In almost all books and textbooks devoted to childcare, attention is drawn to the obvious fact that the infant has imperfect mechanisms for regulating body temperature, and therefore there is a big risk of hypothermia. From this, in general, absolutely correct position, absolutely wrong conclusions are often made . Protection of the child from hypothermia is given priority, to the extent that the purchase of an electric heater is one of the most mandatory actions in preparing for the meeting of the newborn. If, as we have already mentioned, the air temperature in the ward of newborns at the maternity hospital must, in accordance with the instructions, be not lower than 22 ° C (as a rule, it is higher), then all fearful parents will at all costs try to ensure that (temperature) did not fall. The author visited hundreds of newborns in the first days after their discharge from the hospital, and the feeling of lack of air was the most constant and most typical of all the feelings that he had to experience after a short stay in the children's room.
Panicky fearing the cold, parents often do not even think that the imperfection of the mechanisms of thermoregulation mentioned by us is fraught with not only hypothermia, but also overheating.
The metabolism of a newborn is very intense and is accompanied by the production of a significant amount of heat. From this heat the body of the child must get rid of. This can be done in two ways - through the lungs and through the skin (direct heat transfer upon contact of two media with different temperatures plus evaporation of sweat).
The air inhaled by man (the newborn is not an exception), reaching the lungs, is heated to body temperature. That is, the child inhales air with a temperature of 18 ° C, and exhales, respectively, 36.6 ° C. In this case, of course, a certain amount of heat is lost. If the temperature of the inhaled air is 23 ° C, then it is obvious that the heat loss noticeably decreases. But you have to lose the heat! And the child activates the second path of loss - through the skin. It is necessary to form sweat , which is not only wet, but also salty, which means that water and salts are lost, and the reserves of both of them are very small in the newborn.
Even with a small lack of fluid, the work of all systems and organs is significantly impaired. And the consequences of these violations, you are bound to find out by turning the child. The overheating organized in the maternity hospital (if only you did not say that you had a cold) is primarily seen on the skin of your newborn - it is bright red, in those places where perspiration accumulates (in the groin, for example), intertrigo . The baby is puffy and his stomach hurts (thick intestinal juices are difficult to digest food due to lack of fluid), white spots in the mouth: thrush  (thick saliva does not perform its function due to lack of fluid), in the nose - dry crusts that impede breathing (sometimes even can not suck), etc.
Regulation of the temperature of the newborn can be carried out by solving two problems:
1) the air temperature in the nursery,
2) baby clothes.
Both of these tasks must be solved immediately, on the first day after returning from the hospital. The longer you gather and decide, the worse you and your baby will be, the more efforts will be needed later in order to catch up.
It is extremely important (.) Not to confuse and not to confuse such concepts as “cold to a child” and “temperature of the air a child breathes”.
The optimum temperature of the child's room is 18-19WITH.
The higher the worse. But for all your life, both yours and children’s, you need to remember the most important rule that allows you to make the right decision if you have doubts :
BETTER RETAINING THAN HEAT
Only this way and not otherwise, because it is impossible, in no case should we forget that the child’s overheating is no less, but, as a rule, much more dangerous than overcooling!
Natural conditions usually allow you to create the optimum temperature (18-19 ° C), but there are exceptions, and they are quite often. A child may be born in a hot season, in a country with a hot climate, in a city where employees of heating networks tend to be more eager to take up their duties, etc.
It is possible to protect the child from overheating at a high temperature in the room (above 22 ° C), acting in three directions:
1) clothes, or rather its minimum quantity,
2) sufficient intake of the child's body fluids, in addition to milk (water),
In all these areas, we will thoroughly go on in the future.
Another factor - no less significant in comparison with the temperature in the nursery - relative humidity.
The relevance of this parameter is extremely high specifically for children, and this is all connected with the same, previously mentioned features of thermoregulation of babies. Exhaled air has a body temperature and humidity of 100%. The drier the inhaled air - the more fluid the child's body spends on its hydration, and what additional water loss leads to - we have already reported.
Most readers of this book live in very specific climatic conditions, when at least six months (from October to April at best) there is a heating season, and the principal feature of almost all heating systems is the drying of air in residential premises.
The optimum relative humidity in the children's room is 50-70%.
