The condition of the cervix before menstruation


Most women wonder what the cervix should be before menstruation. Knowing the answer to it allows you to independently determine the period of ovulation and the approach of menstruation. However, to maintain health, it is important to observe certain hygiene measures and regularly be examined by a gynecologist.

What does a neck look like before menstruation?

The premenstrual period is characterized by certain changes in the female body and the reproductive system. Before menstrual cervix descends, its edges become loose, and she herself is soft and ajar. All practicing gynecologists know exactly how the cervix must correspond to a specific period of the menstrual cycle.

A woman's body shortly before menstruation is preparing to reject the old epithelium of the uterus and blood fibers, which is why the cervix is ​​slightly smoothed and opens slightly, allowing all secretions to leave the uterus. Thus, a full menstrual cycle takes place, and after the completion of menstruation and ovulation period, menstruation re-occurs.

Features of the cervix during menstruation

The cervix in front of the monthly to the touch becomes loose and soft. She falls below and slightly misses the tip of the finger (in women who have given birth, this is more pronounced). That is why, during the period of menstruation, you must especially carefully monitor the observance of personal hygiene, use natural comfortable underwear and regularly change the sanitary pad or tampon.

When the cervix is ​​ajar, there is a chance of ingestion of infections that can cause the development of dangerous diseases or inflammation of the genital organs, which can later cause adhesions in the fallopian tubes and lead to infertility.

Features of the cervix during gestation

During pregnancy, the neck rises as high as possible in the vagina, during examination it can only be felt with the tip of a finger. It will be very solid and dense, and the hole will look like a small flat slot. Knowing what is the cervix before menstruation, it is possible by comparison to determine whether it is prepared for the beginning of the cycle.

During pregnancy, the length of the cervix increases (becomes more than 2.5 cm). If it begins to decrease before the appointed time, then the risk of premature birth or spontaneous abortion increases.

How to conduct inspection

The uterine cervix before the menstrual period becomes softer and does not provide reliable protection against infections, so an inspection should be carried out carefully and all safety recommendations should be followed.

In order not to carry the infection into the uterus, it is necessary to cut the legs short, wash your hands (it is better to put on sterile medical gloves) and put two fingers into the vagina. Before menstruation, when the cervix is ​​slightly lowered and ajar, you can feel a small knob in the middle phalanx of the finger, in the center of which there is a rounded small opening.

If pregnancy occurs in the last cycle, then on the due day of the beginning of the menstrual period, the cervix will be located very high in the vagina. In addition, it will have a very firm and dense texture and will not even allow a finger to pass a millimeter (that is, the hole is tightly closed and represents a small gap).

Knowing what should be the cervix before menstruation, you can easily determine their onset, the period of ovulation, as well as the presence of pregnancy. But you need to know that even an inspection will not allow you to make a final conclusion, since each female body is individual.

Why doctors do not advise to make an independent examination of the cervix?

Most often, gynecologists do not recommend to examine the neck yourself. This is due to several reasons:

  • Due to the open aperture, there is an increased risk of penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the uterus, which can cause gynecological diseases, in particular, such as pipe adhesions, inflammation of the ovaries, which ultimately can lead to infertility of the woman.
  • The position of the cervix before menstruation changes, and it descends a little into the vagina, so with a careless examination, it is easy to injure the cervix, causing this to develop erosion, which, if there is any infection in the vagina, causes infection and in some cases the appearance of tumors.
  • It is impossible to accurately assess the condition of the cervix on your own, as the gynecologist, in addition to the fingers, uses a special mirror to inspect, allowing you to accurately determine the state of the cervix.
  • Even the most experienced doctor will never make a conclusion about an existing pregnancy, only on the basis of an examination, since it is necessary to take into account other facts and individual characteristics of the organism.

The cervix before menstruation allows only to assume the onset of menstruation or the presence of pregnancy, which serves as an occasion to undergo additional examinations. Most often this is a pregnancy test and blood test for hCG.

The reasons for the inspection

Regular examination is primarily necessary for the timely detection of developing tumors, malignant or benign, since even at an early stage of the development of the disease there are certain signs, and it is at this time that the treatment can be carried out most effectively.

Since modern technologies have not yet reached all corners of the earth, and in some villages there are no ultrasound devices familiar to us, gynecologists by means of examination determine the state of the reproductive system of a woman according to the shape of the pharynx. The cervix before menstruation has the shape of a pupil, but if the shape changes, it means that it is possible to draw a conclusion about the lack of estrogen or about the disruption of the functioning of the corpus luteum.

Examination during pregnancy

During pregnancy, the examination allows you to determine the probability of miscarriage, because the cervix during this period should be long and dense, but if its length becomes less than 2.5 cm, the doctor should order additional examinations or hospitalization of the pregnant woman to prevent premature birth or miscarriage.

