Pregnancy

28 week of pregnancy

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Cilia are lengthened, become more fluffy. The hair on the head becomes longer and thicker, in addition, the pigment that stains them begins to be synthesized. The kid loses its transparency and colorlessness. Toenails and hands are approaching the edge of the fingers.

The formation of muscles is completing, the muscular strength is growing, which the mother can not fail to notice due to the intense movements of the child. The formation and the skeletal system ends. Next, the bones will accumulate calcium and harden.

The process of maturation in the lungs.

The structures of the central nervous system mature - the cells in the cerebral cortex become larger, and convolutions and grooves form. Activated centers responsible for taste and sound perception. The formation of sucking and prehensile reflexes occurs (the baby already sucks a finger and pulls the umbilical cord with its handles). Already this week, the fetus appears awareness of the native language.

Ultrasound in the 28th week of pregnancy

On the ultrasound study on the 28th week, the woman is sent only according to indications, or, if for some reason, she did not have time to do it before. In this case, all measurements are included in the study protocol.

If the screening took place earlier, then at this period the main dimensions of the fetus are determined, indicating whether its development corresponds to the gestation period, its position in the uterus, the quantity and condition of the amniotic fluid, the size and degree of maturity of the placenta.

As a rule, by the 28th week, the fetus is located in the uterus as planned to be born. Most often, head down. If transverse, oblique, or pelvic presentation is detected, exercises can be assigned to the woman to help the baby roll over. If it is not possible to “persuade” it, it is likely that a woman will have to be delivered by cesarean section.

What happens in your body at week 28?

All changes are expected - you continue to gain weight.

The child grows and the uterus increases in size, now it is located at a distance of 28 cm from the pubic joint. Such an arrangement greatly complicates the process of respiration and digestion. To breathe in, a woman needs to make more and more efforts. Reception of even a small amount of food causes a feeling of overcrowding in the stomach, heartburn is difficult to correct, and constipation has become almost the norm.

The breast continues to fill, the amount of colostrum increases.

Hormones do not always have a positive effect on the skin, it becomes dry, which further contributes to the appearance of stretch marks on the hips, chest and abdomen. In addition to the aesthetic problem, stretch marks also cause a feeling of constant itching. Scratching and infection should be avoided.

Double load on the kidneys leads to disruption of their work and the appearance of edema.

The large uterus disrupts the venous outflow in the pelvic area, which leads to varicose veins in the genital area. And constipation contributes to the appearance of cracks in the anus.

Your feelings on week 28

The condition of a woman can be assessed rather as satisfactory. With a normal pregnancy, discomfort like heartburn, constipation, back pain, and heaviness in the legs do not worry the future mother. Most likely, you are already accustomed to them and accepted.

Now all attention is paid to the child - if he is all right, the expectant mother is ready to endure much. You should note any changes in the baby's behavior (decrease or increase in activity), monitor the secretions, and the tone of the uterus.

Sometimes training contractions appear - the uterus tone rises, it becomes hard, then relaxes. The state should not be repeated more than 10 times a day, and in duration should not exceed 2 minutes.

Discharge from the genital tract

The norm for discharge at this stage of pregnancy is light, moderate, liquid discharge with a subtle sourish odor.

Any change in color, odor and consistency of secretions may indicate the development of pathology. Green and yellow with an unpleasant smell indicate the development of infection. Bright red or brown occur when threatened with premature birth, placental abruption.

Deviation in any direction should serve as a reason for seeking medical help.

Surveys at week 28

If you are assigned to attend a female consultation at this time, then most likely the doctor will recommend that you pass such control tests as urinalysis, complete blood count, antibody titer with a negative Rh factor. In addition, according to indications, smears will be taken for flora, sowing will be performed.

It is obligatory to measure the circumference of the abdomen and the height of the uterus bottom, blood pressure on both hands and the weight of the pregnant woman with an estimate of the increase for the entire pregnancy and since the last weighing.

Risks at week 28

The risk of preterm birth this week is also present - the rapidly growing baby puts pressure on the cervix and may contribute to its early disclosure. When lifting weights, sudden movements or for no apparent reason, rupture of membranes may occur with the discharge of amniotic fluid and the onset of labor.

The same reasons can cause premature detachment of the placenta - this is the most dangerous condition - the inflow of oxygen to the baby is disrupted and it can die.

There is also a significant risk of infection of the fetus, which is associated with a decrease in immunity during pregnancy, and colpitis constantly repeated on this background.

Important on week 28

Do not forget to wear a bandage - it will help avoid the pressure of the baby’s head on the neck and warn you against its early disclosure. The bandage will also relieve the back, reduce discomfort. It is not recommended to wear a bandage only to women in whom the baby has not taken the correct (head) presentation.

Avoid sudden movements, weight lifting and increased physical exertion.

Clothes pick free from natural fabrics. Shoes - on a small wide heels. If you are prone to varicose veins, ask the doctor to help you find the compression garment that you need to take with you and to the maternity hospital.

Meals at 28 weeks

Eat not for two, but for two. The contents of your plates should be useful and balanced. Fresh and thermally processed vegetables and fruits must be introduced into the diet - they will help to normalize the bowels. It is best to drink pure non-carbonated water, compotes, fruit drinks, green tea. Coffee and carbonated drinks set aside until you stop breastfeeding.

Forget about fast food, spirits and canned food - they can cause irreparable harm to your child.