Heating air, as a rule, leads to the fact that its humidity is on average two times lower than recommended. And the more relatives of children are concerned about the risk of freezing, the more actively the children's room is heated - the drier the air, the higher the likelihood of health problems for the baby: drying of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract (coughing, grunting with the nose), skin problems, thickening of blood, etc. d.
The conclusion is obvious: control over the humidity of the air in the room and maintaining it at the proper level is the most important parental task. Frequent wet cleaning, open containers with water, spray guns, decorative fountains, an aquarium are options for its solution. Modern technologies make goal achievement less time consuming. Relatives of the child should, at least, know that there is such a simple, not very expensive and very effective thing, which is called household humidifier (they are steam and ultrasound, the second is quieter and safer).
And now let us turn our attention to a phenomenon that is surprising from the everyday point of view, like a draft .
«DRAFT — wind through, a jet of air blowing through the room through ".
It is interesting, to whom the first thought came to mind that Nature can create a biological species for which a jet of air is a formidable danger?
People dear! We are afraid of drafts with you, because our parents protected us from all these drafts in all possible ways. But baby do with it? The stick, of course, is not necessary to bend, but constant cries: “Close the door soon!” Do not lead to anything good. The child is afraid of a stranger. And you can not live life without ever having met with a draft. So it's better to meet him in infancy, no longer afraid than an adult and respectable uncle to shout to the whole bus: “Close the window, it shows through!”
From the moment you return from the maternity hospital, do not pay attention to whether the door to the room where the child is located is open or closed. It does not matter from the point of view of his health, where the bed is located and whether air comes from the half-open window. For a five year old child, already spoiled by the desire to save him, he has. And for a newborn - no.
 These findings, as a rule, are not made by authors of books and textbooks, but by parents.
 The sweat glands in the newborn are poorly developed, i.e., Nature itself is adapted to the loss of heat precisely through breathing.
 Diaper rash is an inflammation of the skin that occurs mainly in its folds.
 Thrush is an inflammation of the oral mucosa caused by yeast-like fungi.
 This rule must be implemented, of course, not at the age of five and not at ten, but from the moment of birth.
 For some reason, it seems to the author that the majority of readers do not have air conditioners or artificial climate installations. The open vent is the most common technical device for reducing the air temperature in a room. Talking about a draft in this case may be quite appropriate.
 Definition from the Dictionary of Russian language S. I. Ozhegova, Moscow: Russian language, 1984.
Optimum room temperature for babies
Experts in the field of pediatrics advise to adhere to a temperature in the range of 18-22 degrees. It is at this temperature that the child feels normal, and his development proceeds in more natural conditions.
In winter it is rather difficult to control the indicated temperature due to the beginning of the heating season. But you need to take care that the temperature in the room does not exceed 23 degrees .
Special attention should be paid to maintaining the normal temperature in the room while the child is sleeping.. In a too hot room, as in a cold one, the child will sleep restlessly, often waking up, acting up. Parents should observe the necessary temperature for a comfortable sleep of the baby. The air temperature in the room where the baby sleeps should be no more than 22 degrees. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the child: one will sleep well and at 18 degrees, the other will freeze at this temperature. Therefore, mothers should track at what temperature their baby sleeps better.
To monitor room temperature, place a thermometer near the baby cot!
It is also desirable to abandon the use of canopies and bumpers decorating the baby’s crib. Besides the fact that these things quickly collect dust, they also impede the normal circulation of air.
Another important moment is considered to be the appropriate room temperature while bathing a child. Many parents believe that the temperature of the room while bathing a child should be somewhat higher than usual. But this is far from the case.
If bathing will take place at a higher temperature of the air in the room, the baby after bathing will freeze in the already familiar conditions.
Therefore, if you are going to bathe the child, you do not need to specifically raise the temperature in the room. After bathing, it is enough to hold the baby in a warm towel. Parents who try to teach the child to harden from the infancy, on the contrary, after bathing for several minutes, arrange air baths.
Thus, the optimum temperature in the newborn's room should be constant. There is no need to warm up the room for sleeping or bathing a baby.
It should be borne in mind that these parameters of room temperature are indicated for healthy, term-born children. If the child was born prematurely, it requires special conditions.. In particular, the air temperature in the room should be 24-25 degrees . This is due to the lack of proper thermoregulation in premature babies.
