The introduction of cow's milk in the diet of the child: 8 important doctor's advice


The lack of breast milk from the mother or its insufficient amount, the maturing of the child and his gradual transition to “adult” products inevitably raise parents with the question of the possibility of using cow's milk in feeding the baby. There are many options for the first feeding of babies: cereals, fruit and vegetable puree, juice, kefir or cottage cheese. Each of them has its pros and cons, while an early introduction to the diet of the cow product is the worst way to begin familiarizing infants with the menu of older relatives.


  • Companion cow milk: risk factors
    • Industrial cow's milk
    • Cow's milk when breastfeeding
  • Rules of introducing milk into the diet of infants
  • Contraindications to the use of cow's milk

Companion cow milk: risk factors

Cow's milk is a valuable food product for humans. However, for a baby, some of its features may turn out unfavorably:

  1. Cow's milk has a rich mineral composition. It contains much more chlorides, calcium, phosphates, potassium and sodium than women. The kidneys of the baby are still immature, they are not able to cope with an excess of salts, which entails the danger of their deposition in the body.
  2. Lack of iron in cow's milk and its poor digestibility can have serious consequences for the health of an infant, causing anemia, deviations in the formation and growth of its body and weakening of the immune system.
  3. Excess casein, the main milk protein, complicates the process of digestion of the cow product. It is he who often causes a rash on the skin or other manifestations of allergy. A large amount of protein also causes a serious overload of the kidneys.
  4. In cow's milk for infants, there is relatively little lactose: only 3-4% versus 7% in breast milk of a woman.
  5. Cow's milk is poorly important for the development of the infant microelements (zinc, copper, iodine) and vitamins (for example, E and C).

It is important to understand that cow's milk for infants cannot serve as a full-fledged substitute for maternal or adapted milk formulas. It does not contain active protective factors that help the child’s immunity. The amount of cystine and taurine, necessary for the harmonious development of the brain, is insignificant in it (34 times less than in breast milk), carnitine, orotic and linoleic acids are also insufficient.

A warning: Early consumption of cow's milk can increase the likelihood of developing diabetes.

Industrial cow's milk

Milk from the store, on the one hand, is microbiologically safe, as it passes veterinary control and special treatment. On the other hand, it is in the process of pasteurization and sterilization that all those important and useful properties for which it is valued so highly are lost. Unscrupulous manufacturers may also add foreign substances to the finished product, such as soda or preservatives, to extend shelf life.

On farms with a large number of livestock animals regularly carry out preventive and curative measures associated with the administration of medicines. Antibiotics get into the milk and can remain intact even after its heat treatment, the same applies to synthetic hormonal drugs. During inspections and laboratory analysis, pesticides and excessive doses of lead are often detected in the product.

It is safer and more beneficial for the baby to drink fresh, natural milk from a healthy animal from a private farm. It can also be pasteurized at home, heating to 90 ° C for a few seconds. From such milk it will be easy to make a tasty cottage cheese, whey or yogurt, in order to diversify the nutrition of the child with healthy dairy products.

It is extremely dangerous to use raw fresh milk of a cow for feeding babies, since it can cause infection with pathogens and the development of the following diseases:

  • leukemia caused by lymphotropic virus
  • tuberculosis, in particular its extrapulmonary forms,
  • food toxic infections
  • foot and mouth disease, brucellosis, anthrax,
  • staphylococcal and streptococcal gastroenteritis,
  • tick-borne encephalitis,
  • Q fever (coxiellosis).

Cow's milk when breastfeeding

With proper breastfeeding, there is no need to supplement the baby’s diet with milk from other animals. Concerns about the quality of breast milk and its quantity should be resolved with a specialist. With questions about whether the child is eating up and why he is throwing his chest, there is also no need to be alone.

Preserving milk, maintaining sufficient secretion and prolonged breastfeeding is the easiest way out, removing the issue of early acquaintance of infants with cow's milk from the agenda.

If you can not save or adjust breastfeeding, and the transfer of the child to the food mixture is categorically rejected, cow's milk is better to replace goat milk. It carries the same risks as the cow, but in a slightly smaller volume. An excellent option is proven female donor milk.

Rules of introducing milk into the diet of infants

Most pediatricians agree that it is not necessary to use cow's milk for babies under 3 years of age. Of course, every child develops with his own speed; in many situations, earlier acquaintance with this product is also justified. In any case, do not enter it into the diet of the baby before 9 months, and better - year.

For the first time enough teaspoon of the new product, diluted with water three times. If its portability is good, then the proportion of milk and the amount of the drink gradually increase. In a week, a 1: 1 ratio will suffice.

A warning: In the event of a rash, you should immediately remove the cow's milk from the infant's diet.

Contraindications to the use of cow's milk

If the child is prone to the appearance of an allergic reaction, you should not risk giving cow's milk. Casein is a well-known and powerful allergen. In case of incomplete digestion, which most often occurs in an immature children's digestive system, it can penetrate the bloodstream and play the role of antigen, triggering a strong immune response.

Non-digestibility of lactose, caused by deficiency of the enzyme lactase, may have a different degree of development. In some cases, it leads to complete intolerance to dairy products. In this situation, the baby is usually shown taking a special lactase preparation or switching to low-lactose or lactose-free mixtures.

