Smoking is one of the pernicious and hazardous health addictions, which, unfortunately, has already “captured” the vast majority of the inhabitants of the planet. Many smokers want to get rid of the deadly habit, but they cannot do it on their own. After all, tobacco smoking is a real addiction based on the physical and mental level.
Scientists from various fields come to the rescue, who annually replenish the pharmaceutical market with numerous drugs that help quit smoking. But some lovers of smoking prefer one fashion gadget - electronic cigarettes. And how does the electronic cigarette affect health, on this topic, since the creation of the smoking device, there are endless disputes.
What do the doctor's say
The opinion of medical professionals about the use of electronic cigarettes is ambiguous. One part of the doctors is positive about vaping, stating that this smoking gadget:
- Much safer for both users and others.
- Helps to quit regular smoking, with the condition of transition to the use of non-nicotine mixtures.
Opponents claim that the effect of an electronic cigarette on the human body is a threat to his health. The opponents of soaring are based on the study of the composition of the smoking mixture, which includes various substances, some of which are classified as unsafe for humans..
The official position of representatives of the World Health Organization (WHO) on the use of electronic cigarettes is still at a neutral level.
This new product in the world of smoking is still too few years to draw definite conclusions and the benefits or harm of the gadget. It takes time to get any verdicts from scientists. Therefore, arguing about the dangers of this smoking device, you will have to arm yourself with the facts that are already known.
How does the ES
The action of the electronic smoking device can be attributed to the work of a miniature inhaler. During the operation of the ES, liquid evaporates from the cartridge built into the devices. Produced by steam and inhaled by the user. Components of aromatic and rich evaporation perfectly mimic the process of classical smoking.
But unlike a real smoker, a viper exhales a safe compound of carbon dioxide and water vapor into the surrounding space. This is an absolute plus of electronic cigarettes - they are completely safe for others and do not carry the effect of "passive smoking."
Passive smoking is the process of inhaling carcinogenic tobacco smoke by a person who is in close proximity to a smoker.
The harm from passive smoking has long been studied and proven. A person, inhaling smoke while smoking, receives the same dose of shock poisons as he does when using cigarettes.. That is why smoking in public places is now strictly prohibited. And what exactly vaper soar? The fluid in ES gadgets may differ in ingredients and consistency. It consists of up to five of the following components:
- Propylene glycol.
- Distilled water.
Considering the composition of this mixture, you can make another plus in support of the electronic cigarette. In comparison with tobacco smoke, the vapor from the ES does not contain carcinogenic tar and toxic products formed during the combustion of cigarettes. But is everything so rosy with soaring? Let's take a closer look at the composition of the slurry.
Properties of the mixture for electronic cigarettes
The ingredients in the vaping mix may vary and vary in composition. For example, to be with different flavors, strong nicotine additives or do not contain nicotine at all, more saturated and strong, or soft and delicate in effect.
This component is used to form steam, while softening its taste. The composition of the batch glycerin can be included in the proportion of 0-90%. The greater the concentration of the glycerol compound in the mixture, the more viscous and thick the resulting steam will be.
Glycerin is a completely harmless additive to the human body. It is actively used in various industries: food, cosmetic. But doctors still declare that being in the composition of the smoking mixture, glycerin, which enters the body in the form of steam, also brings some troubles. In particular:
- sore throat,
- skin dehydration
- dry nose and mouth mucosa.
The fact is that this substance is famous for its high level of hydration. Therefore, soaring can provoke exacerbations of certain diseases associated with a disorder of the kidneys.
It has already been established that when large amounts of water are included in the slurry, glycerin begins to produce a strong carcinogen, acrolein. This substance belongs to the class I of hazardous compounds. This poison causes severe irritation of the mucous and respiratory tract.
It is necessary to improve the dissolution of a variety of additional additives that make up the mixture. Also, its task is to create a sensation of classical smoking while soaring - propylene glycol acts annoyingly on human receptors.
Propylene glycol - dihydric alcohol. It is known under the guise of the food additive E1520 and belongs to the kind of solvents.
It is a colorless, sweetish liquid. Being in the composition of the slurry, this compound accelerates the ingress of nicotine into the lungs of the bathers due to its active liquefaction. The composition of the smoking mixture, it can be in the range of 0-80%. Is it dangerous for the human body?
Once in the lungs, propylene glycol is rapidly absorbed into the blood and is broken down into lactic acid. Inveterate athletes know that lactic acid is the main cause of unpleasant muscle spasms and painful sensations that come after training..
But in order to achieve this effect from soaring, you should use electronic cigarettes for a very long time, steaming them without interruption. So it is possible to speak with full confidence about the safety of propylene glycol when using an ES.
It is used to dilute the smoking mixture and give it the desired consistency. It is especially important when mixing glycerin and propylene glycol. May be included in the slush in the range of 0-20%.
Nicotine supplement is considered optional. Manufacturers can create different mixtures of nicotine content. Depending on this, smoking mixtures are divided into several classes. They are as follows:
- non-nicotine (0 mg),
- ultralight (3-6 mg),
- lightweight (6-12 mg),
- strong (12-18 mg),
- heavy (18-24 mg).
Nicotine belongs to narcotic substances and with its regular use causes persistent dependence in a person. This alone calls into question the harmlessness of the electronic smoking gadget.
Do not forget that the lethal dose of nicotine for humans is about 100 mg.
And his long-term entry into the human body causes a lot of unpleasant consequences. For example:
- angina pectoris,
- heart failure,
- ischemia and infarction,
- tachycardia and arrhythmia (heart rhythm disorder),
- hyperglycemia (increased concentration of glucose in the blood).
For physicians, the data on the inclusion of the smoking mixture for vaperets raises many questions. Indeed, flavors produced by various manufacturers do not have the necessary documentation confirming their safety.