Night sleep should last at least 8 hours in a well-ventilated area. Set aside an hour for an afternoon break. Take a walk in the fresh air for at least 1.5 hours a day, preferably in the morning, after breakfast and before bedtime.

Your pregnancy calendar

Baby on the 28th week of pregnancy

During pregnancy 28 weeks of development of the fetus affecting, a couple of months ago, it was about ten times less, at this time its growth may exceed 35 cm, and its weight - more than 1 kg. Besides:

  • the brain mass increases, the convolutions and furrows are quite noticeable on it,
  • there are no pupillary membranes on the eyes, the baby opens them easily, the cilia are lengthened, if a bright ray of light is sent to the pregnant belly, then the child will not like it - he closes his eyes, shields them with his tiny palms or, in general, tries to turn away,
  • The process of ossification continues,
  • the cartilages of the nose, the ears are still soft,
  • the heart beats at a frequency of approximately 150 beats / min., it may increase with exposure to external stimuli,
  • the endocrine system develops, thanks to it changes occur in the child at the 28th week of pregnancy,
  • the baby is able to distinguish taste better, so you need to instill in him a love for healthy food, which is also vital,
  • responsive to familiar voices, it manifests itself as a pregnancy of 28 weeks of fetal movement.

The fetus at 28 weeks of gestation is already quite viable in case of premature birth. A fetus appearing at this time has the legal right to be considered a “child”.

Mom in the 28th week of pregnancy

For this week, the uterus will rise another centimeter up, now it will rise 8 cm above the navel. Stomach 28 weeks pregnant impressive size. By the way, if during pregnancy for 28 weeks the stomach hurts badly - this is not normal, you need to look for (with the help of a doctor) the cause.

28 weeks pregnant the feeling of being pregnant remains the same, in principle, no new symptoms appear:

  • the breast is swollen, the mammary glands begin to synthesize colostrum - a substance that the baby will eat in the first days of its life after birth,
  • if during the 28 weeks of gestation, the stomach hurts and pulls slightly, when moving, then it can hurt the muscles,
  • because of the extra load on the muscles, the back can hurt, pull the lower back,
  • tired and swollen feet.

An ultrasound scan is not prescribed at 28 weeks gestation, but an antibody test is done to prevent Rhesus conflict. To prevent the female body (with a negative Rh factor) to produce antibodies to the fetal blood, the doctor may prescribe an immunoglobulin injection.

From now on, you will have to see the gynecologist more often - scheduled inspections twice a month. But this is for the best, the doctor, in which case, will be able to identify the problem in time, for example, leakage of amniotic fluid or diabetes of pregnant women.

Possible at this late term toxicosis, it is called preeclampsia. This phenomenon is infrequent, it can be caused by hypertension, obesity, chronic nephritis. This disease requires treatment and medical monitoring of the future mother's condition.

For a period of 28 weeks you need to control the movement of the baby. To do this, it would not be superfluous to take advantage of the Pearson percussion test; there are specially designed observation cards and a detailed description of how to count the movements of the baby.

Photo 28 weeks of pregnancy

I wonder how there is a baby inside ?! Look at 28 weeks of pregnancy photos of the fetus and pregnancy 28 weeks ultrasound photo. For a 28 weeks pregnancy, a photo of a child clearly shows that the fetus is already quite developed, resembles a newborn, its size explains why 28 weeks of pregnancy look like a belly photo.

Especially for you on our website are 28 weeks of pregnancy, photos of tummy and 28 weeks of pregnancy, photos of baby.

28 week of pregnancy

In the twenty-eighth week, a woman should prepare for childbirth. Be sure to collect the bag, which she will take to the hospital. As a last resort, you can make a list of all the necessary things so that the father of the family could independently buy everything they need. Do not part with your passport, policy and exchange card for a minute, even if you went to the store. At this time, anything can happen, so take care of yourself and the baby in advance.

What happens to the baby

The length of the baby in the twenty-eighth week of pregnancy averages 36 cm, the weight exceeds a kilogram. The diameter of the head also increased and reaches 70 mm, chest - 72 mm, abdomen - 73.5 mm.

At this period, the child's weight increases mainly due to the deposition of subcutaneous fatty tissue. It is evenly distributed throughout the body, unlike adults. That is why folds can form on the arms and legs, sometimes called constriction. After childbirth, energy stores often increase due to the increased fat content of breast milk. This kind of structure usually passes only by two years.

The brain continues to actively develop, the head still outweighs all other parts of the body. Already at this stage, the leading hemisphere is distinguished, which throughout life will be responsible for the performance of basic functions, including speech functions. So, in right-handers, the left half of the brain is leading, and vice versa. The best option is the uniform development of both hemispheres. In this case, the brain is more resistant to external influences, since both halves can easily replace each other.

Photos of the baby in the 28th week of pregnancy

How does mom's well-being change

In the twenty-eighth week of pregnancy, many women who are waiting for the first child to begin to feel anxious about the upcoming birth. This feeling is especially enhanced if the expectant mother did not attend special courses on which this issue was covered. It's not too late to catch up. If it is not possible to register for group classes, read about childbirth on the Internet or ask your gynecologist.

At this time it is time to decide the doctor and midwife with whom you want to give birth.

It is advisable to discuss in advance all the nuances, including the method of anesthesia, and the process of childbirth. Some women who feel they can not give birth on their own, insist on caesarean section. In Russia, this practice is not popular, but in the West every pregnant woman can decide for herself exactly how the birth will take place.