What is dangerous overheating or hypothermia
Scientists have long noticed that overheating of the newborn is much worse than hypothermia. The metabolic processes occurring in a newborn at a faster rate than in an adult lead to an accumulation of heat in the body. Getting rid of excess heat occurs in the process of breathing and through the skin. If the room temperature is high enough, the process of heat release by breathing is somewhat more difficult. And the second mechanism of heat transfer begins to work intensively - through the skin through perspiration. The child begins to sweat, redden, he has difficulty breathing, his pulse quickens. The baby may become lethargic, whiny, restless. There may be troubles such as prickly heat, dermatitis, urticaria, impaired metabolic processes and thermoregulation. Therefore, it is very important not to exceed the allowable temperature standards in the room where the newborn is.
Supercooling is no less dangerous. Low temperature conditions can lead to catarrhal diseases, which is fraught with serious complications.
In this regard, it is necessary to observe the optimum room temperature at which the child will feel more comfortable.
How to maintain the temperature in the room
To achieve the optimum temperature, you need to determine what temperature is more acceptable for the child. Every child feels differently even at the same temperature. Determining which room temperature is right for your child is quite simple:
- The child feels good, sleeps well,
- The child does not blush, does not sweat,
- The arms and legs of the baby are not cold, the baby is not covered with “goose-skin”,
- Breath and pulse of the newborn correspond to the norm.
If the temperature in the room significantly deviates from the permissible limits, measures should be taken to regulate the temperature regime.
- If the room is hot, it is possible to adjust the temperature by airing or air conditioning. Naturally, the child at the time of airing should not be in the room. It is desirable at this moment to walk with the baby. Air conditioning can be installed in the next room or in another part of the room where the child is located. The main thing that the baby does not fall under the direct flow of cool air. Hot batteries are recommended to cover with a dense bedspread or blanket.
- If the room is coolthen you can achieve the desired temperature using heaters.
If you can not control the temperature in the room
In a situation where it is not possible to control the room temperature, you need:
- Give the child plenty of fluids (if the room is hot and stuffy),
- To dress the baby depending on the room temperature (if it is hot - you can limit yourself only with panties, if it is cool - be sure to wear sliders, a warm vest, socks),
- It is reasonable to approach the process of bathing (at elevated room temperature, you can bathe your baby several times a day).
An equally important indicator is the humidity of the air in the room where the newborn is. Often the air in the rooms is quite dry, especially during the heating season. Therefore it is necessary to take care of maintaining optimal humidity, which should be at least 50% . You can learn about the humidity in the room using a household hygrometer.
If the humidity is significantly lower than acceptable, then it is advisable to purchase a special humidifier. If this possibility is absent, then You can increase the humidity in the following ways.:
- Put cans of water
- Install aquarium
- Put wet sheets on batteries.
Creating and maintaining optimal room temperature and humidity positively affects the well-being, condition and mood of your baby.
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Comfortable temperature in the baby room
Most pediatricians agree that the optimal temperature in the room of a newborn baby should vary in the range from 18 to 22 С˚. They consider just such a temperature comfortable for the normal health of the baby and its further development.
Doctor Komarovsky, widely known today, asserts that the temperature in the room where the newborn baby is located should be between 18 and 19 degrees. In his opinion, this is the optimal temperature for infants.
Compliance with the temperature in the room in winter is much more complicated. This is due to the fact that in the heating period the supply of heat to the dwelling does not depend on us. Therefore, even in winter it is necessary to maintain the temperature not higher than 23 degrees.
Another important condition for the well-being of the infant is to maintain the necessary temperature indicators at night. If the room is too cold or hot, the baby’s sleep will be restless, with frequent waking up and moods. The ideal temperature for a restful baby sleep should not exceed 22 degrees.
It is necessary to select the optimum temperature for the baby, taking into account its individual characteristics. Mommies must determine at what temperature their baby sleeps more easily.
Remember that normal air circulation is not possible if a canopy hangs above a baby cot or bumpers are used to decorate the bed.
Temperature during bathing baby
During the water treatment it is also necessary to maintain the appropriate temperature parameters of the air in the room.Most parents believe that the temperature in the bathing room of a newborn should be maintained at a higher level than usual. However, they are deeply mistaken. If you bathe an infant in a warmer room, then at the end of the water treatment, returning to the usual climatic conditions, it will certainly freeze.
This means that, intending to bathe the crumb, you do not need to additionally heat the bathroom. Baby should swim at his usual temperature. Just after bathing you need to briefly wrap the baby in a warm towel. If parents want to quench a child from infancy, then immediately after the water procedures they must give him air baths within a few minutes.