Shortly before birth, an examination of the cervix allows you to determine the readiness of the birth canal of a woman to begin labor. At this time, the neck should be shortened, smoothed and pass 1-2 fingers into the pharynx.

The cervix before menstruation and during pregnancy has its own characteristics, which allow physicians to determine the condition of a woman without additional examinations, if they are not currently possible. The doctor can make the final conclusion only after a complete examination of the body.

What does a woman feel?

The uterus is a hollow pear-shaped organ located inside the pelvis. Its size depends on the age, the presence of pregnancy in history and the phase of the menstrual cycle. Average: 6-8 cm in length and about 5 cm in width.

The size and degree of increase can only be determined by the doctor during the examination or conduct of ultrasound. In gynecology, it is customary to measure the state of the genital organs not in centimeters, but in weeks, by analogy with pregnancy.

However, many women, describing their condition before or during menstruation, refer to the sensation of an enlarged uterus. This is due to a change in the position of the organ and lowering the cervix closer to the exit into the vagina to improve the flow of menstrual flow.

Another reason for such sensations may be premenstrual syndrome (PMS), accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • pulling pains in the lower abdomen and lower back
  • migraine,
  • dyspeptic disorders (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea),
  • increased sensitivity of the mammary glands, their engorgement,
  • swelling, bloating,
  • blood pressure surges,
  • psycho-emotional disorders (depression, irritability, and others).

Manifestations of PMS disappear with the onset of menstruation or after the end of the discharge. According to statistics, girls under 30 are rare, and with age, the number of people with such a problem reaches 50%.

The uterus can be enlarged at the time of conception: in the early stages it is the same size as a few days before the onset of menstruation. Patients who want to get pregnant are interested in how many days before the start of the menstrual period you can notice changes in size in order to be sure of the result if there is no discharge.

There is a method of self-diagnosis by inserting the middle and ring finger into the vagina. Before the study, wear a rubber glove and squat down, putting one foot on the hill. If the middle finger easily reaches the small tubercle - the cervix - the period before the menstrual period begins.

Unfortunately, this method is ineffective, the terms are individual and vary from 2 to 14 days. An experienced doctor who noticed an increase and a lowering of the neck, shortly before the expected period of menstruation, will ask to come to the reception after 2 weeks to clarify the diagnosis.

Girl, 25 years old. Appealed to the gynecologist with complaints of nagging pain in the lower abdomen, delayed menstruation for 2-4 days and an enlarged uterus during self-diagnosis. Planning a pregnancy. After examination, the doctor determined the deviation from the normal size for 3 weeks. When you re-visit a week later, the patient reported the onset of menstruation.

Features of the female body due to its ability to bear children. All processes in the reproductive system are aimed at the successful conception and preservation of future offspring.

In the uterus, the development of the ovum and gestation of the unborn child. Under the influence of fluctuations of female sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone), during one cycle its dimensions change, this is due to the normal physiological process.

There are the following phases of the menstrual cycle:

  1. I or follicular - begins on the first day of menstruation. At this time, the level of progesterone falls and the amount of estrogen gradually increases, the uterus cavity cleans, it contracts, and a new follicle with an egg cell matures in the ovaries.
  2. Ovulation - the formation of a mature egg, occurs on 10 -18 days, depending on the continuation of the entire cycle. The inner lining of the uterus or endometrium is prepared for the adoption of a fertilized egg, becoming loose for its better penetration into the tissue.
  3. Phase II - luteal, characterized by increased production of progesterone, lasts 10-14 days before the start of menstruation. The endometrium begins to grow and softens, and the uterine glands produce nutrients for the development of the embryo.

It is the growth of progesterone level in phase II and the achievement of its maximum concentration before menstruation that provokes an increase in the size of the uterus due to the growth of the endometrium. In the tissues, fluid is retained, and the volume of circulating blood increases.

Thus, the uterus before menstruation increases to prepare for the fertilized egg to be fixed in its cavity and to further feed the embryo before the formation of the placenta. If conception did not occur, unclaimed endometrial cells come out in the form of bleeding. The menstrual cycle begins anew.

Other reasons

Do not forget that any changes in the sexual sphere have the diagnostic value of maintaining women's health. Since adolescence, after establishing a permanent cycle, it is necessary to visit a gynecologist once a year.

An enlarged uterus sometimes signals serious problems.

Most common:

  1. Endometriosis and endometritis - pathological growth or infection of the endometrium.
  2. Myometritis is an inflammation of the muscle layer.
  3. Myoma or polyps are benign tumors.
  4. Malignant process - cancer of the uterus.

The first signs of the disease are menstrual disorders, a sharp change in weight, due to hormonal imbalance and pain in the lower abdomen. Sometimes, complaints about the impossibility of sexual contact due to discomfort and pain.