And what is included in them, remains on the conscience of manufacturers. Although it is claimed that these substances are made exclusively from herbal, natural additives, this statement is not supported by anything. And does not exclude the possibility of adding various harmful carcinogens to aroma compounds. Classify all types of flavors in the following positions:
- Tobacco. Possessing a large range of flavors, as accurately as possible conveying a sense of classic smoking.
- Berry / fruit. For lovers of delicate fruit and berry aromas. Experts advise when refusing to use conventional smoking such mixtures.
- Taste famous drinks. Aromatic tea, invigorating coffee, tonic Coca-Cola, the sweetness of various cocktails - all of these flavors are now available for voupres.
- Exotic. This includes all the unusual flavoring flavors. Do you want to raise the slurry with the taste of bacon, fried chicken, kebabs, cheese or chocolate? Please, this will help you and some unusual mixture of its content.
Experts advise to minimize the potential harm from the use of electronic cigarettes, armed with liquids with a minimum concentration of nicotine and reduced inclusion of flavors in the liquid (and ideally do without them).
How does an electronic cigarette affect the human body?
Despite all the beliefs and compelling arguments of manufacturers who declare complete safety of electronic cigarettes for health, we should not forget that these smoking gadgets are primarily commercial. These devices have not been studied and approved by WHO.
In addition, the already confirmed fact that hover causes psychological dependence does not disappear anywhere.. Therefore, replacing conventional smoking with vaping is not particularly effective when trying to quit smoking. Especially, given the presence of nicotine in some smoking mixtures.
How can you describe the harm from soaring, which is difficult to argue with, especially knowing the composition of the mixture? These are the following negative points:
- loss of appetite,
- trouble sleeping
- drop in emotional background
- decrease in the immune qualities of the body,
- significant decrease in the level of oxygen in the blood,
- high probability of the appearance of various pathologies of the bronchopulmonary system,
- dependence formed on the psychological, and in some cases (when using nicotine mixes) and on the physical plane,
- the probability of poisoning the body with nicotine is high, because the vaper, being confident in the safety of his occupation, can exceed the dose of soaring many times.
It is clear that manufacturers are interested in increasing the number of sales and, accordingly, spend big money on an advertising campaign for their products. Therefore, it is natural that information about the dangers of electronic smoking gadgets does not apply, but their safety is said a lot and often.
ES and male power
Is there any negative effect of electronic cigarettes on the potency? Representatives of the strong half pay increased attention to this issue, because the realities of the harsh modern life are such that the health problem of the reproductive system becomes quite urgent.
Most urologists are categorical in their judgments about the use of EC and do not advise men to get involved in them.. This statement concerns the use of a mixture with nicotine additives. In this case, the toxic compound safely penetrates the human body and begins its destructive activity.
Therefore, it is also better for men and women to stop using nicotine mixtures, as well as aromatic additives as part of ES. Well, ideally, not to engage in vaping at all. At least until electronic cigarettes and their health effects are studied properly.
What is present in the electronic cigarette
In fact, active smoking of a smoking e-system is inhalation, when a smoker inhales fluid vapor, which is filled with a replaceable cartridge or a special container (depending on the type of electronic smoking system). Therefore, it is often enough to study the effect of electronic cigarettes on health through such liquids. It usually consists of four components:
- glycerol - used in medicine, food industry alcohol, which is necessary to give a fluid a certain viscosity,
- propylene glycol - playing the role of a special solvent, a fairly harmless food additive,
- nicotine - while in such devices used medical purified version of the substance.
The first three components are necessary to give the "smoking" liquid a certain aroma, consistency. These nutritional supplements are quite familiar to the human body, without undermining its health. Although the effect of electronic cigarettes on health in the context of these substances is poorly studied because of the relatively short periods of active human use of such gadgets. It is known that in some cases, these supplements can cause all sorts of allergic reactions of varying severity.
A key component of liquids for such devices is nicotine. Here it has the strongest effect on the human body. Active smokers suffer at the physiological level depending on this particular poison. It is widely believed that the effect of an electronic cigarette on a person is safer than with regular smoking. Upon receipt of a “portion” of nicotine through such a device, there are no poisons released during combustion that are present in tobacco smoke (formaldehyde, hydrocyanic acid, cyanide, carbon monoxide). It can be said that, in general, smoking e-systems has its own advantages and exceptional disadvantages for the human body.
Main properties of smoking liquid components
Glycerol - alcohol, necessary for achievement of a certain level of viscosity of liquid. This substance is actively used by the food, cosmetic industry, while the body is considered harmless.
Flavors - subdivided into natural or artificial. The main task of these substances is to make the process of smoking electronic devices as similar as possible to using traditional cigarettes. In really high-quality cartridges, mixtures, they are harmless to the body. However, the influence of electronic cigarette fluids on the body, where there is no absolute confidence in the quality of flavors, can be very negative.
Propylene glycol - used as a solvent alcohol, which improves the process of transfer to the lungs of nicotine. Similarly, glycerol is a food additive, which is still considered harmless to the body. But in some people it can cause a variety of allergic reactions, actively irritate the respiratory tract. If such negative reactions are detected, it is worthwhile to choose liquids where propylene glycol is absent.
Nicotine - alkaloidwhich is an exceptionally poisonous substance. Of course, there is nothing more useful in it than in ordinary tobacco mixtures for smoking. They also suppress the cardiovascular, nervous systems, cause similar serious diseases, and addiction arises. At the same time, e-systems use medical purified nicotine.
Harmful substances in standard cigarettes much more. Thus, only carcinogens in the human body from one puff enters about 70 species. In tobacco smoke, there are arsenic, and prussic acid, and styrene, and a huge amount of other toxic substances. In the case of combination with resins, such carcinogens and nicotine actively provoke the development of serious oncological diseases of the respiratory system and stomach. Therefore, the opinion of doctors on the health effects of electronic cigarettes, which contain nicotine, is definitely negative.