Thus, it is not necessary to additionally heat the room at night and while bathing the baby. The air temperature in the room should be kept constantly at the same level.
Temperature for premature babies
It should be noted that the above room temperature standards are applicable only for children born on time. For a premature baby, other conditions must be respected. For him, the optimum temperature regime, which ranges from 24 - 25 C, since the proper thermoregulation in these children is often impaired.
The dangers associated with overheating or hypothermia baby
Specialists in the field of pediatrics have long noted that overheating a baby carries more dangers than its hypothermia. During the metabolic processes that take place in babies much faster than in adults, a certain amount of heat accumulates in the body. Excess heat is released either through the surface of the skin, or in the process of breathing. The return of excess heat through breathing becomes much more complicated at high air temperatures in the room. Then the heat transfer occurs at an accelerated rate through the skin through the sweating system. The baby is sweating, it has redness, the pulse becomes more frequent, and breathing is difficult.
All this increases the tearfulness of the child, makes him sluggish and deprives of calm. It can also cause dermatitis and prickly heat, metabolic processes and heat transfer are disturbed. In this regard, the temperature norm in the nursery should be strictly observed by parents.
Hypothermia of a newborn baby is no less dangerous. Excessive coolness can provoke the development of colds in the child, which is fraught with the appearance of a number of dangerous complications.
Therefore, the temperature in the room for the newborn must be strictly observed in accordance with existing standards and recommendations of pediatricians.
Ways to maintain the temperature in the room of the newborn
Before you set the optimum temperature in the room, you must decide which temperature mode is most comfortable for your child. It is quite easy to find out the optimal room temperature for a kid:
- the child has a good state of health and restful sleep,
- the baby has no redness and hemorrhagia,
- so-called “goose-skin” is not observed on the baby’s skin, and its legs and arms are warm,
- child's breathing is not difficult, the pulse is not congested.
In the case when the temperature parameters in the room do not meet the standards, some steps should be taken to regulate the air temperature.
At elevated temperatures in the child’s room, regulation is performed using an air conditioner or airing the room. Better at this time to go with a crumb for a walk. Air conditioning must be installed in the room next door, or in the same room, but far from the child. Heating radiators should be covered with a thick blanket or blanket.
At low air temperature in the nursery, it is possible to maintain optimal temperature indicators by turning on the heaters.
Not possible to control the temperature in the room?
Not always parents have the ability to maintain the desired temperature in the room in which the child is located. In this case it is necessary:
- give a little more water to the baby, if the air in the room is stuffy and the temperature is high,
- the baby should be dressed according to the temperature in the room. If the temperature is above the norm, then it is enough to wear only panties. If the room is cold, then you definitely need sliders, socks and a padded sweatshirt of warm material.
- bathing baby should, focusing on the temperature of the air in the room. In a hot room, the bathing procedure can be repeated several times throughout the day.
The creation of optimal climatic conditions in the room for a newborn baby will have a positive impact on the infant's state of health, state of health and mood.
What temperature should be in the room of the newborn?
The norms of the microclimate in the apartment are standardized and spelled out in GOST, including the room temperature for children. However, it must be remembered that the recommendations for children and infants are different, and in the case of infants, it is worth relying not on GOST standards, but on the recommendations of professionals. As pediatricians say, the comfortable temperature in a room for a newborn is 18-20. Even if the child is sleeping, his body works twice as fast as that of adults. He derives excess heat in two ways: through breathing and sweat. In the case of breathing, if the thermometer in the room for the baby is significantly lower than the temperature of his body, the unnecessary heat easily goes out when you exhale. This is the most optimal and natural way. If the temperature in the room for a newborn baby is too high, the first method stops working and the baby’s body begins to sweat, thus removing the excess heat. Such thermoregulation can cause consequences in the form of redness on the skin, so the natural reaction of the body to its own sweat and salt is manifested. In addition, there may be crusts in the nose, making it difficult to breathe, dryness and white spots (signs of thrush) in the mouth. If the temperature in the nursery is constantly above normal, which is why the child is constantly sweating, the stomach of a small person may swell from a lack of fluid in the body, which may be accompanied by pain, and then the baby will not be able to rest easy. Often you have to resort to hospitalization and intravenous fluid injection.
