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Bai – Baiushki – Bai: How much should a child sleep at 1 year old

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Good sleep supports the health and performance of a person. Special is importantsleep for a child's body. If the child does not sleep well, he becomes capricious, loses his appetite, lags behind in physical development. Such a child is more prone to various diseases than other children. This is why it is so important for parents to know how much should the baby sleep (in hours).

The benefits of healthy sleep for children and adults

Cells of the brain have the opportunity to rest only during sleep. The benefits of healthy sleep for children and adults in that it protects the brain, prevents violations of the activity of nerve cells and ensures normal human life. Rest during sleep and other organs. The skin of the face becomes pink, the rhythm of heart activity and respiration slows down, the muscles relax and require less nutrients than usual. During sleep, accumulation of fats, proteins, carbohydrates occurs in the tissues of the body for subsequent work during wakefulness.

Some parents think that during sleep the child does not feel the effects of the environment at all. It turns out that it is not. For example, in a sleeping child, one can observe an increase in pulse and respiration under the influence of harsh, odorous substances, cold, heat, and other factors. The great physiologist I. P. Pavlov found that while some parts of the brain rest during sleep, others do guard work, protecting the body from harmful influences.

How much should a child sleep in a watch?

Depending on age, the duration of sleep and wakefulness of children varies. Installed approximatenorms in hours, how much a child should sleep. Depending on the individual characteristics, the number of hours required for a healthy sleep can vary:

  • The newborn baby sleeps almost all the time, its sleep is interrupted only at the moments of feeding.
  • A child up to 3-4 months sleeping for 1.5-2 hours between feedings and about 10 hours at night.
  • Children from 4 months to 1 year should sleep during the day, 3 times for 1.5-2 hours, and about 10 hours at night.
  • A child from 1 to 2 years in the daytime is useful to sleep 2 times for 1.5-2 hours, and at night, 10 hours.
  • The duration of daytime sleep for children of preschool age is 2–2.5 hours, and night sleep is 9–10 hours.
  • Finally, schoolchildren usually do not sleep during the day, but at night for children over 7 years old need to sleep not less than 9 o'clock.
  • Children with diseases of the intestines, lungs, and infectious diseases should sleep 2–3 hours more than healthy children of the same age need.

What does a baby need for a healthy sleep?

  • First of all child is always must sleep one. Sleeping in the same bed with adults can adversely affect his health. In the mouth and nose in adults, there are always a lot of germs that can be pathogens for the baby. In addition, in a dream the child may be frightened by the accidental touch, and then not fall asleep for a long time. But many experts speak positively about the joint dream of the mother and child in the first months of the baby’s life.
  • Clothes of the child during sleep should be loose and comfortable.
  • In warm weather, it is advisable to put the child to sleep in the air - both during the day and at night: sleep in the open air is always stronger and longer. However, at the same time try to protect the child from harsh external noise (dog barking, car signal, etc.). In no case should not allow overheating of the baby during sleep ..
  • Strictly make sure that preschoolers go to bed at 8 o'clock, and younger students - no later than 9.
  • Do not accustom the child to wiggle and plop and tell fairy tales.
  • Intimidating a baby before bedtime (“a wolf will come and pick up if you don’t sleep”, etc.) excites his nervous system. In such cases, children at night often wake up screaming, jumping out of bed, covered with cold sweat. However, do not ask the child about his fears, but calmly lay him down and sit by the bed until he falls asleep. For often repeated, stubborn fears, seek help from a doctor who will prescribe an appropriate regimen and treatment.
  • In no case do not resort to such means of lulling a child, like wine, poppy infusion. Children are very sensitive to these poisons. They lead to poisoning and diseases of some organs (for example, liver, kidneys).
  • Reading before bedtime, lying in bed, excites the child, impairs vision.
  • It is also harmful to watch television before bedtime, listen to the radio.
  • Highly useful for healthy sleep (both children and adults) short quiet walks half an hour before bedtime.

Carefully and lovingly protect the dream of a child!

The importance of sleep - why sleep?

Sleep is an important component of human activity. In the dream, the child is resting, gaining strength. Sleep is not just a period of saving and accumulating energy. While the child is sleeping, active work is going on in his body:

  1. Restored tissue
  2. Regulated the work of the internal organs,
  3. There is a cleansing from waste products.

At this time, intensive processes take place in the child’s brain, aimed at memorizing and assimilating all the information that the baby received during the day. Thus, neural connections are formed, the brain develops.

Probably, you heard the phrase "in a dream the child grows." Of course, this statement must be taken not in a literal sense. Its essence is that during the night rest in the body produces growth hormone.

In addition, while the baby is sleeping, its glands produce melatonin, the lack of which can lead to health problems.

Good sleep is also important for strengthening the immunity of the infant. During the period of physical inactivity of the body, the immune processes are most intense. During sleep, proteins are produced that fight infection. How to reduce the risk of disease to a minimum, you can learn from the course Healthy Child >>>

Great value is a good rest for the normalization of the mental state of the child.

Important! Sleep baby calm and balanced. He does not require much attention to himself, he can play on his own for a long time.

Constant lack of sleep or poor sleep in a child of 1 year causes a stress reaction in the body, turning the child into a little rebel. If you have not watched my free video tutorials on healthy child sleep, be sure to subscribe to them and get to your E-mail by following the link.

For normal physical and mental development of a one-year-old child, a full sleep, both day and night, is important. You can not remove daytime sleep, because it will lead to overwork of the child and seriously undermine the level of his health.

So let's deal with the norms of sleep after a year.

Waking time in a one-year-old child = 4-5 hours,

  • At this time, the child moves a lot, is able to fulfill the various requests of adults and can express his wishes in the game, mastering the first self-service skills, is curious,
  • The child does not sit quietly for a minute, and sometimes resists and stubbornly, how to respond to the disobedience of an older child, see the course on Obedience without shouting and threats >>>
  • All games, walks, educational and developmental activities are planned for the first half of your waking time.

How much should a one-year-old child sleep?

The daily norm of sleep for a child is 12-13 hours.

In this case, the night sleep goes: 10-11 hours

On a nap: 2-3 hours

There is nothing terrible, if the mode of the day of your child differs by + - 1 hour in any direction. Observe the behavior and well-being of the child. We can say that there is no reason for excitement if the child:

  1. Calm and balanced,
  2. Cheerful and cheerful,
  3. Able to concentrate on their actions
  4. Has a good appetite
  5. Easily and without problems goes to bed and wakes up.