The active impact of electronic cigarettes
When smoking electronic devices there is no hot, toxic tobacco smoke. For the health of the smoker, this is a big plus. After switching to e-gadgets, the receptors of smell and taste are restored with time from ordinary smoking. Therefore, a person begins to feel better smells, more acutely feel the taste. In this regard, the effect of the electronic cigarette on the human body is positive. By the way, quite a few smokers do not eat breakfast in the mornings precisely because of problems with taste buds, and the restoration of taste sensations returns the morning appetite.
Smokers who have a long history of dyspnea are always present, and the cough also gradually disappears. Hence, the effect on the lungs of electronic cigarettes can also be called positive. This is due to the fact that the body begins to cleanse itself of carcinogens, resins. It is also useful for the lungs that the vapor from electronic devices is not hot, respectively, not burning tissue.
Hypertensive patients who have switched to the use of e-cigarettes, there is a relative normalization of pressure, and in those prone to meteosensitivity, their headaches improve somewhat. By the way, for those who are interested in whether smoking of electronic cigarettes affects teeth, it will be interesting to learn that this transition has a cosmetic effect - a yellow bloom gradually disappears from the teeth, and the nails also brighten.
After such clarifications, it seems that if a person does not have plans to completely get rid of the habit of smoking, modern smoking electronic systems are the best option, because they have enough health benefits. But there is a downside to this effect on the body. В определенном смысле они, напротив, усугубляют наличествующую зависимость, доводя употребляемые человеком объемы никотина до невероятно высоких значений. В этом отношении влияние электронных сигарет на здоровье – негативно.
The point is that smoking through electronic devices and conventional cigarettes are significantly different. The absence of hot tobacco smoke, the presence of a weaker or generally flavored pleasant smell subjectively make e-cigarettes less "strong" compared to normal ones. This affects the increase in the smoker consumed dose. In addition, the amount of nicotine indicated on the packaging is not always true. Very often in smoking fluids it is much more than what is indicated. And increasing the dose of nicotine significantly increases dependence, destructively affecting the health of the smoker. So the direct impact of electronic cigarettes on the nervous system can lead to its paralysis until the onset of death.
Passive smoking of modern electronic devices
With a smoker there are always people nearby who, willy-nilly, are also involved in the process of active smoking. The use of electronic smoking systems does not annoy others as much as the unpleasant smell of cigarettes. It also does not harm tobacco toxic fumes. But it was found that nicotine fumes are able to settle, accumulate on the surfaces of windows, walls, walls, furniture, and other objects when an electronic cigarette is used indoors. Thus, passive smokers can not only inhale, let them use aromatic steam, where nicotine is present, and harm their health. Now it is not clear the real impact of electronic cigarettes on health through such a "nicotine plaque" on the premises.
What is contained in a liquid?
The process of steam generation will not happen without liquid. It is not included in the set of vape (electronic cigarette), is purchased, like all the other consumables separately. The substance for electronic cigarettes is of two types: nicotine-containing and nicotine-free.
The composition of the fluid for vaper includes:
- Glycerin is a colorless and thick liquid that is odorless and colorless. Component mandatory for soaring, its share is up to 80% of the total. The component is the basis of steam, the larger its composition, the thicker the steam.
- Propylene glycol is a non-toxic solvent. The substance allows you to create a feeling of puffing, as with ordinary smoking, due to the fact that its density is several times less than the density of water. If the amount of propylene glycol in the composition exceeds the amount of glycerin, then the stronger will feel the stronger the difference.
- Distilled water - is involved in the evaporation process, is not more than 20%.
- Dyes. They give the fluid a variety of colors.
- Flavoring agents are chemical compounds used in the food industry. Can be synthetic and natural. Used to create taste.
- Nicotine - is part of nicotine-containing liquids. The strength of the liquid depends on the percentage of its content. The strength of nicotine content: light (6-8mg / ml), medium strength (11-12 mg / ml), strong (16-18 mg / ml) and very strong (22-24 mg / ml).
The taste of tobacco, while steaming liquids, is not a taste of nicotine, but a synthetic flavor. In fact, the presence or absence of tobacco taste is not an indication of the nicotine content in the liquid.
What is the electronic cigarette
Harm from evaporation of steam for a human body
Vape is the main competitor of regular cigarettes. This raises a logical question - how much harm does the body cause in comparison with a cigarette.
Official organizations first spoke about the dangers of e-cigarettes in 2008. The World Health Organization has made a statement that there is no scientific justification for the claims of suppliers of vapers about the effectiveness of an electronic cigarette in therapy aimed at quitting tobacco smoking.
In 2014, WHO, in its report, presented a number of theses emphasizing the dangers of electronic cigarettes for the human body:
- It is required to establish a ban on the uncontrolled sale of liquids with different taste properties in order to reduce the attractiveness of electronic cigarettes.
- Not found a sufficient amount of evidence that wipes eliminate nicotine addiction.
- It is necessary to apply the same restrictions to steam generators as to other tobacco products in advertising, distribution and use.
- Required to prevent smoking among adolescents. The popularity of electronic cigarettes in the adolescent environment is extremely high, which has a negative impact on health.
After testing, 19 types of cartridges (NJoy and Smoking Everywhere brands) provided information that as a result of smoking cigarettes with liquid, a person uses carcinogens that they contain, which is harmful to health. . However, the content of these substances is 1000 times less than that of tobacco products.
In addition to the shortcomings of an electronic cigarette declared by official organizations, there are also obvious ones that do not require thorough tests and studies. Nicotine adversely affects the cardiovascular system, leading to the development of fatal diseases. Beznikotinovye mixture does not cause such effects. In addition, they do not harm the skin of the face without accelerating the aging process, as normal cigarettes do.
The device is a fire hazard. It works on a lithium-ion battery, which in some cases is capable of igniting, especially with poor quality of manufacture or improper operation. Obviously what harm such devices with liquid can do.
For fillers of electronic cigarettes, there are no rigid norms and standards of production. For this reason, the substance may contain impurities that are harmful to the smoker. The amount of nicotine often does not coincide with the stated, which makes it even more toxic and dangerous to use.
