- How to get rid of age spots on the body
- How to remove age spots at home
- How to whiten the spots on the skin
- - the doctor's consultation
- - proper nutrition
- - folk remedies
- - trip to the beauty salon
To prevent the appearance of pigmentation, use body scrubs and creams with a whitening effect.
Periodically wipe the body with cucumber lotion.
- how to get rid of age spots in home
Tip 2: Why pigmentation appears
Melanin is a special pigment that is responsible for skin color. It is formed by a series of chemical reactions from tyrosine. The presence in the body of the enzyme tyrosinase is responsible for the conversion of melanin. Adverse factors may contribute to increased tyrosinase production. This in turn leads to a high concentration of melanin.
Melanocytes are substances that, along with others, are involved in the formation of skin color and can cause the appearance of age spots. The number of melanocytes may vary. This is due to various factors. Increased concentration provokes enhanced melanin production.
The external factors of increased production of tyrosinase, melanocytes and melanin include increased insolation. Under the influence of ultraviolet radiation, free radicals accumulate in certain parts of the skin. Epidermis burns. On the surface of the skin appear pigment spots, which can be brown, light brown or dark brown.
If melanin is not produced sufficiently, in response to increased insolation, light pigment spots appear on the skin, which differ in several tones from the basic skin color.
Other factors are also involved in the appearance of age spots on the skin. Sharp hormonal changes, thyroid dysfunction, genetic predisposition, inflammatory processes, liver diseases, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, diseases of the genital organs.
Taking certain medications is contraindicated with increased insolation. For example, when using paracetamol, antibiotics, nonsteroidal drugs, antidepressants, it is impossible to be under direct sunlight and sunbathe for a long time. Failure to follow these rules leads to the appearance of age spots.
The causes of pigment spots
The main reason for the appearance of pigment spots is excessive production of the coloring pigment melanin. The reasons for the activation of its production can be several.
An important role in this issue is played by genetic predisposition. In this case, the visible manifestations appear at birth or in childhood. Pigment spots and freckles can be disposed of in the cabin and at home. The causes and treatment of pigment spots on the face most often depend on exposure to ultraviolet rays. Therefore, if the skin has freckles, it is necessary to protect it from the sun and not sunbathe.
Pigmented spots from the sun - not a harmless cosmetic defect, but an alarming signal about the violation of the protective function of the epidermis. This can trigger skin cancer.
Pigment spots may appear as a result of hormonal adjustment. This pathology is observed due to a malfunction of the hormone producing glands or during pregnancy.
Such marks on the skin, as a rule, appear suddenly and spread rapidly. They can not be ignored and should immediately consult a doctor. They can signal endocrine disruption or even oncology. To strengthen cellular immunity take Ascorutin. Read more in the article - Ascorutin pigmentation spots.
Mechanical damage to the skin may also cause the formation of age spots on the face and body. Most often this is due to illiterate treatment of furunculosis or acne.
Causes and treatment of age spots on the skin require an integrated approach. Most often, traces on the skin begin to form as a result of disruption of the internal organs. Therefore, the use of cosmetic products without prior examination is unlikely to be effective.
If reddish pigment spots appear on the skin, this may signal problems with the digestive system. Yellow-brown traces indicate violations of the kidneys.
A lack of vitamins and minerals in the body can also lead to the formation of age spots on the skin. At the same time, it is impossible to remove pigment spots with the help of cosmetic procedures without adjusting the nutrition.
The reason for the formation of pigment spots can be a bacterial infection. To enhance cellular immunity, fight bacteria and skin whitening, methyluracil ointment is used. Read more in the article - Methyluracil from pigment spots.
Unprofessional cosmetic face cleansing procedures or the use of substandard skin care products can be the cause of pigment spots. At the same time, a complex can form a local allergic reaction to aggressive components of preparations, which will accelerate the process of the distribution of traces throughout the body.
Aging of the skin causes the natural appearance of age spots on the skin. After 45–50 years, melanin production increases, and the distribution in the cells of the epidermis is disturbed, which provokes the formation of traces.
The location and shape of the spots can also determine the cause of their appearance. If marks on the skin are found around the eyes, this signals endocrine diseases. Spots concentrated in the center of the face - disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. If you see symmetrical marks on the nose, cheeks or forehead, this may indicate a hormonal failure.
You have learned what are the reasons for the formation of age spots on the skin. Now consider the effective remedies for age spots, which can be purchased at the pharmacy.
Drugs from pigment spots
Before you get rid of pigment spots on the body, you should consult with experts to identify the causes of pathology. Only then can you choose the right drug and prevent possible complications.
To identify the true causes of the formation of pigment spots, it may be necessary to consult a general practitioner, a gastroenterologist, an endocrinologist, or a gynecologist. Specialists will collect anamnesis, examine the patient, prescribe tests and by the results of the examination it will be possible to choose a remedy for pigment spots.
To combat unwanted marks on the skin use bleaching cosmetics. In pharmacies, you can buy ointments and creams for freckles and pigment spots. In their composition they have fruit acids and zinc. Read more in the article - zinc paste pigment spots.
The modern cosmetic market offers a wide range of bleaching agents. The most popular creams against pigment spots on the face - Klirvin, Melanative, Neotone Radiance, Ahromin. Read more in the article - Ahromin pigment spots.
In pharmacies you can buy cheap ointment from pigment spots of Russian production. Zinc, achromic and salicylic ointments are effectively whitened. Read more in the article - salicylic ointment from age spots.
Cosmetic creams from age spots are very popular. For example, Skinoren is known for its high efficacy in hyperpigmentation. Read more in the article - Skinoren from age spots.
In addition to the brightening effect, Libriderm improves skin elasticity. Read about the product in the article - Liberderm from pigment spots.
Judging by the reviews, one of the most effective cosmetic creams for pigmentation is considered Uryazh. Read more in the article - Uryazh from pigment spots.
Retinoic ointment is used as a combination of pigment spots on the face. The tool has not only a cosmetic, but also a therapeutic effect. Read more in the article - retinoic ointment from pigment spots.
Hydrogen peroxide is often used to whiten unwanted marks on the skin. It is applied dotted exclusively on the affected skin. Read about the tool in the article - peroxide from pigment spots.
Another popular whitening product is badyaga. The product is sold in the form of a gel and powder, which can be used independently or added to the mask. Read more in the article - badyaga from pigment spots.
Folk remedies for age spots
At home, you can use masks and peels. At home, folk remedies for pigment spots are often used. They are prepared on the basis of components containing hydroquinones, vitamins, acids, plant extracts, which have a whitening effect.