In this case, the baby sleeps less or more laid simply because he wants to.

However, if the baby sleeps quite a lot, about 16 - 17 hours a day, then this should alert you. It is possible that the child is feeling unwell, which will soon manifest other symptoms.

How many times does a baby sleep in a 1 year old?

  • 1 year is the earliest age when a child can reduce the number of daytime dreams from 2 to 1,
  • Up to this point, children usually sleep twice a day for 1-1.5 hours each time. Now the baby begins to move to a one-time daytime sleep. At the same time, sleep time may increase to 2-3 hours,
  • The transition to sleep 1 strongly depends on the mode of the child’s day, namely, on the time of the morning awakening:

If he gets up at 6 o'clock, then he will hardly be able to stand without sleep until lunchtime (Read the article on how to properly feed a child >>>). In this case, the child will go to bed at 10-11 o'clock in the afternoon and will naturally want to sleep again (somewhere at 16 o'clock in the evening).

With this schedule, it is not necessary to let the baby sleep for more than 1 hour, otherwise it will be very late to lay down on a night's sleep.

For children with the owl biorhythm, a different schedule is possible. They wake up closer to 8 o'clock, and their daytime sleep begins at about one o'clock in the afternoon. In this case, the kids sleep almost 2-3 hours. This time they have enough to reach the night falling asleep. This mode is more harmonious, simple and easy for mom. But you can only expect it to 1 g. 3 months.

If you asked me: how much a child should sleep 1.3 years, then the most optimal would be a regime with 1 day sleep, which lasts 1.5-3 hours and then stays in the night around 19-21 hours.

How many sleep at night

  1. Night sleep of a child at the age of 1 year should last 10 - 11 hours,
  2. Ideal if laying time for a night's sleep will be until 21-00. This will provide a more sound sleep and a full night rest.
  3. With a two-day day rest, the mode can shift and the laying becomes later. In any case, before 22-00 the child should already be asleep,

Many parents try to raise a child in equal positions, and it happens that on the clock 23, 24, and even one in the morning - and the child is running around, playing and having fun. This happens at my neighbors from above, and every time I feel very sorry for the child, because the most full and restorative sleep occurs from 21-00 to 1 o'clock in the morning.

If a child falls asleep by himself, then at night there are 1-2 awakenings (there can be nights without awakenings, but from the experience of my work, I can say that this is a great rarity)

Night awakenings always have their reasons:

  • night terrors
  • gnashing the teeth of a baby, if this is a problem of your baby, be sure to read the article Why does a child gnash his teeth in a dream? >>>
  • unsuitable sleeping conditions (stuffy, hot, noisy, etc.),
  • desire to go to the toilet,
  • hunger,
  • inability to sleep further on their own.

Scold the child for not sleeping in any way! Deal with the causes of frequent night awakenings is necessary and this is the task of the mother.

If a child falls asleep only with a breast or with motion sickness, then at night there can be a lot of nightly awakenings: from 3 to 15. This is a situation that requires correction and detailed analysis, which you can do as part of a large course on sleeping a child: How to teach a child to fall asleep and sleep without a breast >>>

A child grows: do sleep norms vary from 1 year to 1.5 years?

After the baby is 1 year old, he is more and more independent in his actions, but he clearly understands his dependence on his parents. In the period of 1.3 - 1.5 years, the sleep of the baby may worsen. This will manifest itself in the following:

  1. For a long time to sleep,
  2. Ill fall asleep
  3. Wakes up at night, find out why children do not sleep well? >>>,
  4. Rises very early
  5. Refuses to sleep during the day.

The norms of how much a child should sleep at 1.5 years old are not particularly different from previous ones. He has a one-time daytime sleep, which lasts a little less - 1-2 hours. Sleep at night for about 11 hours.

Child's sleep rate: how much should children of different ages sleep?

It is clear to any person that only with a long and sound sleep the forces are fully restored - physical and spiritual. This is especially important for children. But at the same time, not all parents know what the child’s sleep rate is. This is a serious omission. You need to know how many children sleep at one age or another, and see if your son or daughter has enough time in bed.

To begin, let us tell you what is the rate of sleep of a child for months.

In the first month it is easier to say how long he is awake. Because a healthy child who is not disturbed at this time has only two regimes - food and sleep.

During the night, he sleeps about 8 to 10 hours. And during this time, he manages to wake up two or three times to get a good refill of mother's milk. He also sleeps 3-4 times during the day, and sometimes more. So if a child, who is not yet a month old, sleeps 15-18 hours a day, this is quite a normal indicator. Worse, if he sleeps much less - perhaps some kind of discomfort, pain or hunger prevents him. Be sure to consult a doctor so that he examines it. Sometimes the problem lies in the short bridle - the child can not fully suck the breast, eats very slowly, spending a lot of effort. As a result, he lacks sleep, which affects his nervous system.

In two months the situation is almost the same. The child can sleep for 15-17 hours. But for some time he is already looking around, studying the world around him. Although his main activities are still sleep and food.

By three months, the picture changes slightly. In general, the baby sleeps about 14-16 hours per day. Of these, 9-11 fall at night. During the day he sleeps 3-4 times. He has been spending quite a lot of time not only for food, but also simply by examining the world around him, licking his fingers and any objects that he can stick in his mouth, makes various sounds, smiles.

Now we will try to learn the norms of sleep and wakefulness of a child under one year old.

The time spent on sleep is reduced gradually, but constantly. From 4 to 5 months, children sleep around 15 hours at night, and during the day, another 4-5 hours, dividing this time into 3-4 periods.

From 6 to 8 months, a little less is allocated for sleep - 14-14.5 hours (approximately 11 at night and 3-3.5 in the afternoon). The child sits confidently, crawls, studies the world around him in every way, actively eats various foods, although the mother's milk remains the basis of the diet.

Further, if you talk about the sleep norms of children under one year by months, there should be a period from 8 to 12 months. At night, the child still sleeps 11 hours (plus or minus thirty minutes). But during the day it goes to bed only a couple of times, and the length of each session of sleep is not too great - from 1 to 2 hours. In total, it accumulates about 13-14 hours per day - it is quite enough for the growing organism to have a good rest, to charge with energy and successfully develop in all respects.

