Man's health

Causes of cystitis before, during and after ovulation


The connection of ovulation and cystitis is traced in all women who have reached childbearing age, and the hormonal background in a woman changes throughout the entire menstrual cycle. Such changes in the body lead to a decrease in immunity. If the natural protective function of a person weakens, then he becomes vulnerable to any pathogenic microflora.

The relationship of cystitis and ovulation

Cystitis can occur before, during, or after ovulation. To determine the true cause of such a reaction of the woman’s body is possible only with medical assistance.

Ovulation is a favorable time for conception. If fertilization has occurred, the symptoms of cystitis may be false. But it should be borne in mind that, in addition to cystitis and pregnancy, the woman's ovulation may increase the production of urine for individual physiological reasons that are not pathological.

Cystitis affects the performance of the genitals. The development of infection in the reproductive organs can cause hormonal changes that will cause the lack of ovulation.

The manifestation of the disease before ovulation

Before ovulation, symptoms of cystitis often occur in women who suffer from the chronic form of the disease. In most cases, the signs of pathology are mild. They manifest themselves in the form of frequent urination. During emptying a woman experiences itching and burning.

If pathological bacteria penetrate the urethral canal and reach the bladder when a ripe egg leaves the ovary, the patient may complain of lower abdominal pain. When symptoms persist for longer than 3 days or a woman’s condition worsens (body temperature rises, signs of intoxication appear, etc.), this may indicate that the inflammatory process has spread to the reproductive organs.

During ovulation, the uterus increases. It presses on the bladder, which provokes the appearance of frequent urination.

In some women, ovulation may be accompanied by a small amount of bleeding from the vagina. They pass after the egg is released from the ovary. If ovulation has ended, and the spotting has not stopped or the bleeding has increased, this may indicate cystitis, which provoked the development of complications in the genital area.

Regardless of what period of the menstrual cycle cystitis appeared, the patient's urine changes. In the biological fluid may appear blood, flakes and clots. Urine becomes turbid, and its color darkens.

Features of treatment

Treatment should be carried out according to the recommendations of the doctor. Therapy is aimed at reducing the symptoms of the disease, removing the inflammatory process and destroying the pathogenic microflora that provoked the disorder. Traditional treatment is recommended to combine with folk remedies. Nontraditional therapy is auxiliary, not primary.

The patient is recommended to stay in bed and drink more fluids. Water can be replaced by herbal decoctions of medicinal plants (corn silk, chamomile, yarrow, calendula, etc.). Warm sessile baths, which add herbal teas that have antimicrobial and anesthetic effects (valerian, chamomile, aspen, St. John's wort, etc.), help speed up the healing process.

Mutual influence

The connection of ovulation and cystitis occurs against the background of a weakened immune system due to hormonal changes. Regardless of what ended ovulation, the processes occurring in the body, affect the development of conditionally pathogenic flora of the vagina and intestines.

If ovulation ends with fertilization, then the female body begins to rebuild hormones. During this period, the size of the uterus increases, resulting in greater pressure on the bladder, the body's defenses are greatly reduced. All of these processes can affect the occurrence of interstitial cystitis. Enhances the growth of microbes and their reproduction reducing the tone of the bladder and the stagnation of urine in it, as there is an increase in the level of the hormone progesterone.

When fertilization after ovulation has not occurred, there is a subsequent transition of the cycle to another phase. Basal body temperature increases.

The body's defenses are weakened, which allows pathogenic bacteria to easily enter the body.

Preventive actions

To reduce the risk of pathogenic germs entering the body through the urethra, you should regularly follow the rules of personal hygiene, regularly washing the genitals. To do this, you need to carefully choose a detergent, as some substances cause allergies, which may contribute to the development of the disease.

How ovulation affects the development of inflammation in the bladder

As already mentioned, in women very often cystitis may occur after or during the process of ovulation. The reasons for this lie in the following: there is a weakening of immunity from pathogens, which contributes to the activation in the first place of conditionally pathogenic flora (vagina and intestines). The female body is also weakened after menstruation, which is another cause of the development of the disease in the bladder.

The fact is that if ovulation is completed by fertilization, then a woman’s hormonal changes begin in the woman’s body, the uterus increases and begins to put pressure on the bladder, the body’s overall immune defense decreases, and the blood supply to the genitals increases. All this provokes interstitial cystitis. In addition, the increase in progesterone leads to a decrease in the tone of the bladder, as well as stagnation of urine, after which there is a rapid growth and reproduction of pathogenic microbes.