Air temperature for a newborn: how to control?
Room temperature for a newborn should be monitored and regulated constantly, so that any differences in it can be eliminated before the child’s mood and well-being is spoiled. First of all, you can buy a thermometer and place it near the baby. But it is worth remembering that there are individual features of the body, and the same air temperature in the room for a newborn for one baby can be absolutely comfortable, and the second will freeze, so you need to carefully monitor not only the thermometer value, but also monitor the child's behavior. If you don’t want to constantly wonder what the temperature in the child’s room should be and whether the real state of affairs corresponds to the standards, then you should heed the advice of pediatricians and use the automatic control parameters in the MagicAir smart microclimate system, which will help you quickly get actual data smartphone
How to maintain the optimum temperature in the newborn's room?
Maintaining the temperature in the baby room depends on the season. In summer, if the apartment warms up much stronger than recommended, it is necessary to install air conditioning and adjust the settings. The main thing is to protect the baby from the direct influence of the air flow from the air conditioner and drafts - it is necessary to find the most comfortable place in the crib room in terms of heat and security.
In winter, due to the heating of the batteries, the thermometer in the house will vary in the range of 25-26. There are several ways to maintain a normal temperature in such conditions: to ventilate the room while you are walking with your baby or are in another room - half an hour four times a day, wrap radiators with a thick cloth to delay the heat. It is also possible to remove everything from a child, except diapers, if the house has more than 24 чаще, it is more often to bathe it and water it to prevent dehydration. You can also use the capabilities of the smart microclimate system, which not only tells you what the temperature in the room for a newborn child, but also automatically launches the breather to ventilate and normalize the parameters.
It is also worth noting that “What temperature should a baby have?” And “What temperature should be in a baby's room?” Are two completely different questions, but they are interdependent. If the conditions in which the child grows are normal, then the baby’s health problems will be much less.
Moisture for a newborn
Why is it important to know what humidity should be in the nursery?
If the baby suddenly started coughing, sniffing, or having skin problems, it could all be a reference to unstable room humidity.
The air that the child inhales passes through the airways and on the exhale contains 100% humidity. If the air in the room is dry, the child’s body will give off moisture, which will lead to fluid loss and related problems. So, what humidity should be in the nursery? The optimum level of humidity should be kept at around 50-70%. A simple hygrometer will help you determine this level in the room. To simplify the monitoring of indicators, you can install a MagicAir smart microclimate base station. She will monitor the humidity in the room for the newborn, its interface is quite simple, and the control is available from both the smartphone and the computer.
In the fall and spring, the natural humidity of the air for a newborn is kept at about the optimal level due to the saturation of moisture with air in principle. In winter, the air is drier, and humidity can be increased during this period in simple ways:
- periodic wet cleaning
- installation of open containers with water next to the baby’s crib,
- buying a humidifier (there are steam and ultrasound. The latter are quieter and safer for the child).
Controlling the indoor climate for a child helps parents create the ideal conditions for the growth and development of the baby, his wonderful state of health and mood. Adjusting the microclimate parameters, it is worth remembering that hypothermia is less dangerous for an infant than overheating, and excessive humidity is safer than insufficient, so you should carefully check what the room temperature is for the newborn and know what humidity should be in the nursery. After all, healthy children are calm parents and a good family atmosphere.
Danger of excessive heat
Moms should certainly know that overheating carries much greater harm than hypothermia. Due to the fact that metabolic processes take place in babies much faster, heat accumulates in their bodies. Thermal control in newborns also occurs differently; it has not yet been fully formed, which means that the heat exchange processes must be regulated by parents.
The body of the baby has to get rid of excess heat, there are two natural ways: the respiratory system and the system of sweating. However, for the fragile body of the child, cooling through breathing is not possible, therefore the processes of sweating are intensified. With sweating, the baby's body begins to quickly lose the necessary salt and moisture and feel the lack of water. This can lead to the following unpleasant consequences:
- The appearance of crusts in the nose of the baby, because of what the child becomes difficult to breathe.
- Due to drying of saliva in the oral cavity, thrush can develop.
- Due to the lack of water, the intestines are much harder to absorb nutrients, the baby is suffering from colic in the tummy.
- There are diaper rash (especially in the area of the diaper and folds). This is the body's response to sweat.
As we see, excessive sweating is a certain danger. It may even require medical intervention to eliminate the consequences.