If severe bleeding occurs, immediate consultation is necessary.

If the doctor suspects pathology, additional studies are scheduled. Depending on the violations offer:

  • instrumental diagnostics - ultrasound (often transvaginally) or hysteroscopy (internal inspection with an optical device),
  • laboratory - blood tests (clinical, biochemical, for hormones), gynecological smear microscopy,
  • tissue biopsy - with further histological examination.

If the disease is confirmed, adequate treatment is prescribed. Modern therapies allow you to quickly deal with problems of various kinds. Early detection ensures a favorable prognosis.

The feeling that the uterus is enlarged before menstruation should not be intimidating, visiting the antenatal clinic will help to understand and establish the exact cause.

The cervix before menses: what is it?

The human body is organized according to the principle - everything is interconnected. A woman’s body works to achieve certain goals, namely, the creation of an egg for fertilization, the bearing of a fetus, the birth of a healthy child.

Every month, or rather every menstrual cycle, the woman’s condition is repeated and the processes in the body travel along the already familiar path until the moment of ovulation. After ovulation, there are two ways:

  1. the onset of fertilization of the egg, that is, pregnancy,
  2. or restructuring of the body to start menstruation.

Menstruation is a normal physiological process of the female body, which in such an unusual way pushes an unfertilized egg from the body to start a new cycle.

Absolutely every woman must know their body, so to speak, far and wide, especially in matters of menstruation, discharge and changes, which the cervix undergoes before menstruation.

The density, consistency, condition and position of the cervix before menstruation varies, but how few are known.

This should be discussed in more detail, including the condition of the uterus before ovulation (for effective comparison).

What does the cervical canal look like before ovulation?

On the approach of ovulation woman immediately. There are several main components for accurate diagnosis, namely - the cervix is ​​raised, the channel opens slightly and softens.

In addition, sticky secretions appear.

When the days come most likely to conceive, the cervix is ​​high, reaches a loose consistency, and the channel opens even more for better penetration of sperm.

These days, with an independent study, the woman notes the increased humidity of the cervical canal, and the entire surface of the uterus, with deep palpation, is soft.

Preparing the uterus for menstruation

For a correct mental representation of the picture, we will create an analogy: with dry earth, not enriched with useful substances and water, it is impossible even to plant the seed. Something similar is happening in the female body recently before menstruation.

After the time of ovulation has passed safely, and fertilization has not taken place, preparation of the female genital organs for menstruation begins. It happens around the 16-17th day of the menstrual cycle. The cervical canal quickly closes, the level of the position falls, and the structure of the tissue changes to the touch - firm, elastic.

Thus, the time after ovulation or the preparation of the body for menstruation is characterized by a “closed”, hard, elastic, dry cervical canal. Unfavorable time for "taking" sperm and fertilization.

The cervix - the classic change

On the eve of a possible menstruation, the uterus and its cervix undergo the following normal physiological changes. Changes can be diagnosed the day before the onset of menstruation - the uterus descends (the difference can be felt when comparing the uterus in the “high” position before ovulation), the cervical diameter slightly increases (for adequate discharge, the released menstrual blood) and softens.

Some ask the question - “what does the uterus look like before menstruation, or how does it feel?”. With a visual image, it is rather problematic, and on palpation, the uterus before menstruation (that is, during the sterile period) is firm, resembling the tip of the nose.

Thus, a woman's body creates all the conditions for tracking the regularity of its cycle, as well as protecting itself from unwanted pregnancy or, conversely, helps to identify the day with the maximum opportunity for conception.

In order for you to be able to differentiate what an open or closed cervix is, whether it is soft, hard, or sloughy, you will need experience that stretches over a time of 3 to 4 cycles. The difference will be noticeable when the cervix before menstruation and after them. Only time and constant training will help to become an excellent diagnostician for your own body.

  • Of course, only after menstruation!
  • Do not abuse! Once a day is enough
  • Regularity. Always perform manipulations at the same time
  • При наличии инфекций или воспалительных процессов, самостоятельную диагностику придется отложить на неопределенное время.

Методика проведения диагностики

Если вы решили проверить, какая шейка матки перед месячными, сначала советуем вам еще раз повторить анатомию женской половой системы, изучить строение матки и ее придатков по фото. After active intellectual training go to practice.

Prepare your own hands for work - remove long nails, carefully disinfect hands, put on disposable gloves. Choose a comfortable position for you - squatting, toilet or lifting one leg to the edge of the bath to support.

Two fingers slowly enter into the vagina, the feeling of a kind of tubercle tells you that you have reached the uterus. Determining the consistency and availability of the cervical canal is a matter of time, as mentioned above, and therefore for comparison, a study should be carried out every day.