Now that you know the sleep norms of children under the age of months, you can move on to the next item.

In two years, the child sleeps at night about 12-13 hours. There may be two daytime sleep sessions, but most often the children are limited to one, usually before lunch or immediately after it - and relatively few sleep, rarely more than 1.5-2 hours. Which is understandable - the body is already a bit stronger, and around there are a lot of toys with which you can have a great time while actively developing.

By three years, night sleep is reduced to 12 hours. There is only one daytime sleep, it is advisable to adjust it to the after dinner period, so that the child does not run on a full stomach, but calmly sleep, assimilating the substances received during the meal. Sleep during the day is already quite short - about 1 hour, rarely one and a half.

At four years old and older, the child is already quite strong, he does not need as much sleep as before. In addition, there are various options for development. Yes, and one month does not play such a role as in infancy, when the child and his requests change surprisingly quickly.

For example, some children aged 4 to 7 years old feel best if they sleep during the night of 10-11 hours and do not take a daily break for sleep at all. Another such schedule does not fit - in the middle of the day they become lethargic, do not want to play, act up until they fall asleep for at least an hour. But thanks to this break, night sleep is reduced to 9-10 hours.

From 7 to 10 years, children almost never go to bed during the day, if they have enough sleep at night - this period should be at least 10-11 hours.

By 10-14 years old, the child was already very close to an adult. Therefore, he usually sleeps 9-10 hours.

Finally, after fourteen years, he ceases to be a child, becoming a teenager, and in some cases an adult. Here, first of all, individual needs enter into business. Some adults have enough 7 hours to sleep, while others can work productively only if they spend 9-10 hours a day in bed.

So that each parent can easily remember these data, we indicate the sleep norms of children in the table below.

Many practical parents add time for a child to rest on home-made tables. Sleep rates of children were presented above. With such data, you can determine how well and harmoniously the child develops.

Start such a table can be from the first days of life. Just write down how much he fell asleep, how much he woke up, and then sum up the results and compare with the data above.

Главное, точно определить соответствие режима дня своего чада нормам сна детей до года. Таблицу нужно вести не один день, а хотя бы с неделю, а лучше – две. В этом случае вы сможете точно определить, сколько в среднем спит ребенок за сутки. Ведь всегда сохраняется возможность, что ребенка напугал посторонний звук, или же у него просто от чего-то заболел живот, что мешает ему спокойно спать. But having data for a considerable period of time, you get the most accurate result.

And here it is desirable to avoid rounding. The child slept in the afternoon 82 minutes? So write, not limited to the vague wording "half an hour." Losing 10-15 minutes in each session of day and night sleep, you can easily miscalculate for an hour and a half, and this is an extremely serious error that will necessarily affect the reliability of the observations.

Also, many parents are interested in the pulse rate in children in a dream. In fact, this figure can vary considerably even in one child - from 60 to 85 beats per minute. It depends on the position of the body, the presence of diseases, the phase of sleep (fast or deep) and other factors. So in a quarter of an hour such drops are quite possible - there is no need to worry about this.

Some people are very concerned about the rate of sleep of the child by age. After scrupulous calculations, it turns out that their child is not getting enough sleep (or vice versa, pouring) an hour, or even two. Of course, this can cause panic.

However, in reality, there is no cause for concern in most cases. The main thing - watch how the child behaves after waking up. If he is fresh, cheerful, with pleasure plays, reads, draws and walks, and eats well in due time, then everything is in order. Remember - first of all, the dream should satisfy the needs of the child, and not the tables compiled by experts for “average” children.

Watch what a child breathes in a dream - the norm is 20-30 breaths per minute in children under 3 years old, about 12-20 in adolescents. And breathing should be smooth, calm, without sobs and groans.

So if the child feels comfortable with the sleep mode chosen by him, it’s not worth worrying.

But this point should be studied more closely. Everyone knows about the importance of sleep, but very few people can unequivocally say what threatens chronic sleep deprivation in childhood and adolescence.

To begin with, children who sleep less than 7-8 hours are usually in worse physical condition. They get tired faster, unable to withstand significant loads.

In addition, it affects the intellectual abilities. Suffer memory, intelligence, ability to analyze the given facts. And the worst thing is that even if the sleep is restored with age, and the person will sleep as long as necessary, the missed opportunities will not return - if the potential inherent in the child is not revealed at the right time, then it will never be revealed.

Of course, harm to lack of sleep and the nervous system. Adults who slept little or poorly in childhood become more fearful, unsure of themselves, more often fall into depression, are subject to stress.

So the importance of the child's sleep rate is simply impossible to overestimate.

As you have noticed, one child needs 15 hours a day for a healthy sleep, while his peer needs 12-13.

This is due to different factors. First of all - the fortress of sleep. After all, if you sleep in a dark room, in comfort and silence, you can sleep in a shorter period than in a noisy room, which is relatively brightly lit, on an uncomfortable bed.

Heredity also plays a role. If the parents have enough 6-7 hours of sleep to feel great, we should expect that the child will eventually get closer to these indicators.

Finally, lifestyle is very important. It is quite clear that a child visiting a couple of sports sections and spending a huge amount of energy will sleep longer (and, we note, stronger - which has a positive effect on the nervous system) than his peer, who spends the whole day at the computer.

Another important question is how to choose the best sleep schedule. In infancy, the child often confuses day and night. He can sleep through all daylight hours and play or just mumble, look around all night long. But with age, he enters into a certain schedule - it largely depends on the parents.

Experts believe that it is better for a child, like any person, to go to bed early and get up early. As practice shows, people who go to bed at 9 pm and wake up at 5-6 in the morning are distinguished by increased efficiency, do not get tired any longer, have an excellent memory. So if there is an opportunity, try to adjust the schedule of the child under such a regime. Of course, this will also require parents to change their habitual way of life.

Be sure to pay attention to whether the child has signs of lack of sleep.

The main one is increased crying. The child, who usually behaves perfectly, begins to cry, get upset about every occasion.

It is also worth guarding if the child sometimes goes to bed 2-3 hours earlier than usual - the body tells him that sleep is not enough.