As an emergency aid from undesirable traces on the skin, essential oil from pigment spots is used. Means are used exclusively point and only on minor areas of the epidermis, so as not to harm the skin and not cause a burn. For this fit citrus, camphor and castor oil. Read more in the article - castor oil from age spots.
At home, licorice root is often used to eliminate unwanted blemishes on the skin. Read more in the article - licorice pigment spots.
As a potent remedy for freckles, apply the juice of celandine. The product is applied exclusively in a point and extremely careful manner, so as not to harm healthy areas of the skin. Read more in the article - pigment spots celandine.
Another highly effective remedy for freckles is apple cider vinegar. It can be used only after consulting a doctor and strictly according to the prescribed scheme. Read more about the product in the article - apple vinegar from pigment spots.
For gentle skin whitening use turmeric. The powder is added to the finished cosmetic products or homemade masks. Read more in the article - turmeric pigmentation.
Baking soda is used as a component of home-made bleaching agents. The powder acts on melanin in the upper layers of the epidermis. Read more in the article - soda from pigment spots.
Most often at home whitening masks for the face of age spots. No less effective creams, lotions and peels. Consider the most common recipes.
To eliminate unwanted marks on problem skin, use a gentle agent, such as lotion. Before you get rid of age spots and acne, you need to test the sensitivity of the skin, so as not to damage the already weakened epidermis. If, after processing a small area of skin, new rashes and discomfort do not appear, then you can safely use the tool.
- Parsley - 2 bunches.
- Water - 500 ml.
How to cook: Rinse and finely chop the parsley, cover with water and place on the stove. Bring the contents to a boil and immediately remove from heat. Cover the container with a lid, warm with a towel and let the liquid brew for an hour. After that, pass it through a multi-layer gauze.
How to use: Moisten a cotton pad in the lotion, squeeze out excess product Wipe your face with massaging movements, paying special attention to areas of pigment spots. Repeat the procedure twice a day - in the morning and in the evening.
Result: Lotion tones the skin and evens out its color. Parsley effectively discolors melanin. Read more in the article - parsley pigment spots.
In pharmacies, you can purchase a skin care whitening agent similar in its effects, which is suitable for daily use - Inblank milk. Read more in the article - Inblank of pigment spots.
To remove pigment spots in the home often prepare whitening masks. The ingredients used are fruits and vegetables that have a lightening effect. For example, potatoes, cucumbers, parsley, lemon. Read more in the article - Lemon from pigment spots.
- Cucumber - 1 pc.
- Potato starch - 50 gr.
How to cook: Wash and peel the cucumber, rub it on a fine grater or chop with a blender. Add potato starch to the cucumber mass and mix thoroughly.
How to use: Apply the mass to the previously cleansed skin of the face, spread evenly with a thin layer and leave to dry completely. Wash with warm water, blot the skin with a dry cloth and moisturize with a nourishing cream suitable for skin type.
Result: The mask from pigment spots effectively eliminates skin marks, evens out its tone and tones the epidermis.
Before you get rid of age spots on the hands and other parts of the body with peeling, you should consult with a specialist. He will help you choose the right tool. The procedure should not be carried out on sensitive and damaged skin, as this can injure the epidermis more strongly. Read more in the article - pigment spots peeling.
The main components for peeling are fruits or vegetables. Acids included in them, act as lightening agents. As ingredients often use cucumber juice, citrus fruits, carrots, strawberries, currants.
- Currant leaves - 20 pcs.
- Currant berries - 2 tablespoons.
- Water - 200 ml.
How to cook: Fill the washed leaves with boiling water, let it brew for half an hour. Filter the liquid in a separate container, add berries and pulp, crushed to the consistency, and mix.
How to use: Pre-clean the skin in the usual way for you, apply a thin layer of the resulting product and let it dry. After 5-7 minutes, apply a second layer. After 10 minutes, wash with warm water. The procedure is carried out no more than 1-2 times a week.
Result: Peeling tones the skin, effectively eliminates the horny scales of the surface layer, thereby cleansing the dermis and bleaching it.
Cosmetic procedures for age spots
From salon procedures, laser therapy, phototherapy, peels are effective. In the cosmetic market there are many methods of eliminating undesirable marks on the skin and leveling its tone. Before you treat age spots, be sure to consult with a specialist. A cosmetologist will select the appropriate method of bleaching stains.
The easiest way to get rid of unwanted marks on the skin is to use pigment bleaching creams for the face. They are suitable for daily use and have a mild brightening effect on the skin.
Anti-pigment cream may be prescribed as an additional therapy after a cosmetic procedure. This will speed up the process of skin whitening and improve cell regeneration.
Judging by the reviews, one of the most effective skin whitening products is Clotrimazole cream. The tool is not used for dry and prone to flaking skin. Read more in the article - Clotrimazole for age spots.
One of the most common methods of removing pigment spots on the face is laser therapy. Its popularity is due to the gentle action and minimal risk of complications.
The procedure is carried out mainly in the winter. This limitation is due to excessive solar activity in other seasons, which can harm damaged skin and complicate the process of restoring the epidermis.
Laser treatment of pigment spots is carried out for 3-5 minutes. Full restoration of the epidermis occurs within a month after the procedure.
To enhance cell regeneration and speed up skin recovery after laser therapy, the doctor may prescribe a pigment spot cream. The procedure is highly effective. After it, the skin becomes more elastic, the tone is evened out and a healthy sheen appears. Read more in the article - laser therapy for age spots.
The method of phototherapy consists in treating the skin with short light pulses that have a destructive effect on melanin. Skin treatment is done pointwise, which eliminates the possibility of injury to healthy cells.
Before getting rid of age spots on the legs and other parts of the body with the help of phototherapy, you should consult a specialist. At the same time, it is important to take a responsible approach to choosing a cosmetologist for the procedure. Unprofessionally performed phototherapy can cause burns and severe skin trauma.
At the same time, it is important to consider that for maximum efficiency it is necessary to conduct several sessions. Usually the treatment course lasts for a month. Procedures are carried out 2-3 times a week.
After phototherapy, there are no visible marks on the skin. This technique has a sparing effect on age spots. Due to this, the epidermis does not require a long time to recover.
For carrying out chemical peeling using potent acids - fruit, glycolic, kojic. When unprofessional use of these tools can damage the skin, so before removing pigment spots with their help, it is important to consult with a specialist and carry out the procedure strictly under its control.