Advantages and disadvantages of self-examination

What can the result of self-diagnosis say? Let's try to answer this question:

  1. The canal of the uterus a day before menstruation and during it is slightly open, which means the risk of infection increases. After this, it can manifest itself as inflammation of the uterus appendages, and subsequent complications, including infertility,
  2. An inaccurate home inspection can lead to a seemingly mild injury. After in such places appear erosion, which may be complicated by infection,
  3. Even a wealth of experience in self-examinations will not help to adequately assess the state of the uterus. Remember that even a doctor, in addition to hands, uses additional tools,
  4. The doctor is able to visually see the changes, connecting them with the data of palpation. It is impossible to see the state of the cervical canal.

Does the uterus increase before menstruation, for how many days?

Before menstruation, the vast majority of women develop PMS (premenstrual syndrome). This condition is accompanied by various manifestations that affect the physical and emotional state of women. Also during this period, women feel bloating, which indicates an increase in the uterus.

And what really happens to the main reproductive organ? Does the uterus increase before menstruation, what factors cause this manifestation, and how many days before menstruation can the uterus be enlarged?

The effect of progesterone on the state of the body

In the second phase of the menstrual cycle, the concentration of progesterone increases in the blood of women. This hormone prepares the female organ to receive a fertilized egg.

During this period, fluid retention occurs in the tissues of the body, and most of the nutrients enter the uterus.

This factor is explained by the fact that at first, until the placenta is formed, the fetal egg receives food from it.

That is why before critical days the body begins to grow. Thanks to progesterone, the endometrial layer becomes thicker and more friable. A woman may notice an increase in the abdomen, which is associated with fluid retention, accumulated mainly in its lower part. Fluid is needed in order to retain blood in the reproductive organ.

Before menstruation, cravings for sweets and flour can be increased in women. The desire to eat another candy or cake is explained by the fact that during this period the production of estrogen and serotonin decreases, which can also affect the change in the size of the uterus.

If the egg is not fertilized, and pregnancy did not occur, menstruation occurs, during which the body gets rid of the endometrium and other "burden", which becomes a burden for it.

However, the uterus may increase due to other reasons

  • Pregnancy. In this case, the reasons for its increase are the same as before menstruation. Only in this case, it does not get rid of the extra “weight” by tearing the endometrium, and bringing it out together with the menstrual secretions, but nourishes the fertilized egg.
  • Gynecological diseases. These include various benign neoplasms, for example, fibroids, as well as endometriosis. Therefore, if the uterus after the end of menstruation has not accepted its usual size, it is necessary to consult a doctor and be examined.

It should be noted that in women who have not given birth, the uterus is smaller than in women who have given birth.

What happens before menstruation

How many days does the uterus increase before menstruation? In an average woman, the menstrual cycle lasts from 28 to 35 days. It increases in the ovulatory phase, when the body is preparing to accept the egg, that is, about the 14th day of the cycle. An enlarged uterus before menstruation is the norm and should not cause anxiety.

The approaching of critical days is indicated by a softened neck of the organ, which, during this period, slightly opens. However, this factor can be seen only in women who have endured and gave birth to a baby.

Therefore, when examining a patient, a doctor can easily determine whether she has given birth or not.

When menstruation ends, the neck closes, but for women who have experienced the happiness of motherhood, it may not fully close.

Some women use the method of self-diagnosis, which allows to determine or exclude the presence of pregnancy. To do this, the middle finger is inserted into the vagina, which easily rests against the neck. Before menstruation, the neck is straightened and slightly lowered into the vagina. At the same time, there is a depression in it, which is the entrance to the cervical canal.

If before the critical days the neck is hard and remains difficult to reach for self-diagnosis, this may indicate a pregnancy. Throughout pregnancy, the uterus remains firm, which allows it to hold the fetus. It acquires a loose structure just before the birth itself.

What happens during menstruation

How much an organ increases before menstruation depends on many factors. However, in any healthy woman, the uterus before the critical days not only increases, but also falls.

Just as in the ovulatory phase, the cervical canal of the cervix of the body expands, opening the mouth. This is characterized by the need to release a passage for free discharge of menstrual flow containing particles of the endometrium and blood clots.

Young women who have not yet had to bear a child, there is a physiological feature, consisting in the bending of the cervix toward the sacrum.

If a woman has already given birth, her peculiarity is absent in her genital organ, and therefore such women endure critical days much more easily, since contractions of the uterus, getting rid of the “burden,” do not cause them to have pronounced pain.

What happens after menstruation

After the unused endometrium is completely rejected and taken out, the menstrual flow stops and the neck closes. At this time, hormonal changes take place again in the female body, during which the preparation for the subsequent adoption of the egg takes place.

At this phase of the menstrual cycle, the uterus rises again, and its inner walls gradually overgrow with a layer of the endometrium. During this period, it assumes normal size, and its increase may indicate pregnancy and various pathologies.