Danger of too low air temperature.
The cold air not only causes the baby a number of inconveniences, but can also cause serious diseases. Kids can not cope with low temperatures on their own. This is what happens if the baby’s body tries to normalize heat exchange through breathing, as adults do:
- The child inhales air that is much colder than its own temperature.
- Air passes through the respiratory tract, its temperature rises to body temperature.
- At the exit, the already hot air takes the warmth necessary for the baby.
- Hypothermia occurs in the child’s body.
The greater the difference in air temperature and body temperature of the baby, the more actively the heat transfer apparatus will work and the higher the baby's chance to get sick.
Optimum temperature for the baby's room
Most pediatric pediatricians agree that the allowable temperature in the nursery should range from 18 to 22 degrees. However, for each individual baby, the temperature should be chosen individually, taking into account his needs. A big role in the choice of temperature is played by the season and the weather outside.
Winter and summer.
The temperature in the room becomes more difficult to control due to the heating season. And summer itself is the hottest time of the year. It is necessary to ensure that the air in the room does not overheat and does not rise to 24 degrees.
Spring and autumn.
In these seasons, parents should ensure that the baby does not freeze, the temperature should not fall below 18 degrees, otherwise the child may overcool.
It is worth remembering that these rules are valid only for healthy children. If your baby was born prematurely, he needs a different environment. Due to the lack of thermoregulation in these children, the temperature in the room should be several degrees higher.
Sleep is a particularly crucial time. Parents must take care of compliance with the thermal regime at night with the same attention as during the day. In case of violation of the comfortable temperature, the child’s sleep will be restless, he will sleep poorly and often cry. The temperature during sleep should not exceed 22 degrees. But, again, it all depends on the individual characteristics of your child. Mom definitely needs to know at how many degrees the baby will sleep better.
In order to monitor the temperature as accurately as possible, the thermometer must be located directly by the baby’s bed.
Experts recommend parents not to use canopies and bumpers, since these items can interfere with the flow of air. They also collect dust on their surface, which can cause an allergic reaction and respiratory diseases in the child.
Do not forget that only you can determine the optimum temperature for your baby. If the baby does not sweat and does not freeze, is not capricious, and his legs and arms are warm, it means that this temperature is perfect for him.
The air temperature during bathing is one of the most important factors for a baby’s health. Some parents believe that during and after bathing the air in the room should be warmer than at other times. Of course, such parents can be understood: they are eager to help the child with all their might. However, this is an absolutely wrong position. Do not forget that the highest temperature for the room is 23 degrees. And this should be so before and after the child is bathed.
How to care for a newborn baby, and what should a baby be able to do in 1 month? - read here.
Indicators of the growth rate and weight of the child by months, here https://jliza.ru/rost-ves-po-mesyaczam.html.
In the case when the baby’s bathing takes place in a warmer room, the baby will freeze at normal temperature after bathing. Because of this, when preparing to wash a child, it is strongly not recommended to raise the temperature. If you do not want your child to get cold after water treatments, just cover him with a warm towel for a while. So, we can conclude that the temperature in the room should be constant. It should not change while bathing or sleeping a child.
What is dangerous overheating and hypothermia?
One of the main features of the infant is the high rate of metabolic processes in his body, even during sleep. When metabolism produces a certain amount of heat that requires release into the environment.
In humans, heat transfer is carried out in two ways - through the respiratory system and through perspiration:
1. In the first case, the child breathes air, whose temperature is below body temperature.
Air masses, passing through the “air duct” and lungs, begin to heat up in order to carry out the excess heat with an exhalation. Если температура воздуха существенно ниже температуры ребёнка, то теплообмен повышается.
2. Процесс выделения пота также важен для функционирования человеческого организма. Повышенный температурный режим «перекрывает» дыхательный механизм, вот почему активируется потоотделение.
Выделительная система грудничка вырабатывает жидкости, выходящие на кожные покровы и выводящие необходимые организму соли.
As a result, the child begins to overheat, the symptoms of which are:
- saliva drying, which is fraught with candidiasis (thrush),
- the appearance of crusts and scab in the nasal passage, impeding normal breathing,
- problems with the tummy, because the lack of fluid does not allow the organs of the gastrointestinal tract to absorb milk (the gastric juice is thickened),
- the appearance of diaper rash - reddening of the skin under the diapers and in the folds (this is how the baby’s skin reacts to salty sweat).