Для устранения пигментных пятен проводят два вида химического пилинга — поверхностный и срединный. They differ in the depth of penetration of active substances into the layers of the skin.
So with surface peeling, the effect is exclusively on the upper epidermis. At the same time, keratinized skin cells exfoliate.
During the middle peeling, there is a deep penetration of chemicals into the dermis. This cosmetic procedure requires careful preparation, a long recovery period and high qualification of a specialist.
After the chemical peeling procedure, the upper layer of the epidermis begins to peel off and within a couple of days after that it is completely exfoliated. At the same time acids stimulate cell regeneration.
What vitamins to take, to avoid pigment spots
For the prevention of age spots, it is important to saturate the body with vitamins and minerals. Read more in the article - vitamins from age spots.
For example, vitamin B12 deficiency can cause melanin to be activated and dark traces to form on the skin. It is found in calf liver, beef, and seafood.
Vitamin A, C and E can help to brighten the surface of the epidermis, even out skin tone and give it a healthy appearance. They can be obtained from carrots, citrus fruits and vegetable oil.
To prevent the appearance of pigment spots in the body should be a high content of vitamin PP. It can be found in tomatoes, potatoes, carrots, beans and dates.
For more information on removing pigment spots, see the video:
Causes of pigmentation
Predisposition or is it a disease?
One of the reasons is a genetic predisposition to the appearance of stains. They are often removed using a laser, but the probability of their reappearance is very high. Pigmentation on the skin can be observed during hormonal changes in the body (pregnancy, menstruation). In such cases, any means are rarely prescribed for pigment spots. The reason may be a long stay in the sun, so do not neglect tanning creams.
The lack of trace elements and vitamins in the body is also a cause of hyperpigmentation. A lack of vitamin C and a lack of copper can affect the changes in skin color. After eliminating the cause, the spots will disappear after some time independently. Some medications, such as antibiotics, can also cause pigmentation on the face.
Methods for removing pigment spots on the face
Removal occurs by laser or various peels.
Modern methods are effective and painless procedures, which are carried out in salons using special cosmetology devices, in some cases it is possible to do with means from pigment spots.
The specialist may suggest the following methods of removing pigmentation on the face:
- laser removal (microcurrent, photorejuvenation),
- cryoapplication - burning, which is carried out using liquid nitrogen,
- ultrasonic peeling,
- chemical peeling.
Pigment spots are also removed with the help of cosmetics. Using white clay in combination with lemon juice, you can achieve an excellent result. A mushy mask is applied to problem areas for 20 minutes. The composition of many pharmacological and cosmetic products that are designed to eliminate pigmentation, include salicylic, citric, glycolic, tartaric and other acids. With extreme caution should apply creams, masks and other products, which include chemicals. Before use, be sure to pay attention to the composition.
Today funds from pigment spots are available in different price categories. One of the most popular are the following:
- Whitening mask “Vitex” eliminates blemishes and deeply cleanses pigmented skin, increasing its elasticity due to renewal of epidermis cells.
- The URIAGE Depiderm Intensive Depigmenting Skin Care emulsion removes the spots that appeared as a result of disruption of the pigmentation process by stimulating the exfoliation of epidermal cells that carry melanin, which can suppress various melanogenic mediators.
- Whitening cream “Biocon” is the main product of this series, which, by blocking the synthesis of melanin, effectively depigments and whitens the skin of the face, it is recommended to be used in combination with a lotion and a mask.
- The “White Flax” series of Floresan company is a means that whitens the skin and prevents the appearance of pigmentation on it. The main components that make up are vitamin C, bearberry and cucumber extract, fruit acids and flax oil.
- Cream mask "Badyaga Forte" - a remedy for age spots, which also helps to get rid of freckles, is used for hormonal disorders, solar exposure, age-related changes, evens out the skin, but also the skin relief due to resorption of congestive seals.
Improvised means of age spots
Folk remedies are not inferior to cosmetic
Pharmacy plants that have a whitening effect, used for the preparation of creams and masks at home.
The most popular of them is bearberry. It contains arbutin and hydroquinone, which are part of almost every expensive tool.
The flavonoids found in yarrow block melanin production. Will help even out the tone and licorice. Effective will be creams, masks and peels, prepared on the basis of cucumber, lemon, almond or parsley.
The normal saline solution, which can be purchased at each pharmacy, also has a beneficial effect. They wipe the face with it, make compresses with him or mix it with other components. Reviews of folk remedies are not worse than about professional caring cosmetics.
It should be remembered to cope with the pigmentation on the skin and to avoid the appearance of this problem in the future, it is necessary to apply an integrated approach, and systematic care of problem areas is very important.
The main causes of pigment spots
Melanin production is enhanced by ultraviolet rays. If from vacation in hot countries you bring not only tan, but also freckles, and possibly pigment spots of larger diameter, it means that your skin is prone to hyperpigmentation.
In addition, the cause of accelerated melanin synthesis can be hormonal changes:
while taking oral contraceptives,
In swarthy people, hyperpigmentation occurs much less frequently. Helps them in this eumelanin - a natural dark pigment that protects the skin from exposure to sunlight.
The causes of pigmentation can be UV exposure and hormonal imbalance.
Effective folk remedies for pigmentation
To combat pigment spots at home apply bleaching masks and homemade peels. For their preparation using active ingredients that can reduce the synthesis of melanin. These are dairy products, honey, potatoes, citrus fruits, some oils and herbal decoctions.
Age spots on face
The most simple and affordable means to remove age spots - lemon juice. The fruit contains a huge amount of vitamin C and unique acids that quickly bleach problem areas. To use, you just need to cut the lemon and rub the skin with its juice. If the epidermis is too dry, then it is recommended to treat it with citrus peel - it is saturated with oils, which will additionally help moisten the skin.
Lemon for skin whitening
From age spots or lentigo, it helps well mask with honey and parsley. Both components have excellent brightening properties. To prepare the mixture will need:
- 10 grams of honey
- Parsley bunch,
- Kaolin (optional for additional lifting effect).
Parsley must be very finely chopped and mixed with honey. To make it easier to combine the ingredients, it is recommended to warm the sweetness. If kaolin is added to the mask, then in addition it is necessary to dilute it with water in a 1: 1 ratio, and then pour the gruel to the workpiece. The resulting substance is applied to the face, neck and décolleté. Soak for 20 minutes, repeat every other day.
