Can I get pregnant if there is no monthly


Can I get pregnant during menstruation - this problem often interests women. Regardless of whether you are dreaming about a long-awaited child or, on the contrary, trying to avoid an unwanted pregnancy, this information will clarify and help find the answer to this and other issues of women's health and sexual relations.

Briefly about the main thing

The ability of the female body to conceive is regulated by the menstrual cycle, which is repeated monthly, at approximately equal intervals of time. The normal cycle duration is considered to be 21-35 days, the optimum - 26-28. During this period, a number of hormonal changes occur in the female body, each of them entails a new stage in the reproductive system - the so-called cycle phases:

  • follicular lasts about 14-16 days and ends with ovulation. Under the influence of the hormone estrogen in the follicles, the egg cells mature, the endometrium grows and becomes loose - the outer layer of the uterus,
  • ovulation occurs in the middle of the cycle and lasts approximately 24-36 hours. The ripened egg cell breaks the follicle and starts moving towards the uterus. The day of ovulation, the preceding and following days are the most optimal for conceiving!
  • luteal. From the remnants of the follicle the corpus luteum is formed, it produces the hormone progesterone. The production of this hormone stops the maturation of the new ovarian follicles. Endometrial development of the uterus continues. The luteal phase is follicular in duration and ends with menstruation (if not conceived).

The first day of each cycle is the date of the onset of menstruation. Together with blood, the body leaves the temporary uterus, formed in the previous cycle for the possible adoption of a fertilized egg. Menstruation continues normally 3-7 days.

Causes of pregnancy during menstruation

  • Long menstruation with a short cycle. If a woman’s cycle is less than 21 days and her monthly period lasts more than a week, then she will start ovulation even before the end of the “critical” days.
  • Double ovulation in one cycle. The phenomenon, when two eggs mature in one cycle, is rare. There is a version that such a feature of the reproductive system is inherited. It can also be caused by a hormonal surge, sometimes against the background of taking or canceling hormonal drugs. In this case, one egg dies and is released along with menstruation, while the second remains capable of conception during menstruation.
  • Irregular, "jumping" cycle. Each organism is individual. For some women, the onset of menstruation is always a surprise. This is not necessarily an indicator of pathology, but without special examinations for such a lady it is almost impossible to determine the date of possible ovulation, as well as the date of the proposed menstruation, which means dangerous and safe days.
  • High viability of sperm can cause pregnancy during menstruation. For example: in a cycle of 28 days, it means that ovulation occurs on day 14. If unprotected sex happened on the last day of menstruation, which lasts 7 days, then a sperm cell with a 7-day lifespan may well wait for a meeting with an egg!

Clock ticking

A woman's body can be compared to a skillful mechanism, in which everything is calculated with the smallest accuracy. But sometimes, due to various circumstances, a clear and efficient mechanism of the reproductive system begins to falter. These failures can be temporary, easily amenable to correction. But sometimes they indicate the presence of serious diseases and require a visit to a doctor. In any case, menstrual disorders increase the likelihood of conception during menstruation!

Factors affecting changes in the monthly cycle include:

  • climate change. Often, ladies traveling to rest in other climatic zones and time zones notice changes in their cycle. This is due to the adaptation of the body to new environmental conditions. The cycle normalizes quickly, but be careful if you are not planning a pregnancy,
  • rigid diets and intense physical exertion. In pursuit of the perfect body, girls sometimes exhaust their own bodies. Abrupt changes in nutrition, weight loss, excessive consumption of dietary supplements can lead to disruptions in the monthly cycle,
  • prolonged stress. Stress - the cause of many diseases, because in the first place, it affects the activity of the central nervous system. Neural grounds often cause delayed periods, they become longer or shorter, which is fraught with undesirable consequences,
  • age factor. In adolescent girls, the menstrual cycle is not established immediately, the body is only preparing to perform the reproductive function. Therefore, the beginning of early sexual activity is highly undesirable! "Jumps" of hormones are observed in the run-up to menopause. However, neither balsak age nor lolita syndrome are an obstacle to pregnancy,
  • cancellation of oral contraceptives. After taking hormonal contraceptives, it takes some time to restore the cycle. Until the cycle is fully restored, it is best to use the barrier method of contraception, and not to take pills!

The causes of irregularities in the menstrual cycle are numerous. These include irregular sex life, overwork, vitamin deficiency, colds and viral diseases, diseases of the pelvic organs, thyroid gland and hormonal disorders. In addition, women after childbirth, abortion and miscarriage also need time to recover the regular cycle.

Are all days equally dangerous?