Poisoning when steaming vape occurs due to the large suction area that vapor covers in the lungs and in cases where the liquid is inhaled directly, without forming vapor. This occurs in low-quality devices, in which the substance does not completely evaporate, but contains the liquid itself in the produced steam.
Impact on the health and psyche of adolescents
The electronic cigarette among teenagers is considered a fashionable and modern attribute. The marketing policy of manufacturers of vap is based on the statement that it is absolutely safe. Attracts young smokers and a huge selection of models of electronic cigarettes and a variety of flavors of liquids for soaring.
The desire of adolescents to be “adults”, to comply with fashion trends and to be “the coolest” encourages them to use electronic cigarettes, thereby adding to the ranks of smokers. The harm of an electronic cigarette to adolescent health is both dependent on nicotine, harmful to the body, and psychological attachment to the process itself, which is the greatest danger to the weak, fragile psyche of a teenager. Even if the child did not smoke earlier tobacco products, soaring vape may form his nicotine addiction.
Is there any benefit?
Vaping, like smoking, is an addiction. The benefits of soaring are considered only in comparing the advantages of an electronic cigarette with traditional tobacco products.
The liquid of the vap formed from the steam contains less harmful substances in comparison with the burning products of tobacco. The composition of the usual cigarettes include hundreds of carcinogens, the tobacco itself is very often of very low quality. The substance for vape contains only a few components - glycerin, propylene glycol, water and, optionally, nicotine.
Hovering of non-nicotine-containing fluids does not cause physiological addiction, dependence. There is no unpleasant tobacco smell from the mouth, hands, hair and clothes.
Review of smokers reviews
Most often, an electronic cigarette is used as an alternative to the usual and as a way to quit smoking. Most users do not see the harm in their habit and say that there is an obvious benefit: vape solved the problem of unpleasant taste in the mouth, which remains after smoking tobacco, and also speak positively that the unpleasant smell from clothes disappeared.
When switching from ordinary cigarettes to vapes, the frequency of soaring for the first few weeks is as high as with regular smoking, later on it decreases from several times a day to occasional use.
People who have replaced tobacco with an electronic cigarette notice an improvement in their physical condition. According to them, shortness of breath is reduced, the morning cough disappears, pressure normalizes and the quality of sleep improves.
Negative reviews are left by users who decide to quit smoking, but who have not achieved the desired result. In this context, the device itself is not characterized as harmful or poor quality. To a large extent, these reviews are emotional, not constructive.
What is electronic cigarettes
Electronic cigarettes are used as a way to stop or reduce smoking. Vapses, or electronic cigarettes, are acquired by millions of people in all countries of the world. The first time they were released in 2004 in the Chinese market.
An electronic cigarette looks like a long pipe, shaped like a regular cigarette, cigar, pipe or pen. Many of them are reusable, with refillable and replaceable cartridges, but some devices are disposable.
For the first time, the patent application for “cigarettes with tobacco but no smoke” was filed in 1963 by Herbert A. Gilbert, but the modern device did not appear on the market until 2003.
Vape in the form in which it is known by the majority was invented by pharmacist Hon Lik from China, an employee of Golden Dragon Holdings. The manufacturer began to export the product to international markets in the mid-2000s.
The device and the principle of operation of electronic cigarettes
Most electronic cigarettes have the following design:
- cartridge or mouthpiece,
- a heating element,
- rechargeable battery
- electronic circuits.
The principle of operation of the electronic cigarette is as follows. When a smoker uses a mouthpiece, the sensor triggers a heating element that evaporates the liquid aroma solution in the mouthpiece. After that, the consumer inhales the solution in the form of an aerosol.
The concentration of nicotine can vary from zero to fairly high levels (24–36 mg per ml).
The mouthpiece looks like a cartridge that is attached to the end of the tube. A small plastic bowl in it holds the material with absorbing properties, which is impregnated with a liquid solution. If necessary, the cartridge can be filled or replaced.
The atomizer is an element that warms the fluid, triggering its evaporation. After that, the liquid can be inhaled.
A heating element is fed from the battery. As a rule, it is a rechargeable lithium-ion battery.
The sensor starts the heater when the consumer uses the product. In the activated state, the LED may be displayed.
The composition of the liquid in electronic cigarettes
A liquid, also called e-juice or e-liquid, is obtained by extracting nicotine from tobacco and mixing it with a base (most often propylene glycol) and some kind of flavoring. Propylene glycol is a substance that, due to its properties, is used in inhalers (most often to relieve asthma attacks). There is a large selection of flavors - from menthol and chocolate to exotic combinations.
Some of them, such as the composition of menthol with tobacco, are similar to traditional cigarettes. Manufacturers of certain devices even claim to mimic the flavor of specific cigarette brands.
The benefits of electronic cigarettes
Despite the regulation of the circulation of devices, as well as the adoption of laws restricting their use in public, many believe that the benefits of electronic cigarettes far outweigh the potential harm. To confirm these views, numerous studies are conducted on the health effects of electronic cigarettes.
According to the results of one of them, people who switched from ordinary cigarettes to electronic cigarettes had a lower level of carcinogens in the body than those who continued to smoke.
The researchers further concluded that nicotine use was not greater than when smoking conventional cigarettes, and “there is a very low risk” associated with long-term use of devices.
The same results were not achieved in people who used the wipes in the traditional version. Their level of carcinogens in body fluids was the same as if they continued to smoke only tobacco.
Meanwhile, other studies have disputed the opinion that e-cigarettes do not make it easier to quit smoking. When tested with the participation of 7,551 smokers, it was found that the devices helped 18% of the subjects to successfully quit tobacco, which is almost three times the rate observed among quitters under normal conditions. Thus, the beneficial properties and the positive effect of electronic cigarettes can be considered quite proven.
What are dangerous electronic cigarettes?