Measures for the prevention of gynecological diseases

During menstrual periods, the uterus becomes most vulnerable to the development of infectious diseases. This is facilitated by the openness of her neck and microflora. Therefore, on critical days, the following rules should be carefully observed:

  • refuse sexual intercourse, in particular, from unprotected,
  • to wash away after each act of defecation and when changing gaskets,
  • do not perform vaginal douching procedures,
  • refuse to use intimate chemicals, including gels and creams,
  • refuse to visit baths, pools and other public places that require the adoption of water procedures.

Neglect of compliance with these rules can lead to the development of serious pathologies requiring medical intervention.

We carry out home diagnostics

In order for you to be able to differentiate what an open or closed cervix is, whether it is soft, hard, or sloughy, you will need experience that stretches over a time of 3 to 4 cycles. The difference will be noticeable when the cervix before menstruation and after them. Only time and constant training will help to become an excellent diagnostician for your own body.

  • Of course, only after menstruation!
  • Do not abuse! Once a day is enough
  • Regularity. Always perform manipulations at the same time
  • In the presence of infections or inflammatory processes, self-diagnosis will have to be postponed indefinitely.

The condition of the cervix before menstruation

Every woman should monitor changes in the sexual sphere, feel the slightest deterioration in health status, be able to determine the phase of the menstrual cycle, understand changes in the uterus during ovulation and menstruation.

Before menstruation, the cervix descends, softens, and its channel opens slightly. With the help of an external examination of the cervix, it is possible not only to identify various diseases, but also to determine the onset of pregnancy.

To do this, you need to know what the cervix is ​​to the touch before menstruation and the rules for examining it.

Why examine the cervix?

You can not inspect the cervix during menstruation or in the period of inflammatory diseases, while you can bring an infection or aggravate the condition.

To comply with the rules of antiseptics, you must use sterile medical gloves, which can be bought at any pharmacy.

    With regular checkups, it is possible to detect cervical tumors in the early stages.

Unfortunately, recently there has been an increase in the number of oncological diseases, so an independent examination will greatly help in the diagnosis. This is the main reason for which it is necessary to carry out independent feeling.

  • By the shape of the neck and its consistency, you can determine the hormones of a woman, the lack or excess of estrogens, which may be the cause of menstrual disorders or infertility.
  • Every month, cyclical changes occur in the woman's body.

    The menstrual cycle consists of periods characterized by a different state of the cervix. According to changes in the cervix, it is possible to predict the arrival of menstruation or to determine the occurrence of pregnancy at an early period, to understand in time the onset of ovulation for the desired conception.

    Inspection procedure

    Women who are well aware of the anatomy of their genitals, it is not difficult to conduct a survey and determine the position of the cervix before menstruation. The main thing is to follow certain rules of hygiene.

    Before the onset of menstruation, the opening of the cervical canal occurs, it becomes loose, so there is a risk of microbes entering the uterine cavity.

    Feeling can be done squatting, on the toilet, in a standing position, lifting one leg (for example, putting it on a bath or chair). Two fingers are inserted into the vagina, bring them deeply, right up to the neck and begin to palpation.

    Before the examination, you need to carefully handle your hands and hold a toilet of the external genital organs, so as not to carry the infection into the urinary tract. Fingernails should be cut short.

    Changes during the cycle

    In order to find that changes characteristic of the beginning of menstruation have occurred in the cervix, it is necessary to know its consistency during all phases of the cycle.

    Experienced gynecologists can during the inspection accurately determine the phase of the cycle according to the state of the neck. If a woman regularly examines herself on her own, she can also acquire the necessary skills.

    Before inspection, you must first examine the anatomy of the genital organs, using special books and the Internet.

    In order to properly navigate how the cervix looks before menstruation, it will take a daily inspection for several months.

    It is better to start the study at the beginning of the cycle, after the end of the month, one feeling per day is enough. The location of the cervix will tell the phase of the menstrual cycle.

    On examination, it is necessary to determine the consistency of the uterus by touch, it can be dense or loose. Identify how much the cervical canal is open, how the uterus is located - raised or lowered.

    After menstruation in the first half of the cycle, the cervix rises, the cervical canal is tight to the touch and closed. That is how it remains until the period of ovulation, when the body begins to prepare for probable fertilization. At the time of ovulation, the cervix softens and slightly opens up for better sperm penetration, the uterus prepares for pregnancy.

    When viewed on the mirrors, gynecologists see at this moment "a symptom of the pupil." The vagina and neck become wet. Unlike the cervix on the eve of menstruation, during ovulation, it continues to be high.

    If fertilization does not occur, the canal closes, the cervix hardens again. The vagina and neck become dry again.

    This cervix remains until menstruation, and about a week before they begin, it should gradually descend.