If fertilization does not occur after ovulation, the monthly cycle moves to the next phase. During this period, the basal body temperature is increased in the female body. If this symptom is determined during menstruation, it can be a sign of cystitis. It is known that during menstruation there may be frequent urination. Most often this is due to edema of the internal genital organs, which causes pressure on the bladder. If, in addition to this symptom, a woman no longer has other pathological manifestations, then it is not cystitis.

As practice has shown, the disease most often occurs in the autumn-spring period, since it is at this time that it is easiest to overcool. Etiological factors of cystitis in most cases are pathogenic bacteria, less often - viruses and fungi. The causative agent can be a sexually transmitted infection (gonococci, microplasmas, chlamydia, etc.). Conditionally pathogenic flora (for example, some representatives of strepto-or staph infection) causes the development of inflammation in the bladder only with a decrease in immunity.

Features of inflammation in the bladder, which is associated with hormonal alteration

It should be noted that cystitis during or after the ovulation process has its own characteristics. Since the inflammatory process of a non-infectious nature first develops, only irritation of the bladder mucous membrane is observed. Further, due to the peculiarities of the structure of the female urethra, an infection rather quickly joins (infectious cystitis occurs). In this case, infection occurs when pathogenic microorganisms enter the urethra (from the skin of dirty hands or external genital organs).

I want to emphasize that ovulation may be accompanied by short-term pain in the projection of the right or left ovary. Such a phenomenon is considered natural, physiological, if it is observed within one or two days. If the pain is strong, cutting, are long-lasting, then this may be a manifestation of inflammatory changes in the bladder (that is, so cystitis manifests itself).

Also, pain in the process of ovulation, localized in the lower abdomen, can occur in chronic gynecological diseases. In this case, pain is more often colicky, may increase after fatigue, stressful situations, hypothermia, errors in diet. As a rule, in this case, vaginal discharge is also observed, while women often cannot become pregnant for a long time.

Thus, if ovulation is accompanied by severe pain, headaches, painful urination, shortness of breath and other manifestations, it is necessary to consult a specialist as soon as possible.

Moreover, whatever reasons cause the appearance of pain in the lower abdomen after the process of ovulation, you must be very careful about your body, seek medical help in time to take the necessary measures and prevent the occurrence of terrible complications.

It should be noted that experts recommend that all women over thirty years undergo mandatory detailed examinations annually, while the gynecologist should be visited twice a year.

Clinical manifestations of cystitis

All manifestations of this disease in women are very pronounced, so it is quite difficult to confuse it with another pathological process. The very first manifestation of inflammatory changes in the bladder is frequent urination, often painful (during or after urination). In this case, the pathological process may be accompanied by an unpleasant burning sensation. There may be pain along the urinary tract.

Also, women are worried about constant aching, sometimes nagging pains in the lower parts of the waist and in the supra-nylon area (this zone is a projection of the bladder), general malaise, and headaches. Cystitis can cause a rise in temperature in patients (to subfebrile or febrile numbers).

For the first time, acute cystitis or a worsened chronic process as a result of fluctuations of female hormones has some peculiarities. As a rule, it is very painful and leads to irregularities in the menstrual cycle, often in women with menstruation delay.

It should be said that the urine changes visually. It becomes cloudy, dark yellow, often visible impurities - clots, flakes, etc.

With regard to the results of urine analysis during cystitis, then, of course, it will be marked by pathological changes. There is leukocytosis (increased white blood cell count), high mucus content, bacteria can also be found, less often - red blood cells, protein (as a rule, in small quantities). The amount of bacteria in the urine directly reflects the severity of the pathological process. It should be said that if the urine with inflammatory changes in the mucous membrane of the bladder is sterile - this is the basis for a detailed examination of the woman for the presence of tuberculosis.

The main thing is to not miss the beginning of the occurrence of inflammatory changes in the bladder. At the first symptoms of inflammation, it is necessary to consult a urologist so that the doctor can prescribe appropriate tests and an ultrasound examination of the urogenital system. Only timely and adequate treatment will help to cope with this female disease.