While the "electronic" distributed among those who want to quit smoking, there is increasing evidence of the property of vaping to bring harm. What are the benefits and harms of electronic cigarettes with liquid?
Most wipes contain addictive nicotine and provoke changes in the brain. This is especially harmful during pregnancy, because it has the ability to influence the development of the fetus.
Steam contains fragrances, solvents and other substances that can cause health damage.
Vapes deliver various substances to the respiratory organs. The most important of them - Dietsetil, causing severe and irreversible lung disease. Accidental ingestion of cigarette fluid can cause fatal poisoning.
The dangerous properties of the device include the fact that people who are trying to quit smoking, will no longer resort to the usual methods controlled by doctors if they vape regularly. Due to addiction, it is unlikely that users of these products will stop smoking altogether. At the same time, there is evidence that the influence of electronic cigarettes on adolescents is particularly negative.
Are Nicotine-Free Electronic Cigarettes Harmful?
Discussions around electronic cigarettes and other smoking devices tend to focus on nicotine, which is addictive and carries other health risks. But what about the options without nicotine? Many users believe that if you stick to non-nicotine products, you can breathe in harmless water vapor. Do such wipes really have useful properties and are they capable of causing harm?
The truth is that the chemical components contained in e-cigarette fluids, flavors and aerosols are not safe. Large amounts of these compounds can cause serious health damage, including cancer, lung diseases, and heart disease.
The properties of these evaporators are such that hazardous substances accumulate in the body. One study showed that some e-cigarettes release formaldehyde when heated and inhaled.
According to some data, inhalation of a non-nicotine solution from wipes can cause respiratory diseases. For example, diacetyl is a harmless chemical that is added to foods to produce an oily taste. But when heated and then inhaled, it causes a disease like bronchiolitis.
Diacetyl and other chemical flavors contained in the liquid can be considered safe for ingestion in small quantities, but are dangerous when deep and repeated inhalation into the lungs.
Vape contains a cartridge with a liquid, commonly known as e-liquid, which consists of nicotine and flavors dissolved in propylene glycol and glycerin. It is heated using a battery-powered evaporator and turns into vapor, which is inhaled by the consumer.
Glycerin in electronic cigarettes is not dangerous, but in high concentrations it can cause vomiting, upset stools, dizziness, tachycardia and other negative consequences.
In another study on the health benefits and risks of electronic cigarettes, 40 reagents included in products were analyzed. Toxic substances were found in them, regardless of the nicotine content. Apparently, this is due to the large number and concentration of chemicals used in flavors.
Although the toxicity of vape liquids varies by brand and taste, a number of studies have shown the greatest potential harm to health products with cinnamon flavor.
Regardless of the level of nicotine, there is a good reason to worry about the effects of toxic chemicals contained in devices whose properties can not be called useful.
What does science say
Unfortunately, most studies on the use of electronic cigarettes are not consistent with the basic requirements of the methodology. Имеется всего несколько реальных исследований специалистами, которые проверяли влияние электронной сигареты на сердце, а также здоровье в общем.
Considering the many methodological problems, a relatively small amount of research, conflicts of interest, inconsistencies and contradictions in the available results, as well as a lack of long-term observations, today it is impossible to confirm the safety of using electronic cigarettes.
Quite a large number of studies on a variety of topics, including the impact of the process of smoking electronic cigarettes on the thyroid gland, were organized by manufacturers of such devices or with their direct support. Accordingly, such studies can not be called absolutely true and confirmed. In addition, the most sad aspect of the use of e-cigarettes is the lack of sufficient information, especially about the effects of electronic cigarettes on health in the long term. At the same time you need to know that a number of research procedures in certain brands of smoking fluid were found all sorts of carcinogenic substances.
In addition, one of the most serious difficulties in studying the effect of electronic cigarettes on the potency, other systems of the body is an incredible number of varieties of these devices. Therefore, it is very difficult to extend the results of research procedures with one instrument to the whole range of other brands.
In general, the active smoking of electronic cigarettes is a more benign option for maintaining the existing nicotine addiction. When smoking, their effect on the body is not so dangerous, so in case of careful observance of the correct dosage, smokers really begin to feel somewhat better. However, 10 years is a relatively short period in order to study in detail the effect of electronic cigarettes on health, to assess their danger.
Therefore, it is not yet possible to indicate what the long-term consequences of such smoking will be. In any case, nicotine is poison, incredibly dangerous for the human body. Therefore, you should not use an electronic cigarette as a "useful" alternative to smoking.
Why are electronic cigarettes more harmful than regular cigarettes?
By objective indicators, that is, by the presence of carcinogens, combustion products and toxic substances, the question that an electronic cigarette is more harmful than a regular cigarette has a definite answer. Hovering (to call the use of this device by smoking technically incorrect) destroys health less than smoking. Fans of electronic cigarettes consume nicotine in its pure form, without the accompanying harmful substances emitted by smoldering tobacco and paper.
In this seeming harmlessness of an electronic cigarette its main harm is hidden.
- Firstly, a person practicing soaring liquids with nicotine, gets the same dependence as a smoker of conventional cigarettes. In this regard, vape fashion is equivalent to smoking fashion in the 20th century.
- Secondly, realizing that there is no tobacco and paper in the vaporizer, people do not take into account that certain additives are present there. All the consequences of smoking electronic cigarettes have not been studied by anyone, but some diseases caused by the soaring process have already been identified by doctors. For example popcorn disease.
Is smoking electronic cigarettes harmful to others?
The principle of operation of the vaporizer does not imply burning and emission into the surrounding space of its products. But this does not completely solve the problem of "passive smoking". The harm of electronic cigarettes to others has not been studied, but even now it can be argued that at least two unpleasant moments are present.
- Par himself. Thick, fragrant, enveloping soaring white cloud. It is not all pleasant. And some people may well have a harsh or allergic reaction to chemical flavors.