The probability of pregnancy varies during the menstruation days. At the beginning of monthly bleeding is quite abundant and make the movement of sperm, as well as their very livelihoods, almost impossible.

But even if the most survivable spermatozoon nevertheless reaches the egg cell (we already know that the probability of its being in the fallopian tubes during menstruation days is very small), it has no chance to attach to the uterus, which during this period resembles a bleeding wound.

Toward the end of the “special days,” the intensity of the discharge decreases, and the probability of ovulation, on the contrary, increases. Consequently, the risk of pregnancy increases.

Pluses sex during menstruation

  • The undoubted advantages of intimacy in the days of menstruation, as in any other days, is the love and support that beloved give each other.
  • An orgasm experienced by a woman causes contractions of the uterus and, thus, accelerates the removal of monthly discharge from the body and reduces pain.
  • When orgasms are produced hormones of pleasure, they relieve the woman of the unpleasant symptoms of “critical” days, give a feeling of peace and joy, relieve tension characteristic of this period.
  • If a partner falls into the category of women with a special, “floating” cycle, and at the same time a couple wants to conceive a child - why lose valuable chances?
  • Low probability of unwanted pregnancy in women with a regular cycle.

Cons of sex

The disadvantages of intercourse during menstruation include the following nuances:

  • discomfort and pain are frequent companions of menstruation, especially in the early days. They may intensify during sex due to the intensity of movement,
  • not too aesthetic appearance of blood can reduce the sensitive libido of male romantics,
  • high risk of infection in the genitals of women. In the days of menstruation, they are especially defenseless. Infections can cause the development of various diseases and cause infertility,
  • the partner is also at risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases due to direct contact with blood,
  • The risk of unwanted pregnancy during menstruation is small, but such a probability does exist.


Making a choice in favor of sex or abstinence during menstruation is the decision of each individual couple. Perhaps for someone sex these days is the only possible way to conceive a long-awaited child. And someone for the "critical" period had a long-awaited meeting. Life situations are different! The main thing is to take care of your health. And may your pregnancy be desired!

I have been working as a general practitioner for more than 5 years and am pleased to share with you my knowledge in the field of medicine.

Can pregnancy occur in girls at an early age

The ability to become pregnant in girls before the appearance of menstruation is considered impossible, because at an early age there are not yet formed eggs, which is why conception cannot occur. But in medicine there were cases when girls of a very young age were pregnant even long before the onset of their first menstrual periods. From this we can conclude that, hypothetically, pregnancy can occur, but it will develop with impairments, both for the girl and for the fetus. In 1939, a record was recorded. Five-year-old Lina Medina became the youngest mother in the world, having given birth to a son who weighed about three kilograms.

The absence of the menstrual cycle associated with pregnancy and childbirth

There is an erroneous opinion that when carrying a fetus you can not get pregnant again. Of course, this is unlikely, but there is a small percentage of women who are already in the position of becoming pregnant again. This is called the uneven fruits. This process is due to the fact that the female body is not fully converted to a new regime and fertilization occurs again. In this case, the woman in the womb develops two fetuses with different conception times.

There is also a false opinion that a woman after childbirth cannot become pregnant until her menstrual cycle is restored. This is not so, the body is ready for a new conception within two weeks after giving birth, so during this period you need to be very careful and you must use contraceptives, since in most cases the woman is still not psychologically ready for a second pregnancy in such a short period. During lactation, menstruation may not be for a long time, but this does not affect ovulation, so women breastfeed during lactation, even if they do not have periods.

Also, in some diseases, menstruation stops or the doctors prescribe medications for the girl in which menopause occurs. For example, in case of oncological diseases, the female body is introduced into artificial menopause. But in this case, the birth of a new life is quite possible, so a woman should always pay special attention to her health and warn herself against unwanted fertilization.

There is a disease that is called amenorrhea. During it, an adult girl has no menstruation. Pregnancy with this problem is often impossible, since the mechanism responsible for fertilization does not function. However, this applies only to those cases where the disease is pathological.

Menstruation is absent in adult women after the onset of menopause. Doctors say that the eggs in women at this time weaken, but the reproductive function is maintained for another two years after menopause.

What is amenorrhea

Amenorrhea is called menstrual disorder in women of reproductive age, characterized by the absence of monthly bleeding - menstruation. People call this state a delay. The duration of the period without bleeding can be from three months or more.