Children aged 1 and older, falling asleep and waking up with crying, are also a warning sign. They definitely need to sleep more, and parents should not only study the sleep norms of children after a year, but also provide a dark room, a comfortable bed and silence.

And here you can definitely say no. The child is a tool with a surprisingly flexible setting. And any medications, even those that, according to doctors, are harmless, can cause great harm to his health.

If a child is often upset and crying over trifles, he gets sleepy, then just give him the opportunity to get enough sleep. Sometimes the reason for lack of sleep is scandals in the family - try to protect children from this terrible side of adulthood.

The child sleeps less than peers, but at the same time he feels great, is not inferior to friends in physical and intellectual development? It means that one should not worry at all - all the processes in the body go on normally, and the son or daughter just sleep as much as they need. Any attempts to adjust the established schedule will bring only unnecessary problems.

Now you know the norms of sleep and wakefulness of a child up to one year and older. Therefore, you can easily calculate the optimal schedule, protect children from any health and development problems caused by chronic lack of sleep.

Good sleep supports the health and performance of a person. Special is importantsleep for a child's body. If the child does not sleep well, he becomes capricious, loses his appetite, lags behind in physical development. Such a child is more prone to various diseases than other children. This is why it is so important for parents to know how much should the baby sleep (in hours).

Cells of the brain have the opportunity to rest only during sleep. The benefits of healthy sleep for children and adults in that it protects the brain, prevents violations of the activity of nerve cells and ensures normal human life. Rest during sleep and other organs. The skin of the face becomes pink, the rhythm of heart activity and respiration slows down, the muscles relax and require less nutrients than usual. During sleep, accumulation of fats, proteins, carbohydrates occurs in the tissues of the body for subsequent work during wakefulness.

Some parents think that during sleep the child does not feel the effects of the environment at all. It turns out that it is not. For example, in a sleeping child, one can observe an increase in pulse and respiration under the influence of harsh, odorous substances, cold, heat, and other factors. The great physiologist I. P. Pavlov found that while some parts of the brain rest during sleep, others do guard work, protecting the body from harmful influences.

Depending on age, the duration of sleep and wakefulness of children varies. Installed approximatenorms in hours, how much a child should sleep. Depending on the individual characteristics, the number of hours required for a healthy sleep can vary:

  • The newborn baby sleeps almost all the time, its sleep is interrupted only at the moments of feeding.
  • A child up to 3-4 months sleeping for 1.5-2 hours between feedings and about 10 hours at night.
  • Children from 4 months to 1 year should sleep during the day, 3 times for 1.5-2 hours, and about 10 hours at night.
  • A child from 1 to 2 years in the daytime is useful to sleep 2 times for 1.5-2 hours, and at night, 10 hours.
  • The duration of daytime sleep for children of preschool age is 2–2.5 hours, and night sleep is 9–10 hours.
  • Finally, schoolchildren usually do not sleep during the day, but at night for children over 7 years old need to sleep not less than 9 o'clock.
  • Children with diseases of the intestines, lungs, and infectious diseases should sleep 2–3 hours more than healthy children of the same age need.

  • First of all child is always must sleep one. Sleeping in the same bed with adults can adversely affect his health. In the mouth and nose in adults, there are always a lot of germs that can be pathogens for the baby. In addition, in a dream the child may be frightened by the accidental touch, and then not fall asleep for a long time. But many experts speak positively about the joint dream of the mother and child in the first months of the baby’s life.
  • Clothes of the child during sleep should be loose and comfortable.
  • In warm weather, it is advisable to put the child to sleep in the air - both during the day and at night: sleep in the open air is always stronger and longer. However, at the same time try to protect the child from harsh external noise (dog barking, car signal, etc.). In no case should not allow overheating of the baby during sleep ..
  • Strictly make sure that preschoolers go to bed at 8 o'clock, and younger students - no later than 9.
  • Do not accustom the child to wiggle and plop and tell fairy tales.
  • Intimidating a baby before bedtime (“a wolf will come and pick up if you don’t sleep”, etc.) excites his nervous system. In such cases, children at night often wake up screaming, jumping out of bed, covered with cold sweat. However, do not ask the child about his fears, but calmly lay him down and sit by the bed until he falls asleep. For often repeated, stubborn fears, seek help from a doctor who will prescribe an appropriate regimen and treatment.
  • In no case do not resort to such means of lulling a child, like wine, poppy infusion. Children are very sensitive to these poisons. They lead to poisoning and diseases of some organs (for example, liver, kidneys).
  • Reading before bedtime, lying in bed, excites the child, impairs vision.
  • It is also harmful to watch television before bedtime, listen to the radio.
  • Highly useful for healthy sleep (both children and adults) short quiet walks half an hour before bedtime.

Carefully and lovingly protect the dream of a child!

Bai – Baiushki – Bai: How much should a child sleep at 1 year old

Well, your child has grown up, he was 1 year old! The kid has already learned to stand, consciously pronounce the sounds, eat solid food and much more. At the same time, its natural biorhythm has changed. Now he is more awake: he is actively moving, exploring new subjects, trying to reach out to everything that will interest him. Of course, with such an active lifestyle, your fidget needs good rest. How much should a child sleep at 1 year so that he always feels awake and cheerful?

Sleep is an important component of human activity. In the dream, the child is resting, gaining strength. Sleep is not just a period of saving and accumulating energy. While the child is sleeping, active work is going on in his body:

  1. Restored tissue
  2. Regulated the work of the internal organs,
  3. There is a cleansing from waste products.

At this time, intensive processes take place in the child’s brain, aimed at memorizing and assimilating all the information that the baby received during the day. Thus, neural connections are formed, the brain develops.

Probably, you heard the phrase "in a dream the child grows." Of course, this statement must be taken not in a literal sense. Its essence is that during the night rest in the body produces growth hormone.

In addition, while the baby is sleeping, its glands produce melatonin, the lack of which can lead to health problems.

Good sleep is also important for strengthening the immunity of the infant. During the period of physical inactivity of the body, the immune processes are most intense. During sleep, proteins are produced that fight infection. How to reduce the risk of disease to a minimum, you can learn from the course Healthy Child >>>

Great value is a good rest for the normalization of the mental state of the child.

Important! Sleep baby calm and balanced. He does not require much attention to himself, he can play on his own for a long time.

