause increased blood flow in the skin and underlying tissues. The main effects of a warming compress are anesthesia and accelerated resorption of various seals. Often, warming compresses with magnesium sulphate are placed on children in place of DPT vaccination.
Compress is set as follows:
1. Roll up the gauze in 6-8 layers.
2. Wet the gauze with a 25% solution of magnesium sulfate.
3. Put the gauze in place of the injection.
4. Put thick paper for compresses on top.
5. Cover paper with cotton wool.
6. Apply a bandage to keep the compress.
This compress is left for 6 to 8 hours, then removed, the skin washed with warm water, dried well with a towel and smeared with a fat cream.