- When using vape, the liquid that is charged to the device evaporates. Of its smallest particles consists of steam, inhaled and exhaled by the vaper. It is logical to assume that if in the process of heating the components of the liquid some harmful substances are released, they enter the body of each person who has inhaled such vapor.
E-cigarette harm to health
The harm from electronic cigarettes can be conditionally presented as two factors: the component parts of liquids and improper use of the device. On the second there are no controversial issues. The harm of electronic cigarettes, heated too much, is proven. At high temperatures, the liquid turns into fine vapor, settling in the lungs. To prevent this, monitor the temperature of the device.
The components of the "fuel" for electronic cigarettes is a less studied topic.
- There is no mandatory regulation for this product. That is, the compliance of the information indicated on the package with the actual composition is not checked. No tools to monitor the quality of liquids.
- In any liquid, glycerin and propylene glycol are necessarily present, the evaporation products of which affect different human organs.
Electronic cigarettes - harm to the lungs
Of the fully proven health problems caused by soaring, the most famous is bronchitis obliterans or popcorn disease. At first glance, the name is funny, associated with films and corn grains bursting in a skillet, but this is a serious disease. The unofficial name is due to the factories for the production of roasted corn. Before the advent of electronic cigarettes, the disease was found only among their employees.
Causes obliterating bronchitis diacetyl - a chemical compound that is used in the synthesized form in the production of food and in vap fragrances. Eaten diacetyl is harmless. But inhale it for a long time is not recommended. Popcorn disease in the worst case may lead to the need for a lung transplant.
- cough, noticeable first when moving, then at rest,
- bloody sputum.
With long-term use of diacetyl may appear cyanotic skin. Also obliterating bronchitis leads to heart pathologies. The harm of electronic cigarettes for the lungs is lower than for normal ones, but they cannot be called absolutely safe.
The effect of e-cigarette on the stomach
Consumption of nicotine in any way, regardless of whether it is smoking or soaring, is absolutely contraindicated for diseases of the stomach and associated. This substance enhances the secretion of hydrochloric acid, which destroys the stomach wall. And indirectly affects the state of the digestive system, reducing appetite. As a result, a person begins to take long breaks between meals, which is prohibited for people with a sore stomach.
The harm of electronic cigarettes with liquid, in which there is no nicotine, does not disappear. Manufacturers add alcohol, menthol, capsaicin to “zero liquids”. This makes non-nicotine fluid taste more familiar to consumers. And has an effect on the stomach similar to the effect of nicotine.
The effect of electronic cigarettes on vessels
What harm from electronic cigarettes can get vessels:
- nicotine consumption, regardless of the form of its production, accelerates the heart rate,
- According to a study by Dr. Holly Midcloff, e-cigarette consumers are subject to the same vascular diseases as smokers.
The advantages of electronic cigarettes over conventional smoking
In Russia, 30% of the entire adult population are regular smokers. Smoking is not just a bad habit that "kills" the health of a smoker; smoking adversely affects people who surround a smoker (the harm of passive smoking).
To compare electronic cigarettes with regular tobacco cigarettes, we will briefly describe their chemical composition. Ingredients tobacco cigarette:
- Carbon monoxide,
- 4000 different pitches, which are formed from the burning of the tobacco itself and the burning of sauces, which are added to tobacco in the manufacture of cigarettes,
- More than 60 different medicine-proven carcinogens
- The chemical cocktail that permeates paper in a cigarette contains up to 600 chemicals that were discovered by tobacco companies by court order.
Here is a partial list of these substances: dimethyl succinate, ammonium sulfide, methoxypyrazine, benzophenone, dimethyl succinate, methyl sulfide, 1-butanol, isobutyraldehyde, butyl butyrate.
A complete list of the chemical components of a regular cigarette can be found on Wikipedia:
Tobacco smoke not only causes cancer of certain organs, but also disrupts the functioning of the heart and circulatory system, which not everyone even knows. Yellowing on the fingers, yellowing of the teeth, any professional narcologist will determine this harmful habit on the skin.
And now we will consider an electronic cigarette and we will specify its pluses:
- The electronic cigarette does not contain carcinogenic and other more than 4000 harmful substances (including tar) released during the burning of a regular cigarette, which provoke cancer cells in the body.
- There are no combustion products, because instead of smoke, steam is generated from the liquid by means of a steam generator (atomizer).
- In almost all civilized countries there is a ban on smoking in public places. The advantage of an electronic cigarette is the possibility of smoking where it is prohibited - it does not burn, does not smell, does not cause discomfort to others.
- There is no effect of passive smoking (no harm to people around the smoker)
- When you switch to an electronic cigarette, a person several times increases the sense of smell and taste, the food becomes tastier.
- Many causes of cough occurring during smoking of tobacco are eliminated, shortness of breath goes away.
- Having started to smoke an electronic cigarette, a person experiences positive effects: the fingers do not become yellow, the skin does not grow coarse and does not grow old, there is no unpleasant smell from the mouth or clothes, the teeth become whiter, since ES does not leave a yellow residue on them.
- ES cigarettes are easily replaced and can meet the needs of any smoker.
- The electronic cigarette helps to quit smoking quickly and without agony, since the amount of nicotine can be regulated.
- Fireproof. Of course, reviews of doctors about an e-cigarette are different, but as doctors say, they need to be studied more carefully, and this will take more than a year. But now we can say with certainty that they cause less harm to our body and health than smoking conventional cigarettes. A. Averyanov, MD, Deputy. Director of Research at the Research Institute of Pneumology at the Ministry of Health and Social Development of Russia writes: “We have every reason to assume that electronic cigarettes do not reach the level of health risk and the level of 1% of those represented by conventional cigarettes. If we could convince all smokers to switch to the use of electronic cigarettes, the number of deaths associated with tobacco could be reduced to 4,000 people a year, and with time, perhaps up to 400. "
The harm of electronic cigarettes to human health
First, it is nicotine - a dangerous toxic component of e-cigarettes that causes cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and most importantly, addiction, that is, nicotine addiction.