Constant lack of sleep or poor sleep in a child of 1 year causes a stress reaction in the body, turning the child into a little rebel. If you have not watched my free video tutorials on healthy child sleep, be sure to subscribe to them and get to your E-mail by following the link.

For normal physical and mental development of a one-year-old child, a full sleep, both day and night, is important. You can not remove daytime sleep, because it will lead to overwork of the child and seriously undermine the level of his health.

So let's deal with the norms of sleep after a year.

Waking time in a one-year-old child = 4-5 hours,

  • At this time, the child moves a lot, is able to fulfill the various requests of adults and can express his wishes in the game, mastering the first self-service skills, is curious,
  • The child does not sit quietly for a minute, and sometimes resists and stubbornly, how to respond to the disobedience of an older child, see the course on Obedience without shouting and threats >>>
  • All games, walks, educational and developmental activities are planned for the first half of your waking time.

The daily norm of sleep for a child is 12-13 hours.

In this case, the night sleep goes: 10-11 hours

On a nap: 2-3 hours

There is nothing terrible, if the mode of the day of your child differs by + - 1 hour in any direction. Observe the behavior and well-being of the child. We can say that there is no reason for excitement if the child:

  1. Calm and balanced,
  2. Cheerful and cheerful,
  3. Able to concentrate on their actions
  4. Has a good appetite
  5. Easily and without problems goes to bed and wakes up.

In this case, the baby sleeps less or more laid simply because he wants to.

However, if the baby sleeps quite a lot, about 16 - 17 hours a day, then this should alert you. It is possible that the child is feeling unwell, which will soon manifest other symptoms.

  • 1 year is the earliest age when a child can reduce the number of daytime dreams from 2 to 1,
  • Up to this point, children usually sleep twice a day for 1-1.5 hours each time. Now the baby begins to move to a one-time daytime sleep. At the same time, sleep time may increase to 2-3 hours,
  • The transition to sleep 1 strongly depends on the mode of the child’s day, namely, on the time of the morning awakening:

If he gets up at 6 o'clock, then he will hardly be able to stand without sleep until lunchtime (Read the article on how to properly feed a child >>>). In this case, the child will go to bed at 10-11 o'clock in the afternoon and will naturally want to sleep again (somewhere at 16 o'clock in the evening).

With this schedule, it is not necessary to let the baby sleep for more than 1 hour, otherwise it will be very late to lay down on a night's sleep.

For children with the owl biorhythm, a different schedule is possible. They wake up closer to 8 o'clock, and their daytime sleep begins at about one o'clock in the afternoon. In this case, the kids sleep almost 2-3 hours. This time they have enough to reach the night falling asleep. This mode is more harmonious, simple and easy for mom. But you can only expect it to 1 g. 3 months.

If you asked me: how much a child should sleep 1.3 years, then the most optimal would be a regime with 1 day sleep, which lasts 1.5-3 hours and then stays in the night around 19-21 hours.

  1. Night sleep of a child at the age of 1 year should last 10 - 11 hours,
  2. Ideal if laying time for a night's sleep will be until 21-00. This will provide a more sound sleep and a full night rest.
  3. With a two-day day rest, the mode can shift and the laying becomes later. In any case, before 22-00 the child should already be asleep,

Many parents try to raise a child in equal positions, and it happens that on the clock 23, 24, and even one in the morning - and the child is running around, playing and having fun. This happens at my neighbors from above, and every time I feel very sorry for the child, because the most full and restorative sleep occurs from 21-00 to 1 o'clock in the morning.

If a child falls asleep himself, then at night there are 1-2 awakenings (there may be nights without awakenings, but from the experience of my work, I can say that this is a great rarity)

Night awakenings always have their reasons:

  • night terrors
  • gnashing the teeth of a baby, if this is a problem of your baby, be sure to read the article Why does a child gnash his teeth in a dream? >>>
  • unsuitable sleeping conditions (stuffy, hot, noisy, etc.),
  • desire to go to the toilet,
  • hunger,
  • inability to sleep further on their own.

Scold the child for not sleeping in any way! Deal with the causes of frequent night awakenings is necessary and this is the task of the mother.

If a child falls asleep only with a breast or with motion sickness, then at night there can be a lot of nightly awakenings: from 3 to 15. Это ситуация, которая требует коррекции и детального разбора, который вы можете провести в рамках большого курса по сну ребенка: Как научить ребенка засыпать и спать без груди>>>

Норма сна для детей в зависимости от возраста

Новорожденные могут спать до 20 часов в день. Дело в том, что в течение первого месяца жизни в организме крохи происходят сложные процессы, на которые нужно много сил и энергии.

Норма сна изменяется по мере взросления ребенка:

  • 1 месяц — 15-18 ч (8-10 ч ночью и 6-9 ч днем, дневных снов — 3-4 или больше),
  • 2 месяца — 15–17 ч (8-10 ч ночью и 6-7 ч днем, 3-4 дневных сна),
  • 3 months - 14–16 h (9–11 h at night and 5 h during the day, 3-4 days of sleep),
  • 4-5 months - 15 hours (10 hours at night and 4-5 hours during the day, 3 daytime sleep),
  • 6-8 months - 14.5 hours (11 hours at night and 3.5 hours during the day, 2-3 days of sleep),
  • 9-12 months - 13.5–14 hours (11 hours at night and 2-3.5 hours during the day, 2 days of sleep),
  • 1-1.5 years - 13.5 hours (11-11.5 hours at night and 2-2.5 hours during the day, 1-2 days of sleep),
  • 1.5-2 years - 12.5–13 hours (10.5–11 hours at night and 1.5-2.5 hours during the day, 1 day’s sleep),
  • 2.5-3 years - 12 hours (10.5 hours at night and 1.5 hours during the day, 1 day’s sleep),
  • 4 years - 11.5 hours, baby’s sleep is not necessary anymore,
  • 5-6 years old - 11 hours, baby’s sleep is not necessary anymore,
  • 7-8 years old - 10.5 hours of night sleep
  • 9-10 years old - 9.5-10 hours of night sleep,
  • 11-12 years old - 9.5-10 hours of night sleep,
  • from 12 years old - 9-9.5 hours of night sleep.

Calculate how much your baby sleeps is easy. Note the time of his sleep for several days (without taking into account the time of lying in the crib and feeding). Then calculate the daily average.