If the baby has difficulty with the process of metabolism, there are violations in the work of the digestive system, then the question of the introduction of this product into the diet should be resolved by consulting a gastroenterologist or pediatrician. In particular, the violation of galactose metabolism is extremely dangerous. It, like glucose, is inevitably formed as a result of the breakdown of milk sugar.

Galactosemia is a severe hereditary disease that requires lifelong adherence to a dairy-free diet. All newborns, without exception, are screened for it. In case of detection of fermentopathy, the restriction in nutrition should be observed from the first days of life.

Age when you can give cow's milk to a child

Useful tips and advice of a pediatrician on the popular question of how to properly enter the supplement in the children's diet.

Tables and scheme of introduction of complementary foods for babies who are naturally and artificially fed by a specialist.

A common question that parents ask is - how old can you give a child regular milk? Even when the baby is growing rapidly, cow's milk is not recommended until the age of 12 months.

Exists a number of reasons why you should not give whole cow milk to babies under 1 year old.

  1. The digestive tract of babies is not yet ready to easily and completely digest cow's milk, like breast or mixture. In cow's milk, a high concentration of protein and minerals, straining the child's not yet mature kidneys.
  2. For children under one year old, excessive consumption of dairy products may increase the risk of iron deficiency anemia. Milk prevents the proper absorption of iron, and iron can not be reduced or removed from the diet of the child.
  3. Cow's milk is not recommended for children under one year also because it can irritate the mucous membranes of the digestive system, which is manifested by the appearance of blood in the stool.
  4. In cow's milk, the amount of sodium is three times higher than in mother's milk.

Why should a baby drink cow's milk?

Milk is saturated with calcium, which strengthens the teeth and bones, helps regulate blood coagulation.

It is also one of the few sources of vitamin D, without which calcium is not absorbed in the body. Vitamin also plays a decisive role in bone growth.

Milk provides the body with protein for growth, and carbohydrates give your child the energy he needs all day.

If the baby’s body initially receives the required amount of calcium, there is evidence that it will have less risk for the onset of hypertension, stroke, colon cancer and hip fractures in adulthood.

After the introduction of cow's milk is not necessary to stop breastfeeding. WHO experts recommend that you continue breastfeeding in the second year of life.

How is "baby" milk different from "adult"?

Dairy products that are produced for children are adapted for the child's digestive tract.

Baby milk must meet several requirements.

  1. Top quality. Baby milk is made from high-quality cow's milk from cows that are completely healthy and stay in ecologically clean areas.
  2. Control of sanitary and hygienic conditions. Baby milk is prepared in special workshops, separately from the production of milk for adults.
  3. Microbiological control. Careful attention is paid to the control of microbiological data. The number of bacteria in a certain volume of milk is strictly regulated.
  4. Control the degree of fat. The boundaries of the percentage of fat for children under the age of three - 2.5 - 3.5%.
  5. Control the acidity of the medium. There are special requirements for the acidity limits imposed on fermented milk products for children. The acidity of baby foods should be no higher than 100 degrees Turner.
  6. Ultrapasteurization. Milk is specially treated with ultrahigh temperatures (125 - 138 ºС) for 2 to 4 seconds in order to preserve maximum benefit. After that, it cools rapidly. Thus, all pathogenic organisms are destroyed, useful components are simultaneously preserved.
  7. Packaging. The final product is packaged in a Tetra Pak aseptic box, which prevents the re-entry of harmful bacteria inside after packaging. In this package, the dairy product remains fresh and safe for several months.

Is it possible to give a one-year-old child skimmed cow's milk?

In most cases not yet. Pediatricians recommend giving whole milk to children as young as 1 year, unless they are at risk of obesity.

Children of this age need a high fat content in milk in order to maintain a normal weight and an optimal level of absorption of vitamins A, D by the body. When the child is 2 years old, you can transfer it to skimmed milk if there is a good increase in weight and height.

What to do when a child refuses to drink whole cow milk?

Some babies immediately drink cow's milk, but others refuse it, because cow's milk has a different texture, taste and even temperature than mother's milk.

If this applies to your baby, first try to mix cow's milk with breast or mixture. Try one part of milk for three parts of breast milk or formula. Then slowly shift the ratio until he drinks one hundred percent cow's milk.

But there are other ways to incorporate cow's milk into your baby’s diet. For example:

  • add milk to porridge
  • offer your child yogurt, cottage cheese, pudding, or milkshakes as a snack,
  • make soup with milk instead of water.

Cow Milk Allergy

If a child drank a mixture based on cow's milk, then he will tolerate ordinary cow's milk without any problems. Even babies who are exclusively breastfed in the first year can drink cow's milk without any problems, as they were exposed to cow's milk protein in their mother's milk, unless she avoided all dairy products.

If the baby drank a hypoallergenic mixture as recommended by a doctor, consult a specialist before administering cow's milk. The doctor may suggest starting with a soy drink that is enriched with vitamin D and calcium.

Differences between cow's milk protein allergy and lactase deficiency

Allergy is an immune reaction, and lactose intolerance is a violation of the digestive function. But the symptoms are similar - diarrhea, abdominal pain after drinking milk.

Chronic nasal congestion, runny nose, cough, shortness of breath or wheezing can be signs that allergies affect the respiratory system of a child. When the child has at least one of the listed symptoms, talk to the doctor.

Immediately take your child to the doctor or hospital, if a:

  • the baby is very pale or weak
  • most of the skin is affected by urticaria,
  • swelling in the head or neck,
  • bloody diarrhea occurs.