In medical practice, the term amenorrhea is not recognized as an independent disease. This condition is always provoked by certain processes occurring in the body of a woman. The causes of amenorrhea can be physiological (not requiring medical treatment and not in need of correction) or pathological (resolved with drugs, minimally invasive or surgical interventions). In gynecology, the absence of menstruation is divided into true and false amenorrhea:

  • true - when, together with menstrual disorder, the work of the ovaries and other organs of reproduction is disrupted,
  • false - characterized by the normal functioning of the reproductive organs and the absence of menstruation. Such a condition may occur in young patients with a dense virginal hymen, or with various anomalies of the genital organs.

Pregnancy without menstruation is possible if menstrual dysfunction is caused by false amenorrhea. This condition can be reliably determined using a standard ultrasound procedure and gynecological examination.

Is it possible to get pregnant without monthly teenage girl

The first menstruation - menarche - begins in girls from 8 to 15 years. Statistics show that most often the beginning of menstruation occurs at the age of 13 years. From this point on, the reproductive system in young persons functions in the same way as an adult woman of fertile age. Sometimes a girl has a thought that she is pregnant at the age of 12, because she has no periods. Whether such a suspicion is justified should be understood only after studying the individual characteristics of a young organism.

It is possible to become pregnant without menstruation, if, even before the onset of menarche, to have sexual intercourse without the use of contraceptives. Modern girls do not look their age, they develop very quickly and often attract the attention of adult boys. In the pursuit of adult life in children is the first sexual experience.

During puberty, girls gradually begin to produce hormones, triggering natural cyclical changes in the ovaries. The maturation of the first egg occurs before the onset of menstruation. If the sexual contact of a teenage girl falls on this period, then the probability of pregnancy will be very high. Time passes, and menstruation does not come at all. Instead of the beginning of the reproductive period, there is a delay, with physiological causes - pregnancy. Then the girl thinks about the possible conception. Signals about pregnancy, the body can manifestation of toxemia.

If there were no periods at all, this does not mean that pregnancy cannot occur. The probability of conception is preserved, because no one can predict when the maturation of the egg begins. Perhaps it was this month that the teenager should have started the first menstruation, if the girl had not entered into unprotected sexual intercourse. On the question of whether it is possible to become pregnant if there has never been a month, the answer will be negative only if amenorrhea is true and has pathological causes.

Can I get pregnant if there is no menstruation during menopause

After 45 years, there is a natural amenorrhea, caused by the reverse transformation of the ovaries. During this period, it is also possible to get pregnant without menstruation.

Menopause is the absence of menstruation, which has arisen due to the reverse transformation of the reproductive organs. There are three stages of menopause:

  • premenopause - occurs at the age of 45-50 years, accompanied by a decrease in hormone production and a gradual lengthening of the menstrual cycle (the beginning of the menopausal period),
  • menopause - occurs at the age of 50-55 years, characterized by a sharp decrease in estrogen production and the absence of menstruation for one year,
  • postmenopause is noted in women after 55-60 years, during this period the reproductive system atrophies, and the muscular layer of the uterus is replaced by connective tissue.

During the period of menopause, pregnancy cannot be definitely excluded. Theoretically, with the onset of menopause, a woman becomes unable to give birth to offspring, however, numerous cases of childbirth at the age of 50 years and older suggest the opposite. It is impossible to predict in advance how the female body will behave during menopause. Perhaps the reproductive system will completely stop working when menopause occurs, which will be a natural process. With the same probability, we can say the opposite: there will not be menstruation for a long time, and then ovulation will happen.

It turns out that with menopause without menstruation you can get pregnant. A gradual decrease in hormone production leaves a chance for a sudden one-time ovulation. If in this month there will be sexual contact without the use of contraceptives, then the conception may occur. Often a woman does not think about a new situation, because the continuation of amenorrhea is quite natural for her. A representative of the weaker sex learns about a new condition during the next gynecological examination or on all known signs of pregnancy.

Millions of women wonder if they can become pregnant with menopause. It turns out that you can. Even if the menstrual function is absent for a long time and there are no monthly periods for four years, the probability of random ovulation persists. It is possible to exclude the possibility of conception only if atrophic processes in the uterine cavity have already begun. Diffuse changes of the myometrium can be determined using ultrasound. В остальных ситуациях необходимо использовать контрацептивные средства, чтобы не получить неожиданную новость в период менопаузы, когда еще возможна беременность.

Физиологическая аменорея у молодой женщины

Physiological factors affecting the hormonal background of women, can provoke the absence of menstruation. At an early age, pregnancy is impossible until hormone production and egg maturation begin. Such physiological amenorrhea occurs independently with the onset of puberty. At this time, the probability of pregnancy increases significantly.