Preventive measures

  • To prevent cystitis, it is necessary to strengthen the immune system during and after the ovulation process.
  • Timely treatment of infectious processes (genital organs, intestines).
  • Observance of personal hygiene, especially during menstruation (it is important to note that when washing away it is necessary to make movements in the front-back direction, in this case the minimum possibility to bring infection from the anal region into the urethra and vagina).

Summing up, I want to emphasize the danger of cystitis, which is very difficult treatment, and most importantly, that the pathological process is completely impossible to cure. Moreover, in women, ovulation or menopause is always a provoking factor.

Causes of Cystitis

When the bladder is affected by pathogenic bacteria, this leads to a decrease in immunity. One of the most common causes of cystitis is unprotected sex. Sex without the use of contraceptives often leads to urethritis. This pathology occurs due to excessive mobility of the mucous membrane of the vagina.

Factors triggering this disease:

  1. Hypothermia It not only weakens local protection, but also helps to reduce the immune function of the body.
  2. Mechanical trauma of the mucous membrane. This can lead to active sexual intercourse or diagnostic procedure. Damage to the tissue contributes to the infection of the bladder with pathogenic microorganisms.
  3. Frequent change of sexual partners. This leads to contact with the mucous membrane of the Ureaplasma infection. When alien flora enters the urethra, there is a risk of an inflammatory process.
  4. Hormonal disbalance.
  5. Ovulation. During this period, the number of leukocytes in the woman’s blood increases and the basal temperature rises.

Is cystitis related to ovulation?

Ovulation is called the release of the egg outside the ovaries. During this period, the likelihood of infection of the bladder increases. Completion of the menstrual cycle contributes to the weakening of the female body and, as a consequence, the development of pathology.

When ovulation in the female genitals quickly penetrate pathogens. This leads to the occurrence of cystitis and other diseases of the genitourinary system.

Since the immunity is weakened during the hormonal adjustment period, the pathogenic bacteria that provoke the inflammatory process exist in a comfortable environment.

Hormonal restructuring in this period is associated with the promotion of the egg through the fallopian tubes. It is very important to follow the rules of personal hygiene during ovulation, because otherwise the risk of inflammation of the bladder increases several times.

In this case, an increased number of leukocytes is present in the vaginal discharge.

This unpleasant disease is characterized by the manifestation of such symptoms:

  1. Very painful urination process, during which there is a strong burning sensation.
  2. Pain in the lumbar region, which is aching and pulling. Discomfort is also felt above the pubic joint.
  3. Frequent urination.
  4. Changing the appearance of urine. It becomes muddy. Also present are impurities of mucus and blood.
  5. Weakness in the body.
  6. Irritability or apathy.
  7. Headache that occurs at different times of the day.

Sometimes inflammation in the bladder leads to an increase in body temperature. One of the common signs of this disease is a violation and cycle failure. If the delay in menstruation is a consequence of adnexal inflammation, the symptoms of this disease will be more severe. In this case, the woman will encounter pus-like vaginal secretions.

For more information about the delay due to cystitis, we recommend reading in more detail.

If symptoms of cystitis occur, you should seek help from a qualified specialist. First of all, you need to be examined by a urologist. Also, do not be superfluous to visit a gynecologist.

Treatment of cystitis involves the systematic administration of medicines. Only a doctor should prescribe them. The symptoms of this disease are usually stopped by broad-spectrum antibiotics. The recommended course of treatment with such drugs is 4-6 days. A urologist will prescribe a woman Norfloxacin or Ciprofloxacin.

In the presence of the first signs of recovery, it is not recommended to stop taking antibiotics, as this may provoke repeated manifestations of signs of inflammation of the bladder. In this case, the disease can develop into a chronic form.

If the inflammatory process begins after ovulation, the urologist will prescribe herbal remedies. Herbal medicine treatment is longer.

Traditional methods of treatment of this disease include taking decoctions made:

  • from bearberry leaf,
  • cowberries,
  • juniper
  • millennial,
  • barberry,
  • raspberries.

Before treating cystitis using folk methods, it is recommended to consult with a urologist or gynecologist.

Fighting cystitis is not easy. It is much easier to prevent its occurrence. To do this, it is recommended to avoid hypothermia and timely treat inflammatory diseases.

Cystitis is considered an unpleasant disease, which can occur not only at the stage of ovulation. Inflammation of the bladder, a woman can observe and during menstruation. Therefore, we recommend reading more detailed information on this topic.