If your baby is allergic to cow's milk, you should be careful. Avoid foods such as cottage cheese, condensed milk, ice cream, yogurt, butter, milk chocolate and powdered milk. By law, all allergens are indicated on food labels. In this case, the package will contain “milk”.

Take special care when choosing a dairy product for your baby. Do not put experiments on his health. Provide him with proper, balanced nutrition. And the child will grow up healthy and energetic.

Can I give baby?

Our grandmothers and great-grandmothers recalled that they often fed their babies with cow's milk. Of course, the post-war years, the devastation, the poverty that prevailed in the villages, forced the woman to use the milk of goats and cows in cases if for some reason a month-old child did not have enough maternal.

But this measure is extreme, in fact, the use of a cow product by an infant can cause significant damage to an immature organism. And too much casein content often causes allergies in infants, and an excess of protein creates an increased load on the kidneys. Cow's milk contains less iodine, zinc, vitamins E and C than is necessary for a growing body, and the amount of lactose in it is not enough (3% vs. 7% in breast), and the child will also lack amino acids such as taurine and cystine, which necessary for proper development of the brain (their content is 3 times lower than the normative).

In addition, the early introduction of cow's milk to the menu of babies causes the risk of diabetes.

What is the use of the product?

Milk is a real pantry of calcium, which plays a major role in the formation of the musculoskeletal system. In addition, this product contains a large amount of vitamin D, without which calcium in the human body is not absorbed.

Milk provides the child with essential amino acids that synthesize the main building material for cells and tissues, and the carbohydrates in it contain energy for the whole day. Science has proven that if a child consumes too little calcium, the risk of hypertension, stroke, and the development of fractures at an older age increases significantly.

Wherein it is not necessary to stop breastfeeding after the milk of cows is included in the diet - these 2 sources of nutrients combine very well and complement each other. However, the use of this product is allowed only in the second year of life of the baby.

Possible harm and contraindications

If, for any reason, a young mother does not have the opportunity to breastfeed her baby, then it is necessary to give preference to special milk formulas developed for infants. Usually they are selected by pediatricians taking into account the individual characteristics of the infant and have many advantages over simple cow's milk:

  • mixtures have a constant composition, and the concentration of certain substances depends on what the cow ate,
  • blend manufacturers guarantee the presence of all important trace elements, as well as vitamins in dosages that are optimal for infants of every age,
  • The structure of the mixture includes recycled casein, which significantly reduces the risk of allergic reactions.

Also, the mixture can always be purchased in reserve. При желании ее можно использовать для приготовления пюре и каш, а главное, мамы могут полностью уверены, что продукт абсолютно безопасен для ее малыша.

Случаи, когда надо совсем отказаться от употребления

There are pathologies in which it is better to completely abandon the use of such a product as cow's milk. For example, when a child is prone to allergies, casein, being poorly digested, enters the blood and gives a rather strong reaction of the body. It is not necessary to include milk in the children's diet of the baby in case of lactose deficiency, since in this case the body produces too few enzymes for the processing of sugar.

Any metabolic disorders associated with digestion are also grounds for refusing milk, a particular danger is such a pathology as a violation of the assimilation of galactose, which is formed as a result of the breakdown of milk sugar.

Of course, it is worth to abandon consumption and with hereditary fermentopathy, which is detected by a special screening examination in the first days of life - this is also a reason to introduce a non-dairy diet from the very first days.

Why is it harmful to drink in large quantities?

Milk of cows is not recommended to be consumed in large quantities by children under one year old, because the product creates an increased load on the kidneys, which has the most disastrous effect on the health of the child. Moreover, as a result of such mindless consumption, diseases can be obtained, it will be impossible to get rid of them, and the child will be forced to support himself with medicines for the rest of his life.

In addition, if you have decided to give the baby cow's milk, keep in mind that it is not known under what conditions the animal is kept, what food it is fed and how often the udder is washed. Moreover, on large farms, antibiotics and hormones are often added to cattle food so that animals grow faster - these substances cannot be destroyed even during heat treatment and pasteurization of the product. A variety of intestinal infections are often transmitted through milk, as well as anthrax, foot and mouth disease, tuberculosis, brucellosis, and even leukemia caused by the lymphotropic virus - and this is not at all what a little person needs.

Although in fairness, we note that if you buy milk in the store, the risk of getting such infections is minimal, but in this case, you will not receive the benefit for the newborn baby.

When do pediatricians recommend starting to lure?

The question that many young mothers are interested in is from what age exactly you can begin to give crumbs of cow milk. WHO and famous pediatrician Oleg Komarovsky It is not advised to introduce it into the diet before 12 months, and there are a number of reasons for this. Up to this point, the digestive tract of the baby simply cannot yet digest the cow's milk in the same volume as the breast and the mixture. This product should not be given to a two-month, three-month-old or even seven-month-old child - it causes irritation of the digestive organs mucosa, and often this is manifested in the form of blood in the baby’s stool.

Until the age of one year, the milk of cows is not recommended in any form - it should not be given as a separate dish and should not be added to cereals and curds - it is best to cook food using balanced mixtures.

How to enter into the diet of the baby?

Cow's milk should be introduced into the diet of the baby with great care. For the very first complementary food, it must be diluted with water, but even after that you can treat the baby with only 1 teaspoon of the milk solution obtained. It is very important to observe the reaction of the body of the child after the first intake of the product. If you notice the appearance of rashes, redness, swelling, itching, or an increase in temperature - the familiarity with milk should be postponed for several months, at least 3.