As the baby matures, the duration of his healthy sleep decreases at night. Adults for good health enough to sleep for about 8 hours a day.

Until the age of 6 months, children fall asleep on walks, during feedings, in wheelchairs - in any place when they want to take a nap. After six months, some facts may already indicate that the child is not getting enough sleep:

  • the baby falls asleep in a car or wheelchair immediately after the start of the movement (such a dream is not healthy and of high quality - it is superficial and caused only by overwork, and after stopping the transport, the baby immediately wakes up)
  • in the morning, the child gets up later than 7.30 (in children, the biological clock is arranged so that it is best for them to wake up from 6 to 7.30 - in this case they will be asleep and in a good mood),
  • the baby wakes up regularly before 6 am (this also indicates problems with sleep and overwork, so it makes no sense to send the children to bed later, so that they get up later),
  • the baby constantly falls asleep and wakes up in tears (this is another evidence that the child is sent to bed and is not awakened when he needs).

Signs of lack of sleep are the same for young children and teenagers. They become irritable, show aggression and often act up. There is also chronic fatigue if the child can suddenly fall asleep or lie down during the day and sleep until the next morning.

Remember that a healthy sleep of the desired duration is not only important for the good mood of your child. He also contributes to the strengthening of immunity, harmonious development, improvement of physical abilities and intelligence.

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How to understand that the baby is not getting enough sleep?

Until the age of 6 months, children fall asleep on walks, during feedings, in wheelchairs - in any place when they want to take a nap. After six months, some facts may already indicate that the child is not getting enough sleep:

  • the baby falls asleep in a car or wheelchair immediately after the start of the movement (such a dream is not healthy and of high quality - it is superficial and caused only by overwork, and after stopping the transport, the baby immediately wakes up)
  • in the morning, the child gets up later than 7.30 (in children, the biological clock is arranged so that it is best for them to wake up from 6 to 7.30 - in this case they will be asleep and in a good mood),
  • the baby wakes up regularly before 6 am (this also indicates problems with sleep and overwork, so it makes no sense to send the children to bed later, so that they get up later),
  • the baby constantly falls asleep and wakes up in tears (this is another evidence that the child is sent to bed and is not awakened when he needs).

Signs of lack of sleep are the same for young children and teenagers. They become irritable, show aggression and often act up. There is also chronic fatigue if the child can suddenly fall asleep or lie down during the day and sleep until the next morning.

Remember that a healthy sleep of the desired duration is not only important for the good mood of your child. He also contributes to the strengthening of immunity, harmonious development, improvement of physical abilities and intelligence.

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Benefits of recreation

Good sleep is necessary for children at night for a variety of reasons:

  • Restoring the nervous system allows the baby to prepare for new impressions and the assimilation of information the next day,
  • With a normal duration of rest, in the first 2 hours a growth hormone is actively produced, which greatly affects physical development,
  • Nedosypy lead to tantrums, whims, reduced immunity - the child is much nervous and often sick.

In addition, the main development of a child up to one year passes during sleep, so it is very important to provide him with comfortable rest conditions — to establish normal temperature and humidity, choose comfortable pajamas and bedding, pre-ventilate the room for better access of oxygen.

Features of day and night sleep

The division of rest into night and daytime is relevant for children from 6 months to 6 years. Some children refuse additional sleep before others, and this is a variant of the norm - the main thing is that all of them go to the first grade to complete the transition to a night's sleep.

Every parent should know that night and daytime sleep have their own characteristics - preparation time, duration, etc. Following them will help organize the child the correct mode of the day and proper rest.

Night sleep

Scientists and pediatricians agree that children under 6 years old should be put to bed from 18:00 to 21:00. And there are a number of reasons for this:

  • Biological clocks indicate that it is time to sleep at night. The hormone melatonin, which is responsible for this process, begins to be produced from 6 pm. In the summer, it is recommended to hang dark curtains in the baby’s room to create an appropriate atmosphere.
  • The production of melatonin leads to a slight decrease in temperature, the general relaxation of the body - the ideal state for rapid sleep.
  • If a child does not sleep after 21:00, then instead of melatonin cortisol is produced, which is why the baby becomes more active - it will be a bit more difficult to put him to sleep under such conditions.

Some parents worry that if their child falls asleep ahead of time, for example, at 18:30, then getting up early in the morning is inevitable. In fact, do not worry about this. The same biological clock will give a signal to wake up when the room is already light, that is, not earlier than 5: 30-6: 00, and sometimes much later. The truth is to be prepared for the fact that with such a long night rest a siesta will be abandoned.

Daytime sleep

If a child gets up in the early morning, that is, from 6:00 to 8:00, he needs a nap in order to restore his physical and psychoemotional state. A short rest will have a positive effect on mental abilities - the baby will play more actively, calm in communication and open new impressions.

To adjust the mode, it is enough to follow simple rules:

  • At lunch, give food without fried and fatty dishes,
  • Be sure to include an active walk in the first half of the day,
  • At rest, you should provide a subdued light and a calm atmosphere.

The approximate duration of normal daytime sleep is 2-2.5 hours. However, if the baby does not want to fit, you do not need to force him. From about 2.5 years, there may be a refusal of additional rest - this is normal. Lack of sleep is compensated at night. In this case, it is recommended to organize a nightly rest earlier than usual - until seven o'clock in the evening.

Table: how much a child should sleep (in hours)

Sleep rates for children are set according to their age from the first days of life:

The baby usually sleeps constantly, waking up only for feeding, toilet and water procedures. The duration of one wake rarely exceeds 1 hour. However, during this period, parents have to deal with such problems as colic due to the formation of intestinal microflora. To avoid them, do not forget about the benefits of charging, light massage and feeding rates.

At this time, the baby is already beginning to consider and perceive the world around him - he responds to the voice of parents, can play with a rattle, listen to the sounds. Naturally, it becomes more interesting to stay awake than to sleep, especially since many modern parents practice swimming with a circle and gymnastics with a mother who is so popular with kids. In any case, the maximum break between holidays should not be more than two hours, otherwise you will have to face the whims and tantrums due to overwork.

At this age, children should sleep at least 14-17 hours. At the same time, a long nightly rest up to 10 hours and 1-2 days at regular intervals is clearly distinguished. In some babies, this same average figure is formed differently - they sleep up to 4 times a day, limited to 6 hours at night.

