In the human intestine is a large number of microorganisms. Many of them support the immune system. Large quantities of pathogenic microbes are not at all beneficial for internal organs, they provoke and develop pathological processes that are difficult to stop with active dissemination.
What is staphylococcus
Staphylococcus is referred to as conditionally pathogenic bacteria. It is constantly inside a person, but for a long period of time it may be harmless to health.
In order to activate their activities, staphylococci wait for special conditions.
Attention: a decrease in immunity contributes to the development and spread of infection, which subsequently gives rise to complex diseases.
Staphylococcus is called a bacterium that is medically characterized:
- conditionally pathogenic,
- spherical shape
- diameter from 0.6 to 1.3 microns,
- without the ability to form capsules.
The bacterium in some cases synthesizes characteristic pigments. Has most often:
A large number of bacteria have a violet color spectrum and resemble bunches of grapes, from which the name went.
Infection in small doses is always present on the surface of the body, but penetrating into the person, bacteria affect the weakening of the protective function of organs and systems, reduce immunity, the formation of diseases in different directions.
The peculiarities of staphylococci are that by penetrating organs, they produce a huge amount of endo - and exotoxins, poisoning the cells of the body, disrupting their functioning.
Among the diseases that can provoke staphylococcus The most common are:
Staph in the feces of an adult can signal a secondary disease, that is, point to complications in other diseases. According to statistics for 2016, there are more than 50 types of staphylococci.
Epidermal staphylococcus is on the skin and mucous membranes. If the strong immunity functions correctly, the bacterium does not bring harm to health.
The danger of a microorganism is when it enters the blood after surgery, with a weak protective immune system. The consequence may be the development of inflammation of the endocardium (inflammation of the inner cardiac membrane).
Staphylococcus aureus the most famous and dangerous species. Patients are all categories of the population with inflammatory pathologies.
The propagation microorganism is resistant to high temperature, many antibiotics, ethyl alcohol and hydrogen peroxide.
Staphylococcus aureus provokes dangerous systemic and common infections. Brain, heart, liver, kidneys may have suppurations that are dangerous to health.
Saprophytic the species is formed in the body of the weaker sex of mankind. It provokes the pathology of the bladder and affects kidney disease. Among all types of bacteria, it is rare in medical practice.
Each of these strains has its own symptoms, pathogenicity. Combines bacteria resistance to some antibacterial agents, climatic conditions. They are especially sensitive to saline, electrolytic and silver aqueous solutions.
Staphylococcus infection spreads in the air and soil, so infection often occurs through airborne droplets.
Older people and children are most often infected with microorganisms.
This fact is explained by non-compliance with the rules of hygiene and a weak immune system.
How to determine the presence of bacteria in feces
To determine the presence or absence of bacteria in the feces, the patient is recommended to pass an appropriate analysis. Professionals are not surprised at the moment when they found staphylococcus in feces. Such a phenomenon in medical practice happens often.
But not always the test results are reliable. Therefore, experts take a conversation with a patient before taking a stool, explaining the rules that should be followed before passing the test.
Do not take laxatives before taking the test, feces should be natural.
Do not recommend collecting feces from the toilet. You can use a blank sheet of paper or a plastic bag, then move the feces into the prepared container.
- If the vessel is non-sterile to collect, wash it with soap and be sure to sterilize with boiling water.
- The container must be sterile and dry.
- The fence should be made with a special spoon, which, together with the container, can be purchased at the pharmacy kiosk.
- Filling the container should be 1/3.
The general rule is availability of sterile container for collecting faeces. The second important point is the fast delivery of the material under study to laboratory facilities.
For the reliability of the results, specialists send patients to undergo the procedure of stool collection at least two times with an interval of two, three days.
Important: If the number of microorganisms in the feces exceeds 104 IU, therapeutic measures should be taken immediately so that the spread of bacteria does not provoke severe pathologies.
Modern medicine has identified signs of staphylococcus feces that force the patient consult a specialist and undergo laboratory tests:
- frequent colic,
- complaints of intestinal disorders,
- feces with bleeding,
- secreted mucus
- temperature rise,
- general fatigue, lethargy.