    The condition of the cervix before menstruation changes. By the end of the cycle, the cervix descends, becomes loose and soft, the cervical canal begins to open. When palpating on the neck, you can palpate a lowered tubercle with a small slit in the middle, into which you can insert a fingertip. In women who have given birth, this hole will be wider.

    The uterus prepares for the beginning of menstruation, through the expanded channel during menstruation there will be a separation of blood and old epithelium. How many days before the beginning of the cycle the state of the cervix changes, depends on the hormonal background of the woman. Sometimes changes can be detected only one day before the start of the cycle.

    After the menstruation has passed, the cervix will rise.

    What changes will occur during pregnancy?

    If you feel the neck before the expected monthly, you can detect pregnancy even without using a special test. The cervix during pregnancy will not fall, but remains high in the vagina.

    It is dense in consistency, the risen cervical canal remains closed and does not allow a finger to pass during the examination. If you carry out regular palpation in different phases of the cycle, you can accurately determine the occurrence of pregnancy.

    However, the final diagnosis will be made only by the gynecologist after the examination, since each woman may be mistaken, and changes in the uterus will be due to other reasons.

    Why is it necessary to examine the cervix with caution?

    The mucous membranes of the vagina and cervix are very vulnerable, if damaged, an infectious disease or erosion can occur, which can cause bleeding in the middle of the menstrual cycle or pain during intercourse.

    Erosion is dangerous not only chronic inflammation, but also the occurrence of tumors.

    The uterus before menstruation is changed, through a slightly open cervical canal with insufficient hygiene, infection can be carried into the uterine cavity with the development of endometritis, salpingoophoritis, which can cause the formation of adhesions and infertility.

    Should I examine the cervix before menstruation?

    Even with sufficient experience and knowledge, is it worth doing a daily examination of the cervix, especially before menstruation? After all, changes can occur just a day before the start of the cycle. Maybe you should trust the experts or just do a pregnancy test?

    Many women examine a neck from pure curiosity. Certain skills and self-education in this area can be useful, not so much to determine the phase of the cycle, as to identify some pathology. After all, there may be situations where the gynecologist will be far away, and conducting additional examinations is not available.

    Uterine cervix before menstruation

    As you know, in the female body everything is interconnected and aimed at achieving the main goal: to conceive, bear and give birth to a child. Every month there is a coordinated work of many organs, the result of which is ovulation - the release of a ripe egg from the follicle.

    If conception does not occur, the body rebuilds for menstruation, expelling the unwanted egg from itself in order to repeat the whole cycle again next month.

    In our article we will talk about how the cervix changes in different phases of the menstrual cycle, what position it occupies before menstruation.

    How to conduct a survey?

    The cervix is ​​a hollow body measuring 2.5 * 3 cm connecting the vagina and the uterus. Each woman can feel for the cervix independently, for this you need to insert the middle finger into the vagina at full length. The knob or bulge that was found at the end of the vagina is the desired cervix.

    Conducting examinations in different phases of the menstrual cycle over several cycles, a woman can independently learn how to distinguish the position and condition of the cervix, which will help her to find out without any tests whether the pregnancy has occurred or the body is preparing for menstruation.

    Also, such self-examination will help determine favorable and unfavorable periods for conception.

    The most accessible cervix in the following postures:

    • squatting
    • putting one foot on the dais (the edge of the bath, toilet, stool),
    • sitting on the toilet.

    For a study to be reliable, the position with it must always be the same. It is worth doing research after the end of the month, once a day, preferably at one time. Не стоит проводить манипуляции при подозрении на вагинальные инфекции, при воспалительных процессах в половых органах или во время менструации.

    Как понять насколько высоко шейка матки?

    If the cervix is ​​in a low position, it can be easily found in the middle of the fingertip, while in the high one, it can hardly be reached with its tip. The degree of opening is determined as follows: in the closed position, the depression in the middle of the cervix resembles a small slit, and in the open position it becomes deeper and more rounded.

    What is the cervix before menstruation?

    In order to assess the state of the cervix before menstruation, let us draw an analogy with the outside world.

    The cervix before menstruation behaves in the same way as dry and hard earth, unable to receive and grow a seed: it descends, becomes hard, dry and closes tightly, occupying a lower position.

    For clarity, you can compare it with the tip of the nose, just as it is solid and dense. The mucus that fills the cervical canal becomes thick, tightly closing the cervical canal and preventing sperm from entering.

    During the period of ovulation, when a woman's body is preparing for a possible conception, the cervix is ​​like plowed earth, ready to take the seed: it is wet and loose, occupies a high position.

    The “entrance gate” of the cervix - its outer throat - is hospitably open so that spermatozoa without unnecessary obstacles can pass through the cervical canal and meet with the egg cell.

    It relieves this process of fluid mucus that fills the cervical canal.