Most often during labor, an anesthesia method is used, which is called epidural anesthesia. In this case, the drug is injected into the spinal canal, and the woman remains in full consciousness. In addition, the anesthetic does not enter the bloodstream, and therefore does not cause harm to the child. But, if you are for natural childbirth, then warn about it in advance, as epidural anesthesia has become a routine practice in almost all hospitals.

The baby is already big enough and every movement of him is felt by a woman. To assess his condition, gynecologists recommend counting their number. You can do this alone for 1-2 hours, or during the day, without focusing on it specifically. The amount of movement can be from 4 to 10 and more. It is not the absolute value that is important, but the relative change in the activity of the child.

In the third trimester, nutritionists recommend that a woman restrict simple carbohydrate intake and avoid eating a sugar substitute. This is due to the fact that the sweet tooth increases the risk of having a baby with a predisposition to diabetes. Some pregnant women are upset that they have become actively gaining weight and go on a diet. Doing this is strictly prohibited, as it can harm a child. And you should not worry about extra kilos, they will leave very quickly as soon as the baby is born.

  • The brain of the baby continues to evolve, it is already clear which hemisphere is leading.
  • Forms of the child are rounded due to fat deposition.
  • It's time to discuss all the details of the process of childbirth with your gynecologist and decide on the method of anesthesia.
  • It is recommended to limit sugar intake, as this may contribute to the development of diabetes in a baby.

Fetal development

Getting all the necessary nutrients through the placenta, the baby adds weight every week. The skin is smoothed, becomes tender, accumulates more and more pigment.

Here is your baby at 28 weeks

Cilia are lengthened, become more fluffy. The hair on the head becomes longer and thicker, in addition, the pigment that stains them begins to be synthesized. The kid loses its transparency and colorlessness. Toenails and hands are approaching the edge of the fingers.

The formation of muscles is completing, the muscular strength is growing, which the mother can not fail to notice due to the intense movements of the child. The formation and the skeletal system ends. Next, the bones will accumulate calcium and harden.

The process of maturation in the lungs.

The structures of the central nervous system mature - the cells in the cerebral cortex become larger, and convolutions and grooves form. Activated centers responsible for taste and sound perception. The formation of sucking and prehensile reflexes occurs (the baby already sucks a finger and pulls the umbilical cord with its handles). Already this week, the fetus appears awareness of the native language.

Ultrasound in the 28th week of pregnancy

On the ultrasound study on the 28th week, the woman is sent only according to indications, or, if for some reason, she did not have time to do it before. In this case, all measurements are included in the study protocol.

If the screening took place earlier, then at this period the main dimensions of the fetus are determined, indicating whether its development corresponds to the gestation period, its position in the uterus, the quantity and condition of the amniotic fluid, the size and degree of maturity of the placenta.

As a rule, by the 28th week, the fetus is located in the uterus as planned to be born. Most often, head down. If transverse, oblique, or pelvic presentation is detected, exercises can be assigned to the woman to help the baby roll over. If it is not possible to “persuade” it, it is likely that a woman will have to be delivered by cesarean section.

What happens in your body at week 28?

All changes are expected - you continue to gain weight.

Растет ребенок и матка увеличивается в размере, сейчас она располагается на расстоянии 28 см от лонного сочленения. Такое ее расположение значительно затрудняет процесс дыхания и пищеварения. Для осуществления вдоха женщине необходимо прилагать все больше усилий. Прием даже небольшого количества пищи вызывает ощущение переполненности желудка, изжога плохо поддается коррекции, да и запоры стали почти нормой.

The breast continues to fill, the amount of colostrum increases.

Hormones do not always have a positive effect on the skin, it becomes dry, which further contributes to the appearance of stretch marks on the hips, chest and abdomen. In addition to the aesthetic problem, stretch marks also cause a feeling of constant itching. Scratching and infection should be avoided.

Double load on the kidneys leads to disruption of their work and the appearance of edema.

The large uterus disrupts the venous outflow in the pelvic area, which leads to varicose veins in the genital area. And constipation contributes to the appearance of cracks in the anus.

Your feelings on week 28

The condition of a woman can be assessed rather as satisfactory. With a normal pregnancy, discomfort like heartburn, constipation, back pain, and heaviness in the legs do not worry the future mother. Most likely, you are already accustomed to them and accepted.

Now all attention is paid to the child - if he is all right, the expectant mother is ready to endure much. You should note any changes in the baby's behavior (decrease or increase in activity), monitor the secretions, and the tone of the uterus.

Sometimes training contractions appear - the uterus tone rises, it becomes hard, then relaxes. The state should not be repeated more than 10 times a day, and in duration should not exceed 2 minutes.

Discharge from the genital tract

The norm for discharge at this stage of pregnancy is light, moderate, liquid discharge with a subtle sourish odor.

Any change in color, odor and consistency of secretions may indicate the development of pathology. Green and yellow with an unpleasant smell indicate the development of infection. Bright red or brown occur when threatened with premature birth, placental abruption.

Deviation in any direction should serve as a reason for seeking medical help.

Photos of tummies at week 28

Surveys at week 28

If you are assigned to attend a female consultation at this time, then most likely the doctor will recommend that you pass such control tests as urinalysis, complete blood count, antibody titer with a negative Rh factor. In addition, according to indications, smears will be taken for flora, sowing will be performed.