The incubation period can take place during the day. With a large number of staphylococcus that enters the human body, signs of infection appear a couple of hours after infection.
Staphylococcus in the feces in the photo can be viewed on many sites on the Internet, requires immediate treatment. If the therapy is prescribed in a timely and competent manner, the patient gets rid of the infection within a short period of time.
Staphylococcus in the feces in an adult is treated only when the normal is exceeded.. In the presence of a small amount of infection in the feces of an adult without pronounced symptoms and clinical signs, therapy is not required. The body copes with the infection itself.
Symptoms of the disease
Staphylococcus in the feces of an adult has different symptoms, depending on the number, type of bacteria, the form and time of stay in the human body, the patient's age, general health, immune system.
Experts recommend paying attention to common symptoms, which is the first call for exceeding the amount of staphylococcus in the human body:
- for a long time, the body temperature is 37-37.5 degrees,
- the temperature exceeds the norm to 39 degrees, a person is shivering,
- puffiness appears on certain areas of the body,
- general condition is weak, weakness, fatigue, lethargy,
- drowsiness during the day,
- lack of appetite even for previously favorite dishes,
- stomach ache, colic, diarrhea,
- nausea with vomiting
- low blood pressure
- restlessness, poor sleep.
With these signs, according to statistics, 90% of the patients who applied found staphylococcus in the feces. You should not abandon laboratory tests if there is a suspicion of an infection, especially since the procedure is completely painless.
Today, experts use several methods to get rid of the infection. Staphylococcus in feces can be treated by taking antibacterial agents, but this method is not always effective, the bacterium is resistant to certain groups of antibiotics.
The most difficult to treat with an antibiotic is “hospital staphylococcus,” the one that is infected when visiting clinics and medical institutions.
After the diagnosis, doctors prescribed drugs from the penicillin group: ampioks, oxacillin. Effectively take several drugs at the same time, but this method is possible only by appointment of a specialist.
Immunomodulatory drugs widely used with a large number of staphylococcus in feces. He purposefully restores the strength of the patient without the use of antibiotics, which are not always harmless.
The most popular immunostimulating methods are:
- patient's personal blood transfusion (autohemotherapy),
- use of complex vitamins, mineral complexes,
- the use of dietary supplements.
Treatment of traditional medicine is not less effective when taking place in combination with drug therapy. Recipes decoctions, tinctures, compresses were very popular and used by our ancestors.
Caution should be used traditional medicine, in order not to harm health, be sure to pre consulting with your doctor.
Specialists rarely use surgical treatment. It is used in case of ineffectiveness of other methods in the case when staphylococcus bears great harm to the health of the patient and threatens his life.
To staphylococcus, found in feces, did not provoke pathological processes of different characteristics and directions should begin therapy in a timely manner.
Preventive measures will not only help get rid of bacteria, but also save the human body from the active spread of infection.
What is dangerous pathogen?
A young child is constantly in contact with potentially contaminated objects, food. For the development of pathology requires a combination of two factors: a high concentration of pathogenic bacteria (infectious agent) and inadequate reaction of the body to the introduction of foreign agents.
If a sufficient dose of Staphylococcus aureus is ingested into a child's body, the development of such diseases is possible:
- Acute intestinal infection. Infections of a bacterial nature usually occur with high intoxication (fever, chills, refusal to eat, lethargy) and repeated diarrhea with an admixture of mucus, greenery and sometimes blood in the feces.
- Staphyloderma. Staphylococcus often affects the skin with the development of boils, carbuncles, sycosis or impetigo. In children, it is also quite common to have a serious illness - the pemphigus of newborns.
- Respiratory tract infections. The entry of bacteria into the airways can trigger the onset of acute tonsillitis (purulent tonsillitis) or pneumonia (most common in newborns and infants).
In some cases, pathogens play a role in the development of such pathologies as acute conjunctivitis, glomerulonephritis, sepsis.