If you notice that after drinking milk, the child began to cough, wheeze or breathe loudly - you should immediately give an antihistamine and call an ambulance - most often this means that allergies caused respiratory edema, which is very dangerous for any child.

If the manifestations of allergies are very strong. then you need to contact an allergist to adjust the child's diet.

Do I need to dilute with water and in what proportion?

As we have already mentioned, in order to give milk to a baby, it must be diluted with water, for the first feeding it is better to take water three times more than milk and watch the reaction of the crumbs. If it did not follow within 2-3 days, then it can be diluted slightly less, and after a week take milk and water in equal quantities. By the way, as far back as the XVIII century, famous at that time, Dr. Michael Underwood advised to arrange for feeding babies to take milk diluted in a decoction of oats to reduce the concentration of proteins in it or, if there is no oats, dilute the product with water.

How to choose milk?

When choosing milk for your child, give preference to special children's products that have a much more adapted to the body of the infant baby. Moreover, baby milk should be the choice of caring mothers and at an older age. It is of higher quality because it is produced only from milk obtained from healthy cows kept in ecologically safe areas. At each stage of the production of baby milk, microbiological control works - the number of certain bacteria at each stage of processing is strictly standardized.

It's important that baby milk has the optimal percentage of fat content for the child’s body - usually in the range of 2.5-3.5%It is also characterized by the Turner acidity index of no more than 100 degrees, which corresponds to current sanitary standards. Milk for children is subjected to pasteurization at ultrahigh temperatures - from 120 to 140 degrees for 3-4 seconds, and then quickly cooled. As a result of this treatment, all pathogenic microorganisms are destroyed, and the useful ones, on the contrary, remain unchanged.

Some mothers give their children skimmed milk - this is a common mistake, because at this stage of development the baby especially needs fats that are contained in milk - they cause him optimal absorption of calcium and vitamin D, and also allow him to gain weight. It is possible to transfer the baby to a fat-free product only after 3 years, and then only in the case when the increase in the body weight of the child conforms to the existing medical standards and standards.

However, there are exceptions, sometimes doctors prescribe a product to their patients with a reduced percentage of fat (up to 2%) - this happens in cases where the child suffers from overweight or he has a genetic pathology - a predisposition to obesity and a high probability of hereditary diseases heart and blood vessels.

In conclusion, I would like to recall the statements of many grandmothers that, in the absence of breast milk from the mother, the newborns fed cows with milk for centuries, even millennia. You cannot argue with this fact, but you should not forget that all this took place along with the progressive deterioration of children's health, the emergence of complex allergic manifestations, an increased percentage of pathologies of pregnancy and childbirth, as well as a significant number of various congenital anomalies and immaturity of vital organs and systems. baby - and all this is directly related to improper feeding in the very first months of life crumbs.

If you are determined to feed the child with a natural product, then it is better to give preference to goat milk - it has much less protein than cow's milk, and their form is better absorbed by the body of the crumbs.

Cow milk is loved by many, but few people think about the age at which it can be consumed, and at which time it is better to abstain, in what quantity it can be drunk without harm to health, is it necessary to boil it, and is it possible to drink cow's milk for pregnant women? Dr. Komarovsky will answer all these questions.

When to start

By this time, my child was already 9.5 months old, and we got a few teeth. As I found out later, many doctors categorically deny the possibility of feeding a child up to one year with goat or cow's milk. They determine their position by the fact that in this product proteins and fats are contained in much larger quantities (3 times) than in mother's breasts or adapted mixtures. In addition, the protein contained in the product produced by the cow or goat, can provoke an allergy. Yes, there is certainly some truth in their words, but there is no question of any plaques forming in the tummy of the young little Karapuzik. This is all fables.

Milk at an early age can cause the most unpleasant consequences.

Significant arguments in favor of late introduction of complementary foods with milk of animal origin.

Lure cow's milk before the year threatens:

  • An increased amount of allergenic proteins and sodium can cause allergies,

Skin rashes and itching are the costs of an allergic reaction.

  • May cause dehydration
  • The level of casein is very large - the digestion of this protein is extremely difficult for a small tummy (a dense, almost indigestible clot forms in the stomach),
  • A huge amount of sodium, chlorine, calcium, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium adversely affect the urinary system of the young body. The kidneys of the baby are trying to recycle this rabid number of trace elements, experiencing enormous overload,
  • With regular use of the product up to 6 months of age, internal stomach bleeding is possible,

Mommies and daddies, be careful! Hurry up with milk lure is not necessary.

  • Zinc, iodine, copper, vitamins E and C, iron are contained in cow's milk in quantities insufficient for a growing children's organism. Taurine, cystine and folic acid are completely absent. A deficiency of these minerals can lead to the development of quite severe pathologies,
  • Strongly contraindicated in children of the first year of life, in which the family had diabetic relatives (due to the possibility of developing this terrible disease).

Compounding with goat milk for a year is fraught with:

  • The toxic effect of the product on the body due to the content in the first of specific acids,
  • Kidney problems for the same reason as drinking cow’s milk,

Disruption of the internal organs of a weak children's body is quite likely.

  • The fat content of the product is several times higher than normal. The consequence is digestive problems due to the immaturity of the stomach and intestines,
  • The low content of vitamins D and A, folic acid, iron, the disproportionate ratio of calcium and phosphorus do not contribute to the proper and full-fledged muscular, functional and mental development of the crumbs. A lack of these substances can trigger some serious illnesses,

- I can not get used to such a jelly.