It is obligatory to measure the circumference of the abdomen and the height of the uterus bottom, blood pressure on both hands and the weight of the pregnant woman with an estimate of the increase for the entire pregnancy and since the last weighing.

Risks at week 28

The risk of preterm birth this week is also present - the rapidly growing baby puts pressure on the cervix and may contribute to its early disclosure. When lifting weights, sudden movements or for no apparent reason, rupture of membranes may occur with the discharge of amniotic fluid and the onset of labor.

The same reasons can cause premature detachment of the placenta - this is the most dangerous condition - the inflow of oxygen to the baby is disrupted and it can die.

There is also a significant risk of infection of the fetus, which is associated with a decrease in immunity during pregnancy, and colpitis constantly repeated on this background.

Important on week 28

Do not forget to wear a bandage - it will help avoid the pressure of the baby’s head on the neck and warn you against its early disclosure. The bandage will also relieve the back, reduce discomfort. It is not recommended to wear a bandage only to women in whom the baby has not taken the correct (head) presentation.

Avoid sudden movements, weight lifting and increased physical exertion.

Clothes pick free from natural fabrics. Shoes - on a small wide heels. If you are prone to varicose veins, ask the doctor to help you find the compression garment that you need to take with you and to the maternity hospital.

Meals at 28 weeks

Eat not for two, but for two. The contents of your plates should be useful and balanced. Fresh and thermally processed vegetables and fruits must be introduced into the diet - they will help to normalize the bowels. It is best to drink pure non-carbonated water, compotes, fruit drinks, green tea. Coffee and carbonated drinks set aside until you stop breastfeeding.

Forget about fast food, spirits and canned food - they can cause irreparable harm to your child.

Night sleep should last at least 8 hours in a well-ventilated area. Set aside an hour for an afternoon break. Take a walk in the fresh air for at least 1.5 hours a day, preferably in the morning, after breakfast and before bedtime.

Your pregnancy calendar

28 Week of Pregnancy

At 28 weeks of pregnancy, the development of the baby continues - he is already more prepared to live outside the womb of the mother. In the meantime, a woman at 28 weeks of pregnancy is preparing to become a good mother morally. Thinking about a new role in the 28th week of pregnancy and future dads.

Baby on the 28th week of pregnancy

During pregnancy 28 weeks of development of the fetus affecting, a couple of months ago, it was about ten times less, at this time its growth may exceed 35 cm, and its weight - more than 1 kg. Besides:

  • the brain mass increases, the convolutions and furrows are quite noticeable on it,
  • there are no pupillary membranes on the eyes, the baby opens them easily, the cilia are lengthened, if a bright ray of light is sent to the pregnant belly, then the child will not like it - he closes his eyes, shields them with his tiny palms or, in general, tries to turn away,
  • The process of ossification continues,
  • the cartilages of the nose, the ears are still soft,
  • the heart beats at a frequency of approximately 150 beats / min., it may increase with exposure to external stimuli,
  • the endocrine system develops, thanks to it changes occur in the child at the 28th week of pregnancy,
  • the baby is able to distinguish taste better, so you need to instill in him a love for healthy food, which is also vital,
  • responsive to familiar voices, it manifests itself as a pregnancy of 28 weeks of fetal movement.

The fetus at 28 weeks of gestation is already quite viable in case of premature birth. A fetus appearing at this time has the legal right to be considered a “child”.

Mom in the 28th week of pregnancy

For this week, the uterus will rise another centimeter up, now it will rise 8 cm above the navel. Stomach 28 weeks pregnant impressive size. By the way, if during pregnancy for 28 weeks the stomach hurts badly - this is not normal, you need to look for (with the help of a doctor) the cause.

28 weeks pregnant the feeling of being pregnant remains the same, in principle, no new symptoms appear:

  • the breast is swollen, the mammary glands begin to synthesize colostrum - a substance that the baby will eat in the first days of its life after birth,
  • if during the 28 weeks of gestation, the stomach hurts and pulls slightly, when moving, then it can hurt the muscles,
  • because of the extra load on the muscles, the back can hurt, pull the lower back,
  • tired and swollen feet.

An ultrasound scan is not prescribed at 28 weeks gestation, but an antibody test is done to prevent Rhesus conflict. To prevent the female body (with a negative Rh factor) to produce antibodies to the fetal blood, the doctor may prescribe an immunoglobulin injection.

From now on, you will have to see the gynecologist more often - scheduled inspections twice a month. But this is for the best, the doctor, in which case, will be able to identify the problem in time, for example, leakage of amniotic fluid or diabetes of pregnant women.

Possible at this late term toxicosis, it is called preeclampsia. This phenomenon is infrequent, it can be caused by hypertension, obesity, chronic nephritis. This disease requires treatment and medical monitoring of the future mother's condition.

For a period of 28 weeks you need to control the movement of the baby. To do this, it would not be superfluous to take advantage of the Pearson percussion test; there are specially designed observation cards and a detailed description of how to count the movements of the baby.

Nutrition at the 28th week of pregnancy

28 weeks pregnant meals must be on schedule. Now, if you eat at night, the activity of the baby will increase and will prevent the future mother from sleeping. It is also necessary to remember that a crowded stomach and intestines of a pregnant woman will reduce the space in which the fetus is located - the baby will not like it.

However, we should not allow the child to be hungry, because he is growing and constantly in need of nutrients. This is the period when it is necessary to find a middle ground in the volumes of consumed products.