Parsley and Honey Mask
Another popular way to get rid of senile spots - mask with sweet pepper. This vegetable is rich in acids and minerals that help whiten blemishes. Large Bulgarian pepper to grate. To juice did not flow through the body and clothing, vegetable grub is required to slightly squeeze. After applying the tool on the face and other problem areas. Hold for 15 minutes. Can be done daily. Reviews claim that this recipe is especially effective in the winter when the sun has minimal effect on the skin.
From freckles and other pigment spots that are not associated with age-related changes in the epidermis, it helps yeast mask. It is ideal for young skin prone to acne, blackheads, because it has strong absorbing and toning properties. For its preparation you will need:
- 25 grams of fresh yeast (dry will not work),
- 5 grams of lemon juice and the same amount of milk.
The milk is heated to a pleasant warmth, but it is not necessary to boil it. All yeast dissolves in it, after which citrus fresh juice is added to the mixture. To apply ready liquid in the morning and in the evening on the face. You can not flush.
General tips on how to get rid of age spots on the face, body and hands:
- Rinse them regularly with chamomile decoction or parsley tincture (100 grams of green is taken per 200 ml of water)
- Enter a wash with milk in your daily routine. This method will not only significantly whiten the hyperpigmented areas, but also strengthen the skin and protect it from aggressive external factors,
- In the summertime, avoid prolonged sun exposure without protective creams. Some of the available tools can be used as them: for example, shea butter and coconut oil.
Indications for the use of ointments from pigment spots
Probably, many people noticed that prolonged exposure to the sun provokes the appearance of dark spots on the skin, discoloration of existing marks, increased pigmentation of freckles on the face and body, etc. It is possible to fight with such manifestations with the help of special sunscreens with a protective UV filter. But if the moment is missed and the appearance of pigment spots on the skin cannot be avoided, various ointments from pigment spots with a whitening effect can be used to return the skin to its former whiteness and tenderness.
But not only the sun's rays provoke an excess of the culprit pigmentation of melanin in the human body. Pigmented spots can be congenital and acquired due to hormonal adjustment, age-related changes, metabolic disorders. In this regard, the indications for the use of ointments from pigment spots are quite wide:
- congenital pigment spots and moles
- areas of enhanced pigmentation arising from the increase in melatonin production (chloasma)
- dark, not rising above the skin spots in middle-aged and elderly people that appeared after exposure to the sun
- freckles on face and body
Among other things, the ointment applied from pigment spots is most often effective in the treatment of acne, acne, acne and other skin defects.
In pursuit of beauty, we are often willing to spend any money on achieving the desired result, without even thinking that this money can be used more worthily by starting the fight against flaws on the skin with inexpensive pharmaceuticals. But in most cases the matter will not go further. Sometimes, however, homemade ointments come to the aid of pharmacies. In any case, such skin care will give noticeable results at low cost.
And the ideal can be achieved only with the help of serious cosmetic procedures, such as laser peeling. Even the most expensive and effective ointments and creams from pigment spots will not give such a result, but only improve the appearance of the skin.
Names of ointments from age spots
So, why pay more if there are decent cheap but effective means. Take, for example, zinc ointment. Zinc oxide in its composition has outstanding whitening properties, which makes the ointment effective in terms of lightening age spots on the skin.
Zinc ointment is universal, so it can be successfully used as an ointment for pigment spots on the face. Here we get a double effect. First, the skin whitening. Secondly, the fight against acne and acne due to antimicrobial and light drying action. If the second problem is not relevant to you and the drying effect causes only discomfort, you can get rid of dryness and feeling of tightness of the skin using moisturizing or fatty creams.
What is good zinc ointment? In the opinion of many patients and doctors, she perfectly copes with the task of lightening the pigment on the skin without causing damage to health. The only side effect of the ointment is allergic reactions, and that happens in isolated cases. And a contraindication to the use of this drug is only hypersensitivity to the active substance - zinc oxide, which is observed in a very small percentage of the population.
Zinc ointment from pigment spots can be applied from 2 to 6 times a day to achieve the desired effect, applying it on cleansed skin with point movements. In the fight for the beauty of the skin, the ointment does not spare either pigmentation, acne and acne, or small wrinkles, which is also important.
The method of administration and doses of the drug, which are infinitesimal in the case of spot application, exclude the toxic effect of the ointment on the human body, which means that there is no overdose. However, you should not apply zinc ointment to the skin with open wounds and strong purulent inflammation.
Interaction with other drugs. Zinc ointment can be painlessly mixed with baby cream or castor oil. This will help avoid overdrying of the skin.
Antifungal agents and the fight against pigment spots
Sulfuric ointment - a fairly effective antifungal medication that, among other things, is capable of fighting acne and excessive pigmentation. In its action, the product based on sulfur differs from the previous one. Removal of pigment spots is achieved by drying and peeling epidermal cells at the site of application of the ointment.
Sulfur-based products are not as safe as products where zinc oxide acts as an active ingredient, therefore it is advisable to use them no more than every other day, leaving them on the skin for a day. The course of treatment with such a scheme will be only 12 days.
The side effects of pigment spots ointments are most often reduced to allergic reactions, and sulfur ointment is not an exception. However, hypersensitivity to sulfur preparations is not the only contraindication to the use of sulfur ointment. It is also not recommended for use to remove age spots in babies up to 3 years, although the ointment is acceptable for use from 2 months of age.
A strong drying effect of sulfuric ointment can negatively affect dry and sensitive skin, therefore, in case of using it according to the doctor's instructions, after removing the ointment from the skin, you should lubricate the areas affected by pigmentation with a moisturizing cream. Mixing sulfur ointment with creams is not worth it.
Interaction with other drugs. Before using sulfuric ointment, it is not recommended to treat the skin with “potassium permanganate” or hydrogen peroxide, preferring other skin cleansers. Otherwise, you can earn a severe burn on the skin.
A significant disadvantage of sulfuric ointment is its unpleasant odor. In addition, it is heavily washed off the skin, leaving yellow, greasy traces on the clothes in contact with the treated areas. Therefore, it is better to use it both on the face and on the body while you are at home.
Another antifungal drug that has proven itself in the fight against dark spots on the skin is Clotrimazole ointment. Noticeable efficacy, a small number of contraindications and complications, and therefore relative safety, the absence of an unpleasant odor made this tool popular among owners of freckles and other pigment spots.
To lighten the areas with hyperpigmentation, it is necessary to apply maz on clean and dry skin 3 times a day: in the morning, in the afternoon and before bedtime. "Clotrimazole" is well absorbed and does not leave marks on clothes. Allowed to use on face, hands and body.