  • Intestinal bleeding without damage to the integrity of the blood vessels (occur in anemia or poor blood clotting),
  • Casein content is an order of magnitude higher than in the cow (however, it is better digested better than the first),
  • Loss of valuable product qualities (if diluted with water to an acceptable condition).

In times of grandmothers

But what about our mothers fed babies using animal milk? - many will be indignant. In those days, medicine was not so developed, and experts could only guess about the causes of many diseases. Now science has filled most of the gaps in its knowledge and suggests that we use already verified information for our benefit.

Grandmas always have snacks for their beloved granddaughters.

How correctly and at what age to start a full supplement

So from what age to give milk? From 9 months you can begin to feed those kids who are on artificial nutrition. This rule applies to both cow and goat products. The kid can eat the poles boiled on milk. Doctors, nevertheless, insist on nutrition for up to a year with mixtures.

For greater safety, do not cross out baby mixes from the crumbs menu as long as possible.

Starting from the age of one year, a baby who is on breast feeding may receive a full-fledged cow or goat product, but in a diluted state. Useful lThe equipment must be boiled and diluted for the first feeding in the ratio of 1: 3where 3 is the amount of water. Introducing the starting foods with 1 teaspoonIn which should be: 1 part milk and 3 parts boiled water. In the absence of a reaction, we increase the dose. After approximately 2.5 to 3 weeks, the amount of product consumed by a baby is about 100 milliliters. Milk fat should not be less than 3, but not more than 4% because it must be diluted. Gradually reduce the presence of water in the liquid to a minimum, and completely remove it.

Fish is no less useful, however, this product should be introduced very carefully, because It is a strong allergen. How to introduce fish in prikorm, described here.

Where to begin

Introduction of complementary foods is better to start with a goat. It has more benefits (it helps in the fight against dysbacteriosis and colds, boosts immunity (the taurine component). The goat product is more easily absorbed by the intestines of an infant because there is no agglutin in it, proteins are easier, and the fatty acid molecules are smaller than in cow's, consequently, such food is digested more easily. Allergic manifestations are possible, but to a lesser extent than if a cow’s product is consumed. However, a baby may reject this healthy dish because of its unpleasant odor. Toit, better to wait some time and try again later or to mix with the already familiar food.

- Barsik and I demand supplements!

After the goat you can try cow's milk. If the age of the baby has already reached two years, then it can be offered dairy products with low fat content (1-2%) or completely fat-free (if the child consumes dairy products in large quantities). The daily rate of consumption of the crumbs of this valuable product ideally is 0.5–0.7 liters per day. It is better to alternate between cow and goat's milk.because the ratio of nutrients in these two products is different. For example, in a cow product contains a large amount of phosphorus, than goat milk cannot boast. In unlimited quantities to drink this useful liquid baby can from the age of three.

Boiling necessary

Raw dairy products are generally not recommended for children. The fact is that large and medium cattle are carriers of a terrible disease called brucellosis. This disease can lead to disability. The spinal cord is most often affected. Only when you are sure that the animal is fine (this can only be if you are caring for a cow or a goat on your own), can you give the baby unboiled milk and then in small amounts.

Recommended for consumption after boiling!

The country's most famous pediatrician says

Dr. Komarovsky is not a supporter of the early introduction of dairy products into the diet of babies, but he is not an ardent opponent either:

“When to introduce milk to a child is a personal matter of each of the parents, but I want to say that we cannot be absolutely sure in our products, unless, of course, we do not follow the process all by ourselves, which is possible only when we manage our own household natural economy. In my opinion, a high-quality adapted mixture has many more advantages:

  • The composition includes all the necessary micronutrients and vitamins to the infant,
  • The composition itself is stable, unchanged,
  • Milk protein is treated in a special way, which reduces the possibility of allergic reactions,
  • Cooking the mixture is much easier, more convenient and faster. "

Moms "for" and moms "against"

“The eldest daughter at 7.5 months began a terrible rash - a reaction to cow's milk. Only the feet and palms remained clean. The rest of the skin - a continuous crimson mess. They were saved thanks to the goat. Up to two years, he only saw. After 5, it seems to have outgrown, but, having already grown up, does not really like the milk. The youngest in boiled and diluted milk is soaked a cookie. No reaction yet. ”

“My son has been bottle-fed since birth, it just so happened. He got used to mixtures a long time ago, but in 1 year and 3 months it was impatient for him to refuse the mixture flatly. I tried to give him a baby milk from the store (special series). So with big eyes and wild pleasure he drank a whole glass and began to demand more. He is now 2 years old. In milk, as they say, the soul does not like! Well, and how after that do not give it to children under three years old? ”

“We’ll be a year and a half in 2 weeks. Until now, we eat a mixture of Nutrilon. I tried to drink my son with goat milk - I do not want it, I gave it to the cow - she turns away and pushes the cup away. It doesn't bother me much. I believe that the mixture is more useful, because there everything is specially balanced. ”

"Horror! Goat or cow's milk is possible only after 2 years! It does not recall the composition of the breast! Therefore, by the age of 5-6 years, children get gastritis, pancreatitis, ulcers, etc. Milk was diluted and given long ago. Then there was simply nothing else. Why give it now? There are dry specially adapted mixture! I don't scold any of the moms, but think about it! ”

«Думаю всю эту гадость про молоко придумали производители смесей. Ведь их дорогущие порошки вряд ли кто-то будет брать, если есть настоящее молочко. Я сыну кашки варю на разбавленном коровьем молоке с 5 месяцев. С 8 — начала на цельном. Всё прекрасно у нас».