Secondly, e-cigarette manufacturers claim that their devices do not contain carcinogens, while in a simple cigarette there are about 60 types. However, based on the results of the research conducted by the US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), which monitors compliance with the quality standards of tobacco products, medicines and other goods, a number of serious violations were identified. As a result of testing cartridges from NJoy and Smoking Everywhere, in some of them, those carcinogens were found. Nitrosamine and diethylene glycol. Nitrosamine is a highly toxic compound that has a mutagenic effect even with a single exposure. Diethylene glycol is a carcinogen causing cancer. Moreover, it became known about the gross discrepancy to the declared nicotine content, and its presence in the cartridges - “not containing nicotine”.
Thirdly, allergy sufferers need to be careful when choosing aromatic additives that can cause them an allergic reaction.
As you can see, electronic cigarettes have a not so extensive list of harm to human health, like, say, ordinary cigarettes, but this is only because this product is quite new on the market. Since the arrival of goods in mass consumption, very few studies have been carried out on the harm or safety of electronic cigarettes for the health of the smoker and those around him. And if you follow the trend of popularization of simple cigarettes, you can come to the conclusion that the negative impact can simply be ignored by manufacturers.
Let us remember, not so long ago, in the 1950s, cigarettes were advertised by children, Santa Clauses, doctors, and even US President Ronald Reagan, but then he was still a young actor. And only in 1964 an inscription appeared on cigarette packs for the first time with a warning about the dangers of smoking. That is, the logic is this: first you need to make the product a fashionable trend, to cause physiological addiction among the population (in this case nicotine helps a lot), and then tell you about the harm of smoking. Could it be that such an introduction to the masses of electronic cigarettes, occurs according to the same scenario? And we still have to learn the whole truth!
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What is included
The principle of operation of an electronic cigarette is to heat the smoking liquid and to evaporate it. The composition of this mixture includes: glycerin, propylene glycol, flavors and nicotine. All of these substances, except nicotine, are harmless enough for the human body. Glycerin is used in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Propylene glycol is a harmless food additive. Flavors come in both natural and synthetic origin.
The effect of steam on the lungs with such a composition is minimal, moreover, its temperature does not exceed body temperature, which does not lead to burning of the larynx and lungs.
And the glycerin contained in the liquid softens the effect of the vapor from the electronic cigarette, and prevents the feeling of a sore throat. But many smokers, on the contrary, are attracted by this sharpness, they associate it with smoking standard cigarettes, therefore they are looking for cigarette fillers with a minimum content of glycerin.
Nicotine is particularly dangerous, despite the fact that the concentration of this substance is lower in an e-cigarette compared to a tobacco cigarette.
You should also be careful of those who have a predisposition to allergies, glycerin, propylene glycol and flavoring agents can provoke an undesirable reaction.
Dangerous effect of nicotine
Even if you do not take into account the fact that the effect of an electronic cigarette on the body is not fully understood, the unambiguous harm of nicotine reduces the usefulness of the electronics. Even the minimum content of nicotine in an electronic cigarette does not make it harmless to humans. Nicotine is a poison that adversely affects the human body. When nicotine enters human blood:
- The oxygen content in the vessels decreases,
- The load is experienced by the liver, heart, kidneys,
- Pressure rises
- The risk of lung disease increases
- Appetite worsens,
- The sleep becomes restless, intermittent,
- Immunity decreases,
- The emotional background of the person suffers,
- There is a physical and psychological dependence.
With a sharp increase in the dose of nicotine, the smoker may feel signs of poisoning:
- heart palpitations
- tickling sensation and dry throat,
- nausea, vomiting,
- drastic collapse.
Having started to smoke electronic cigarettes instead of ordinary ones, many at first cannot get used to them. Electronic cigarette smoked smoother, nicotine it feels less. Therefore, smoking an e-cigarette lasts longer than smoking a tobacco cigarette. When smoking an e-cigarette, not everyone can control the amount of puffs.
This entails the inhalation of a larger amount of nicotine and, consequently, leads to an even greater habituation and negative effects of electronic cigarettes on the body, or rather their components.
Of course, a smoker who switched to electronic cigarettes in order to improve their health and subsequently quit smoking will be a deliberate approach to the process of smoking. He is able to control the number of puffs, is ready to reduce the concentration of nicotine in the liquid, and then switch to using cartridges without nicotine.
The benefits of electronic cigarettes
The first time when switching to electronic cigarettes, a smoker may experience the following sensations: dizziness, cough, acne and inflammation of the skin. This body begins to be cleansed of toxins and accumulated toxins accumulated over the years of smoking. For a long time, an organism that has become accustomed to the constant intake of a certain dose of a toxic substance begins to adapt to a lesser consumption of nicotine, and in this connection it experiences some discomfort.
On the effect of electronic cigarettes on the body on the video:
But after the cleaned up stage of the body, smokers may notice positive changes:
- Smells and tastes are better,
- Improved appetite.
- Disappear cough, shortness of breath,
- Ткани легких при вдыхании пара не обжигаются,
- Давление становится стабильным,
- Проходят головные боли,
- Улучшается работа сердечно-сосудистой, пищеварительной и нервной систем,
- Наблюдается общее улучшение самочувствия,
- Исчезает желтый налет на зубах,
- Ногти светлеют, приобретают здоровый вид.
Electronic cigarettes can be a good alternative to cigarettes with tobacco. But remember: excessive consumption of e-cigarettes without a subsequent decrease in the concentration of nicotine is harmful to health.
Are electronic cigarettes harmful to others?
A number of studies have examined the effects of electronic cigarettes on the human body from the point of view of potential harm from non-smoking vapas.
Cartridges contain toxic amounts of nicotine. This substance from an aerosol or liquid can remain on surfaces for weeks and months and react with nitrous acid in the air, which causes people in the vicinity to inhale carcinogenic compounds.