In the reproductive age, amenorrhea of ​​a physiological nature occurs for several reasons:

  • pregnancy (menstruation is absent due to changes in hormonal levels and growth of the embryo in the uterus),
  • the period after childbirth (bleeding within 4-8 weeks after childbirth has nothing to do with menstruation, so amenorrhea is observed at this time),
  • breastfeeding (increased production of the hormone prolactin, necessary for the production of breast milk, suppresses the production of estrogen, which causes the absence of menstruation).

Often, pregnancy in the absence of menstruation (due to physiological processes) comes unexpectedly. Most often this occurs in women during lactation.

If there is a suspicion that the pregnancy has come, you need to do a test. It is also possible to establish a new position by blood analysis from the first days after conception or by using ultrasound scanning in 1-2 weeks from the delay.

Representatives of the weaker sex mistakenly believe that breastfeeding is a natural method of contraception. In fact, conception may occur both in six months, and immediately after the end of the Lochius.

Why there is pathological amenorrhea: the main reasons

Lack of menstruation may be primary or secondary. With primary amenorrhea, menstruation in a girl does not occur at all. There are many reasons for lack of menstruation: genetic diseases, hypoplasia of the gonads, abnormalities of the pelvic organs. Pregnancy with amenorrhea of ​​this nature is impossible. For treatment and subsequent conception, the girl needs to see a gynecologist. See the doctor should be in the event that upon reaching 14-16 years have never been monthly.

Patients with secondary amenorrhea should also be examined. It occurs in women aged 17-45 years and is characterized by the fact that previously there were monthly, and now disappeared. The main factors affecting the onset of amenorrhea are:

  1. Wrong way of life - alcohol abuse, stress (at the same time a woman keeps the instinct of motherhood and wonders how likely a pregnancy is if there is no menstruation for 3 months, six months or even longer),
  2. sudden weight loss - abuse of diets (if there are no periods for more than six months against anorexia, you can become pregnant only after weight recovery and normalization of hormonal levels),
  3. congenital anomalies of the pelvic organs - the absence of the uterus, stenosis of the cervical canal, pinching of the lumen (the probability of pregnancy in the absence of the uterus is zero, and with other anomalies - tends to zero),
  4. Polycystic ovaries - are characterized by a dense capsule of the pelvic glands and multiple inclusion of follicular cysts (with this disease, the absence of menstruation can be observed for two or three months with periodic breakthrough bleeding, and the chance of pregnancy becomes minimal)
  5. disorders of the thyroid gland - accompanied by an increase or a sharp decrease in body weight, metabolic disorders (hormonal disorders occurring in the thyroid gland, have a direct impact on the work of the ovaries),
  6. pituitary tumors - accompanied by headaches and disruption of all body systems (for large tumors, the absence of menstruation may last 2 years or even more: until the patient is examined and not treated).

Can I get pregnant with amenorrhea

The situation is normal when ovulation occurs, therefore menstruation occurs, and conditions for conception arise. Amenorrhea is not normal for a young woman (the exception is the period immediately after delivery and the time of breastfeeding).

To get pregnant if there are no menstruations for a long time, at least it is problematic, but at most it is impossible. After all, the absence of menstruation means the absence of ovulation: the egg does not come out of the follicle.

If a girl with amenorrhea is not going to become pregnant yet, is there any point in protecting herself? Yes, there is, because the pathological condition can still be replaced by an unexpected ovulation, and with unprotected intercourse, this will lead to an unwanted pregnancy. But the wrong choice of contraceptives (for example, hormonal) can worsen the situation, so this point should be discussed with your doctor. And most importantly, the situation should not be allowed to take its course, because amenorrhea can lead to infertility.

If a woman wonders how to get pregnant, then the only correct recipe in this situation is to go to an obstetrician-gynecologist and get treatment. There is no other way.

Treatment of amenorrhea and pregnancy

Treatment of amenorrhea is often conservative. The choice of drug will depend entirely on the cause of menstrual dysfunction. In order to get pregnant with amenorrhea, it is necessary to cause menstruation and adjust the monthly cycle.

In some cases (for example, if amenorrhea is caused by abrupt weight loss), sufficient nutrition, vitamin therapy and psychotherapy are sufficient. In other situations, it is necessary to treat the underlying disease.

Treatment may include:

  • vitamin therapy (special importance is attached to vitamin E),
  • specially selected hormonal drugs
  • physiotherapy (for example, electrophoresis),
  • drugs that improve blood circulation

and much more.

If the absence of menstruation is associated with polycystic ovary syndrome, laparoscopic surgery may be required. Ovarian resection helps with amenorrhea to get pregnant and successfully make a long-awaited baby.

So, you can not close your eyes to this alarming situation. Be sure to take care of your health, and your dreams will come true.