Photo 28 weeks of pregnancy

I wonder how there is a baby inside ?! Look at 28 weeks of pregnancy photos of the fetus and pregnancy 28 weeks ultrasound photo. For a 28 weeks pregnancy, a photo of a child clearly shows that the fetus is already quite developed, resembles a newborn, its size explains why 28 weeks of pregnancy look like a belly photo.

Especially for you on our website are 28 weeks of pregnancy, photos of tummy and 28 weeks of pregnancy, photos of baby.

28 week of pregnancy

In the twenty-eighth week, a woman should prepare for childbirth. Be sure to collect the bag, which she will take to the hospital. As a last resort, you can make a list of all the necessary things so that the father of the family could independently buy everything they need. Do not part with your passport, policy and exchange card for a minute, even if you went to the store. At this time, anything can happen, so take care of yourself and the baby in advance.

What happens to the baby

The length of the baby in the twenty-eighth week of pregnancy averages 36 cm, the weight exceeds a kilogram. The diameter of the head also increased and reaches 70 mm, chest - 72 mm, abdomen - 73.5 mm.

At this period, the child's weight increases mainly due to the deposition of subcutaneous fatty tissue. It is evenly distributed throughout the body, unlike adults. That is why folds can form on the arms and legs, sometimes called constriction. After childbirth, energy stores often increase due to the increased fat content of breast milk. This kind of structure usually passes only by two years.

The brain continues to actively develop, the head still outweighs all other parts of the body. Already at this stage, the leading hemisphere is distinguished, which throughout life will be responsible for the performance of basic functions, including speech functions. So, in right-handers, the left half of the brain is leading, and vice versa. The best option is the uniform development of both hemispheres. In this case, the brain is more resistant to external influences, since both halves can easily replace each other.

Photos of the baby in the 28th week of pregnancy

How does mom's well-being change

In the twenty-eighth week of pregnancy, many women who are waiting for the first child to begin to feel anxious about the upcoming birth. This feeling is especially enhanced if the expectant mother did not attend special courses on which this issue was covered. It's not too late to catch up. If it is not possible to register for group classes, read about childbirth on the Internet or ask your gynecologist.

At this time it is time to decide the doctor and midwife with whom you want to give birth.

It is advisable to discuss in advance all the nuances, including the method of anesthesia, and the process of childbirth. Some women who feel they can not give birth on their own, insist on caesarean section. In Russia, this practice is not popular, but in the West every pregnant woman can decide for herself exactly how the birth will take place.

Most often during labor, an anesthesia method is used, which is called epidural anesthesia. In this case, the drug is injected into the spinal canal, and the woman remains in full consciousness. In addition, the anesthetic does not enter the bloodstream, and therefore does not cause harm to the child. But, if you are for natural childbirth, then warn about it in advance, as epidural anesthesia has become a routine practice in almost all hospitals.

The baby is already big enough and every movement of him is felt by a woman. To assess his condition, gynecologists recommend counting their number. You can do this alone for 1-2 hours, or during the day, without focusing on it specifically. The amount of movement can be from 4 to 10 and more. It is not the absolute value that is important, but the relative change in the activity of the child.

In the third trimester, nutritionists recommend that a woman restrict simple carbohydrate intake and avoid eating a sugar substitute. This is due to the fact that the sweet tooth increases the risk of having a baby with a predisposition to diabetes. Some pregnant women are upset that they have become actively gaining weight and go on a diet. Doing this is strictly prohibited, as it can harm a child. And you should not worry about extra kilos, they will leave very quickly as soon as the baby is born.

  • The brain of the baby continues to evolve, it is already clear which hemisphere is leading.
  • Forms of the child are rounded due to fat deposition.
  • It's time to discuss all the details of the process of childbirth with your gynecologist and decide on the method of anesthesia.
  • It is recommended to limit sugar intake, as this may contribute to the development of diabetes in a baby.

Photos of stomachs on the 28th week of pregnancy

Click to enlarge the photo of tummies. If you want to see your photo here, write to [email protected]

Interesting on the site

28 week of pregnancy photo

Such a long-awaited 28 week of pregnancy, a photo of the baby three months before birth will show little plump hands and legs with marigolds. Mother's tummy can not be hidden under a wide dress. The baby reacts to his mother's voice, his heart starts to beat faster. The most important thing, what is different from the other 28 weeks of pregnancy, the photo will not be able to show: gyrus begins to appear in the cortex. For medical reasons, the lungs are almost completely ready so that the child can breathe outside of her mother's body. While the 28th week of pregnancy lasts, there will be no big differences from the previous month in the photo. The man is physically formed, actively moving, sucking a finger and turning over. Look at the pictures in our gallery, what different positions can take kids in my mother's tummy.

Fetal development

The baby at the 28th week of pregnancy becomes almost completely ready for life outside the womb, there are small nuances left in the maturation of the fetus. His organs are all formed, the only ones left are not fully formed genitals. In some boys, the testicles have not yet fully descended into the scrotum, and in girls, the labia majora have not yet fully formed. If the baby has no pathology in the development of the central nervous system and other vital organs, in the case of premature birth with proper care, the baby matures calmly in an incubator and grows strong with a healthy child.

The baby is growing stronger every day, actively gaining weight. Its weight reaches 1100 kg, and the growth of up to 37 cm of skin on the skin gradually begins to disappear. Visually, the baby becomes more and more like a newborn, his body becomes rounded due to the constant accumulation of subcutaneous fat.