Children are at additional risk of poisoning from rechargeable cartridges, as flavors (especially with sweet “candy” flavors) may look very attractive, while the total nicotine content in them is life threatening.
Aerosol from electronic cigarettes is released only during expiration, and the content of hazardous substances in it will vary, depending on the vape technique or other conditions (such as temperature). Despite the fact that the level of toxicity of exhaled substances is 9 to 450 times less than in the smoke of cigarettes, the benefits of wipes are questionable. However, these data may not reflect the effects of using devices in real time, where the “electronic smoker” is an intermediary between the aerosol and the environment. Permanent residual nicotine on internal surfaces can lead to undesirable effects on the body through the skin, by inhalation and ingestion after the steam is no longer noticeable.
Which cigarette is more harmful: electronic or ordinary
Research data still testify in favor of the fact that electronic cigarettes are less dangerous than conventional ones.
The harm of smoking tobacco is unprecedented. In fact, cigarettes may be the only product that kills when used as intended. This is one of the causes of high mortality in the world: smoking causes more deaths than HIV, heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine, alcohol, car accidents and accidents.
Smoking increases the risk of stroke, heart attack, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, diabetes, and most cancers. Free radicals in cigarette smoke physically destroy the human body. On average, smoking shortens the lifespan by 10 years. Tobacco would most likely not be approved today for sale as a new product entering the market.
A burning cigarette emits such noxious gases, such carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide.
Cigarette smoke also contains an ultra-fine slurry of tar, known as tar. Most of the carcinogens in smoke are found in tar. The main advantage of electronic cigarettes in comparison with traditional ones is that they do not have the ability to produce tar or toxic gases.
Research on the health benefits and harms of e-cigarettes, compared to traditional ones, shows conflicting results. Properties of wipes can be considered useful when trying to minimize the harm from smoking. However, the results of other studies have shown that the use of devices did not contribute to the rejection of nicotine, and in some cases even provoked their even greater use.
Does an electronic cigarette help quit smoking?
Supporters of vaping claim that they bypass many health risks from tobacco smoking and offer a more beneficial alternative to cigarettes and other common forms of nicotine consumption.
Some studies have shown that using wipes has useful properties to help some smokers quit a bad habit. Others see this as “modest” benefits for those who want to quit smoking, but “good potential” for those who smoke sporadically.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conclude that the useful properties of vaps in helping adult smokers (with the exception of pregnant women) have a limit at the point where they begin to completely replace tobacco products.
However, 58.8% of adult users who use wipes continue to smoke regular cigarettes. They did not use it as a complete substitute for tobacco. Doctors also say that the impact of electronic cigarettes is highly undesirable:
- for teens
- those who have never smoked before
- during pregnancy.
Can I smoke electronic cigarettes in public places
Since it is still not known exactly whether or not e-cigarettes are harmful, it is relevant to use them in public places. Currently, there are no official prohibitions, but the bill proposing to introduce restrictions on smoking electronic cigarettes in many public places from January 1, 2019 looks quite reasonable: after all, the benefits and harms of products are ambiguous.
Currently, wipes are banned on airplanes. In other places, their consumption is limited in manual mode: the law is not yet supported by legislation.
Difficulties may arise from the fact that universally equipped specialized premises for vap smoking do not yet exist. Therefore, many will have to spend time with ordinary smokers, causing harm to their bodies.
Opinion doctors about electronic cigarettes
Since the advent of wipes, they have been advertised as a useful means for phasing out smoking. BBC News recently published an article stating that currently more than 1.5 million vapers are former smokers.
Day after day, many people turn to e-cigarettes as a safer alternative to regular tobacco products. Why is vaping considered more useful?
First of all, one traditional cigarette contains about 4 thousand chemicals, 60 of which can cause cancer. In addition, smoking doubles the chances of developing coronary heart disease and increases the chance of developing lung cancer by a factor of 25.
Doctors say that this habit literally kills. The most useful thing any smoker can do for his health is to stop smoking. Since it is not easy to realize this desire, there are many means that can reduce tobacco dependence.
For those who are trying to quit smoking, vaping can be a useful way. Doctors agree that these products are 95% safer than tobacco. Many agree with the opinion that smokers who use e-cigarettes are more likely to stop smoking, especially with the support of a doctor.
Doctors say that in the interest of public health, it is important to encourage the use of electronic cigarettes and other non-tobacco nicotine products. This is due to the fact that vaping provides an alternative to the traditional cigarette without tobacco and delivers nicotine through unscented vapor. Thus, a person can cope with his burden without many risks, which undoubtedly brings benefits. However, the effects of e-cigarettes on the lungs can also be negative, especially when over-consumed.
How to choose an electronic cigarette
Those who want to minimize the harm from smoking and go to vaping face difficulties when choosing a device. To make a choice with benefit, you need to study the basic characteristics of these products.
First of all, the battery capacity matters - the higher the mAh, the longer it will work on each charge. But as a rule, devices with a larger battery capacity are also physically larger.
The second characteristic value is the form of the device.
Electronic cigarettes can be made:
- in pen style - long and thin,
- in the form of a box - square in shape, they usually offer more features and battery life,
- A standard cigarette is the simplest and most inexpensive option, but with much lower capacitive characteristics.
Of the additional features will be the presence of Variable Wattage. This useful option helps to set the settings that are optimal for the user.
The benefit of the temperature control option is that, with the desired setting, the device will ensure that the set value is not exceeded.
Having studied in detail the question of the benefits and harms of electronic cigarettes, we can draw the following conclusions.
For people who are currently addicted to cigarettes, wipes provide a less dangerous source of nicotine, without exposure to tar or most toxic gases. However, it is unclear whether they can really help to quit smoking.
Non-smokers should avoid e-cigarettes. Liquid for devices contains nicotine, which increases the risk of developing high blood pressure and diabetes, as well as flavoring agents that cause chronic lung disease. Powerful vaporizers can also generate significant amounts of formaldehyde and other toxins.