Will it be possible to conceive, if there are no monthly 6 months

Reproductive function in women usually begins to fade away by 45-50 years. You can notice this by monthly, which become short-lived, their regularity is disturbed. After 1-3 years, they stop altogether, and for many women the question remains - is it possible to get pregnant with menopause if there are no periods?

Before you make any conclusions, you need to understand what is happening at this time in the body. The main participant of a successful conception is the egg cell, and during the period when changes take place, it also does not stand aside, matures irregularly and it is rather difficult to predict this process. That is why, if there are no monthly 6 months, one should not say with confidence that conception is impossible - the functions of the egg in this period do not end, although there are some violations.

We should not forget that menstruation during menopause can linger for several months, and there is nothing surprising in the fact that it suddenly happens. It is not necessary to be surprised at the conception, which can occur suddenly, because even a doctor cannot foresee the maturation of an egg at this time.

Monthly no for a year - is there a chance to get pregnant?

If you ask an experienced doctor if you can get pregnant with menopause, if there are no periods, he will not be able to answer precisely, because the female body has always been famous for its surprises. An unexpected conception, and after a long time after the last menstruation, is also far from an exception to the rules, but an ordinary event that an unpredictable egg can prepare.

Is it possible to conceive, if there is no monthly for a year? We should not forget that in the woman's body, the genitals are adjusted for a long time to change the functions of the processes inherent in nature, so it is not necessary to hope that pregnancy is completely excluded. Moreover, it is still too early to relax - you need to protect yourself for a long time, especially if the completion of the family is no longer desirable.

Even a year after the last menstruation, you need to carefully monitor your health and well-being. Often women take the first signs of pregnancy for the symptoms of menopause, which then will have to repent - conception has already arrived, and it remains only to decide what to do next, give birth or go to an abortion, which may be too late.

No two month period - is it possible to get pregnant?

How high is the risk of conceiving a child if there is no two month old? More intensive changes take place in the body, and they concern not only the psychological state, but also the internal organs. The ovaries also lose their activity and slowly subside, practically not producing a follicle, in their place connective tissue is formed.

The uterus undergoes changes:

  1. it is several times smaller in size,
  2. the patency of the fallopian tubes decreases,
  3. endometrium is atrophied,
  4. shortens the length of the tubes of the uterus.

Ovulation is almost complete, which leads to the complete cessation of menstruation. Despite this, the risk of conception remains, therefore, it is still early to abandon protection. Even if the last discharge was more than two years ago, there is one chance out of tens of thousands that the uterus prepared an unexpected surprise and retained some of its functions directly related to fertilization.

Is it possible the appearance of the baby, if there is no monthly 4 years

Another problem that worries the representatives of the weaker sex is whether a child can appear in a family if it is not 4 months old. Doctors say that the probability of this is close to zero, especially in old age. Despite this, doctors do not recommend abandoning contraceptives prior to a visit to the gynecologist. Only a doctor can determine how much the internal organs have changed and whether certain surprises have been preserved in them.

There are a lot of women who, even after so much time after the last menstruation, dream of carrying a baby. Do they have the opportunity to conceive? If only recently it seemed almost impossible, today it is realistic, because medicine does not stand still and new discoveries happen every year. Now a short course of taking the drugs can return the reproductive function, although donor eggs are most often used.

Even if old age is not an obstacle for carrying a child, it is recommended to visit a gynecologist. Only a thorough examination will help determine which changes have occurred on the internal organs of the woman, is there an opportunity to activate their work, or should we turn to drastic measures.

Can I get pregnant in 48-50 years

It’s possible to speak with confidence only after a visit to the gynecologist, who will be able to determine how much the internal organs responsible for reproduction have changed at this age, whether it is possible to become pregnant at 48-50 years of age. If the monthly periods are stable and regular, there are no special changes, then it is quite possible that it will be possible to conceive and even carry out the baby even without much difficulty. Of course, all this should happen only under the strict control of physicians.

What if at this age it was decided to get pregnant, and menstruation only recently disappeared? You should not delay on a visit to the doctor - it is quite possible that it will be possible to cause menstruation with the use of special preparations. To do this, a doctor may prescribe a course of pills to drink:

The only rule in this case - the reception is carried out only after consultation with the doctor. The dosage, the duration of the course, the additional measures as folk compositions - all that should be decided only by the physician.

The probability of conception at 55 years - how high?

Ladies in 55 years, too, often wonder - is it possible to get pregnant at that age? Doctors say that if the menstruation is not over yet, although it passes irregularly and infrequently, then the risk of conception is still quite high, so you should not refuse contraception. If there are no periods, and within a few years, then, most likely, the pregnancy will not come.