The skin continues to produce pigment, now it is opaque. Light down on the skin will disappear, it remains only in the back, shoulders. The grease continues to accumulate in the elbow joints and neck, it protects the baby from germs and will help in moving the baby through the birth canal during childbirth. The hair on the head, eyebrows and cilia become darker, that is, the pigment is produced and the baby’s hair becomes the color with which it is born.

The lungs are fully formed, now they are preparing for the first breath of the baby. During this period, surfactant is actively produced, which gives airiness to the lungs during the first breath of a child.

The child constantly opens his eyes. In the eyes of a thin film dissolves, which covered them, by the end of the 28th week of pregnancy it will not be. Ear cartilage and nose cartilage are still soft. The nail plates on the fingers continue to grow, but their length has not yet reached the tips of the fingers.

The child behaves very curiously, constantly feels everything around, himself, the umbilical cord. The kid has already fully decided what his leading hand is: left or right (it all depends on which hemisphere of the baby’s brain is more active).

In most cases, the baby is already beginning to lie head down. But this is not a fact, which adheres to the baby. Many women during pregnancy during this period, the baby is still head up or transversely, and then closer to the birth, he turns upside down, that is, he still has time to change his position.

Since the 28th week of pregnancy, the activity of the baby is declining, he has become less mobile, does not turn and does not constantly change the location. More often it is in one position, but continues to feel everything around and push the mother with the legs and arms, which is clearly visible, because the baby has grown up well.

The body of a woman in this period. Fetal location

The brain is approaching the final stage of maturation. The cerebral cortex is covered with convolutions. Yes, now your baby can think. If earlier the brain of a child only gave a signal to all organs and only reflexes were developed. Теперь малыш не только осознано делает свои движения, но и начинается формироваться его характер. Теперь он живёт не только вашими эмоциями, но имеет и свой темперамент. Идёт полная закладка будущего характера.

Изменения в женском организме

Настал третий триместр беременности, золотые дни второго триместра уже позади. Now the future mom is experiencing changes of sensations on the physical and emotional plane. Of course, each pregnancy is individual and goes through with its changes and symptoms, but the general changes occur with each woman, you just may not have all the symptoms, but only some.

Physical sensations

Tummy continues to growthan makes the future mother less agile. Also, now you can continue or only begin to itch the skin in the area of ​​strong skin tension: belly, chest, thighs. Do not forget to constantly moisturize the skin and use the cream for pregnant women against stretch marks.

The uterus continues to grow, it is already 8 cm higher than the navel, at the same time it is stretched across the entire abdominal cavity, thus continuing to put pressure on the organs that are close. The diaphragm also suffers, thus causing not always pleasant sensations.

Chest on this term already in all women produces colostrum. When you give birth, your breast will release 5 ml of colostrum, the first food for your baby. Strongly allocated mesh from the veins, it will be after childbirth and lactation.

The movement of the baby you feel about 10 times in an hour. When the body produces adrenaline, the baby begins to move actively, that is, under stressful situations. When you eat, your body produces glucose in the blood that gives more strength to the baby, and he is actively moving.

The baby is strong and many his movements have become painful for you. Often the baby pushes to the lower part of the ribs, which leads to pain. Do not worry, this is normal. To alleviate the pain you need to change the position, turn around, and the pain will pass.

Due to the severity of the abdomen and constant load appear backache and back pain. This pain causes constant pressure of the uterus on the lower abdomen. Also in the pelvic region, pain can cause your bones to become softer so that the pelvis is set wider. For sharp pains that do not go away and are constantly becoming more frequent, an urgent need to consult a doctor, as this may be a sign of preterm labor.

The uterus continues to train before childbirth - false labor. They feel the painless tension of the abdomen. False contractions are rare and irregular.

From this week almost every woman has leg swelling. But if they are to a small extent, this is only leg fatigue from the load. But if the swelling is large, then this suggests that your body, or rather, the kidneys can not cope with pregnancy. Swelling can be removed by limiting the absorption of liquid to 1.5 liters per day and salt, spicy and smoked food.

Allocations should not be changed. In case of any changes in the discharge, immediately consult a doctor. With timely treatment to the doctor, increase the chances of preserving the fetus.

Emotional changes:

  • With the onset of the third trimester, the woman is already beginning to realize that there will soon be childbirth. Because of this, there may be fear of the upcoming birth, especially if you have not given birth before. Fears are most often associated with the fact that many have heard horror stories about childbirth. Also, you may begin to disturb the usual fear of the unknown and the events that will happen to you soon, that is, giving birth. In order to instill confidence in yourself, overcome fear, read about how childbirth occurs, and understand that now the birth of a child is a process that is not watched by one doctor and there is an opportunity to give birth in a painless way. You have to understand, the whole body is now preparing for the race. And the physiological process of childbirth, for your body normal natural phenomenon. After the birth you will find a long-awaited miracle - your baby.
  • With the beginning of the third trimester come and constant mood swings. This is the effect of constant physical fatigue of the body and hormones "play" a little. Try to spend your free time so that more to receive positive emotions.

Useful video guide on what happens during the 28th week of pregnancy:

Photo baby on ultrasound:

Behind most of the pregnancy, and there are only weeks left before the birth of the baby. Although they are hard and emotionally and physically, but somewhere inside you you are glad that you will soon see the baby and hold it in your arms.