To organize a long day rest, you must stop falling asleep in the process of feeding and make preparations for rest in your own bed separately from parents. To facilitate this transition, you can hold the child by the hand and read him a book for the night.

During this period, there is a complete separation of prolonged nighttime and one-time daytime sleep. The long rest time is 10-12 hours, siesta accounts for another 2-4 hours.

Since from six months the babies begin to sit on their own, get up and walk, these reflexes can work during sleep. At the same time, the child who has not woken up yet will not understand why he stood up. Parents will have to be patient and put up a fidget every time with such a phenomenon - he will not be able to fall asleep again.

Active training for the pot coincides with the normalization of night sleep. At this time, a very important task falls on the shoulders of parents - developing a reflex to wake up to release the bladder at night. To do this, twice approximately at regular intervals, you need to carefully plant the child on the pot, making it clear that everything is good and he is safe. In the future, the baby will start waking up to go to the toilet if necessary.

The second task of caring father and mothers - to protect the child from falling from a height. It is time to lower the mattress in the crib to the lower level and organize a passage through which you can get out without risk to health. However, even with such measures, it is recommended to lay blankets, pillows or throw soft toys at night near the crib, just in case.

The period when it is time to abandon the children's safe bed with sides in favor of a more standard option. Many children begin to walk in the garden, which contributes to the formation of a normal mode. From the age of 3, many of them get up to the toilet even at night, and by the age of four they wake up in the morning on their own.

During this period, the total duration of sleep is 10–13 hours and may include a two-hour siesta.

Some children have a complete rejection of daytime sleep, others prefer to rest no more than 1.5-2 hours. The duration of a night's sleep is 12 hours. Closer to 6 years old, the baby is able to prepare for bed and sleep, but it is permissible to read a bedtime story.

At 7 years old - this is already a schoolboy, ready to stay awake for the “adult” regime. 12 hours of sleep will decrease with age to 7-9. Day rest is possible only if there are significant impressions or experiences, excitement. Parents note that children sleep after school when they meet a new teacher, if they have spoken in front of the whole class or even on a ruler - with time this passes.

Healthy sleep organization

Pediatricians have established a whole list of rules to be followed in order to organize the baby a full-fledged healthy rest:

  • It is permissible to fall asleep with the parent, but it is necessary to sleep separately, since microbes from adults with close prolonged contact are transmitted to their child. In addition, casual touch can frighten and negatively affect the unstable psyche.
  • Pajamas should be selected from organic cotton and fairly loose, but in size.
  • In warm weather, it is recommended to organize the flow of fresh air, for example, to open a window.
  • The latest bedtime for a preschooler is 8 pm, and for a younger student - 9 hours.
  • You can not frighten the child before the rest, as he may have nightmares, which will negatively affect the quality of sleep. We must always remember that the kids are very impressionable.
  • 2 hours before preparing for the night’s rest, you should stop watching cartoons and TV shows.
  • You can not give sedatives, as they disrupt the nervous system.

Parents of active children are recommended to walk 30-60 minutes before bedtime.

Signs of lack of sleep

When children become irritable, are naughty, often crying. This is very unnerving parents. But before you blame your child for this behavior, you need to find out its cause. Lack of sleep is a frequent factor in the onset of symptoms such as:

  • Fast falling asleep in vehicles, interrupted during a stop,
  • Getting up later than 7:30 am
  • Awakening earlier than 6 am
  • Laying and lifting are accompanied by tears.

Even if the baby is active, you can see signs of fatigue - circles around the eyes, yawning, rubbing the eyes with fists. With such symptoms, you should immediately put him to bed - only this way you can stabilize normal rest.

How much does a baby sleep in the first months of life?

To begin, let us tell you what is the rate of sleep of a child for months.

In the first month it is easier to say how long he is awake. Because a healthy child who is not disturbed at this time has only two regimes - food and sleep.

During the night, he sleeps about 8 to 10 hours. And during this time, he manages to wake up two or three times to get a good refill of mother's milk. He also sleeps 3-4 times during the day, and sometimes more. So if a child, who is not yet a month old, sleeps 15-18 hours a day, this is quite a normal indicator. Worse, if he sleeps much less - perhaps some kind of discomfort, pain or hunger prevents him. Be sure to consult a doctor so that he examines it. Sometimes the problem lies in the short bridle - the child can not fully suck the breast, eats very slowly, spending a lot of effort. As a result, he lacks sleep, which affects his nervous system.

In two months the situation is almost the same. The child can sleep for 15-17 hours. But for some time he is already looking around, studying the world around him. Although his main activities are still sleep and food.

By three months, the picture changes slightly. In general, the baby sleeps about 14-16 hours per day. Of these, 9-11 fall at night. During the day he sleeps 3-4 times. He has been spending quite a lot of time not only for food, but also simply by examining the world around him, licking his fingers and any objects that he can stick in his mouth, makes various sounds, smiles.

We consider sleep up to a year

Now we will try to learn the norms of sleep and wakefulness of a child under one year old.

The time spent on sleep is reduced gradually, but constantly. From 4 to 5 months, children sleep around 15 hours at night, and during the day, another 4-5 hours, dividing this time into 3-4 periods.

From 6 to 8 months, a little less is allocated for sleep - 14-14.5 hours (approximately 11 at night and 3-3.5 in the afternoon). The child sits confidently, crawls, studies the world around him in every way, actively eats various foods, although the mother's milk remains the basis of the diet.

Further, if you talk about the sleep norms of children under one year by months, there should be a period from 8 to 12 months. At night, the child still sleeps 11 hours (plus or minus thirty minutes). But during the day it goes to bed only a couple of times, and the length of each session of sleep is not too great - from 1 to 2 hours. In total, it accumulates about 13-14 hours per day - it is quite enough for the growing organism to have a good rest, to charge with energy and successfully develop in all respects.

Baby up to 3 years

Now that you know the sleep norms of children under the age of months, you can move on to the next item.

In two years, the child sleeps at night about 12-13 hours. There may be two daytime sleep sessions, but most often the children are limited to one, usually before lunch or immediately after it - and relatively few sleep, rarely more than 1.5-2 hours. Which is understandable - the body is already a bit stronger, and around there are a lot of toys with which you can have a great time while actively developing.