Is it possible to do anything, even if age does not interfere with the desire to have a child? This can only be determined by a doctor, to whom you should go for a consultation. If there is little opportunity to become pregnant, the doctor prescribes a treatment that will help restore fertility. If the internal genital organs responsible for reproduction are already completely atrophied and ovulation does not occur, you will most likely have to decide to donate or give up the dream of having a baby.

It is possible to increase the effectiveness of treatment with herbal compounds - some herbs have the ability to restore the function of the uterus. The only requirement for this is to first consult with the doctor, who will recommend the most effective formulations. Usually they are taken in combination with pharmacy drugs - the chance of getting pregnant increases several times.

Is it possible to get pregnant with menopause, if there are no periods - the question that you need to address only to the doctor, because every woman's body is individual and can give the most incredible surprises. The forum has more information on this topic, we invite everyone to share your useful experience or simply to express your opinion.

True and false amenorrhea

Amenorrhea is a medical term when a woman’s reproductive function is disrupted by natural causes (true) or due to arising pathologies (false). The absence of menstruation for 6 months is considered normal and is caused by puberty, pregnancy, lactation or menopause.

Therefore, in adolescence, when the cycle is not yet stable, the girl may become pregnant, just the hormonal system has not yet stabilized.

Often, at the doctor’s office, women are asked: “Is it possible to become pregnant if I breastfeed and there are no menstruations?” Yes, conception is possible, provided there is a reduced production of prolactin, which suppresses the effect of estrogen. During frequent breastfeeding of the baby during lactation, prolactin is produced in sufficient quantities to avoid ovulation, but as soon as the baby starts to eat normal food, breast milk is produced less, and estrogen rises significantly, which means that you can become pregnant.

Menopause is read by a natural process, during which the body stops ovulating, but in the first few months there is no menstruation, the possibility of conception also remains.

Pathological causes

The absence of the menstrual cycle for more than half a year indicates pathological processes in the body, which requires diagnostic measures for making a diagnosis.

In case of primary pathology, a congenital anomaly is diagnosed, in which there are no signs of puberty (there is no growth of the chest and hair). If the menstruation was previously, but a long period of ovulation does not occur, then this is considered a secondary symptom. In this case, a complete diagnosis is required to determine the causes (tumor, polycystic disease, inflammatory processes, etc.), after which it is necessary to undergo a course of drug therapy for successful conception.

What is necessary for pregnancy?

For the onset of pregnancy, it is necessary that the woman's spermatozoa get into the genital tract at the moment when the egg cell is in them. Normally, it matures every month. The cycle goes through the following stages:

  1. 3-5 days - menstruation,
  2. 11–14 days - follicle maturation in one of the ovaries under the action of the hormone estrogen,
  3. 1-2 days - ovulation. The concentration of estrogen provokes a release of luteinizing hormone, under the influence of which the ripe follicle is broken. The cell goes into the fallopian tube and moves to the uterus,
  4. 14 days - in place of a bursting follicle, a yellow body develops, which produces progesterone. It serves to prepare the endometrium of the uterus for the adoption of the ovum. If fertilization has not occurred, the unnecessary layer of the uterus exfoliates, the vessels become bare, and monthly bleeding begins. The cycle repeats.

If the reproductive cell meets the sperm, it is fertilized. The egg reaches the uterus and is embedded in the endometrium. Menstruation stops as pregnancy develops.

Is it possible to ovulate with a long absence of menstruation?

Whether ovulation occurs in the absence of menstruation depends on the cause of amenorrhea. To provoke a long delay can such factors:

  • Strong stress, chronic fatigue, nervous tension. At the same time, the work of the hypothalamus, pituitary and ovaries is disrupted, as a result of which the menstrual cycle is disturbed.
  • Hormonal imbalance. Occurs due to malfunction of the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal glands, ovaries, or due to the increased content of male hormones and prolactin.
  • Great weight loss, vitamin deficiency. Estrogen is produced in insufficient quantities due to lack of cholesterol. The body due to a deficiency of trace elements turns off the process of menstruation as not vital.

Ovulation in such cases may occur, but irregularly. If prolonged absence of menstruation is caused by postpartum recovery or pregnancy, the egg does not mature. После рождения ребенка вырабатывается пролактин, обеспечивающий грудное вскармливание. Он подавляет процесс формирования фолликулов.

Когда нет менструации у зрелой женщины, это говорит о приближении климакса. Кровяные выделения идут нерегулярно, отсутствуют по нескольку месяцев. Тем не менее в одном из циклов овуляция может наступить.