If your baby has digestive problems, she suffers from constipation, we recommend you prepare her compote of prunes. How to cook compote, read this article.

What are the “pluses” and “minuses” of cow's milk?

The main distinguishing features of cow's milk are:

  • high content of proteins (caprein), which are difficult to form and digest by the enzymes of our digestive system,
  • a large amount of mineral salts and a proven fact is a strong load on the kidneys of the baby,
  • less vitamins C and E,
  • lack of trace elements (iodine, zinc and copper and iron),
  • insufficient amount of carbohydrates
  • complete absence of protective antibodies.

In connection with these significant differences in human breast and cow milk, with the constant and often improper use of this product in a child, various pathological conditions can occur.

The first minus is a lot of protein and little fatty acids and carbohydrates.

Most often infants develop exudative-catarrhal diathesis or even atopic dermatitis, which, even when feeding the baby with cow's milk stops the child and his parents for a long time.

The appearance of persistent lesions on the skin of the crumbs is due to the fact that this product is three times more protein, and in fact it is the milk protein of cow's milk that most often causes allergic reactions. In addition, it is more difficult to digest and the immature digestive system cannot cope with the load - disintegrating and absorption of proteins in the intestine is disturbed, a large number of toxic complexes are formed that irritate the mucous membrane of the digestive tract and cause allergic reactions and stool disorders.

In addition, there is an insufficient amount of polysaturated fatty acids in cow's milk, which are necessary for the baby’s body for proper maturation of nerve cells and the development of the baby’s brain.

The lack of carbohydrates affects the saturability of cells with glucose, which is produced in the process of utilization of beta - lactose and the lack of energy for the cells and tissues of the body.

The second minus - a large amount of mineral salts

Breastmilk contains significantly less mineral salts.

This is especially dangerous in cases of severe immaturity, functional malfunction of the organs of the excretory system, or in the case of not diagnosed congenital abnormalities.

Therefore, with the early introduction of cow's milk in the baby’s menu, there may be:

  • manifestation and aggravation of the disease, including organic kidney disease,
  • changes in the maturation of the urinary system,
  • high probability of salt deposits in the tubules of the kidneys and the formation of dysmetabolic nephropathy.

Introduction to the diet of a child up to the year of whole cow milk is also dangerous in the presence of manifestations of neuro-arthritic diathesis or other metabolic disorders, signs of an excess of calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, chlorine and phosphorus salts, with hereditary complications in the family for urolithiasis and gout .

The third minus - an insufficient amount of vitamins, iron and protective antibodies

Lack of essential vitamins also adversely affects the growth and maturation of all organs and systems for which they are vital (nervous, sense organs, skin, endocrine and immune systems).
Iron deficiency in food is especially dangerous for babies who do not have enough of them in their own depot (premature babies, children with intrauterine hypotrophy, babies from twins) - this leads to the development of severe anemia. Copper and manganese are necessary for the proper construction of red blood cells - their deficiency makes them inferior red bodies with a short period of life.

All these components are necessary for the baby’s body to stabilize its immune system and temporarily replace the protective functions of the baby’s body during unstable work of its own immunity at the stage of its formation.

The benefits of introducing cow's milk to the diet it is considered only its availability and lower cost in comparison with the adapted mixtures.

In modern medicine, a large assortment of adapted milk formulas for babies of different ages has been developed and there is no need to introduce cow's milk into the baby’s diet, especially if the child has at least minimal problems with digestion, urinary system, allergies or diathesis.

Therefore, it must be remembered that breastfeeding, along with its unique composition and adaptation to the baby’s digestion from birth, is not only about feeding crumbs.

Much more important are the unforgettable moments of intimacy with your child, the emergence and strengthening of a close relationship and the formation of inseparable bonds of mutual understanding between mother and child.

At what age can cow's milk be administered to babies?

To date, a large number of studies have been conducted to determine at what age it is better to introduce cow's milk into the infant's diet.

At the same time, we can say with great confidence that this product should not be given to children up to one year old even in the form of complementary foods.

But if you still decide to take the risk and introduce cow's milk into the baby’s diet It is important to know that the minimum age for its use is 9 months.but it is preferable to wait up to a year.

Many pediatricians define cow's milk as a dish of late complementary foods from 10 -11 months.

It is not recommended by experts to introduce cow's milk into the diet of children under the age of three years in any form in children at high risk.

This high-risk group includes children:

  • with a history of allergic reactions,
  • with persistent functional disorders of the digestive system in the form of constipation or diarrhea,
  • in the pathology of the kidneys and metabolic disorders.

Well-known pediatrician and infectious diseases doctor Komarovsky rather accurately spoke about the introduction of cow's milk into the diet of infants: “There is no categorical no in this question, but It is wiser to feed the child with high-quality adapted milk formula. And yet, all these prohibitions on using cow's milk are only recommendations based on common sense and a desire to protect the baby from possible manifestations of intolerance to this product. ”

I agree that for several centuries, maybe thousands of years, in the absence of breast milk, mothers fed children with diluted cow milk. But at the same time it is necessary to remember about the progressive deterioration in the health of babies - the increase in complex allergic reactions, a significant increase in the percentage of pathological pregnancies and childbirth, as well as congenital anomalies or significant immaturity of many systems of the body of babies. So is it worth the risk.