Ointment "Clotrimazole" when applied externally, it does not enter the bloodstream, acting only on the surface layers of the skin. Therefore, an overdose of the drug can be completely excluded. However, sometimes during the use of "Clotrimazole" there can be observed unpleasant effects: burning, itching, which may indicate intolerance of the drug and require its cancellation.
It is undesirable to apply this ointment in the area around the eyes, where the skin is the most sensitive. Pregnancy and lactation are not the best periods for removing pigment spots with Clotrimazole ointment.
Antibacterial and pigment spots
Not only antifungal agents are able to combat excessive pigmentation. Some antibacterial agents also possess this ability. For example, syntomycin ointment на основе хлорамфеникола хоть и относится к разряду антибиотиков, замечательно справляется не только с бактериями, но и с изъянами на коже.
If someone is afraid of the fact that this ointment is an antibiotic that can be dangerous to health, do not worry. The fact is that synthomycin ointment, like the previous ones, does not penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin and tissues of the body, does not enter the blood, and therefore is relatively safe for humans.
Apply syntomycin ointment to the skin of the face and hands preferably after cleaning and steaming. The skin should be dry. Duration of treatment up to 1 month. In cases of more prolonged use, addiction is observed. If 4 weeks was not enough to get the desired result, it makes sense to take a monthly break, and then continue the treatment.
Keep the ointment on the skin should be at least 1 hour, applying a dot on the areas with increased pigmentation. Perhaps during this period there will be a slight discomfort at the site of application. Typically, this reaction is short and takes place within an hour. But sometimes an allergic reaction is more serious, and in this case it is necessary to cancel the drug.
Contraindications to the use of synthomycin ointment are hypersensitivity to the components of the drug and a toxic reaction to the active substance of the ointment in history. Preparations based on chloramphenicol (chloramphenicol) are not prescribed for psoriasis, eczema, hematopoietic oppression, impaired renal function and liver, pregnancy, lactation. But given that the external use of the ointment prevents it from entering the blood and other body fluids, the likelihood of complications is negligible. But to consult with your doctor about the possibility of applying this ointment against age spots on the background of the above diseases is still worth it.
The popular antiseptic has a good keratolytic and exfoliating effect. salicylic ointment. Salicylic acid in the composition of the ointment actively softens and removes the upper cells of the epidermis, in which the melanocytes are concentrated, which are responsible for the pigmentation of a specific area of skin. In this way, skin lightening is achieved.
Apply salicylic ointment to the skin again, again to the point, avoiding areas of skin with normal pigmentation, not more than 2 g per application to avoid getting into the blood. You can do this up to 3 times a day. Therapeutic course should not exceed 4 weeks. An overdose of the drug causes severe allergic reactions.
Side effects of salicylic ointment from pigment spots are extremely rare. This is usually redness, itching and slight burning, corresponding to an allergic reaction to the drug.
Contraindications to the use of salicylic ointment are cases of hypersensitivity to the drug. Sometimes they also indicate a child's age, so before applying the ointment to babies, it is recommended to consult with a pediatrician. According to some sources you can not apply ointment on moles and birthmarks.
It cannot be said that salicylic ointment is a health hazard, but it is a potent agent, therefore it is often used as part of multi-component ointments and masks, where it brings many benefits to owners of unattractive dark spots. And yet, applying salicylic ointment along with other components, it is necessary to take into account the drug interaction with other drugs, since salicylic acid in the ointment can enhance the effect, including side effects of other medicines, as well as form melted (with “Rizorcin”) and insoluble (with zinc oxide) compounds.
Nevertheless, pharmacists managed to combine the incompatible, with the result that a practically safe and effective whitening ointment, salicylic-zinc paste, appeared on the shelves of pharmacies. Salicylic acid, as one of the components of the ointment, provides a peeling effect, and zinc oxide (the main active ingredient) has a whitening effect by reducing the production of melanocytes.
Apply the product to the skin can be 2-3 times a day, without fear of an overdose, which is possible only when applying ointment on large areas of skin. Do not apply ointment to open wounds, especially festering, mucous membranes, as well as skin areas that are constantly under the influence of moisture (axillary hollows, inguinal folds, etc.). The course of treatment can vary from 7 to 20 days depending on the intensity of pigmentation.
Despite the seeming safety of the product, salicylic acid ointment has certain contraindications. The drug is not used to treat children, pregnant women and nursing moms. Do not use the ointment in the case of hypersensitivity to the components of the drug in order to avoid severe allergic reactions.
Need to understand that zinc salicylic ointment It dries the skin of at least one-component preparations based on salicylic acid and zinc oxide, therefore its use on dry and sensitive skin is undesirable. And yet, children's cream and castor oil, which can be used during treatment with this ointment, will help to correct the matter.
Drug interactions with other drugs. Salicylic-zinc ointment is not used during treatment with antibiotics of the penicillin group, because of its ability to reduce the effectiveness of the latter. "Phenacetin" and "Rizorcin" can form mixtures with unpredictable action with ointment, therefore the combination of these drugs is also undesirable.
Vitamins and excessive pigmentation
Retinoic ointment is currently less popular remedy for age spots, despite all its beneficial properties. Perhaps this is due to the fact that ointment is released only by prescription of a doctor, and our people do not suffer from a lack of ointments that help against pigment spots. Anyway, retinoic ointment has the right to exist, including in connection with its properties whitening the skin.
Rejuvenating and anti-inflammatory retinoic ointment nothing more than a synthetic analogue of vitamin A, hence the name. Its use implies the observance of caution, because an excess of vitamins is just as unsafe, as well as a disadvantage. Therefore, the use of ointment is limited to 1-2 times a week. In this case, apply ointment to the skin with a thin layer and only in the evening, because it increases the sensitivity of the skin to sunlight. With daily use of the ointment, the reaction may be exactly the opposite.
Do not use retinoic ointment for a long time. It is better to carry out treatment with short courses, interrupting it when discomfort occurs in the form of redness and peeling. After a couple of days, drug treatment can be resumed.
Retinoid-based ointment is not for everyone. Children age, pregnancy and lactation require prior consultation with a doctor about the possibility of using this ointment from age spots. Contraindications to the use of retinoic ointment may be hypersensitivity to the drug, insufficiency of the liver and kidneys, skin tumors, elevated levels of lipids and lipoproteins in the blood, an excess of vitamin A.