    Cervix during pregnancy

    A firm, closed and risen cervix may indicate a pregnancy that has occurred.

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    Every woman should be able to self-diagnose abnormalities in the nature of the discharge. Knowing that they are normally almost colorless, scanty and not leaving discomfort, greenish discharge should immediately alert.

    Features of the menstrual cycle

    All processes occurring in the female body, starting with menarche and ending with the cessation of reproductive function in the premenopausal period, are aimed at creating a healthy egg cell and its further fertilization. Such processes are cyclical in nature and are repeated every month, which is called the menstrual cycle.

    Normally, the menstrual cycle lasts from 21 to 34 days. After ovulation, which occurs approximately in the middle of the cycle, either a pregnancy occurs, if the egg has been fertilized by a sperm cell, or the body is preparing for a process called menstruation. During the natural process of menstruation, an unfertilized egg cell and a rejected uterine mucosa are excreted from the woman’s body. The first day of menstruation gives rise to a new cycle.

    In the middle of the cycle, many women experience certain symptoms, which are signals of the approach of ovulation. At this time, the cervix of the genital organ rises, the canal is soft and open, there are abundant sticky vaginal discharge.

    Ovulation is considered the best time for conception. These days, the cervix of the reproductive organ moves up, the canal opens, creating optimal conditions for sperm to enter. Palpating independently, a woman will feel the softness of the walls of the reproductive organ and the high humidity of the vagina. During the release of the egg from the follicle, a woman may feel increased sexual desire, which indicates the readiness of the body to conceive.

    If the egg has not been fertilized by a sperm cell, the body prepares for the onset of menstrual bleeding, which occurs on days 17–18 of the cycle. The section connecting the uterus and vagina is closed, the uterus becomes elastic and firm, and the neck of the genital organ changes.

    Features of the uterus before menstruation?

    Immediately before the beginning of the monthly uterus changes, and every woman should know about it. To determine how an organ can behave during ovulation and with the onset of menstruation, you need to feel the vaginal area yourself or visit a gynecologist.

    What should be the uterus before the onset of menstrual bleeding? If the woman is healthy in the sexual plan, the organ will be firm. Before the onset of menstruation, the reproductive organ will be dry, and its increase in size is also considered normal. With the approach of menstruation, a thickening of the internal mucous membrane occurs, which lines the cavity of the organ. Changes in hormonal balance at this time cause an increase in uterine mass before menstruation due to fluid retention.

    Before menstruation, the uterus descends, and if conception occurs, it rises, the cervix becomes wet, it can become slightly violet. By such indicators it is possible to determine the fact of pregnancy in the early stages.

    Intimacy is not recommended during menstruation, because the position of the organ increases the likelihood of infection. Also, it is not recommended to swim in an open pond and go to the pool on critical days.

    Tingling in the uterus before menses

    A woman may feel tingling in the area of ​​the uterus before menstruation. Often this manifestation is a signal of endometriosis. There may be other unpleasant symptoms: loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, drowsiness, severe headaches. These symptoms may also indicate that an inflammatory process is developing, leading to more serious sexual health problems. And if severe bleeding also occurs, the reason may be in oncology.

    To establish the real cause of tingling in the uterus before menstruation, it is necessary to consult a doctor. But in order to make a diagnosis, the doctor will send you for tests. Only after receiving the results, treatment can be selected.

    Self Diagnosis House

    Independent examinations that every woman can conduct at home can determine changes in the position of the uterus during the menstrual cycle. Already several independently conducted examinations will allow you to better understand your own body.

    Carrying out requires compliance with certain rules:

    • perform the procedure at the same time
    • in the presence of an inflammatory process, infections, erosive formations, examination is prohibited,
    • diagnose no more than once a day,
    • It is not recommended to carry out the procedure during menstruation.

    Before you begin to diagnose changes in the uterus before menstruation, you need to know the anatomy of the female genital organs. Therefore, it is very important to study the theory in order to understand the structure of the uterus and its parts.

    The procedure must be carried out in sterile gloves, nails must be cut off, and hands thoroughly washed.

    Choose a comfortable position, then slowly and very carefully insert two fingers into the vagina. When the fingers touch the tubercle, this will be the uterus. With a high position of the body, it is difficult to reach even with a fingertip; if the location is low, it is easy to reach the middle of the fingertip.

    Opening or closing the cervix can also be determined by palpating. In the center of the tubercle you need to grope a groove. If its diameter is small, it means that the neck is closed, a deep and rounded hole indicates an open neck. If the woman has already given birth, the cervix will always be ajar.

    What is the danger of self-diagnosis?

    It is not recommended to check often the condition of your genital organ, because the risk of infection in its cavity increases, and this threatens to develop an inflammatory process. With self-examination, even if you act very carefully, you can cause injury to the walls of the vagina. After that, erosions are formed.