Therefore, it is always necessary to remember that for the transfer of a baby to a mixed artificial feeding, weighty arguments are necessary and always, even with the minimum opportunity to maintain natural feeding, all factors of lactation preservation are used.

How to breed cow's milk for infants

And yet, if you decide to add cow's milk to your baby’s diet, this is done according to the rules of complementary feeding:

  • start with the lowest possible dose - ½ teaspoon in a dilution of 1: 2,
  • mandatory control of the occurrence of any pathological reaction is necessary,
  • in this breeding, most often used are complementary foods, more often milk porridges, gradually increasing the number of dishes during the week,
  • then, in the absence of negative reactions, milk feed is prepared in milk at a dilution of 1: 1.

If there are signs of individual intolerance to cow's milk in a child, this product must be discarded.

doctor - pediatrician Sazonova Olga Ivanovna

Differences of cow's milk from breast

The composition and quality of cow's milk are not similar to the mother's milk due to the lack of immunological factors in it, which are in my mother's milk. When the content of minerals and protein is increased, and the amount of carbohydrates, vitamins and fatty acids is reduced, this leads to serious disorders in the children's body. Cow's milk can not be given early because of possible allergies in infants. The product is a valuable source of nutrients for a growing child, but during the first year of life it is undesirable to introduce it into the diet.

Comparison table will help to understand the similarities and differences in the composition of cow and breast milk:

Cow milk damage

Despite the "official" age at which dairy feed is allowed, pediatricians are not advised to give this product up to 3 years. It is then that the work of the gastrointestinal tract in a child is completely stabilized, and milk will be of benefit. Some mothers can boast that since the age of six months the baby has been drinking their cow's milk, but this is due to the individual characteristics of the organism. When to introduce into the diet of the baby cow's milk, refusing to breast, can only say a doctor. An independent change in the nutrition of the child is fraught with complications and danger.

  1. Compared to maternal, cow is too “heavy” due to an overabundance of minerals and protein. Before the year, the child’s body does not work selectively and cannot distinguish the necessary minerals from the excess, therefore the kidneys remove everything. Valuable calcium goes along with harmful phosphorus. This leads to additional stress on the kidneys and the development of rickets.
  2. If, at an early age, to introduce complementary foods in the form of cow's milk, or to completely replace them with breast milk, the gastric mucosa of the infant may not cope with the new product. As a consequence, the occurrence of internal bleeding, dangerous for the child.
  3. You can provoke the appearance of allergies, intolerance to lactose and milk protein.
  4. Before you give a "useful" product to newborns, you should think about a possible anemia. Iron deficiency in cow's milk reduces the level of hemoglobin, and if you refuse breastfeeding and immediately replace it with cow's milk, anemia will entail serious diseases.
  5. There is a risk of complete repression of natural feeding, so you can not give cow's milk instead of breast milk.
  6. When a mother decides to replace her milk with cow's milk, she should prepare for the likely lagging of the child in development and frequent illnesses. The cow does not contain important immunoglobulins, which the breast is rich in, so the protective reaction of the child’s body will be low.
  7. Mom's milk is always fresh and safe to eat, and cows under poisoning conditions can cause poisoning.

When and which milk is good

Considering the question, at what age can milk be introduced into the diet, one should heed the advice of a pediatrician. Leading experts recommend starting the acquaintance of the child with this product, starting from 8-9.5 months. Ideally, this should be a cottage cheese, since the fermented milk version is most suitable for assimilation.

You can purchase specialized products for babies in the store. In the production process, such cocktails are carefully monitored and are fully balanced. Some species are enriched with dietary fiber and vitamins that help to improve digestion. And do not forget to include in the diet of children's cottage cheese to normalize the intestinal microflora.

However, you can not buy milk with various additives and the content of preservatives, flavors and hazardous colors. When “adult” milk is selected, it is important to familiarize yourself with the way it was processed. Options include:

  1. ultra-pasteurization
  2. pasteurization
  3. sterilization

In the latter version, the milk is processed at a temperature of 100 ° C, so it is clear why it is no longer useful. Pasteurization implies a minimally gentle treatment mode, but the shelf life is short, you need to pay attention when buying at the date of manufacture.

Choosing the optimal fat content, it is possible to dwell on the product of 2.5-3.2%, since vitamins and calcium are almost not absorbed from completely skimmed milk, and more fatty will cause intolerance and problems with digestion.

What is useful?

  • It acts as a source of beneficial proteins from which children receive all the essential amino acids.
  • Gives the human body calcium and phosphorus - elements without which the formation of teeth and a strong skeleton is impossible.
  • Includes a large amount of vitamin compounds, including vitamin D, which is important for children.
  • Helps strengthen the immune system.

It should be noted that all these useful properties can be obtained only with the correct and timely introduction of such a product into the diet of kids.

From what age to give?

Cow's milk appears in the diet of breastfed babies at the age of 9 months, as an ingredient in milk porridge. An infant fed with a mixture can start cooking such porridge a little earlier - from 7-8 months. In this case, the daily dose of cow's milk is not more than 100-150 ml.