Side effects of pigment spots ointment in the form of allergic manifestations can appear both immediately and after 2-3 days. Other undesirable symptoms may be due to vitamin A hypervitaminosis. These symptoms include dryness of the mucous membranes and skin, the development of conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, headaches, and seizures. There may be more serious consequences, such as bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, the development of pancreatitis and inflammatory processes in the intestine.
Interaction with other drugs. Retinoic ointment is incompatible with aminoglycoside antibiotics and progesterone. The simultaneous use of ointment and vitamin A increases the risk of hypervitaminosis.
Pharmaceutical ointment for acne "Belosalik" and age spots
Ointment "Belosalik" is an anti-inflammatory agent with a pronounced keratolytic effect, due to which it has been used in the treatment of excessive pigmentation in adults and children over 6 months. The ointment is based on salicylic acid and betamethasone, which effectively cleanses the affected skin.
This ointment does not belong to the category of budgetary funds, moreover, unlike the above described ointments, it has many contraindications. These are chicken pox, and skin tuberculosis, and viral skin infections, and many other diseases that have their manifestations on the skin. Do not apply ointment and open wounds. And of course, the use of ointment is prohibited if the patient is intolerant of any components of the drug.
Dosage and administration. Apply the drug should be 1-2 times a day on clean and dry skin, using ointment in a small amount. The duration of drug treatment should not exceed 4 weeks. If you need to increase the therapeutic period, apply the drug to the skin should be 1 time in 2 days to avoid overdose of the drug.
Side effects of ointment "Belosalik" used from pigment spots, usually mild. These can be allergic reactions in the form of itching and redness, and sometimes even more serious manifestations, such as skin atrophy, pigmentation suppression, development of dermatitis, the appearance of acne and others. If you use the ointment for a long time, especially in the face, betamethasone accumulates in the body and can provoke reactions associated with a decrease in the functionality of the adrenal cortex.
Cosmetology in the fight for clear skin
Akhrominovaya ointment, which is also Akhromin whitening pigment spots cream based on hydroquinone, belongs to the category of medicinal cosmetics, which can also be found on pharmacy shelves. This is one of the most popular ointments that combat the problem of dark spots on the skin and acne. Its effectiveness is actively discussed in the forums, with the majority of reviews being positive. By the way, according to the same reviews, the updated “Ahromin” without hydroquinone is inferior in efficiency to the original version.
"Ahromin" It has proven itself as a remedy for freckles and spots on the face and body, as well as an ointment for pigment spots on the hands, which often accompany the aging process of the body.
For lightening age spots it is recommended to apply ointment twice a day: in the morning and in the evening, applying to clean skin with light massage movements. Usually the result becomes noticeable after 14-15 days, and after 1-3 months the pigment spots disappear completely.
Side effects of ointment from pigment spots "Ahromin" are observed very rarely in the form of irritation on the skin. In this case, it is recommended to let the skin calm down for 4-5 days, after which start the treatment again, applying ointment once, in the evenings. After a week, if side effects do not occur, you can go to the standard scheme of using ointment.
Despite the effectiveness of Akhromina, this pigment spot ointment is not intended for use by persons under 12 years of age. All because of the active substance ointment, which can be dangerous for the child's body. In large quantities, hydroquinone can also harm an adult body, so you need to apply the ointment no more than a month. Better after a while, repeat the course of treatment without danger to health.
The pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of whitening ointments used from pigment spots mainly depend on the main active ingredient of the drug, which can have antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and membrane-protective effects on cells, i.e. prevents the destruction of the cell membrane.
Pharmaceutical creams used to combat enhanced pigmentation most often contain non-specific components, such as vitamin A (or its synthetic analogue), zinc oxide, chloramphenicol (synthomycin), clotrimazole, salicylic acid, which have a sufficient bleaching effect provided regular use of ointments based on them.
Products of various cosmetic companies may contain glycolic and azelaic acids, arbutin, rucinol, beta-carotene, hydroquinone and even mercury. Despite the marked efficacy against pigment spots and the strong whitening effect, cosmetic ointments against pigment spots, due to some components that are unsafe for the body, can do more harm than good.
Therefore, before you begin to use them, you need to carefully study the composition of creams and their impact on various systems and organs. For example, if arbutin and beta-carotene do not adversely affect the body, then mercury and hydroquinone are highly toxic substances and, if used improperly, can significantly undermine the patient's health.
Form release pharmaceutical and cosmetics from pigment spots - ointments and creams for external use, most often marketed in aluminum tubes or glass (sometimes plastic) jars of small volume.
Use of ointment from age spots during pregnancy
If, in the case of a healthy adult, we can say that all of the above remedies are good for getting rid of unaesthetic spots on the skin, then pregnancy and breastfeeding impose certain restrictions on the use of drugs. After all, what a good mother will put their interests above the health of the child? Here you will either have to suffer and love yourself the way you are, or use not popular means, but those ointments, the action of which will be gentle to the infant's body.
The use of pigment spots ointments during pregnancy should be preceded by consultation not only of the dermatologist, but also of the gynecologist, who will help to correct the appointment of the previous specialist. For example, the same vaunted "Akhromin" is not suitable for treating pigmentation in a delicate period, since hydroquinone, accumulating in a woman's body, can get to the baby through the placenta or breast milk. This means that in this case it is safer to use another tool.
Ointment "Belosalik" can be used during pregnancy and lactation only under strict indications. At the same time it is applied on small areas of the skin and very briefly, avoiding the area of the mammary glands.
A woman can decide whether to apply syntomycin ointment during pregnancy and nursing. The active ingredient of the ointment is able to penetrate the placenta, and possibly pass into breast milk, but there was no negative effect on the child in all cases.
Retinoic ointment can cause an excess of vitamin A in the body, which will adversely affect the course of pregnancy and fetal development.
Salicylic ointment is allowed to use during pregnancy, but it should be applied for a short time and on small skin areas.
Ointment from pigment spots "Clotrimazole," although it is considered a means generally safe, can still adversely affect the development of the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy. Since 4 months of pregnancy, this ointment is applied only under the supervision of a physician. Caution should be taken to the treatment of pigmentation "clotrimazole" and during breastfeeding.
But ointment based on zinc oxide can be used in the “interesting” position, since they do not have a harmful effect on either mom or her baby. Nevertheless, there is always a sense of prior agreement with the opinion of the specialist doctor on this account.
The best pharmacy to lighten the skin
Folk remedies for age spots on the face can not replace a full care. Therefore, they are used only as an auxiliary whitening product. Unlike pharmacy, most of which can give odds to famous lightening creams and acids.