By three years, night sleep is reduced to 12 hours. There is only one daytime sleep, it is advisable to adjust it to the after dinner period, so that the child does not run on a full stomach, but calmly sleep, assimilating the substances received during the meal. Sleep during the day is already quite short - about 1 hour, rarely one and a half.

And older

At four years old and older, the child is already quite strong, he does not need as much sleep as before. In addition, there are various options for development. Yes, and one month does not play such a role as in infancy, when the child and his requests change surprisingly quickly.

For example, some children aged 4 to 7 years old feel best if they sleep during the night of 10-11 hours and do not take a daily break for sleep at all. Another such schedule does not fit - in the middle of the day they become lethargic, do not want to play, act up until they fall asleep for at least an hour. Зато благодаря такому перерыву ночной сон сокращается до 9-10 часов.

From 7 to 10 years, children almost never go to bed during the day, if they have enough sleep at night - this period should be at least 10-11 hours.

By 10-14 years old, the child was already very close to an adult. Therefore, he usually sleeps 9-10 hours.

Finally, after fourteen years, he ceases to be a child, becoming a teenager, and in some cases an adult. Here, first of all, individual needs enter into business. Some adults have enough 7 hours to sleep, while others can work productively only if they spend 9-10 hours a day in bed.

So that each parent can easily remember these data, we indicate the sleep norms of children in the table below.

How to calculate how much a baby sleeps

Many practical parents add time for a child to rest on home-made tables. Sleep rates of children were presented above. With such data, you can determine how well and harmoniously the child develops.

Start such a table can be from the first days of life. Just write down how much he fell asleep, how much he woke up, and then sum up the results and compare with the data above.

The main thing is to accurately determine the compliance of the mode of the day of his offspring with the norms of the sleep of children under one year old. The table needs to be maintained not one day, but at least a week, and better two. In this case, you can determine exactly how much an average child sleeps per day. After all, there is always the possibility that the child was frightened by an extraneous sound, or that he simply had a stomach ache from something, which prevents him from sleeping peacefully. But having data for a considerable period of time, you get the most accurate result.

And here it is desirable to avoid rounding. The child slept in the afternoon 82 minutes? So write down, not limited to the vague wording "one and a half hours." Losing 10-15 minutes in each session of day and night sleep, you can easily miscalculate for an hour and a half, and this is an extremely serious error that will necessarily affect the reliability of the observations.

Also, many parents are interested in the pulse rate in children in a dream. In fact, this figure can vary considerably even in one child - from 60 to 85 beats per minute. It depends on the position of the body, the presence of diseases, the phase of sleep (fast or deep) and other factors. So in a quarter of an hour such drops are quite possible - there is no need to worry about this.

Is it always necessary to meet the standard

Some people are very concerned about the rate of sleep of the child by age. After scrupulous calculations, it turns out that their child is not getting enough sleep (or vice versa, pouring) an hour, or even two. Of course, this can cause panic.

However, in reality, there is no cause for concern in most cases. The main thing - watch how the child behaves after waking up. If he is fresh, cheerful, with pleasure plays, reads, draws and walks, and eats well in due time, then everything is in order. Remember - first of all, the dream should satisfy the needs of the child, and not the tables compiled by experts for "average" children.

Watch what a child breathes in a dream - the norm is 20-30 breaths per minute in children under 3 years old, about 12-20 in adolescents. And breathing should be smooth, calm, without sobs and groans.

So if the child feels comfortable with the sleep mode chosen by him, it’s not worth worrying.

How important is sleep?

But this point should be studied more closely. Everyone knows about the importance of sleep, but very few people can unequivocally say what threatens chronic sleep deprivation in childhood and adolescence.

To begin with, children who sleep less than 7-8 hours are usually in worse physical condition. They get tired faster, unable to withstand significant loads.

In addition, it affects the intellectual abilities. Suffer memory, intelligence, ability to analyze the given facts. And the worst thing is that even if the sleep is restored with age, and the person will sleep as long as necessary, the missed opportunities will not return - if the potential inherent in the child is not revealed at the right time, then it will never be revealed.

Of course, harm to lack of sleep and the nervous system. Adults who slept little or poorly in childhood become more fearful, unsure of themselves, more often fall into depression, are subject to stress.

So the importance of the child's sleep rate is simply impossible to overestimate.

What determines the duration of sleep

As you have noticed, one child needs 15 hours a day for a healthy sleep, while his peer needs 12-13.

This is due to different factors. First of all - the fortress of sleep. After all, if you sleep in a dark room, in comfort and silence, you can sleep in a shorter period than in a noisy room, which is relatively brightly lit, on an uncomfortable bed.

Heredity also plays a role. If the parents have enough 6-7 hours of sleep to feel great, we should expect that the child will eventually get closer to these indicators.

Finally, lifestyle is very important. It is quite clear that a child visiting a couple of sports sections and spending a huge amount of energy will sleep longer (and, we note, stronger - which has a positive effect on the nervous system) than his peer, who spends the whole day at the computer.

What time to lay the child

Another important question is how to choose the best sleep schedule. In infancy, the child often confuses day and night. He can sleep through all daylight hours and play or just mumble, look around all night long. But with age, he enters into a certain schedule - it largely depends on the parents.

Experts believe that it is better for a child, like any person, to go to bed early and get up early. As practice shows, people who go to bed at 9 pm and wake up at 5-6 in the morning are distinguished by increased efficiency, do not get tired any longer, have an excellent memory. So if there is an opportunity, try to adjust the schedule of the child under such a regime. Of course, this will also require parents to change their habitual way of life.

Do I need medicines?

And here you can definitely say no. The child is a tool with a surprisingly flexible setting. And any medications, even those that, according to doctors, are harmless, can cause great harm to his health.

If a child is often upset and crying over trifles, he gets sleepy, then just give him the opportunity to get enough sleep. Sometimes the reason for lack of sleep is scandals in the family - try to protect children from this terrible side of adulthood.

The child sleeps less than peers, but at the same time he feels great, is not inferior to friends in physical and intellectual development? It means that one should not worry at all - all the processes in the body go on normally, and the son or daughter just sleep as much as they need. Any attempts to adjust the established schedule will bring only unnecessary problems.

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