Hypothermia is just as dangerous for a child as it increases the risk of colds, which are fraught with the most serious undesirable consequences.
Signs of hypothermia child's body are:
- cold hands and feet,
- bluish tinge of skin in the nasolabial triangle,
- pale skin.
To exclude both of these conditions - overheating and overcooling - parents need to maintain normal air temperature and humidity so that the baby feels as comfortable as possible.
What should be the optimal air temperature in the room?
Do not rely on the advice of experienced moms or grandmothers, when it comes to the health of the baby. Especially since pediatricians and neonatologists have long determined the basic physical parameters for the children's room.
So, according to their research, the temperature of the room for a healthy newborn should be in the range of 18-22 degrees. To control these indicators, you can use the air conditioner and a thermometer near the bed of the child.
However, this is not all, since the optimum room temperature in an apartment depends on several conditions:
- For normal sleep and rest in the summer, it is necessary to keep the temperature within 18 degrees. To prevent overheating, you will most likely have to purchase an air conditioner.
- With the onset of the heating season, the temperature in the tiny newborn's room changes significantly, however, as does the humidity. If during the period of activity of children the temperature can be in the range of 23-24 degrees, then for sleeping you can bring the indicators up to 18-20 degrees using air conditioning (this is the norm).
- In general, it is especially important to eliminate the overheating of the child during sleep. Normal room temperature at night should not exceed 22 degrees. In an overheated room, it will not be comfortable for the baby to sleep, it is stuffy, so babies will wake up and cry.
In addition, you should take into account the personal characteristics of the baby: someone will be able to sleep at 19 degrees, and for other children such room temperature will seem too cold. That is why every mother should monitor if the infant's legs are cold and wet if she sleeps.
You should also take into account the fact that the above temperature indicators are only suitable for children born in time.
It is important to observe the temperature regime not only for the room in which the child sleeps and rests, but also in the bathing room. Some parents believe that the child can and should be bathed in a heated room for almost five years. However, they are wrong.
If you bathe a baby in a hot room, then after moving to a cool bedroom, the baby can overcool and catch a cold. Therefore, it is not necessary for the bath to specifically heat the room.
After water procedures, pediatricians recommend wrapping the child in a warm towel, and then wearing comfortable clothes.
Air conditioning and other ways to maintain temperature
In order for the temperature in the room for the newborn to match the optimal performance, it is necessary to establish which “weather” is more suitable for your child. Overheating and hypothermia can not worry if:
- the child feels well, behaves calmly during sleep,
- baby’s skin is dry, redness is not observed,
- the limbs of the child are warm, it is not covered with goosebumps,
- breathing and heartbeat not too fast.
When the air temperature is significantly different from the standard indicators, it is necessary to immediately begin to optimize the home microclimate.
Your actions will depend on how many degrees in the room - too much or not enough.
If the house is hot and stuffy, you can:
- regularly ventilate the room (3-4 times a day), bringing the child to another room at this time or going for a walk with him,
- install the air conditioner away from the child - in another room or at a distance from the baby (it should not fall under the directional air streams of the air conditioner),
- batteries bursting with heat are covered with thick blankets, bedspreads, blankets that trap heat inside,
- remove extra clothes from a baby - you can leave a crumb in one diaper,
- constantly feed the child with water to eliminate overheating and reduce the risk of dehydration,
- more often bathe the baby in a little cool water,
- get rid of various bedside canopies, which are not only a dust collector, but also violate the heat transfer.
How to wear a child at home?
If the room temperature exceeds 20 degrees, in addition to turning on the air conditioner, it is necessary to monitor the “suit” of the infant. You do not need to wear a hat and socks, enough for a regular shirt-shirts, and the best bodykit.
Since the child, wrapped in diapers, cannot be warmed with the help of movements, it is necessary to wear a little warmer to avoid overcooling.
It is believed that swaddling somewhat violates the natural heat transfer, so overheating the child is not exactly threatened.
The child in a dream also practically does not move, which is why it is usually additionally covered with a blanket, but first you need to check the temperature. At rates above 18 degrees, quilts are not recommended.
Remember that in a room where air conditioning works, and you are a little cool, the child, on the contrary, is warm and comfortable.
Before putting it on in numerous clothes, touch the limbs - if they are warm, then the baby is warm. If the skin is reddish, wet, then the child is hot.