What pharmaceuticals help from age spots:
- Zinc ointment It is considered one of the most useful and affordable medicines. It is a thick white mixture consisting of paraffin and zinc oxide. It has a unique property to denature protein, reduce inflammation, soothe irritation. It should be applied dotted on the affected areas, since it reduces local immunity,
- Salicylic acid. It is known for its analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. Sold in the form of ointment, tablets, and a solution (salicylic alcohol). To lighten the pigment spots, tighten and refresh the skin of the face, you need to take 1 acid tablet. Crush it in a mortar and combine with 5 grams of day cream. Apply in the form of a dense mask, wipe off the skin with paper towels after 20 minutes, Acetylsalicylic acid pigment spots
- Tincture of calendula help get rid of acne, scars, age spots. To prepare a refreshing and brightening tonic, it is necessary to combine mineral water and tincture in equal parts. It is important that the solution is thoroughly stirred and shaken before each use. This means to smear your face in the morning and in the evening,
- Tincture of licorice root. A great medicine that is most often prescribed by pediatricians for the treatment of cough in children. But they can also wipe the face in order to whiten the skin from freckles and age pigmentation,
- Mumiyo - This is not exactly a pharmaceutical agent, but rather a dietary supplement. Mountain resin is able to penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin, normalize the synthesis of melanin and strengthen the fibers of collagen and elastane. Для осветления и мягкого пилинга можно приготовить смесь из крема (по потребности) и двух таблеток мумиё. Кашицу нанести на кожу и оставить на полчаса. Повторять ежедневно. Этот способ также поможет избавиться от растяжек и глубоких морщин, Жидкое мумие
- Сильное осветляющее действие имеет перекись водорода. Пожалуй, это самое эффективное аптечное средство от возрастных пигментных пятен.It is better to use it pointwise in order not to overdry the epidermis and to ensure uniform distribution of the solution. Apply to all problem areas, including spots after acne and acne, scars and other.
Types of pigment spots
What types of pigmentation are found on human skin?
The most common type of pigmentation - moles or nevi. They are every person, their number can vary throughout their lives. Their condition and changes need to be closely monitored: moles can turn into a melanoma, a deadly tumor.
It is possible to remove nevi only after consulting a dermatologist and according to the results of a dermatoscopy performed by him. This is a diagnostic method, in which the doctor examines the patient's nevi using a device for fluorescent microscopy with a magnification of 10 times.
Freckles (scientifically, epheloids) are usually found in young people. This type of spots is clearly manifested in the open parts of the body (back, face, neck and shoulders) with the onset of a period of active sun (April – October) and turns pale with the arrival of autumn.
This type of pigmentation often occurs after 40 years, especially during menopause. A large number of age-related pigment formations are due to the fact that the immune protective properties of the skin decrease with age and it cannot withstand chronic photodamage.
Spots of this origin become darker and larger with age, and it becomes more and more difficult to remove them, because:
the regenerative capacity of mature skin is significantly weaker than that of young,
production of collagen and elastin slows down,
The protective functions of the skin are weakened.
Post-inflammatory pigmentation differs from moles and freckles by the distribution of pigment. Nevertheless, the methods of its prevention and control are similar to the prevention and minimization of hyperpigmentation in general.
Vitamin A-based cosmetics help brighten age spots.
Being concerned about the removal of age spots, do not ignore home skin care products. They will not make a miracle, but they will help lighten the pigment and prevent its further education.
As a rule, they contain a small concentration of active clarifying agents (read below), they are well suited for daily use.
The most effective product in this category is due to the high content of active ingredients such as acids and retinoids. Use strictly in accordance with the instructions.
An important part of supportive care, which, in particular, allows you to even out skin tone before an important event.
The main ingredients of cosmetics against pigmentation
It is not possible to remove the pigment stain completely either by cosmetic means or by aesthetic procedures. However, it is quite possible to lighten it. We tell you what ingredients in cosmetics should pay attention.
Retinoids, that is, derivatives of vitamin A, regulate the process of renewing the cells of the epidermis and dermis, which makes them effective components of cosmetics against acne and post-acne. But in the lines for mature skin, retinoids are used quite often.
Laser, electros and phototherapy are effective against pigmentation.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
This ingredient fights pigmentation by accelerating the renewal of the epidermis and reducing melanin synthesis in the skin. Vitamin C also strengthens the protection of cells against the action of free radicals and increases collagen synthesis.
Vitamin C has one important point: it only works in products whose packaging does not imply contact with air and light.
It slows down the synthesis of melanin and, due to its effect, is a non-toxic analogue of hydroquinone, known for its bleaching action.
The main advantage of kojic acid is solubility in water and in oil without loss of properties. Plus, there is no need for special packaging, unlike vitamin C. Cosmetics containing this substance accelerates the renewal of the epidermis, reduces the production of melanin, helps in lightening age spots.
AHA-acids, including glycolic, lactic, malic, lighten pigment spots due to exfoliation. At the same time, molecules of glycolic acid, having a smaller size, are able to penetrate deeper into the epidermis. And lactic acid, among other things, helps the skin retain moisture in the cells.
Salon procedures for lightening age spots
The most important point when carrying out any of the procedures described below is caution when choosing a specialist. Therefore, we advise you not to contact salons for discount coupons and promotions. Do not hesitate to contact your friends for recommendations, do not be lazy to surf the Internet for reviews - after all, an unscrupulous or unqualified cosmetologist can not only impose unnecessary service on you, but also harm your health.
The best prevention of hyperpigmentation is the use of sunscreen.
Consider the following contraindications to the use of retinoids, the passage of laser, Elos and phototherapy:
violation of the integrity of the skin on the selected area.
People with fair skin and blond hair are prone to hyperpigmentation.
Remember the three simple rules of preventive skin care that is prone to pigmentation (or during acne treatment).
Do not use skin irritants.
For example, choose a fine scrub and apply not every day. And exclude alcohol-containing agents altogether - they dry the skin and slow down its regeneration. Applying chemical exfoliants (or making procedures based on them), often moisturize the skin - under the influence of acids, it loses moisture.
Use sunscreen every day.
During the active sun period, choose a protection factor of at least 30 for everyday life and an SPF 50 for the beach. The rest of the time, SPF 15-25 can be used. This rule applies to those who use exfoliants (they enhance photosensitivity) and to those whose skin is covered with pigment spots after a week at the resort.