Feelings of mom in the 28th week of pregnancy

What happens to mom at the 28th week of pregnancy? The baby continues to gain weight quickly and confidently, the mother’s tummy becomes even bigger and more noticeable. The future mother was already accustomed to such ailments as heartburn, nausea, constipation, dizziness (it is quite possible that not all women experienced such sensations).

The weight of the future mother in the 28th week of pregnancy will continue to increase, the baby grows and the uterus stretches. Stretch marks can form on mom's belly. Do not forget to care for the skin on the stomach. Now there are many creams and oils for the prevention of stretch marks on the abdomen during pregnancy. However, olive oil gives the best effect.

Photos of the abdomen. What does the stomach look like at the 28th week of pregnancy?

At the 28th week of pregnancy, a woman may begin to feel pain in the lower back and back, which occurs for several reasons:

  • the baby continues to grow, the expectant mother’s belly increases, and with it the body weight,
  • the woman has shifted the center of gravity due to the growing tummy,
  • softens joints and ligaments to prepare the body for childbirth.

However, these pains, although they give unpleasant feelings to the future mother, are non-permanent, aching in nature, and should not cause concern.

Many women in the 28th week of pregnancy begin to complain of pain and fatigue in the legs, often leg cramps. To avoid such situations, you should follow simple recommendations:

  1. Leg pain can be avoided if you periodically make foot baths, the water should be cool.
  2. Do light gymnastics for the legs.
  3. Rest more.
  4. Rarely to stand.

The 28th week of pregnancy is the time when a woman can have veins on the mammary glands and stand out with colostrum. To prevent the appearance of traces of colostrum on clothing, you can use the lining in the bra.

Future mothers may be worried because of frequent urination. Frequent urination is a natural process, as the uterus increases as the fetus grows and begins to put pressure on the bladder.

The 28th week of pregnancy is the period when the load on the kidneys increases and edemas can appear, up to the occurrence of such a dangerous disease as gestosis. If the expectant mother is worried about swelling, you should:

  • agree with the doctor diet
  • restrict fluid intake
  • follow a salt-free diet
  • control weight

Excretions of the future mother in the 28th week of pregnancy

At the period of 28 weeks of pregnancy in its normal course of discharge should not change. They have a sour smell, while remaining light and transparent.

A woman should think and be sure to consult a doctor if:

  1. Allocation became cheesy, it says about the appearance of gynecological disease (thrush).
  2. The color of the discharge changed to green and an unpleasant smell appeared, which may indicate the development of infection.
  3. There were burning and itching.
  4. There was mucus or pus in the discharge.
  5. They have become very watery, which can serve as an indicator of the leakage of the fetal bladder (amniotic waters) in which the baby is located.
  6. Blood discharge appeared, which can be the beginning of a birth process or placental abruption.

In the event of a change in the nature of the discharge, an urgent need to visit the antenatal clinic.

Medical examinations of the expectant mother of pregnancy

Planned ultrasound in the case of a normal course of pregnancy at 28 weeks is not carried out.

Cases where a woman is sent to the study by ultrasound:

  • according to indications
  • the expectant mother did not undergo an ultrasound before 28 weeks of pregnancy (for example, due to late treatment for registration of a pregnancy).

At the 28th week of pregnancy, the interval of visits to the antenatal clinic is once a month.

Analyzes that will need to pass on the 28th week of pregnancy:

  1. Blood test for antibodies.
  2. Blood sugar test.
  3. Analysis of urine.
  4. General blood analysis.

Intimate relationships at 28 weeks gestation

Young parents are often concerned about the possibility of continuing intimate relationships at a long gestational age. There are no contraindications to having sex in the 28th week of pregnancy, if the pregnancy proceeds normally, without complications. It is important to choose a position that the future mother was comfortable and did not create anything pressure on the stomach.

The only indication for the prohibition of intimate relationships may be the identified threat of termination of pregnancy or premature birth.

In other cases, physical intimacy at such periods of pregnancy is very useful: it brings a lot of joy, relaxation and pleasure, allows you to be closer to each other.

Some experts have concluded that in the process of physical proximity, the birth canal of the expectant mother is trained and prepared for childbirth. Based on many years of practice, doctors recommend not to deny yourself the joy of having sex at the 28th week of pregnancy.

Treatment of diseases in the 28th week of pregnancy

Expectant mother during pregnancy can get sick. It is important to remember that not all drugs that a woman was treated before pregnancy can be used now.

When the first symptoms of the disease occur, you need to call a doctor. It is not recommended to self-medicate.

There are a number of prohibitions that must be observed in order to avoid the threat of termination of pregnancy or premature birth:

  • you need to carefully read the summary of the drugs,
  • you can not take a hot bath
  • It is not recommended to warm the feet,
  • mustard plasters and all kinds of banks are prohibited.

There are several folk remedies that help prevent the disease of viral or respiratory diseases: garlic, onion, honey, lemon.

Feelings of the future mother

By the end of the 28th week, a woman adds 7–9 kg of weight before pregnancy. The growing uterus on this period is already 4 cm above the navel.

Future mothers note that urination has become more common than in previous weeks. The reason for this is the growing uterus, which puts more pressure on the bladder.

Useful tips

If during urination there are cramps or pain, visit a doctor. These symptoms may indicate cystitis (inflammation of the bladder).

If you have a multiple pregnancy, take a sick-list from an obstetrician-gynecologist. Your maternity leave begins at 28 weeks.