In childhood, staphylococcal infections are more severe and may require longer antibacterial therapy than in adults.
Transmission and bacterial growth
The main mechanisms for the transmission of staphylococcal infection are the contact-household, airborne and alimentary pathways. The source of infection may be:
- bacteria carriers (often elderly persons) and people who have an acute infection,
- some types of animals, including domestic,
- household appliances, dishes, towels,
- contaminated food, water.
Also, infection occurs through airborne droplets (with inhaled air) during surgical interventions. Babies can become infected during pregnancy or at birth, through breast milk, pacifiers or feeding bottles. Sometimes the entrance gate for infection is the umbilical wound.
Once in the human body, cocci can colonize the skin, oral cavity. They quickly multiply in the organs of the respiratory system, intestines. With the flow of blood and lymph can get into the internal organs (eg kidneys), the substance of the brain. Most often, bacteria are deposited in the airways and in the intestinal tube.
It is noteworthy that Staphylococcus aureus is highly resistant to the effects of a large number of environmental factors: high temperature, drying, sunlight. It withstands the heating, the aggressive effect of alcohol.
Helps the development of infection, recently suffered acute or existing chronic diseases in a child.
In childhood, staphylococcal infection in the intestine usually occurs in the manner of gastroenteritis or enterocolitis, and is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- high body temperature, chills,
- acute diarrhea - loose stools more than 3 times a day (feces may be mixed with mucus, greens and blood),
- loss of appetite
- nausea, vomiting,
- pains in the abdomen (umbilical region, along the colon).
A sluggish infection in young children can occur with a slight rise in body temperature, frequent colic and the appearance of mucus or greenness in the stool.
If an acute intestinal infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus develops, a pediatrician or pediatric infectious disease specialist may treat the child. It is not recommended to postpone the visit to the doctor when the child has a fever, diarrhea syndrome, if he refuses to drink and eat.
Treatment is not required if the staphylococcus found in the feces is a "diagnostic finding", is contained in a low concentration and does not cause symptoms. However, after a while the analysis is recommended to repeat.
In order to remove pathogenic microorganisms (in case of confirmed intestinal infection, for example), doctors prescribe one of the following drugs:
- protected penicillins (Augmentin, Amoxiclav),
- cephalosporins (Zinnat, Ceftriaxone, Ceftazidime, etc.),
- fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides - extremely rarely used in children.
In severe cases of the disease, polyvalent bacteriophages, antistaphylococcal immunoglobulins are included in therapy. Pro-and prebiotics play a certain role in suppressing infection (Linex, Baktistin, Bifiform).
If it is assumed that the infection has occurred through contaminated water or food, it is advisable to add sorbents to the treatment: Smektu, Polysorb or Atoxil.
Food and Hygiene
During the course of infection is recommended to follow the rules of diet. Sour-milk products, confectionery, coarse food, juices, fresh vegetables and fruits are excluded from the child’s diet.
The treatment table may include:
- boiled puree on water, porridge,
- soups on water, without greens and spices,
- meat soufflé, boiled lean meat,
- galetny cookies, crackers, tea.
Feeding children in the first year of life with artificial mixtures is not prohibited.
Infected children should have separate dishes, household items. All soothers, bottles, toys should be disinfected daily in boiled water. Do not forget about the rules of personal hygiene.
Prognosis for life
In most cases, the disease has a relatively favorable prognosis. When properly selected antibiotic therapy symptoms of infection disappear quickly enough.
Lack of treatment or a prematurely interrupted course may lead to deterioration, development of bacterial resistance or carriage. Severe course of the disease occurs in previously weakened children, in children with immunodeficiency or chronic pathology.
To prevent the penetration of pathogenic microbes into the body of a child by the following measures:
- thorough washing of hands with soap, the presence of separate dishes for each family member,
- boiling bottles, pacifiers, regular washing of toys with baby soap in boiled water,
- treatment of umbilical wound with clean boiled water, if necessary - with antiseptic solutions,
- eating only fresh food, drinking clean water.