Pregnancy due to missing monthly

Can I get pregnant if there is no monthly? There is always a chance. If there is no blood discharge for several months, this condition is called amenorrhea. It is of two types:

  • True. Disruption of the reproductive system. Ovules do not mature at all, conception is impossible. It is required to identify malfunctioning organs and fix the problem.
  • False. Caused by some kind of pathology. Ovulation is possible.

In case of hormonal failure

Under favorable circumstances, it is possible to get pregnant, although this is undesirable. With a lack of hormones, depletion of the body or disease, the fetus may be rejected by the body. To avoid this, it is necessary to undergo an examination. This will identify the cause of the failure of the hormonal background and eliminate it.

In the postpartum period and during lactation

After childbirth, a gradual restructuring of the body occurs: the work of the reproductive organs is restored, the balance of hormones is normalized, the cycle is regulated. Recovery time takes about 2-3 months. Getting pregnant at this time is almost impossible.

After childbirth, the menstrual cycle can begin without menstruation, so a woman can skip the onset of ovulation and accidentally become pregnant. It is better to be protected, since pregnancy for the fragile organism will be a serious test. After cesarean section is not recommended to become pregnant in the next 2.5 years, so as not to provoke a rupture of uterine sutures.

During the lactation period, prolactin is produced, which suppresses ovulation. It is believed that conception during breastfeeding is impossible, but sometimes pregnancy occurs. Physical exertion, day regimen change, stress, etc. can provoke a change in the hormonal balance.

In mature women before menopause

Before menopause, a woman changes the duration and regularity of the cycle. Menstruation may not occur for several months or six months, periods of calm alternate with scanty or abundant bleeding.

This does not guarantee that the follicles do not function during these months, unplanned conception may occur. Ovulation can cause hormonal changes, diseases, unexpected sex on the background of sexual rest and other factors. During the restructuring of the body, you must use the means of protection.

During and after menopause

When menstruation is not more than a year, a woman is diagnosed with menopause. Pregnancy during menopause is not uncommon. There are cases of conception and after it - at the age of 60 years. With the decline of reproductive function, the body undergoes serious hormonal changes. The egg cell can mature, fertilize - and pregnancy will come.

To give birth at this age is not advised, because the body is aging, its reserves are depleted. A child may have developmental pathologies, and for a woman, childbirth is associated with even a risk to life. Nevertheless, many give birth because they find that they are pregnant, literally 2-3 months before giving birth.

If the girl has not had her period

In a girl who has not reached sexual maturity, eggs are not produced, and therefore pregnancy is unlikely. However, there are cases of conception without menstruation at a very young age. Menstrual flow starts at 11–16 years old, but early maturation is possible (8–9 years) and later (17–19 years).

After the first ovulation, the girl has her first periods. Sex on the eve may end in conception. Pregnancy at this age can cause serious damage to an immature and unformed body. If a girl has sex, you need to be protected, even if the menstruation has not yet been.

Is it worth being protected if there are no menstruations for more than 2 months?

When choosing a method of contraception should be guided by the following principles:

  • During puberty, hormonal pills are prohibited, because the hormonal background of the girl has not yet been formed. It is better to use barrier contraceptives, which will also protect against diseases and infections.
  • After birth, you can use condoms and local contraceptives (vaginal suppositories, gels). Hormonal pills are not recommended, they can provoke the end of lactation. 3-4 months after delivery, you can put a spiral.
  • During menopause, hormone pills are not prescribed. Recommended vaginal suppositories and condoms. With active sexuality put intrauterine device.

If there is no menstruation due to pathology or disease, the method of contraception is selected by the doctor individually. It is necessary to take into account the condition of the body and the causes of amenorrhea.

Monthly cycle

What is the menstrual cycle is short and clear: this is the regular work of the reproductive function of a healthy fertile (capable of becoming pregnant, bearing and giving birth to a baby) of a woman.

The cyclical process is regulated by complex hormonal mechanisms. The ovum at one time matures, leaves the ovary and moves towards the potential sperm.

At this time, there is a delicate work of the entire endocrine system of the body, preparation for fertilization. The uterus lines the endometrium, with its inner shell, a place for the attachment of the ovum. If fertilization does not happen, the vessels narrow, the endometrium exfoliates and is excreted with uterine blood during menstruation. Then new eggs begin to mature and everything starts over again.

Pregnancy becomes possible only in a certain period of the cycle and the absence of menstruation most often speaks of problems in this very cycle.

Pathological manifestations

In the absence of menstruation, for any reason, physiological or pathological, first of all, you need to find out. By themselves, regular bleeding indicates that the endometrium was prepared and not in demand (the pregnancy did not take place).