If the weight gain is more than 9 kg, you need to contact an obstetrician-gynecologist. The most common cause of excessive weight gain is preeclampsia. The sooner treatment is started, the less likely it is that pregnancy complications will occur.

At this time ultrasound does not need to pass, the exception are certain indicators. Before this period, you had to undergo two planned ultrasound examinations, in which you learned all the necessary information about how the baby grows and develops in the womb. You should also have information about the state of the placenta, namely: its transparency and the amount of amniotic fluid in it. Before this period, your gynecologist should inform you of the likelihood that the child has developmental defects, and whether the course of pregnancy at this time is in line with normal indicators.

It is imperative that every two weeks a pregnant woman must donate blood and urine for analysis and visit a gynecologist. Special attention should be given to women with a negative Rh factor, which may cause complications during pregnancy and delivery. In any case, during the formation of the Rh-conflict in the mother with a negative Rh factor and a positive child will be introduced a special drug that will help prevent the formation in the woman's body of antibodies to the baby’s blood. Also at this stage it is important to control the level of iron in the blood of a pregnant woman in order to avoid anemia.

Your baby grows, respectively, and increases the belly. At this stage, should pay more attention to the skin of the abdomen. Try to moisturize his skin as much as possible in order to avoid stretch marks, which are then very difficult to get rid of. To date, there are ointments, creams for skin care during pregnancy, including familiar to all oils, such as olive, orange, almond - they are able to give the skin elasticity, moisturize it and protect it from drying out. In addition, they will not harm the child.

By this date, the uterus has increased sufficiently and is 8 cm above the navel. Believe me, this is not the limit - the womb is, where else to grow! Do not forget about training contractions, which are characterized by their irregularity and short duration, because the uterus needs to prepare for the upcoming birth. The main thing is that the cuts should not cause severe discomfort and pain, and should not be accompanied by bloody discharge. Due to the pressure of the uterus on the diaphragm, a shortness of breath and heartburn can torment a pregnant woman.

At this time, preterm labor can begin. There are many reasons for this. In the early stages it is inflammatory processes, infectious diseases, and in the later periods - pathology of the cervix uterus, stress, exercise. Do not worry, the child is viable, and deaths are very rare. Of course, the premature baby will need special care and appropriate equipment. For a woman whose body was not ready for childbirth, premature delivery is fraught with some complications - uterine bleeding, rupture of the cervix, premature discharge of amniotic fluid, weak labor activity are possible.

Of course, one cannot do without certain pains, the cause of which is the load on the ligaments to hold the uterus, because it increases and stretches due to the growth of the baby. In addition, pain in the lower back is felt, as the enlarged uterus presses on the sciatic nerve, and the pain spreads right up to the back of the thigh. Therefore, a pregnant woman should wear a special bandage, and also do not forget about gymnastics. If the pain is cramping, sharp and severe, call an ambulance immediately.

At this time of pregnancy, a woman should eat healthy and nutritious foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals necessary for the proper development of the baby. Try to eat small portions 5-6 times a day, so as not to feel discomfort in the stomach. Try to limit salt intake to avoid swelling. Doctors advise you to use less flour - you don't need excess weight, and confectionery products contribute not only to weight gain, but also to an increase in blood glucose levels. Add to your diet plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits, dairy products, and a variety of cereals.

If the discharge has a milky hue, a uniform consistency and a light sour smell, you should not worry. In the case of discharge with a strong odor, with clots of pus or mucus, as soon as possible you should consult a gynecologist. If bleeding has occurred, a placental abruption may have occurred or premature labor begins. In such a situation, immediately call an ambulance. If there is a watery discharge, you probably have leakage of amniotic fluid.

At this period, a pregnant woman is afraid to engage in intimacy with her lover. But if there are no contraindications from the doctor, you are not diagnosed with the threat of premature birth, do not refuse positive emotions, which arise in connection with the production of the hormone of joy and pleasure. The main thing is not to press on the belly of a pregnant woman and choose a comfortable position for sex. Do not forget, sex will help train the muscle tissue of the uterus and prepare it for labor.

What tests to take at 28 week?

Depending on individual risk factors, your doctor may recommend that you periodically take a blood test for HIV, syphilis, chlamydia and gonorrhea, in order to ensure the future mother’s healthy status before giving birth. In addition, if the glucose level turned out to be high as a result of the screening test, you will soon be given a repeated 3-hour glucose tolerance test. If this blood test showed that you have a Rh factor negative, then you will receive an injection of immunoglobulin Rh, to avoid the development of antibodies in the baby’s body, and if the Rh factor is positive, you will be given another injection of Rh immunoglobulin after birth.

Around this time, some women suffer from unpleasant "crawling" sensations in the lower legs, and therefore they have an overwhelming desire to move them, trying to relax or fall asleep in this way. If you experience such inconvenience, there is the so-called "restless legs syndrome". No one knows for sure what causes this condition, but it is very common among pregnant women. So try massaging your feet and reducing your caffeine intake, which only aggravates the symptoms. It may be worth trying to take iron supplements if your doctor permits.

What to do in the 28th week of pregnancy?

First of all, you need to choose a good doctor for yourself and your unborn child. Так что займитесь расспросами о достойных педиатрах и семейных докторах в кругу друзей, соседей и коллег по работе. Убедитесь, что потенциальный врач примет ваше медицинское страхование, готов подстроиться под ваш график, и работает недалеко от вашего дома.Schedule interviews with the best candidates for a place of honor and choose a person who will examine your newborn baby as soon as necessary!

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