Do not touch the inflamed skin
With age, the ability to regenerate the skin slows down significantly. If you have inflammations, you should never touch them. Violating the integrity of the skin, you risk aggravating the situation, and traces of microdamages will take much longer than in adolescence.
What is pigment spots on the face?
Special substances called melanocytes are responsible for the color of the epidermis. Under their influence one shade of epidermal cells is distributed. Thanks to the melanin that is produced in these substances, the person gets a normal, healthy look. However, it is often the case that the structure of cells changes, pigment spots are obtained. They are of several types: freckles, moles, chloasms (bright, large spots), vitiligo (the appearance of white areas).
Why do age spots appear?
Shadowed neoplasms may appear due to a hereditary factor. The only way out of this situation is laser correction or grinding. When hormonal disorders in women skin pigmentation changes. Pregnancy, disruption of the endocrine system, an excess of sun, medicines that cause an allergic reaction - a small part, because of which the skin changes color.
How to get rid of age spots on the face
It is necessary to eliminate the cause of the appearance of spots, to be examined by the necessary specialist (gynecologist, endocrinologist or dermatologist). When the disease passes, the blackouts will disappear. In parallel with the treatment it is recommended to visit a cosmetologist. He will check the type of face, prescribe ointments, creams, procedures: bleaching, cleaning, peeling. If there is no opportunity to visit doctors, some people use folk remedies at home.
The most common method of neoplasm - a cream of pigment spots. Ease of use, the ability to apply it every day is a huge advantage. A few peas are enough to treat all problem areas of the skin. In a month, inspiring results will be visible. The best cream from age spots on the face:
- Our mother (Mama comfort). Ingredients: fruit acid, grape seed oil, lemon, parsley extract. Reduces pigmentation due to pregnancy. Included in the number of safe, used throughout the forty weeks before delivery. A small amount is applied to the dark areas of the epidermis. Stroking movements means rubbed into the skin. The cost varies from 244 to 321 rubles per 50 ml.
- Noreva Exfoliac Acnomega. Ingredients: keratolytic ingredients, ANA-acids. Removes deep wrinkles that sit in the layers of the epidermis, affects the brightening of the skin, removing the dark color. Pigmentation cream improves it. Suitable for daily use. It is necessary to apply on clean, dry skin with smooth movements. Available in tubes: 30 ml is worth 1103 rubles.
- La Roche. For all skin types. Ingredients: retinol, thermal water. It smoothes wrinkles, removes dark pigment, has a whitening effect, evens the complexion, mattes the surface, skin regeneration occurs. Apply after waking up and before bedtime, suitable for every day. It is necessary to drive two peas of cream onto the neck and face with fingers, avoid the area around the eyes. Cost: 1990 rubles for 50 ml.
Whitening creams from pigment spots in the pharmacy
The pharmacy sells whitening cream for pigment spots. The main difference from the shops: the tool is sold as a medicine. The doctor who had the woman examined prescribes prescription treatment. Some pharmaceutical creams for pigmentation are sold openly, in pharmacies any woman can buy them. Most Popular:
- Loreal Dermo (whitening). Ingredients: fruit and glycolic acids. Removes strong wrinkles, fights age pigmentation, relieves fatigue and dark shade. Apply in the evening, suitable for long-term use. It is necessary to squeeze the small size of the cream on cotton wool and fluff it to the neck, face. Pre-cleansed skin and dried. The cost of 840 rubles for 30 ml.
- Libriderm. Sunscreen cream for face and body. Ingredients: hyaluronic water, camelina oil - a natural analogue of vitamin F. It can increase the production of collagen, making the skin more elastic. Provides protection from ultraviolet skin, prevents the appearance of dark circles with a tan on it. Sunscreens recommend smearing daily. It should be applied to dry skin thirty minutes before contact with the sun. Cost: 1029 rubles for 30 ml.
- Skinoren Ingredients: azelaic acid. The main component of this cream removes excessive pigment from the cells, removes toxins, helps to reduce pigmentation and acne, normalizes the process of keratinization of the sebaceous glands. You can use it every day, spreading the cream on the darkened elements of clean skin. Eye contact should be avoided. Cost: 695 rubles for 30 ml.
The ointment differs from the pigment spots from the cream with a more dense structure and has a healing effect. It removes the darkened areas of the skin themselves, removes the cause, penetrates deep into the cells of the epidermis, treats dry skin. A pharmacy sells any ointment, and the advantage is that Russian manufacturers set a low price on them. Some types of ointments:
- Salicylic. Ingredients: salicylic and boric alcohol, auxiliary elements. Deeply cleanses the skin, removing its top layer. It has antibacterial effect, smoothes the surface of the face. Ointment is good to apply twice a day to problem areas. Application term: three weeks. When there is sensitivity to alcohol, it is important to inform your doctor. The cost is small: 30-40 rubles for 30 ml.
- Zinc. Ingredients: petrolatum, fish oil, zinc oxide, lanolin, parabens. The ointment has a whitening, anti-inflammatory effect, dries problem areas of the skin, removes dark color and acne. The course of treatment is one and a half weeks. Ointment rubbed point, on the inflamed places, five times a day. Cost: 30 rubles for 30 ml.
Serum from age spots
There is another good remedy that helps against pigment spots on the face. Serum, which acts differently than cream and lotions, has a lighter and weightless structure. When the serum is already applied to the face, it becomes soft and velvety, acquires a matte shade. Many firms offer different options. Some of the best examples are listed below:
- Vichy. Ingredients: thermal water, diakalit, lipo-hydroxy-acid. Thanks to the active ingredients, the serum acts on the cause of the dark spots, an instant disposal of them is obtained. Method of application: used throughout the month, in the morning and before bedtime. It is necessary to apply on a clean skin surface with soft, stroking claps. Cost: 2594 rubles for 50 ml.
- It’s skin. Ingredients: chamomile and mulberry extract, arbutin. Blocks melanin production that goes beyond the scope, prevents dark spots on the face, skin shines and breathes freshness, fights irritation. Many nutrients. Rubbed into the face twice, suitable as a base for makeup. It is necessary to squeeze a drop of serum into the hand and rub it into the skin with stroking movements. Cost: 890 rubles for 50 ml.
Saline for face
Doctors prescribe saline (any pharmacy sells) to rinse the nose or throat, but it is great as a remedy for age spots on the face. To prepare the mask, glycerin soap is added to sodium chloride. First of all, the person is soaped, and saline is rubbed into the foam. Contraindication is eye contact. Cleaning can be 2 times in 2 weeks. Cost: 26 rubles for 200 ml.