    In addition, the woman will not be able to see what the doctor sees during the examination using the necessary tools.

    If, before menstruation, the uterus is pulsating, has greatly increased in size, there is a sharp tingling sensation, or the organ has subsided strongly, you should visit a doctor as soon as possible. Often, such changes in the reproductive organ are associated with hormonal disorders, which can be corrected with a properly selected course of hormonal therapy.

    Every woman should remember that regular check-ups at a gynecologist are a guarantee of sexual health, as well as an opportunity to identify and cure diseases of the organs of the reproductive system in the early stages, because it is much more difficult to cure the advanced forms.

    Uterus before and during critical days

    The meaning of the menstrual cycle - the preparation for conceiving a child. One of the most important roles in this business belongs to the uterus - a special female organ intended for carrying a baby. Throughout the cycle, changes occur in it due to the influence of hormones.

    The beginning of the cycle in gynecological practice is considered to be the first day of menstrual bleeding. During menstruation, the uterus is freed from fragments of dead endometrium, blood, small vessels and excess fluid.

    After the discharge is completed, preparation for conception begins anew.

    Under the influence of hormones, several important processes occur simultaneously - an egg cell matures in the ovaries, and the uterus cavity prepares for the embryo. For this, the internal surface of the body “builds up” the endometrium - a special layer designed to secure and nourish the embryo. In the second half of the cycle, it becomes soft and loose - it is provided by nature to facilitate the attachment of a fertilized egg.

    By the days of the cycle, the endometrium may have a different thickness, therefore we recommend that you additionally read information about its condition before menstruation.

    The placenta begins to form only after implantation of the embryo, and it will need food from the first days. therefore every month, blood circulation is activated in the female reproductive organ and nutrients (glycogen) accumulate. They are necessary to provide the embryo with energy at the first time after conception. That is why before the onset of menstruation there is an increase in the uterus. Another reason - the accumulation of fluid in the body under the influence of progesterone (in the second half of the cycle).

    If fertilization has not occurred, then a few days before menstruation, the inner lining layer begins to gradually die off. In the process of menstruation, the endometrium will be completely rejected and taken out in the form of bleeding, mucus and clots. After that, the body will take its usual size and begin a new cycle.

    These are natural reasons why the uterus is enlarged before menstruation. Also, the change in size may be caused by the occurrence of pregnancy or gynecological disease.

    How many days does the uterus increase before menstruation?

    If the increase occurs for natural physiological reasons, then it becomes noticeable by the time the egg is released — conception is possible during this period. This happens around the middle of the menstrual cycle. Since the hormonal background of each woman is different, it is not possible to name a specific day. An enlarged uterus may be noticeable 1–2 weeks before the onset of menstruation.

    During this period of the menstrual cycle, the concentration of progesterone in the blood rises, and under its influence the body retains more fluid. Due to the accumulation of water in the tissues, the uterus can continue to grow after the completion of ovulation.

    What helps to change the size of the body

    With the natural course of the menstrual cycle, the uterus before menstruation increases under the influence of hormones - estrogen and progesterone. The first is responsible for the formation of the endometrium in the first half of the cycle, the second for the accumulation of fluid.

    When menstruation occurs, the uterus returns to its normal size. If the organ in this period continues to increase, possible pregnancy is not excluded.

    Independent examination and possible consequences

    If, after menstruation, there is a feeling that the organ is enlarged, this is a reason to guard. This condition is not the norm. In this case, you need to contact a specialist.

    You can pre-self-test the uterus, but this process requires great care. There is a risk of traumatizing the delicate mucous membranes or bringing infection into the reproductive organs. This procedure is strictly prohibited during menstruation, during this period the body is especially vulnerable.

    To self palpation of the neck, you must perform the following steps:

    • short cut the nails on the hands,
    • wash hands and external genitals thoroughly,
    • put on sterile medical gloves (sold in pharmacies, always individually packed),
    • to sit comfortably - either squat, or put one leg higher,
    • insert the index and middle fingers into the vagina, trying to find the cervix.

    It is necessary to carry out the procedure slowly, without making sudden movements, otherwise there is a high risk of injury to the mucous membrane. If the neck is easy to grope, it is soft, then the menstruation will begin soon. If it is difficult to reach it, it is raised and firm to the touch, we can assume the onset of pregnancy or the period of ovulation.

    Self-diagnosis is not a reliable and reliable way to make sure everything is in order. In addition, there is a high risk of infection or injury. Inspection by a qualified gynecologist is a more informative and safe procedure.

    In the case of unusual sensations visit to the doctor should not be postponed. The cause of discomfort can be not only pregnancy, but also a serious illness. Timely diagnosis and treatment reduces the risk of serious consequences for the reproductive health of women.