If we are talking about replacing breast milk, breast or adapted mixture, then it is not advised to do this for up to 1 year. If it is impossible to breastfeed a baby, the best substitute for children in the first year of life is milk formula. Although it is made from the milk of cows, but in the process of processing it is being cleaned, and the composition as close as possible to that of women.

Children older than one year, cow's milk can be given as a drink in a small amount (up to 200 ml).

Regularly giving such a product in a larger volume to a child every day is possible after 3 years.

Separately, we note that the child is offered a product with a fat content of 2.5-3.2%. If a mother is interested in when to start giving skim milk to her child, then she should be aware that a low-fat product is not recommended until 2 years of age.

What is harmful

The harm of cow's milk for babies is associated with significant differences in its composition from the mother.

Breast milk is the ideal food that should be given to newborns and fed to all babies at least until 6 months of age. A cow gives him a number of parameters:

  • It contains too much protein. The intolerance that occurs in some children when using this product is often associated with the occurrence of an allergy to protein.
  • A large amount of casein in the composition causes difficulties with digestion. Because of this, the child may become constipated.
  • Contains much more calcium and phosphorus than human milk. And if excess calcium is not absorbed in the children's intestines, since this process has a rather complicated regulation in the human body, then excess phosphorus freely gets into the blood. This increases the load on the kidneys of the baby, who are trying to remove unnecessary phosphorus. At the same time, the child’s body also loses calcium. Due to such processes, admission provokes the development of rickets in young children.
  • It also contains too much magnesium, potassium, chlorine, and sodium. To bring these elements out of the body of the baby, the excretory system of the crumbs works with increased load. One of the consequences of this situation may be dehydration.
  • Although the fat in breast milk is almost the same as in cow's milk, the quality of these fats is different. Fatty acids that the baby gets during breastfeeding are better absorbed and have a positive effect on the nervous and digestive system. Fats in cow's milk are saturated, so they are digested harder. For this reason, children with fat content higher than 4% are not recommended for children of the first years of life.
  • The iron content in cow's milk is much lower than in breast, and its assimilation is worse, since cow’s milk, unlike mom’s, does not contain lactoferrin. Also, this product contains little iodine, copper, zinc, ascorbic acid and vitamin E, and there is no folic acid and taurine in cow's milk at all.
  • Too early introduction to the children's menu may damage the mucous membrane of the digestive tract, which sometimes can even lead to internal bleeding.
  • If cow's milk is given at the same time as breastfeeding is continued, such a product may adversely affect lactation. A child will satisfy his needs with cow's milk, refusing his mother's, because it is harder to get food from the breast than drinking from a bottle.
  • Does not include immunoglobulins that are important for supporting immunity. When replacing such a product with breastfeeding, the body defenses of the toddler may decrease.

Opinion of Dr. Komarovsky

A popular pediatrician is convinced that whole cow milk should not be given to children under one year old. He emphasizes that the early introduction of such a product into the infant’s diet instead of the adapted mixture provokes the development of rickets and negatively affects the intestines of the child.

If the mother does not have the opportunity to breastfeed the baby after 3 months or she wants to complete breastfeeding at the age of 5-6 months, Komarovsky advises to buy and give the infant an adapted mixture.

The inclusion of milk in the children's diet after a year Komarovsky calls acceptable, but at the age of 1 to 3 years, a famous doctor advises to limit the amount drunk per day to two glasses. He emphasizes that when it is possible to purchase special milk for the child, recommended for this age group, such a product will be much more preferable than the usual milk from a cow.

Что касается коровьего молока в рационе трехлеток и детей постарше, Комаровский считает, что этот продукт после 3 лет дети могут употреблять без ограничений, если он им нравится и не вызывает аллергии.

Рекомендации от доктора Комаровского по введению в рацион ребенка коровьего, а также козьего молока слушайте в следующем видео.

Кипятить ли?

For baby food, safety is very important, so in most cases, cow's milk, which is offered to babies, must undergo a heat treatment. Boiling helps to avoid such a serious illness as brucellosis (cows tolerate it), which is a great danger to the child’s body.

If the mother is not sure of the quality, it must be boiled. Boiled milk retains all proteins, carbohydrates, fats and many other substances. It can only slightly reduce the content of vitamins, but it is not as dangerous as the infection of dangerous infections. In its unboiled form, it is permissible to give it to children only if it is received from a cow that is kept by your family or close friends (you are confident in her health).

How to enter the diet of kids?

Due to the risk of allergy, the acquaintance should be careful and gradual, and every mother should know how to breed this product, since the first time milk is given to children diluted. When the baby is 1 year old, you can take 1 part of cow's milk and combine it with 3 parts of boiled water.

The first portion, which is given to the child in the morning feeding, is 1 teaspoon. If the reaction is not followed, the dose can be increased to 200 ml. Next, begin to reduce the portion of water, until you completely remove it and you will not give the baby whole milk. Usually, undiluted product starts to be given from the age of 3. The recommended volume for a child older than 3 years is 500-700 ml per day.

How to choose for a child

If you want to buy milk for a child aged 1-3 years, the best option would be a product marked “for children”. It is produced in environmentally safe areas and is more closely monitored, and also sold in more reliable packaging.

Buying regular milk for a child over 3 years old, you should opt for an UHT or sterilized product. It undergoes thorough processing so that no dangerous bacteria remain in it. When purchasing it carefully read the information on the package, specifying the fat content and shelf life.

Comparison of the benefits of cow and goat milk, see the program "To live healthy."