The fact that there is no their (discharge) can be a symptom of both gynecological and other diseases indirectly associated with the sexual sphere. Guessing on the grounds of the coffee grounds about the causes of pathology is impossible, it is necessary to visit a gynecologist, a qualified doctor will clarify the situation.

"Normal" amenorrhea

A period of up to 6 months, during which there is no regulation, is considered to be a disorder that does not require intensive intervention;

If there is no menstruation for more than six months, amenorrhea is diagnosed, which means the absence of menstruation. Amenorrhea can also be normal during such periods of a woman’s life:

  • before puberty,
  • pregnancy,
  • lactation,
  • with the onset of menopause.

In some forms of amenorrhea, the answer to the question of whether it is possible to get pregnant without menstruation, often has a positive answer. Pregnancy may occur at a young age of the girl, if the menstruation has already begun, but the cycle has not yet been adjusted and there are no months for several months, due to the installation of the hormonal system. Therefore, we need to explain to young people about the need to use contraceptives.

Pathological amenorrhea

The absence of regulations of a non-physiological nature for more than 6 months is a pathological manifestation of amenorrhea. It happens:

  • Primary - there are no signs of puberty (female-type hair growth, breast enlargement) and menstruation at the age of 14, in the absence of menstruation by the age of 16.
  • Secondary - in the absence of regul more than six months, if before they were, but stopped.

In addition, the amenorrhea is true and false. Causes of false amenorrhea:

  • Congenital anomalies (atresia or fusion of the vagina, cervix, hymen).
  • Congenital absence of an organ.

In these cases, the ovaries perform their functions, ovulation occurs, but the outflow of blood and detached epithelium is hampered due to the obstacles caused by developmental abnormalities.

True amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation and ovulation. Pregnancy can not come. The lack of physiological regula can also be manifestations of true amenorrhea, we discussed it above.

Pathological true amenorrhea is caused by:

  1. Diseases of the endocrine system.
  2. Diseases of the nervous system.
  3. Pathologies of the brain (pituitary, hypothalamus).
  4. Obesity, anorexia.
  5. Physical stress, stress.
  6. Chronic poisoning with phosphorus, heavy metals.
  7. Gynecological pathology.

A large number of gynecological diseases and complications after surgery can lead to secondary amenorrhea. For example:

  1. Acute infectious processes.
  2. Diseases of the ovaries (tumors, polycystic and other).
  3. Hormonal dysfunction.
  4. Genital tuberculosis.
  5. Abortions, uterus surgery, cicatricial fusion of the vagina, cervical canal (false secondary).
  6. Removal of the uterus and / or ovaries.

All these problems require intervention and supervision by a qualified specialist; do not refuse to visit a gynecologist.


During lactation (breastfeeding), the hormone prolactin is secreted in a woman's body. It inhibits the synthesis of estrogen - hormones for endometrial growth - and the development of the egg, so pregnancy, in principle, cannot occur.

But in the first months a woman feeds by the hour and on demand, that is, often, stimulating the production of prolactin. As a child grows up, feeding occurs less frequently, and complementary foods are introduced.

In some cases, the level of estrogen in the blood rises and, against the background of feeding, the ovaries are able to give the world another ovum ready for fertilization. And then, in the period of breastfeeding, while maintaining sexual activity without mechanical contraception, the infant may have a new brother or sister.

It is noteworthy that a nursing mother may not even notice that a pregnancy has begun: there are no monthly periods after giving birth, and they do not occur due to a new pregnancy.

Children of little age are rarely scheduled pregnancies, and more often such cases. Therefore, if you do not plan to have a second child so quickly, then it is better to take care of the means of protection. Especially for women who have undergone severe childbirth, cesarean section, with weakened children.

During menopause and after, the absence of menstruation is also physiological. And there are incidents of nature itself. During this period, the question of whether you can get pregnant without menstruation, may have the answer - yes. As in the period when the reproductive function began, and during its extinction, there are failures of the menstrual cycle associated with hormonal changes and on this wave, a mature woman who does not use contraceptives can become pregnant in the absence of menstruation. These are very real life stories.

Pregnancy and no monthly

Given the wide range of options under which the monthly may be absent, it is better to find out the true reason from a professional, and not to suffer from ignorance.

If unwanted pregnancy is not worth the risk, you need to use contraceptives, even if they do not give a 100% guarantee.

With the desired pregnancy, it is better to plan it against the background of complete health and a normal cycle: first you need to find out the reason for the absence of menstruation and eliminate it.